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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719070/mental-health-and-associated-stress-factors-in-accompanied-and-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-resettled-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Lauritz Rudolf Floribert Müller, Karl Phillipp Büter, Rita Rosner, Johanna Unterhitzenberger
Background: Studies throughout Europe have shown that asylum-seeking children and adolescents (ASC) are at risk of developing mental disorders. The most common mental-health problems in ASC include posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), internalizing symptoms such as depression and anxiety, and externalizing behaviour. Being an unaccompanied refugee minor (URM) was found to be highly predictive for higher levels of psychological distress within ASC. Nevertheless, and even though Germany is Europe's biggest host country for ASC, studies that reliably examine the mental health of both URM and accompanied refugee minors (ARM) in Germany with psychometrically tested measures are still lacking...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30675177/maternal-and-peer-attachment-identity-formation-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-longitudinal-mediation-study
#2
Amarendra Gandhi, Koen Luyckx, Geert Molenberghs, Imke Baetens, Lien Goossens, Shubhada Maitra, Laurence Claes
Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is defined as the repetitive, direct, and deliberate destruction of one's body tissue without an intention to die. Existing cross-sectional research indicates that the association between maternal/peer attachment and NSSI is mediated by identity synthesis and confusion. However, longitudinal confirmation of the aforementioned mediation models is necessary as cross-sectional models are known to be biased. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether identity formation mediates the association between attachment and NSSI in a longitudinal design...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651754/overview-of-european-forensic-youth-care-towards-an-integrative-mission-for-prevention-and-intervention-strategies-for-juvenile-offenders
#3
EDITORIAL
Fleur Souverein, Tycho Dekkers, Elena Bulanovaite, Theo Doreleijers, Heidi Hales, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Aurelio Oddo, Arne Popma, Nora Raschle, Klaus Schmeck, Marco Zanoli, Thimo van der Pol
All over Europe youth delinquency is decreasing; our understanding of the factors related to juvenile delinquency and the characteristics of effective forensic youth care has increased substantially. However, effective prevention and intervention strategies are not always employed due to financial, demographical and socio-political challenges countries face, while the burden of mental health in juvenile justice populations is high. With this commentary, we highlight the importance of international collaboration to set out a direction to improve forensic youth care, to bundle our strengths and overcome our challenges...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651753/the-effects-of-parental-opioid-use-on-the-parent-child-relationship-and-children-s-developmental-and-behavioral-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-published-reports
#4
REVIEW
Magdalena Romanowicz, Jennifer L Vande Voort, Julia Shekunov, Tyler S Oesterle, Nuria J Thusius, Teresa A Rummans, Paul E Croarkin, Victor M Karpyak, Brian A Lynch, Kathryn M Schak
Background: Between 2009 and 2014, nearly 3% of US children (age ≤ 17 years) lived in households with at least 1 parent with substance use disorder. The present systematic review aimed to evaluate effects of parental opioid use disorder on the parent-child relationship and child developmental and behavioral outcomes. Methods: Several databases were comprehensively searched for studies published from January 1980 through February 2018 that reviewed effects of parental opioid addiction on parent-child relationships and outcomes of children (age, 0-16 years)...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651752/the-relation-between-mental-health-problems-and-future-violence-among-detained-male-juveniles
#5
Olivier F Colins, Thomas Grisso
Background: Detention personnel may assume that mental health problems heighten the likelihood of future violence in detained youth. This study explored whether brief mental health screening tools are of value for alerting staff to a detained youth's potential for future violent offending. Method: Boys (n = 1259; Mean age = 16.65) completed the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version (MAYSI-2) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) as part of a clinical protocol...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651751/child-mental-illness-and-the-help-seeking-process-a-qualitative-study-among-parents-in-a-ugandan-community
#6
V Skylstad, A Akol, G Ndeezi, J Nalugya, K M Moland, J K Tumwine, I M S Engebretsen
Background: Child mental illness contributes significantly to the burden of disease worldwide, and many are left untreated due to factors on both the provider and user side. Recognising this, the Ugandan Ministry of Health recently released the Child and Adolescent Mental Health (CAMH) Policy Guidelines. However, for implementation to be successful the suggested policy changes must resonate with the service users. To better understand the sociocultural factors influencing parental mental help-seeking, we sought insights from parents in the Mbale district of eastern Uganda...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30647769/therapeutic-factors-that-promote-recovery-in-high-risk-adolescents-intensive-group-psychotherapeutic-mbt-programme
#7
Kirsten Hauber, Albert E Boon, Robert Vermeiren
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether therapeutic factors as identified by Yalom and potential additional therapeutic factors could be found in the qualitative individual reports of high-risk adolescents with personality disorders at the end of an intensive group psychotherapeutic MBT programme and whether the therapeutic factors were related to therapy outcomes. Methods: At the end of treatment, 70 adolescents were asked to write a farewell letter...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30622642/parent-and-peer-relationships-as-longitudinal-predictors-of-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury-onset
#8
Sarah E Victor, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp, Lori N Scott
Background: Adolescence is characterized by developmental changes in social relationships, which may contribute to, or protect against, psychopathology and risky behaviors. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is one type of risky behavior that typically begins during adolescence and is associated with problems in relationships with family members and peers. Prior research on social factors in adolescent NSSI has been limited, however, by a narrow focus on specific interpersonal domains, cross-sectional methods, retrospective self-report of childhood experiences, and a failure to predict NSSI onset among as-yet-unaffected youth...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30598695/earthquake-exposures-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-from-phulpingdanda-village-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Jessica S Schwind, Clara B Formby, Susan L Santangelo, Stephanie A Norman, Rebecca Brown, Rebecca Hoffman Frances, Elisabeth Koss, Dibesh Karmacharya
Background: Mental health issues can reach epidemic proportions in developed countries after natural disasters, but research is needed to better understand the impact on children and adolescents in developing nations. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed to examine the relationship between earthquake exposures and depression, PTSD, and resilience among children and adolescents in Phulpingdanda village in Nepal, 1 year after the 2015 earthquakes, using the Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children, Child PTSD Symptom Scale, and the Child and Youth Resilience Measure, respectively...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30568728/the-relationship-between-the-development-of-social-competence-and-sleep-in-infants-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Etsuko Tomisaki, Emiko Tanaka, Taeko Watanabe, Ryoji Shinohara, Maki Hirano, Yoko Onda, Yukiko Mochizuki, Yuko Yato, Noriko Yamakawa, Tokie Anme
Background: Many reports argue that sleep is important for children's health, learning, and academic performance. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the association between sleep and the development of social competence in infants. Methods: This study was conducted as part of a Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) project. Caregivers responded to the Japan Children's Study Sleep Questionnaire when children were 18 months old. The interactions of caregivers and children were observed when children were 18, 30, and 42 months old, and rated with the Interaction Rating Scale, which is a measure of social competence...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30568727/the-nssi-family-distress-cascade-theory
#11
Lisa Waals, Imke Baetens, Peter Rober, Stephen Lewis, Hanna Van Parys, Eveline R Goethals, Janis Whitlock
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a complex behaviour and occurs most commonly during adolescence. This developmental period is characterized by the drive to establish an equilibrium between personal autonomy and connectedness with primary caregivers. When an adolescent self-injures, caregivers often experience confusion about how to react. Reports of feeling guilt, fear, and shame are common in the wake of learning about a child's self-injury. This cascade of negative feelings and self-appraisals may lead to hypervigilance and increased caregiver efforts to control the child's behaviour...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30568726/starting-from-scratch-prevalence-methods-and-functions-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-refugee-minors-in-belgium
#12
Sarah Verroken, Chris Schotte, Ilse Derluyn, Imke Baetens
Background: As many refugee minors have gone/go through stressful life experiences and uncertainty, one might expect mental health issues, including self-injury. However, literature on non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in refugee minors is scarce. This study explores the prevalence, methods, and functions of NSSI in refugee minors in Belgium, and compares research results to the existing literature on NSSI in Western adolescents. Methods: Data were obtained from 121 refugee minors (mean age = 16...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559836/the-relationship-between-psychological-suzhi-and-social-anxiety-among-chinese-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-self-esteem-and-sense-of-security
#13
Zhaoxia Pan, Dajun Zhang, Tianqiang Hu, Yangu Pan
Background: High incidence and morbidity rates are found among adolescents with social anxiety disorder, a severe and harmful form of social phobia. Extensive research has been conducted to uncover the underlying psychological factors associated with the development and continuation of this disorder. Previous research has focused on single individual difference variables such as personality, cognition, or emotion; thus, the effect of an individual's full psychological profile on social anxiety has rarely been studied...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30534198/use-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-adolescents-with-schizophrenia-in-china
#14
Shuai Wang, Chao Yang, Junpu Jia, Yuming Zhou, Yi Zheng
Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, major depression and bipolar disorder. However, few studies have addressed the use of ECT in adolescents with schizophrenia. The aims of our study were to investigate the frequency of ECT, and its relationship with clinical and demographic correlates among adolescents with schizophrenia in China. Methods: The study was a retrospective study and conducted in the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department of Beijing Anding Hospital, and adolescents with schizophrenia over a period of 10 years (2007-2016) were enrolled...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30524501/victimisation-in-a-french-population-of-children-and-youths-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-case-control-study
#15
A Paul, C Gallot, C Lelouche, M P Bouvard, A Amestoy
Background: Children and youths with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have behavioural characteristics and severe social disabilities that make them vulnerable to victimisation. The current study explores the prevalence of peer victimisation in this population in France. Methods: We used the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire-Screener Sum Version in a French sample of 39 children and youths with ASD and 53 typically developing (TD) children and youths and tested the association of the victimisation with socio-demographic factors and clinical factors of anxiety and post-traumatic stress...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30443263/a-systematic-review-of-wellbeing-in-children-a-comparison-of-military-and-civilian-families
#16
REVIEW
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Eve Da Silva, Nicola T Fear
Background: Children in military families have uniquely different childhood experiences compared to their civilian peers, including a parent in employment and a stable familial income, frequent relocations, indirect exposure to and awareness of conflict, and extended separation from parents or siblings due to deployment. However, whether children from military families have poorer wellbeing than non-military connected children is not well understood. Method: We conducted a systematic review to explore the relationship between military family membership (e...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30410572/correction-to-somatic-symptom-and-related-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-evaluation-of-a-naturalistic-inpatient-multidisciplinary-treatment
#17
Pola Heimann, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jonas Buning, Norbert Wagner, Claudia Stollbrink-Peschgens, Astrid Dempfle, Georg G von Polier
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13034-018-0239-y.].
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30377443/psychopathology-and-impairment-of-quality-of-life-in-offspring-of-psychiatric-inpatients-in-southern-brazil-a-preliminary-study
#18
Ana Luiza Ache, Paula Fernandes Moretti, Gibsi Possapp Rocha, Rogéria Recondo, Marco Antônio Pacheco, Lucas Spanemberg
Objective: To evaluate the quality of life and risk of psychopathology in the infant and adolescent offspring of psychiatric inpatients from a general hospital unit. Methods: Offspring (4-17 years old) of psychiatric inpatients were interviewed face-to-face and assessed with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Interviews with caregivers and the hospitalized parents were also performed. The quality of life of the offspring, psychopathology of their hospitalized parents, and their current caregivers were investigated in order to evaluate any associations between these aspects and psychopathology in the offspring...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30140308/multidimensional-family-therapy-in-adolescents-with-a-cannabis-use-disorder-long-term-effects-on-delinquency-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Thimo M van der Pol, Vincent Hendriks, Henk Rigter, Moran D Cohn, Theo A H Doreleijers, Lieke van Domburgh, Robert R J M Vermeiren
Background: Substance use and delinquency are considered to be mutual risk factors. Previous studies have shown that multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is effective in tackling both conditions on the short term. The current study examines the long-term effects of MDFT on criminal offending. Methods: 109 adolescents with cannabis use disorder and comorbid problem behavior were randomly assigned to either MDFT or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Police arrest data were collected for 6 years: 3 years prior to and 3 years after treatment entry...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30127846/assessment-of-attachment-disorder-symptoms-in-foster-children-comparing-diagnostic-assessment-tools
#20
Josephine D Kliewer-Neumann, Janin Zimmermann, Ina Bovenschen, Sandra Gabler, Katrin Lang, Gottfried Spangler, Katja Nowacki
Background: Standardized methods for assessing attachment disorders are scarce but needed for research and practice. Methods: In the current study, several assessments for attachment disorder symptoms are used within a German sample of foster children after being exposed to neglect and maltreatment in their biological families. The symptoms were assessed with four established assessment methods based on both parents' report and behavioral observation: The Rating for Infant Stranger Engagement, the Stranger at the Door, the Disturbances of Attachment Interview and the Reactive Attachment Disorder Questionnaire...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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