Giacomo Calini, Solafah Abdalla, Mohamed A Abd El Aziz, Amit Merchea, David W Larson, Kevin T Behm
Laparoscopy is the first-line approach in ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease. Emerging data has shown better short-term outcomes with robotic right colectomy for cancer when compared to laparoscopic approach. However, robotic ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease has only shown faster return to bowel function. We aimed to evaluate short-term outcomes of ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease between robotic intracorporeal anastomosis (RICA) and laparoscopic extracorporeal anastomosis (LECA). Patients undergoing minimally invasive ileocolic resections for Crohn's disease were retrospectively identified using a prospectively maintained database between 2014 and 2021 in two referral centers...
June 1, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
James M Berry, Hayden Hill, Joel M Vetter, Sam B Bhayani, Grant M Henning, Nicholas A Pickersgill, Arjun Sivaraman, R Sherburne Figenshau, Eric H Kim
There is emerging but limited data assessing single-port (SP) robot-assisted surgery as an alternative to multi-port (MP) platforms. We compared perioperative outcomes between SP and MP robot-assisted approaches for excision of high and low complexity renal masses. Retrospective chart review was performed for patients undergoing robot-assisted partial or radical nephrectomy using the SP surgical system (n = 23) at our institution between November 2019 and November 2021. Renal masses were categorized as high complexity (7+) or low complexity (4-6) using the R...
May 31, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Gopal Sharma, Gurpremjit Singh, Puneet Ahluwalia, Prokar Dasgupta, Benjamin J Challacombe, Mahendra Bhandari, Rajesh Ahlawat, Sudhir Rawal, Nicolo M Buffi, Sivaraman Ananth, James R Porter, Craig Rogers, Alexandre Mottrie, Ronney Abaza, Khoon Ho Rha, Daniel Moon, Thyavihally B Yuvaraja, Dipen J Parekh, Umberto Capitanio, Kris K Maes, Francesco Porpiglia, Levent Turkeri, Gagan Gautam
To compare perioperative outcomes following robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in patients with morbid obesity (body mass index (BMI > 40 kg/m2 )) and non-obese patients. Using the Vattikuti Collective quality initiative (VCQI) database for RAPN, data for morbidly obese and non-obese patients was obtained. Propensity scores were calculated for two treatment groups (morbidly obese vs. non-obese) for the following variables i.e. age, sex, tumor size, RNS, surgical access (retroperitoneal/transperitoneal) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to ensure comparability...
May 30, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Leonardo Solaini, Giuseppe Giuliani, Davide Cavaliere, Antonio Bocchino, Michele Di Marino, Andrea Avanzolini, Andrea Coratti, Giorgio Ercolani
The advantages of using the robotic platform may not be clearly evident in left colectomies, where the surgeon operates in an "open field" and does not routinely require intraoperative suturing. Current evidences are based on limited cohorts reporting conflicting outcomes regarding robotic left colectomies (RLC). The aim of this study is to report a bi-centric experience with robotic left colectomy in order to help in defining the role of the robotic approach for these procedures. This is a bi-centric propensity score matched study including patients who underwent RLC or laparoscopic left colectomy (LLC) between January 1, 2012 and May 1, 2022...
May 29, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Longyin Ma, Heng Luo, Shien Kou, Zhenguo Gao, Dan Bai, Xiangzhi Qin, Takahiro Ouchi, Lei Gong, Jiani Hu, Yunhong Tian
The number of robotic hiatal hernia repairs (RHHR) is increasing. However, the superiority of this minimally invasive approach remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the available literature reporting on outcomes of RHHR compared with laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair (LHHR) in adult patients. The design of this systematic review was developed using the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Web of Science, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials...
May 29, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Taro Banno, Kazutaka Nakamura, Akihiko Ozaki, Yukiko Kouchi, Tadashi Ohira, Hiroaki Shimmura
Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy with previous holmium laser enucleation of the prostate is challenging, and few studies have analyzed its perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes. Here we retrospectively evaluated 298 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies, including 25 with and 273 without previous holmium laser enucleation of the prostate, performed in 2015-2022. Regarding perioperative outcomes, operative and console times were significantly longer in the previous holmium laser enucleation of the prostate group...
May 29, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Julie M Clanahan, Andrew Yee, Michael M Awad
Trainee participation and progression in robotic general surgery remain poorly defined. Computer-assisted technology offers the potential to provide and track objective performance metrics. In this study, we aimed to validate the use of a novel metric-active control time (ACT)-for assessing trainee participation in robotic-assisted cases. Performance data from da Vinci Surgical Systems was retrospectively analyzed for all robotic cases involving trainees with a single minimally invasive surgeon over 10 months...
May 26, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Robert B Laverty, Mustafa T Khan, Ronit Patnaik, Christina S Lee, Cassandra D Leonardo, Robert W Krell, Mamie C Stull
While laparoscopic simulation-based training is a well-established component of general surgery training, no such requirement or standardized curriculum exists for robotic surgery. Furthermore, there is a lack of high-fidelity electrocautery simulation training exercises in the literature. Using Messick's validity framework, we sought to determine the content, response process, internal content and construct validity of a novel inanimate tissue model that utilizes electrocautery for potential incorporation in such curricula...
May 23, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Sophie Zaepfel, Raluca Marcovei, Elena Fernandez-de-Sevilla, Isabelle Sourrouille, Charles Honore, Maximiliano Gelli, Matthieu Faron, Leonor Benhaim
The number of robotic-assisted procedures for rectal cancer is rising. The risk of this procedure when performed by surgeon with limited robotic experience is unknown and the precise duration of the learning curve debated. We, therefore, aimed to analyze the learning curve and its related safety in a single center before the development of mentoring programs. We prospectively recorded all robotic procedures performed for colorectal cancer between 2015 and 2020 by a single surgeon. Operative times for partial and total proctectomy were analyzed...
May 23, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Mulham Al-Nader, Jan Philipp Radtke, Lukas PĆ¼llen, Christopher Darr, Claudia Kesch, Jochen Hess, Ulrich Krafft, Boris A Hadaschik, Nina Harke, Osama Mahmoud
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RALPN) is becoming a standard treatment for localized renal tumors worldwide. Data on the learning curve (LC) of RALPN are still insufficient. In the present study, we have attempted to gain further insight in this area by evaluating the LC using cumulative summation analysis (CUSUM). A series of 127 robotic partial nephrectomies were performed by two surgeons at our center between January 2018 and December 2020. CUSUM analysis was used to evaluate LC for operative time (OT)...
May 22, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Kenji Omae, Tsunenori Kondo, Shingo Fukuma, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Daisuke Toki, Hidekazu Tachibana, Toshihide Horiuchi, Ryo Ishiyama, Maki Yoshino, Yudai Ishiyama, Shunichi Fukuhara, Kazunari Tanabe, Toshio Takagi
We aimed to evaluate the renoprotective effects of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RAPN). Data from 59 patients with solitary renal tumors who underwent RAPN with RIPC comprising three cycles of 5-min inflation to 200 mmHg of a blood pressure cuff applied to one lower limb followed by 5-min reperfusion by cuff deflation, from 2018 to 2020 were analyzed. Patients who underwent RAPN for solitary renal tumors without RIPC between 2018 and 2020 were selected as controls...
May 22, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Graham B J Buchan, Christian J Hecht, David Liu, Lipalo Mokete, Daniel Kendoff, Atul F Kamath
Accurate acetabular cup position remains a persistent challenge in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Studies investigating the early outcomes of robotic-assisted THA (RA-THA) systems have shown improved cup placement compared to manual THA (mTHA) approaches, however, contemporary robotic platforms are reliant on pre-operative CT imaging. The goal of this study was to analyze the accuracy of a novel, fluoroscopy-based RA-THA system compared to an unassisted mTHA approach and determine the effect of the robotic system on operative time...
May 20, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Jerome R Lechien, Stephane Hans
The objective of this study is to investigate adoption, perception, and awareness of otolaryngologist-head neck surgeons (OTO-HNS) toward transoral robotic surgery (TORS) according to the surgeon experience. A total of 1,383 OTO-HNS of YO-IFOS and IFOS received an online survey dedicated to the adoption, perception, and awareness toward TORS. The following outcomes were compared between residents and fellows, young/middle-aged and older OTO-HNS: awareness/perception; indications; advantages; barriers and expected improvements of TORS practice...
May 19, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Shing Wai Wong, Philip Crowe
Stereopsis may be an advantage of robotic surgery. Perceived robotic ergonomic advantages in visualisation include better exposure, three-dimensional vision, surgeon camera control, and line of sight screen location. Other ergonomic factors relating to visualisation include stereo-acuity, vergence-accommodation mismatch, visual-perception mismatch, visual-vestibular mismatch, visuospatial ability, visual fatigue, and visual feedback to compensate for lack of haptic feedback. Visual fatigue symptoms may be related to dry eye or accommodative/binocular vision stress...
May 19, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Alexis Sanchez, Luis Herrera, Andre Teixeira, Michael Cheatham, Desrene Gibson, Victoria Lam, Oriana Guevara
Operating room (OR) turnover time (TOT) is the time it takes to prepare an OR for the next surgery after the previous one has been completed. Reducing OR TOT can improve the efficiency of the OR, reduce costs, and improve surgeons' and patients' satisfaction. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an operating room (OR) turnover time (TOT) reduction initiative using the Lean Six Sigma methodology (DMAIC) in the bariatric and thoracic service lines. Performance improvement strategies consist of simplifying steps (surgical tray optimization) and concurrent steps (parallel task execution)...
May 16, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Georges Kaoukabani, Alexander Friedman, Jenna Bahadir, Fahri Gokcal, Omar Yusef Kudsi
The elderly population are at an increased risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality due to their disease profile. Minimally invasive surgery and in particular the robotic approach may improve the outcomes of cholecystectomy in the elderly. Patients who underwent robotic cholecystectomy (RC) and were older than 65 at the time of the procedure were included in this retrospective study. Pre-, intra-, and postoperative variables of the whole cohort were initially reported and then compared between three different age ranges...
May 13, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Lynette Johnson, Mary J Cunningham
The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the success rate of sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping using indocyanine green and near-infrared imaging. Sentinel lymph node mapping is recommended for patients with endometrial carcinoma to reduce the rate of full lymphadenectomy and its associated morbidity such as lymphedema. A retrospective review was conducted of robotic hysterectomy procedures for patients with a coded diagnosis of endometrial cancer and a cost code for indocyanine green discharged between March, 2016 and August, 2019...
May 6, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Eva Koeller, Andrew R Luhrs, Marcoandrea Giorgi
Robotic surgery is an increasingly popular alternative to laparoscopy for performing bariatric operations. To describe changes in utilization and complication rates of this technique over the last six years an analysis of the 2015-2020 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program participant use files (MBSAQIP PUF) was performed. All patients who underwent laparoscopic or robotic bariatric surgery from 2015 to 2020 were included. 1,341,814 robotic and laparoscopic bariatric operations were included...
May 5, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Nicholas Elliott, Gaurav Pahouja, Michael Felice, Edward Capoccia, Parth M Patel, Enrique Blanco Martinez, Eseosa Aiwerioghene, Alex Gorbonos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Retzius-sparing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (rsRARP) has gained popularity due to superior early continence outcomes compared to standard robotic prostatectomy (sRARP). We evaluate the results of a single surgeon who transitioned from sRARP to rsRARP and compare oncologic and functional outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all prostatectomies performed by a single surgeon between June 2018 and October 2020. Perioperative, oncologic, and functional data were collected and analyzed...
May 4, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Danny Darlington Carbin Joseph, Sabina Dranova, Holly Harrison, Dimitrios Papanikolou, Santiago Uribe, Mark Broe, Costantinos Adamou, Danielle Whiting, Gerasimos Frajkoulis, Dimitrios Moschonas, Krishna Patil, Venkata Ramana Murthy Kusuma, James Hicks, Wissam Abou Chedid, Matthew James Alexander Perry
Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in men with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m2 is considered technically challenging. We conducted a retrospective matched-pair analysis to compare the oncological and functional outcomes of RARP in men with BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 . We interrogated our prospectively maintained RARP database and identified 1273 men who underwent RARP from January 2018 till June 2021. Among them, 43 had BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 , and 1230 had BMI < 35 kg/m2 ...
May 2, 2023: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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