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Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

Rebeca Díaz Suárez, Gonzalo Luengo Alonso, Miguel Ángel Porras Moreno, Verónica Jiménez Díaz, Lorena García Lamas, Navidad Cecilia López
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Georg W Omlor, Vera Lohnherr, Pit Hetto, Simone Gantz, Jörg Fellenberg, Christian Merle, Thorsten Guehring, Burkhard Lehner
Surgical treatment of benign and low-grade malignant intramedullary chondroid lesions at the distal femur is not well analyzed compared to higher-grade chondrosarcomas. Localization at the distal femur offers high biomechanical risks requiring sophisticated treatment strategy, but scientific guidelines are missing. We therefore wanted to analyze a series of equally treated patients with intralesional resection and bone cement filling with and without additional osteosynthesis. Twenty-two consecutive patients could be included with intralesional excision and filling with polymethylmethacrylate bone cement alone (n = 10) or with compound bone cement osteosynthesis using a locking compression plate (n = 12)...
November 3, 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
T R Nunn, M Etsub, T Tilahun, R O E Gardner, V Allgar, A M Wainwright, C B D Lavy
The aim of the study was to develop a simple and reliable clinical scoring system for delayed presenting clubfeet and assess how this score predicts the response to Ponseti casting. We measured all elements of the Diméglio and the Pirani scoring systems. To determine which aspects were useful in assessing children with delayed presenting clubfeet, 4 assessors examined 42 feet (28 patients) between the ages of 2-10 years. Selected variables demonstrating good agreement were combined to make a novel score and were assessed prospectively on a separate consecutive cohort of children with clubfeet aged 2-10, comprising 100 clubfeet (64 patients)...
November 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Gareth Medlock, Iain M Stevenson, Alan J Johnstone
The majority of femoral fractures are surgically treated with intramedullary nails. Non-union rate is low but challenging and costly if it occurs. There have been encouraging results from the use of augmentative plating as a treatment for non-union of femoral fractures. We performed a systematic review of the literature to compare union rates, time to union and complications between exchange nailing and augmentative plating as a primary procedure following a diagnosis of femoral non-union following initial nailing...
November 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Mikhail Bekarev, Abraham M Goch, David S Geller, Evan S Garfein
Wound coverage in the supra-patellar area presents a significant challenge for orthopaedic and reconstructive surgeons due to the need for preservation of knee joint function but the paucity of regional soft tissue flaps available. While many orthopaedic and reconstructive surgeons make use of the rotational gastrocnemius flap for coverage of peri-patellar defects, this flap has certain limitations. The goal of this study was to report a single-centre experience with the use of the distally based anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) and review the current literature on the use of the ALT for peri-patellar defects...
November 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Saif Salih, Edward Mills, Jonathan McGregor-Riley, Mick Dennison, Simon Royston
This retrospective case series evaluates the technique of transverse debridement, acute shortening and subsequent distraction histogenesis in the management of open tibial fractures with bone and soft tissue loss, thereby avoiding the need for a soft tissue flap to cover the wound. Thirty-one patients with Gustilo grade III open tibial fractures between 2001 and 2011 were initially managed with transverse wound extensions, debridement and shortening to provide bony apposition and allowing primary wound closure without tension, or coverage with mobilization of soft tissue and split skin graft...
November 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Philip K Lim, Bharat Sampathi, Nathan M Moroski, John A Scolaro
Traumatic through-knee or transfemoral amputations with concomitant ipsilateral femoral fractures are extremely rare injuries. The initial goal of management is patient resuscitation and stabilization. Subsequent interventions focus on limb salvage and the creation of a residual limb that can be fitted successfully for a functional lower extremity prosthesis. We present the case of a patient who sustained a traumatic through-knee amputation ipsilateral to an open comminuted femoral fracture. Soft tissue injury prohibited initial primary closure over the distal femoral condyles...
November 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Dmitry Popkov
Telescopic rodding has been developed in order to obtain long-lasting osteosynthesis in the growing long bones of children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). The major and still unsolved drawback of any telescopic rod or nail design is a lack of rotational stability and, currently, no telescopic system allows immediate weight-bearing. When these problems are associated with insufficient longitudinal bone stability and diminished healing capacity, the result can be unfavourable causing secondary bone fragment displacement, delayed or non-union...
September 29, 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
André Couto, Joana Freitas, Nuno Alegrete, Jorge Coutinho, Gilberto Costa
PURPOSE: The most significant advance in our time about limb lengthening is the magnetic lengthening nail, as the first reports appeared to show good results with accurate lengthening rates and good regenerate bone formation. The described complication rate is generally low. They avoid external fixation elements, and are activated transcutaneously, so the patient's pain and discomfort are reduced and the rehabilitation is faster and more effective. The aim of authors is to describe a special technical issue of the PRECICE system: the nail can be extended inside the patient limb (after the osteotomy), but it also can be retracted inside the limb after achieving the bone union...
September 19, 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Carlos A Peña-Solórzano, Matthew R Dimmock, David W Albrecht, David M Paganin, Richard B Bassed, Mitzi Klein, Peter C Harris
External fixation is a common tool in the treatment of complex fractures, correction of limb deformity, and salvage arthrodesis. These devices typically incorporate radio-opaque metal rods/struts connected at varying distances and orientations between rings. Whilst the predominant imaging modality is plain film radiology, computed tomography (CT) may be performed in order for the surgeon to make a more confident clinical decision (e.g. timing of frame removal, assessment of degree of arthrodesis). We used a fractured sheep leg to systematically assess CT imaging performance with a Discovery CT750 HD CT scanner (GE Healthcare) to show how rod coupling in both traditional Ilizarov and hexapod frames distorts images...
September 15, 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Emily S Ho, Catharine S Bradley, Gregory H Borschel, Simon P Kelley
Distraction osteogenesis for brachymetacarpia has been described in several small case series and single case reports, but the rehabilitation required to optimize outcomes has not been reported. We present a case report describing the hand rehabilitation program of a 13-year-old girl with congenital brachymetacarpia who underwent distraction osteogenesis of the third metacarpal. Intense weekly hand therapy including desensitization, scar massage, range of motion exercises and splinting was essential up to 28 weeks postoperatively to address the progressive changes in the anatomical structures...
August 29, 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Alexander S North, Tracey Wilkinson
Injuries to the acromioclavicular (AC) joint are common, tending to occur secondary to traumatic injuries. Rockwood grade IV, V and VI injuries involve complete dislocation of the joint and require surgical reconstruction, with inconclusive literature on whether grade III injuries should be surgically or conservatively managed. There are over one hundred reported surgical techniques which reconstruct the AC joint, with little indication of which methods achieve the best results. Techniques can generally be considered as: anatomical reduction; CC ligament reconstruction; and anatomical reconstruction...
August 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Natalia A Shchudlo, Tatyana N Varsegova, Mikhail M Shchudlo, Mikhail A Stepanov, Andrey A Yemanov
Peroneal neuropathy is one of the complications of orthopaedic leg lengthening. Methods of treatment include slowing of distraction and decompression both of which may lead to additional complications. The purpose of this study was to analyse the changes in histologic peroneal nerve structure during experimental orthopaedic lengthening using various modes of manual or automatic distraction. The obtained data provide the basis for better understanding of peroneal neuropathy pathogenesis and refinement of prophylaxis and preventive treatment protocols...
August 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Sherif Galal
INTRODUCTION: Femoral lengthening with or along intramedullary (IM) nails will occur along the axis of the nail coincident with the anatomical axis of the bone. In the femur particularly, such lengthening often creates lateral mechanical axis deviation as the knee is driven medially. In cases where shortening is associated with frontal plane deformity the surgeon needs to correct the deformity intra-operatively, however, subsequent lengthening along the anatomical axis will create deformity...
August 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Matthew Morin, Joshua Klatt, Peter M Stevens
Proximal tibial metaphyseal fractures in children can lead to progressive and symptomatic tibial valgus. Corrective osteotomy has been abandoned, due to frequent complications, including recurrent valgus deformity. While spontaneous remodelling has been reported, this is not predictable. For children with persistent deformities, we have resorted to guided growth of the tibia. We present 19 patients who were successfully treated with guided growth, tethering the proximal medial physis. There were ten boys and nine girls, ranging in age from two to 13...
August 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Mehraj D Tantray, Asim Rather, Qazi Manaan, Irfan Andleeb, Mir Mohammad, Yasmeena Gull
Removal of foreign bodies from soft tissues in emergency is very challenging and becomes more problematic when it is radiolucent. Blind exploration is sometimes hazardous for patients especially when it is in proximity to a vessel or a nerve or an overlying tendon. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of ultrasonography (USG) in detecting radiolucent soft tissue foreign bodies in the extremities. From January 2014 to January 2016, 120 patients with either a positive history or clinically suspected soft tissue foreign body and negative radiography were evaluated by USG with a high-frequency (13-6 MHz) linear-array transducer...
August 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Beth Lineham, Todd Stewart, Paul Harwood
No entirely reliable method exists for assessing union during Ilizarov treatment. Premature removal results in potential treatment failure; hence, alternative methods warrant investigation. Wire deflection might provide an indication of fracture site deformation on weight bearing, indicating progress towards union. This study aimed to test a method for assessing wire deflection within an Ilizarov frame. (1) To assess the repeatability of our novel measurement method in measuring wire deflection within an Ilizarov frame in vitro...
August 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Peter O'Farrell, Annette-Christi Barnard, Franz Birkholtz
Management of open lower limb fractures with soft tissue defects can be a technically challenging orthopaedic problem. Limited availability of orthoplastic services means that alternatives to the fix and flap concept are required in order to prevent infected non-unions from developing. The proposed 'bayonet apposition' allows the surgeon to temporarily shorten the limb without angulating the limb or creating a bone defect and removing viable bone. The viable bone edges are overlapped in a bayonet-like manner in order to appose the wound and skin edges...
August 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Jessica C Rivera, Jason A Beachler
Post-traumatic arthritis (PTA) is characterized by the deterioration of articular cartilage temporally associated with an articular injury. With a paucity of literature comparing joint preservation techniques, we performed a systematic review of the literature intending to describe and summarize the results of ankle distraction arthroplasty as it compares with studies on tibio-talar microfracture, allograft, and autograft for ankle joint preservation in the post-traumatic population under 50 years of age. Research databases were searched and abstracts screened for relevance on our topic of interest...
August 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Karim Z Masrouha, Michael E Raad, Said S Saghieh
Infected nonunion of long bones may require intravenous antibiotics over a lengthy period which may result in a high rate of complications. This study aims to assess the efficacy of local antibiotics used as a replacement to prolonged intravenous therapy. Thirteen patients with infected nonunion of long bones who failed at least one previous surgery were included. The infection was treated through extensive debridement, application of antibiotic-impregnated calcium sulphate pellets and the bone stabilized with external fixation...
April 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
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