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Journal of Biological Dynamics

Kamaldeen Okuneye, Steffen E Eikenberry, Abba B Gumel
Malaria is mainly a tropical disease and its transmission cycle is heavily influenced by environment: The life-cycles of the Anopheles mosquito vector and Plasmodium parasite are both strongly affected by ambient temperature, while suitable aquatic habitat is necessary for immature mosquito development. Therefore, how global warming may affect malaria burden is an active question, and we develop a new ordinary differential equations-based malaria transmission model that explicitly considers the temperature-dependent Anopheles gonotrophic and Plasmodium sporogonic cycles...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Evan Milliken
In epidemic modelling, the emergence of a disease is characterized by the low numbers of infectious individuals. Environmental randomness impacts outcomes such as the outbreak or extinction of the disease in this case. This randomness can be accounted for by modelling the system as a continuous time Markov chain, <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mi>X</mml:mi> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> </mml:math> ...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Yunshyong Chow, Sophia R-J Jang, Hua-Ming Wang
We investigate a discrete-time predator-prey system with cooperative hunting in the predators proposed by Chow et al. by determining local stability of the interior steady states analytically in certain parameter regimes. The system can have either zero, one or two interior steady states. We provide criteria for the stability of interior steady states when the system has either one or two interior steady states. Numerical examples are presented to confirm our analytical findings. It is concluded that cooperative hunting of the predators can promote predator persistence but may also drive the predator to a sudden extinction...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Yang Li, Jia Li
In this study, we first formulate a baseline discrete-time mathematical model for malaria transmission where the survival function of mosquitoes is of Beverton-Holt type. We then introduce sterile mosquitoes to the baseline model to explore the transmission dynamics with sterile mosquitoes. We derive formulas for the reproductive number [Formula: see text] of infection and determine the existence and uniqueness of endemic fixed points as well, for the models with or without sterile mosquitoes. We then study the impact of the releases of sterile mosquitoes on the disease transmissions by investigating the effects of varying the release rates of the sterile mosquitoes...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Kevin J Duffy, Obiora C Collins
Maintaining sustainable ecosystems are important for all the inhabitants of earth. Also, an important component of sustainable ecosystems is the maintenance of healthy coexistence of consumers and their resources which can include diseases in the species involved. We formulate a model, where the resources are plants, to explore how consumer-resource coexistence could of itself limit the spread of infectious diseases. The important mathematical features of the model are discussed using the basic reproduction number and the consumption number...
December 2019: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Atheeta Ching, Stephen Baigent
Explicit expressions in terms of Gaussian Hypergeometric functions are found for a 'balance' manifold that connects the non-zero steady states of a 2-species, non-competitive, scaled Lotka-Volterra system by the unique heteroclinic orbits. In this model, the parameters are the interspecific interaction coefficients which affects the form of the solution used. Similar to the carrying simplex of the competitive model, this balance simplex is the common boundary of the basin of repulsion of the origin and infinity, and is smooth except possibly at steady states...
December 2019: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Hidekazu Yoshioka
A simplified stochastic control model for optimization of logistic dynamics with the control-dependent carrying capacity, which is motivated by a recent algae population management problem in the river environment, is presented. Solving the optimization problem reduces to finding a solution to a non-local first-order differential equation called tt-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation. It is shown that the HJB equation has a unique viscosity solution and that the solution can be approximated with a finite difference scheme...
December 2019: Journal of Biological Dynamics
J M Cushing
We describe the evolutionary game theoretic methodology for extending a difference equation population dynamic model in a way so as to account for the Darwinian evolution of model coefficients. We give a general theorem that describes the familiar transcritical bifurcation that occurs in non-evolutionary models when theextinction equilibrium destabilizes. This bifurcation results in survival (positive) equilibria whose stability depends on the direction of bifurcation. We give several applications based on evolutionary versions of some classic equations, such as the discrete logistic (Beverton-Holt) and Ricker equations...
December 2019: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Jiazhe Lin, Rui Xu, Xiaohong Tian
In this paper, an age-structured cholera model with multiple transmissions, saturation incidence and imperfect vaccination is proposed. In the model, we consider both the infection age of infected individuals and the biological age of Vibrio cholerae in the aquatic environment. Asymptotic smoothness is verified as a necessary argument. By analysing the characteristic equations, the local stability of disease-free and endemic steady states is established. By using Lyapunov functionals and LaSalle's invariance principle, it is proved that the global dynamics of the model can be completely determined by basic reproduction number...
December 2019: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Changyou Wang, Linrui Li, Qiuyan Zhang, Rui Li
The aim of this paper is to investigate the dynamical behaviour of a class of three species Lotka-Volterra competitive-competitive-cooperative models with feedback controls and time delays. By developing a new analysis technique, we obtain some sufficient conditions that ensure these models have the dynamical property of permanence. We also give some sufficient conditions that guarantee the global attractivity of positive solutions for this system by constructing a new suitable Lyapunov function. Finally, we give some numerical simulations to illustrate our results in this paper...
December 2019: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Matthew Osborne, Xueying Wang, Joseph Tien
Models coupling behaviour and disease as two unique but interacting contagions have existed since the mid 2000s. In these coupled contagion models, behaviour is typically treated as a 'simple contagion'. However, the means of behaviour spread may in fact be more complex. We develop a family of disease-behaviour coupled contagion compartmental models in order to examine the effect of behavioural contagion type on disease-behaviour dynamics. Coupled contagion models treating behaviour as a simple contagion and a complex contagion are investigated, showing that behavioural contagion type can have a significant impact on dynamics...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Saroj Kumar Sahani, Yashi
In this paper, a delayed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) model with apoptosis of cells has been studied. Both immunological and intracellular delay have been incorporated to make the model more relevant. Firstly, the model has been investigated using local stability analysis. Next, the global stability analysis of steady states has been performed. The stability switch criteria taking the delay as the bifurcating parameter, leading to Hopf bifurcation has been studied. The transition of the system from order to chaos has been explored, and the analytical results have been verified by numerical simulations...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Zhong-Kai Guo, Hai-Feng Huo, Hong Xiang
In this paper, we investigate a new alcoholism model in which alcoholics have age structure. We rewrite the model as an abstract non-densely defined Cauchy problem and obtain the condition which guarantees the existence of the unique positive steady state. By linearizing the model at steady state and analyzing the associated characteristic transcendental equations, we study the local asymptotic stability of the steady state. Furthermore, by using Hopf bifurcation theorem in Liu et al. (Z. Angew. Math. Phys...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Ophir Nave, Miriam Elbaz
We propose a new method to solve a system of complex ordinary differential equations (ODEs) with hidden hierarchy. Given a complex system of the ODE, the hierarchy of the system is generally hidden. Once we reveal the hierarchy of the system, the system can be reduced into subsystems called slow and fast subsystems. This division of slow and fast subsystems reduces the analysis and hence reduces the computation time, which can be expensive. In our new method, we first apply the singularly perturbed vector field method that is the global quasi-linearization method...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
P van den Driessche, Abdul-Aziz Yakubu
We use a general autonomous discrete-time infectious disease model to extend the next generation matrix approach for calculating the basic reproduction number, [Formula: see text], to account for populations with locally asymptotically stable period k cycles in the disease-free systems, where [Formula: see text]. When [Formula: see text] and the demographic equation (in the absence of the disease) has a locally asymptotically stable period k population cycle, we prove the local asymptotic stability of the disease-free period k cycle...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Yu Yang, Alhaji Cherif, Yuxin Zhang
In this paper, we analyze a mathematical model for an inflammatory response to bacterial infection of homogeneous tissues. Specifically, we provide a detailed analysis of the Lauffenburger-Kennedy bacterial infection model and show that the model exhibits three possible equilibria corresponding to a bacteria-free and two endemic compromised steady states. Asymptotic results of the steady states along with the existences of saddle-node connection Hopf bifurcations are shown under certain conditions of the parameters...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Necibe Tuncer, Chindu Mohanakumar, Samuel Swanson, Maia Martcheva
The largest outbreak of Ebola to date is the 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak, with more than 10,000 cases and over 4000 deaths reported in Liberia alone. To control the spread of the outbreak, multiple interventions were implemented: identification and isolation of cases, contact tracing, quarantining of suspected contacts, proper personal protection, safely conducted burials, improved education, social awareness and individual protective measures. Devising rigorous methodologies for the evaluation of the effectiveness of the control measures implemented to stop an outbreak is of paramount importance...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Camille Pouchol, Emmanuel Trélat
We analyse the asymptotic behaviour of integro-differential equations modelling N populations in interaction, all structured by different traits. Interactions are modelled by non-local terms involving linear combinations of the total number of individuals in each population. These models have already been shown to be suitable for the modelling of drug resistance in cancer, and they generalize the usual Lotka-Volterra ordinary differential equations. Our aim is to give conditions under which there is persistence of all species...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Aurelio A de Los Reyes V, Jose Maria L Escaner
Dengue is endemic in the Philippines and poses a substantial economic burden in the country. In this work, a compartmentalized model which includes healthcare-seeking class is developed. The reproduction number is determined to investigate critical parameters influencing transmission. Partial rank correlation coefficient (PRCC) technique is performed to address how the model output is affected by changes in a specific parameter disregarding the uncertainty over the rest of the parameters. Results show that mosquito biting rate, transmission probability from mosquito to human, respectively, from human to mosquito, and fraction of individuals who seek healthcare at the onset of the disease, posted high PRCC values...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Indrajit Ghosh, Pankaj Kumar Tiwari, Sandip Mandal, Maia Martcheva, Joydev Chattopadhyay
Global eradication of Guinea worm disease (GWD) is in the final stage but a mysterious epidemic of the parasite in dog population makes the elimination programme challenging. There is neither a vaccine nor an effective treatment against the disease and therefore intervention strategies rely on the current epidemiological understandings to control the spread of the disease. A novel mathematical model can predict the future outbreaks and it can quantify the dissemination rates of control interventions. Due to the lack of such novel models, a realistic mathematical model of GWD dynamics with human population, dog population, copepod population and the worm larvae is proposed and analyzed...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
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