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Retinal Cases & Brief Reports

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30883458/novel-approach-to-scleral-fixation-of-a-reper-intraocular-lens-and-artificial-iris-complex-following-pars-plana-lensectomy-and-vitrectomy-for-ectopia-lentis-and-cataract-in-a-patient-with-aniridia-and-nystagmus
#1
Shangjun Jiang, Kashif Baig, Ananda Kalevar, Netan Choudhry, R Rishi Gupta
PURPOSE: Prosthetic iris devices have recently been used to improve cosmesis and reduce glare in aniridia. There is currently no consensus on which prosthetic iris device or which surgical approach is preferred for managing large iris defects. METHODS: A novel surgical approach with Gore-Tex polytetrafluoroethylene sutures was used to achieve scleral fixation of an intraocular lens and artificial iris complex in a 19-year-old Caucasian female patient with aniridia, nystagmus, cataracts, and ectopia lentis...
March 14, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865057/relaxing-nasal-retinotomy-technique-for-closure-of-a-macular-hole-that-reopened-after-primary-vitrectomy
#2
Darren Knight, Jeffrey J Yu, Sean D Adrean
PURPOSE: To describe relaxing nasal retinotomy as a technique to achieve closure of a recurrent macular hole. METHODS: A patient with juxtafoveal telangiectasia presented with recurrent macular hole after primary vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peel. During repeat surgery, a superonasal retinotomy was performed to allow for release of tangential traction contributing to the macular hole. RESULTS: Intraoperative ocular coherence tomography demonstrated decrease in size of the macular hole immediately after retinotomy...
March 6, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30839441/late-onset-lysosomal-storage-disorder-with-macular-cherry-red-spot
#3
Leyla Gahramanova, Tural Galbinur, Ayan Mammadkhanova
BACKGROUND: To report a case of late-onset lysosomal storage disorder presenting with bilateral macular cherry-red spot. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 20-year-old female patient with bilateral progressive visual loss was found to have bilateral macular cherry-red spots and was subsequently diagnosed as a possible late-onset Tay-Sachs disease according to results of the genetic analysis. CONCLUSION: Most lysosomal storage disorders are known as pediatric diseases...
March 4, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30830007/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-a-case-of-congenital-retinal-macrovessel-with-anomalous-retinal-anastomosis-associated-with-contralateral-myelinated-nerve-fibers-and-retinal-vascular-abnormalities
#4
Chiara Preziosa, Paolo Milani, Paola Ciasca, Fulvio Bergamini, Giovanni Staurenghi, Marco Pellegrini
PURPOSE: To describe a case of congenital retinal macrovessel complicated by cystoid macular edema associated with contralateral myelinated retinal nerve fibers and retinal vascular abnormalities studied with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A healthy 25-year-old woman with decreased vision in her right eye was found to have a congenital retinal venous macrovessel in the macula associated with cystoid edema...
February 27, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730456/alteration-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-a-patient-with-ocular-ischemic-syndrome
#5
Kazuma Saito, Hideo Akiyama, Ryo Mukai
PURPOSE: To analyze optical coherence tomography angiography images in ocular ischemic syndrome (OIS) before and after carotid artery stenting. METHODS: We report the case of an 80-year-old man with a history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus who developed OIS in the right eye due to right internal carotid artery stenosis 2 years earlier. After visual acuity declined in the left eye 2 years later, a neurosurgeon discovered left internal carotid artery stenosis, which led to the diagnosis of OIS in the left eye as well...
February 4, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688847/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-a-case-of-choroidal-neovascularization-secondary-to-unilateral-retinal-pigment-epithelium-dysgenesis-treated-with-intravitreal-bevacizumab-therapy
#6
Chiara Preziosa, Giovanni Staurenghi, Marco Pellegrini
PURPOSE: To document by optical coherence tomography angiography the presence of a choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to unilateral retinal pigment epithelium dysgenesis and describe its changes after treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 51-year-old woman referred to our ocular oncology service for a possible choroidal osteoma in her left eye was found to have a unilateral retinal pigment epithelium dysgenesis complicated by CNV...
January 25, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688846/acute-idiopathic-maculopathy-complicated-by-choroidal-neovascularization-new-insights-into-multimodal-retinal-imaging
#7
Ana Pajtler Rosar, Sara Bochicchio, Andrea Giani, Ferdinando Bottoni, Giovanni Staurenghi
PURPOSE: To report a case of acute idiopathic maculopathy complicated by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in which multimodal imaging was used to confirm the presence of CNV and follow the response to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment. METHODS: A 39-year-old man was referred to our clinic for the evaluation of maculopathy in the right eye. Multimodal imaging was performed including fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, infrared fundus reflectance (IR), optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and optical coherence tomography angiography...
January 25, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688845/unusual-early-onset-vitelliform-dystrophy-possibly-linked-to-the-interphotoreceptor-matrix-proteoglycan-1-p-leu154pro-mutation
#8
Mrinali P Gupta, Scott E Brodie, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To describe a case of symptomatic outer retinal disruption in a patient heterozygous for the p.Leu154Pro interphotoreceptor matrix proteoglycan-1 (IMPG1) mutation implicated in adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: We describe a case of a 25-year-old female patient with symptomatic scotoma and vision decrease who exhibited bilateral small foveal yellow spots. Optical coherence tomography revealed disorganization and decreased reflectance of the foveal ellipsoid and interdigitation zones in the left eye more than in the right eye...
January 25, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681547/a-case-of-cat-scratch-disease-diagnosed-by-indirect-fluorescent-antibody-assay-of-igm-specific-for-a-japanese-strain-of-bartonella-henselae
#9
Sho-Hei Uchi, Ryoji Yanai, Hidehiro Tsuneoka, Ken-Ichiro Otsuyama, Koh-Hei Sonoda, Kazuhiro Kimura
PURPOSE: To report a case of cat scratch disease-associated retinitis diagnosed with an indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) assay for immunoglobulin M (IgM) specific for a strain (YH-01) of Bartonella henselae recently identified in Japan. METHODS: Case report of a 24-year-old pregnant woman presented with general fever, fatigue, as well as blurred vision, and a central visual field deficiency in her right eye and was suspected as cat scratch disease because she had started to feed a feral dog a month ago...
January 23, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664082/dynamic-echography-of-varix-of-the-vortex-vein-ampulla
#10
Talisa E de Carlo, William Mieler
PURPOSE: To describe four cases of varix of the vortex vein ampulla imaged with dynamic echography. METHODS: Observational case series of four patients with varix of the vortex vein ampulla diagnosed with ocular examination maneuvers such as digital pressure or Valsalva. Dynamic echography was used to confirm the diagnosis. RESULTS: Dynamic echography can quickly and noninvasively show the varix of the vortex vein ampulla disappear with external pressure, or engorge with a Valsalva maneuver or altered gaze directions...
January 17, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664081/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-study-of-choroidal-neovascularization-associated-with-early-onset-drusen
#11
Ryo Terao, Aya Matsuda, Asako Ogawa, Kimiko Shimizu, Keiko Azuma, Tatsuya Inoue, Ryo Obata
PURPOSE: To report three middle-aged cases with choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with early-onset drusen documented with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Three patients with bilateral early-onset drusen were referred to our hospital. Fundus examination, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, OCTA, and other multimodal imaging were performed. RESULTS: Case 1 involved a 47-year-old woman who presented with sudden unilateral anorthopia...
January 17, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664080/acute-myocarditis-with-cardiogenic-shock-and-multiple-organ-failure-followed-by-bilateral-panuveitis-masquerading-as-endogenous-endophthalmitis-due-to-toxoplasma-gondii-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#12
Artur Filipowicz, Mircea N Coca, Barbra M Blair, Peter Y Chang
PURPOSE: To report a case of systemic and ocular toxoplasmosis in an immunocompetent patient, who developed myocarditis with resulting cardiogenic shock and multiple organ failure, followed by bilateral panuveitis masquerading as endogenous endophthalmitis. METHODS: Single case report with images. RESULTS: A 59-year-old man with a history of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and associated scleromyxedema but otherwise immunocompetent was admitted to the intensive care unit for cardiogenic shock and multiple organ failure due to presumed viral myocarditis...
January 17, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664079/aqueous-humor-cytokines-and-therapeutic-customization-in-nonresponding-macular-edema-secondary-to-retinal-vein-occlusion
#13
Aditya Modi, Karen Sharma, Neha Peraka Sudhakar, Naresh Kumar Yadav
AIM: To report an alternative cytokine-based customized therapeutic approach of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion. METHODS: A 64-year-old male patient presented with left eye macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion, status after three consecutive anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections. He was subsequently subjected to aqueous humor cytokine analysis. Vascular endothelial growth factor, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) concentrations were determined using multiplex bead assay (BD Cytometric Bead Array)...
January 17, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30668552/novel-optical-coherence-tomography-findings-of-a-case-of-sympathetic-ophthalmia-after-23-gauge-vitrectomy
#14
Ahmed Abdelmaksoud, Nigel Terk-Howe Khoo, Katharine Sears, Stephen Winder
PURPOSE: Sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) is a rare panuveitis after trauma to one eye. We present a case of SO after 23-gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy, including optical coherence tomography evidence of response to treatment. To our knowledge, this is the first SO case report to include spectral domain optical coherence tomography images of Dalen-Fuchs nodules. METHODS: Observational case report of a case of SO after two pars plana vitrectomies in the fellow eye...
January 16, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640817/bisphosphonate-induced-bilateral-anterior-uveitis-and-choroidal-effusions-with-secondary-angle-closure
#15
Zheng Xian Thng, Zhenghao Kelvin Li, Nicola Yiʼan Gan
PURPOSE: To report a case of bisphosphonate-induced bilateral anterior uveitis and choroidal effusions with secondary angle closure in a 64-year-old female patient. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 64-year-old woman with history of scleroderma and antiphospholipid syndrome, presented with bilateral painless blurring of vision after commencement of alendronate. Clinical examination revealed bilateral anterior uveitis and choroidal effusions with resultant secondary angle closure in the left eye...
January 11, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640816/choroidal-melanoma-during-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Wajiha Jurdi Kheir, Miguel Angel Materin
PURPOSE: To report a case of a woman diagnosed with choroidal melanoma during pregnancy, as well as review similar cases published in the literature. The prevalence, risk factors, treatment, prognosis, and outcomes of choroidal melanoma in pregnancy are addressed. METHODS: An extensive search of the literature was conducted by accessing PubMed, MEDLINE, and Scopus databases in January 2018 to identify cases of choroidal or uveal melanoma diagnosed during pregnancy...
January 11, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640815/traumatic-retinal-detachment-caused-by-nerf-gun-shot-in-a-pediatric-patient
#17
Murtaza M Mandviwala, Patrick P Sassani
PURPOSE: To present a case of retinal detachment caused by a Nerf-gun shot in a pediatric patient. METHODS: Single case report. RESULTS: A 16-year-old white man presented with a nasal visual field deficit and floaters in his left eye for 1 month after being shot with a foam-ball Nerf gun by a friend. Fundus examination revealed a midperipheral retinal dialysis extending from 1 to 4:30 clock hours with a macula-on retinal detachment and superficial proliferative vitreoretinopathy...
January 11, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640814/altitude-associated-intraocular-pressure-changes-in-a-gas-filled-eye
#18
William Foulsham, Xiaohong N Chen, Demetrios G Vavvas
PURPOSE: Intraocular gases are commonly used in vitreoretinal surgery. Patients are routinely advised against air travel before the complete absorption of intraocular gas. Consequently, reports on air travel in patients with large intraocular gas bubbles are highly unusual. Here, we report the intraocular pressure changes of a patient ascending to an altitude of 2,600 feet in a helicopter with a 50% fill perfluoropropane (C3F8) gas bubble in his left eye. METHODS: Case report and literature review...
January 11, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640318/long-term-visual-recovery-in-bilateral-handheld-laser-pointer-induced-maculopathy
#19
Xuejing Chen, Omar A W Dajani, Agha Yasin Alibhai, Jay S Duker, Caroline R Baumal
PURPOSE: To describe the long-term visual, clinical, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) recovery after 4 years in a patient who incurred severe bilateral handheld laser pointer damage. METHODS: The findings on clinical examination, color fundus photography, and spectral domain OCT at presentation followed by sequential time points over 4 years are presented. RESULTS: A 9-year-old healthy boy presented with bilateral reduced vision to count fingers in each eye with yellow irregular lesions...
January 10, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614926/asymptomatic-multifocal-paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-associated-with-juvenile-dermatomyositis-optical-coherence-angiography-findings
#20
Matthew R Starr, Alaina L Softing Hataye, Sophie J Bakri
PURPOSE: To describe a unique presentation of multifocal paracentral acute middle maculopathy in a young patient with juvenile dermatomyositis including optical coherence tomography angiography findings. METHODS: Retrospective single case report. PATIENT: Seventeen-year-old male patient with a history of juvenile dermatomyositis presented for routine hydroxychloroquine screening. RESULTS: Optical coherence tomography revealed undulations of the outer retinal layers and retinal thinning near the fovea in both eyes...
January 3, 2019: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
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