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Iranian Journal of Psychiatry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627205/methylphenidate-induced-psychotic-symptoms-in-65-year-old-female-with-adhd
#1
Elliyeh Ghadrdan, Maryam Mousavi, Padideh Ghaeli
Methylphenidate, a stimulant, is prescribed commonly in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. Methylphenidate is generally considered a safe medication, however, some rare adverse effects, such as psychotic symptoms, may occur with its therapeutic or high doses. Additionally, this medication has a potential of abuse, especially among teenagers. There are several published cases regarding methylphenidate-induced psychosis in young adults. However, psychosis due to methylphenidate has been rarely reported in the elderly...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627204/relationship-between-demographic-factors-and-violence-during-pregnancy-in-iran-a-meta-analysis-study
#2
Tahereh Bahmani, Koroush Sayehmiri, Salman Daliri, Arezoo Karimi
Objective: Domestic violence is the most common form of violence against women and a major health problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between demographic factors and domestic violence during pregnancy through meta-analysis. Method : This meta-analysis study was conducted in Iran. All the articles published during 2001 up to Jun 2018 were extracted independently by 2 trained investigators from domestic and foreign databases including, Science Medlib, SID, Web of Science, PubMed, Science Direct, Irandoc, Medline, Scopus, Magiran, and Google Scholar with keywords and their compounds...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627203/preliminary-normative-data-of-persian-phonemic-and-semantic-verbal-fluency-test
#3
Ensiyeh Ghasemian-Shirvan, Saba Molavi Shirazi, Masoume Aminikhoo, Mostafa Zareaan, Hamed Ekhtiari
Objective: Verbal fluency tests (VFTs) are widely used in clinical practice and research to assess executive functions and are highly sensitive to frontal lobe lesions. However, using VFTs in different cultures and languages needs further considerations. The aim of this study was to provide a Persian (Farsi) version of verbal fluency with preliminary normative data. Method : In the first phase, 50 healthy native Persian-speaking individuals completed 1-minute VFT for all 32 letters in Persian to find letters with highest frequency...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627202/the-prevalence-of-postpartum-depression-and-its-association-with-food-insecurity-among-mothers-referring-to-community-health-centers
#4
Neda Ezzeddin, Hassan Jahanihashemi, Roza Zavoshy, Mostafa Noroozi
Objective: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a condition which may compromise both maternal and neonatal health. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of PPD and its association with demographic, socioeconomic, obstetric, and household food security status. Method : This cross sectional study was conducted in community health centers in west of Tehran. A total of 325 women were selected by stratified sampling method from community health centers. A sociodemographic questionnaire, USDA 18-item questionnaire, and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) questionnaire were used for data collection...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627201/attitudes-of-nurses-and-hospitalized-patients-about-the-rights-of-psychiatric-clients
#5
Sedigheh Ebrahimi, Easa Salehi Dehno
Objective: In recent years, protecting the rights of hospitalized psychiatric clients became a key issue in relationship-building and collaborative caretaking. Despite its importance, a few researches have been conducted on assessing the attitudes and expectations of clients and nurses about this issue. This study aimed to compare the nurses and psychiatric clients' attitudes towards rights of hospitalized clients. Method : In this cross sectional descriptive study, 60 nurses, and 100 clients, who were admitted to various wards of a psychiatric hospital in Shiraz, were included...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627200/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-screening-for-somatic-symptom-disorders-7-soms-7
#6
Amrollah Ebrahimi, Winfried Rief, Peyman Mirshahzadeh, Hamid Afshar Zanjani, Hamid Nasiri Dehsorkhi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Awat Feizi, Peyman Adibi
Objective: Somatic symptoms are one of the most prevalent complaints in both psychiatric and general population, and validated scales are required to assess these problems. The present study was conducted to determine psychometric properties of the Persian version of Screening for Somatic Symptom Disorders-7(SOMS-7) in an Iranian population. Method : This was a multi centric comprehensive study conducted in Psychosomatic Research Center of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in collaboration with Department of Clinical Psychology of Philipp University of Marburg, Germany...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627199/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-farsi-versions-of-empathy-and-systemizing-quotient-short-forms
#7
Masih Shafiei, Meng Chuan Lai, Amir Hossein Memari, Fatemeh Sadat Mirfazeli, Sahar Zarei, Pouria Moshayedi, Ramin Kordi
Objective: We aimed to examine the validity and reliability of the empathy quotient (EQ) and systemizing quotient (SQ) in a Farsi-speaking population. Method : This study explores the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Farsi translations of the 22-item version of EQ and the 25-item version of SQ among 542 young university students. Results: Applying a cross-validation approach, a 14-item two-factor model and a 15-item four-factor model for the Farsi translations of the short versions of EQ and SQ, respectively, were extracted from the exploratory dataset using exploratory factor analysis (EFA)...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627198/attitudes-of-iranian-psychiatrists-to-psychosomatic-medicine-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#8
Imanollah Bigdeli, Sahar Mohabbat-Bahar, Amirreza Boroumand, Ali Talaei, Farzad Goli
Objective: Psychosomatic attitudes may be rooted and grounded in the particular culture of the scientific community in each country. We conducted a qualitative research to understand the exclusive psychosomatic attitudes and psychosomatic medicine status of Iranian Psychiatrists. Method : This research was conducted using a qualitative content analysis based on Graneheim and Lundmanand method. All psychiatrists of Avicenna hospital, which is a teaching hospital of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, were the target population of this study...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627197/variants-in-human-prostacyclin-receptor-gene-in-patients-with-migraine-headache
#9
Fariborz Khorvash, Majid Kheirollahi, Mohammad Kazemi, Gilda Amini, Mehdi Khorrami, Maryam Mirsafaie, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi
Objective: Prostaglandin I2 receptor plays a major physiologic role in the relaxation of arterial smooth muscle and vasodilation and possibly during migraine attacks. Therefore, in this study, the coding and noncoding exons and exon-intron boundaries of Prostaglandin I2 receptor gene were examined in patients with migraine headache and healthy controls and the potential effects of identified single nucleotide variations were evaluated using direct PCR-sequencing and in silico analysis. Method : In this study, the peripheral blood samples of 50 patients and 50 controls were examined to find any mutation in coding and noncoding exons and exon-intron boundaries of PTGIR gene...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627196/the-relationship-between-depression-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-elderly-population-the-cohort-aging-study
#10
Afsaneh Bakhtiari, Maryam Hashemi, Seyed Reza Hosseini, Shabnam Omidvar, Ali Bijani, Farzan Khairkhah
Objective: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and depression are two important causes of disability in the elderly. The association between MetS and depressive symptoms in Iranian elderly is unclear. In this population-based study, we aimed at evaluating the relationship between MetS and its components with depression in Iranian elderly population. Method : This cross sectional study was derived from Amirkola Health and Ageing Project (AHAP).The participants of this study included 1560 elders over the age of 60 during 2012 and 2013...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319707/low-dose-quetiapine-in-the-treatment-of-ssri-induced-bruxism-and-mandibular-dystonia-case-series
#11
Atefeh Zandifar, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Rahim Badrfam
Objective: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been the most widely used psychopharmacological agents prescribed for depression worldwide. Some adverse effects of SSRI drugs on central nervous system are insomnia and bruxism. These drugs also affect sleep. Quetiapine is used as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). It is a low- dose dibenzothiazepine with more potent 5-HT2 than D2 receptor-blocking properties that can be used to manage bruxism because of its antagonist effect on the 5-HT2 receptor...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319706/determining-pro-oxidant-antioxidant-balance-pab-and-total-antioxidant-capacity-tac-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Farnaz Zahedi Avval, Niloufar Mahmoudi, Abolfazl Nosrati Tirkani, Lida Jarahi, Daryoush Hamidi Alamdari, Seyed Alireza Sadjadi
Objective: Schizophrenia is a disease with unknown etiology. There is evidence suggesting that oxidative damage occurs in schizophrenia. Oxidative damage may arouse from imbalance between oxidant and anti-oxidant factors in cellular and tissue environment. Although it may not be the primary cause, it can worsen the disease and may be a reason of poor response to therapy in these patients. The present study aimed at evaluating the pro-oxidant antioxidant balance (PAB) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in serum of schizophrenia patients...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319705/effect-of-adjuvant-electroconvulsive-therapy-compared-to-antipsychotic-medication-alone-on-the-brain-metabolites-of-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#13
Mehrzad Lotfi, Mehdi Ghaderian Jahromi, Ali Firoozabadi, Leila Razeghian Jahromi
Objective: Schizophrenia is a common psychiatric disease and is characterized by changes in several brain metabolites detectable by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a general method of management for most severe psychiatric conditions that may play a role in changing the brain metabolites. This study examined the effectiveness of adjuvant ECT with oral medication compared to that of oral second generation antipsychotic medication alone on brain metabolites in patients with chronic schizophrenia...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319704/psychosocial-predictors-of-cognitive-impairment-in-the-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Maryam Zarin Kamar, Farzan Kheirkhah, Ahmad Karkhah, Ali Bijani, Seyed Reza Hosseini
Objective: Cognitive impairment is a major public health problem among elderly population. The aim of this study was to assess some psychosocial predictors of cognitive impairment (age, education, living alone, smoking, depression and social support) in the Iranian elderly population. Method : A total of 1612 elderly (over 60 years) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Cognitive function was assessed using Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). In addition, data from psychological tests and demographic characteristics were analyzed...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319703/comparison-of-personality-among-mothers-with-different-parenting-styles
#15
Bita Bahrami, Behrooz Dolatshahi, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Parvaneh Mohammadkhani
Objective: Mothers have an important role in child- rearing, and maternal personality has theoretically been considered as the most influential factor determining the parenting style, because it is thought to affect parental behavior. However, the influence of personality on parenting styles has received surprisingly little attention. The aim of the present study was to compare personality components among mothers with authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles. Method : Using a multistage random cluster sampling method, we selected 8 kindergartens in Tehran...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319702/internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-empathy-quotient-and-systemizing-quotient-in-4-to-11-years-old-siblings-of-children-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-control-group
#16
Farnaz Nasr Esfahani, Mitra Hakim Shooshtari, Rasoul Shirmohammadi Sosfadi, Fahimeh Saeed, Fereshteh Jalai, Aida Farsham, Reza Bidaki
Objective: This study was conducted to recognize the problems of living with a sibling with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to improve their quality of life. Method : A total of 30 participants were selected among the 4-to11- year-old siblings of children who had referred to Tehran Psychiatric Institute due to autism spectrum disorder. For the control group, 30 children aged 4 to11years old who were the siblings of patients with chronic diseases referring to Pediatric Clinic of Rasoul-e Akram (PBUH) hospital were selected...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319701/typology-of-substance-use-disorder-based-on-temperament-dimensions-addiction-severity-and-negative-emotions
#17
Mohammad Bagher Saberi Zafarghandi, Hamid Khanipour, Seyed Mojtaba Ahmadi
Objective: Individuals with substance use disorder are not homogeneous as we might regard. Thus, this study was conducted to present a novel classification of substance use disorder based on temperament, addiction severity, and negative emotions. Method : In this correlation study, Temperament and Character Inventory, Addiction Severity Index, Aggression Subscale of MMPI-2, Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale, Emotional Schema Questionnaire, and Psychosocial Checklist were used for data collection. Results: The cluster analysis of 324 individuals with substance use disorder explored 4 subtypes...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319700/comparing-the-efficacy-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-with-emotion-regulation-treatment-on-quality-of-life-and-symptoms-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
Fatemeh Ghandi, Amir Sadeghi, Maryam Bakhtyari, Saeed Imani, Saeed Abdi, Seyed Shahab Banihashem
Objective: Irritable bowel syndrome is a common gastrointestinal disorder. The perception of stress and GI-specific anxiety play a key role in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The present study aims at comparing the efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy with emotion regulation on the quality of life and severity in patients IBS. Method : This randomized clinical trial was conducted in 3 phases: pretest, posttest, and follow-up. Follow-up was performed 2 months after the last intervention. The study population consisted of 24 IBS patients who were randomly selected according to Rome-IV Criteria and were then divided into 3 eight-member groups: (1) mindfulness-based stress reduction, (2) emotion regulation, and (3) control group...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319699/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-contamination-cognition-scale-ccs
#19
Zahra Zanjani, Hamid Yaghubi, Mohammadreza Shaeiri, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki
Objective: In recent years, many researchers have been searching for effective cognitive factors in the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). One of the scales designed to measure this characteristic is the contamination cognition scale (CCS) that evaluates 2 dimensions: overestimating the likelihood and severity of contamination. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of CCS. Method : The study population of this descriptive psychometric study included students of Shahed University...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319698/emotion-regulation-in-generalized-anxiety-and-social-anxiety-examining-the-distinct-and-shared-use-of-emotion-regulation-strategies
#20
Imaneh Abasi, Behrouz Dolatshahi, Shirin Farazmand, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Shima Tamanaeefar
Objective: According to the transdiagnostic view, emotion regulation strategies are common among emotional disorders. Despite the vast majority of studies demonstrating the common role of emotion regulation strategies in emotional disorders including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD), distinct functions of these strategies are largely unknown. So, the aim of the present study was to assess the distinct and shared use of emotion regulation strategies in individuals with GAD and SAD symptoms...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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