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Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Lorra Garey, Nubia Angelina Mayorga, Natalia Peraza, Tanya Smit, Pamella Nizio, Michael W Otto, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVE: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a prevalent form of substance use among adults. Because of the novelty of e-cigarettes, users may not fully understand the consequences of long-term use and the potential difficulties involved with quitting e-cigarettes. Given the projected rise in the use of e-cigarettes, it is important to understand possible contributing factors that may influence e-cigarette quit difficulty. METHOD: In the current study, we evaluated whether those with a previous e-cigarette quit attempt differed from those who made no such attempt on specific and broad-based use factors among 560 current adult e-cigarette users (51...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Analia F Albuja, Diana T Sanchez, Shawna J Lee, Joyce Y Lee
OBJECTIVE: Unmarried mothers have high rates of smoking, including during late pregnancy and after pregnancy, thus increasing their children's risk for negative health outcomes associated with maternal tobacco use. Few studies have examined whether partners' smoking exacerbates or attenuates maternal smoking risk. The current study examines how fathers' behaviors during the third trimester of pregnancy and after pregnancy influence maternal smoking across the first 9 years of a child's life...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Carolyn E Sartor, Alison E Hipwell, Tammy Chung
OBJECTIVE: Black youth are more likely than White youth to deviate from the typical sequence of initiating alcohol use before marijuana use. Although potentially informative for prevention efforts, sources of variation in the sequence of alcohol relative to marijuana use initiation and associations of initiation patterns with frequency of use have rarely been examined. METHOD: Data were drawn from 2,166 Pittsburgh Girls Study participants (56.9% Black, 43.1% White), collected at ages 11-17...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Walter Roberts, Kelly E Moore, Brian P Pittman, Mark T Fillmore, Sherry A McKee
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-impaired driving is a significant source of injury and morbidity in the United States. People with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are more likely to drive while impaired by alcohol than their nonclinical counterparts. Less is known about rates of impaired driving in people with AUD and a comorbid substance use disorder (SUD). The current study examined the association among AUD, other SUDs, and alcohol-impaired driving in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Andreas Lundin, Mats Hallgren, Anna-Karin Danielsson
OBJECTIVE: Screening and brief intervention in primary care for hazardous alcohol use is potentially a means to improve public health but is seldom implemented. There are few comparisons with general practitioner screening for other lifestyle habits. METHOD: Repeated cross-sectional surveys from 2004, 2008, and 2012 in Sweden were used (N = 28,935) to document general practitioner visitors' reports on being asked and advised about alcohol, tobacco, diet, and physical activity when visiting primary care...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Adrian J Bravo, Andrew P Weinstein, Matthew R Pearson
OBJECTIVE: Among college samples, both alcohol and marijuana protective behavioral strategies (PBS) have been shown to mediate the effects of known risk factors (i.e., sex, age at substance use onset, college substance use beliefs, substance use motives, and impulsivity-like traits) on alcohol and marijuana outcomes. However, it is unknown whether PBS use would operate similarly for both substances among concurrent users. The present study examined which risk factors relate to alcohol/marijuana outcomes via alcohol/marijuana PBS use among a large group of concurrent alcohol/marijuana users...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Qizhang Liu, Lisa Hu, Janette L Smith, Louise R Mewton
OBJECTIVE: Training in an inhibitory control task has produced reductions in alcohol use among heavy drinkers. However, the longevity of effects remains unknown, and much research has used suboptimal control conditions. Here, we assess the effectiveness of "Beer-NoGo" inhibitory training to reduce consumption up to 4 weeks after training compared with a "Beer-Go" control task, an online version of the Brief Alcohol Intervention (BAI), and an Oddball control condition...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Ben Lewis, Christian C Garcia, Jeff Boissoneault, Julianne L Price, Sara Jo Nixon
OBJECTIVE: Despite the substantial number of older adult drinkers, few studies have examined acute alcohol effects in aging samples. We have explored these interactions across a variety of neurobehavioral domains and modalities and have consistently observed age-contingent vulnerabilities to alcohol-associated decrements in neurobehavioral functions. However, these studies have not been sufficiently powered to address sex differences, and, thus far, no attempt has been made to replicate results...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Jill Alexandra Rabinowitz, Rashelle Musci, Adam Milam, Kelly Benke, Danielle Sisto, Nicholas S Ialongo, Brion S Maher, George Uhl, Gail Rosenbaum, Beth Reboussin
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-related disorders (i.e., abuse and dependence) are significant problems that may result in numerous negative consequences. Although a number of studies have examined factors that predict alcohol abuse and dependence in European samples, only a few studies have examined whether genetic and environmental factors influence the pathogenesis of alcohol-related disorders among African Americans. The present study examined whether gene (internalizing symptoms polygenic risk score) by environment (parental monitoring, community disadvantage) interactions were associated with alcohol-related disorders in a sample of African American adults...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Raul Mejia, Adriana Perez, Paola Morello, Edna Arillo Santillan, Sandra Braun, James D Sargent, James F Thrasher
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the association between exposure to alcohol in movies and alcohol use transitions among Latin American adolescents. METHOD: A school-based longitudinal study involving 33 secondary schools in Argentina and 57 in Mexico was performed. The baseline sample included 1,504 never drinker adolescents in Argentina and 5,264 in Mexico (mean age = 12.5 years), of whom 1,055 and 3,540, respectively, completed a follow-up survey a year and a half later...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Timothy S Naimi, Lyndsey A Stadtmueller, Tanya Chikritzhs, Tim Stockwell, Jinhui Zhao, Annie Britton, Richard Saitz, Adam Sherk
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use causes approximately 10% of deaths among adults ages 20-65 in the United States. Although previous research has demonstrated differential age-related risk relationships, it is difficult to estimate the magnitude of selection bias attributable to premature mortality based on existing cohort studies, the average age of which is greater than 50 years. The objective of our study was to assess the distribution of mortality-related harms and benefits from alcohol among adults ages 20 and older in comparison with the distribution among those older than age 50...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Elizabeth R Aston, Samantha G Farris, Jane Metrik, Rochelle K Rosen
OBJECTIVE: Vaporization of marijuana products, or "vaping," has become a prevalent mode of administration and is typically perceived to hold unique benefits compared to combustible administration methods. Such positive beliefs regarding marijuana vaporization may contribute to its abuse liability. This qualitative study examined cognitions pertaining to vaping among recreational marijuana users. METHOD: Focus groups were conducted with frequent marijuana users (N = 31; five groups; six to seven per group; M = 5...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Kayla N Tormohlen, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Ming Ma, Kristin E Schneider, Arnold H Levinson, Renee M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of different modes of marijuana consumption (e.g., smoking, ingesting) overall and by sociodemographic factors, marijuana-related perceptions, and other substance use among adolescents, as well as to characterize differences in the usual mode of consumption before and after the initiation of retail marijuana sales in 2014. METHOD: Data are from the 2013 and 2015 administrations of the Healthy Kids Colorado Survey, a cross-sectional, school-based survey...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Arielle Tandowski, Yuval Zolotov, Sharon R Sznitman
OBJECTIVE: Policy discussions amidst recent changes in the legal status of cannabis for medical purposes have raised concerns regarding the diversion of medical cannabis to nonlicensed users. This study examined factors that predict frequency of use of diverted medical cannabis. METHOD: Data were collected from an online convenience sample of 1,387 cannabis users in Israel. Linear regression was used to examine whether sociodemographic background, number of licensed acquaintances, patterns of use, and problematic cannabis use predicted frequency of use of diverted medical cannabis...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Ariel Sternberg, Melanie L Hill, Hye Won Suk, Madeline Meier, Laurie Chassin
OBJECTIVE: Parental cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a known risk factor in the development of adolescent cannabis use. One potential mechanism is parenting behaviors. This study considered cannabis-specific parenting strategies as a mechanism of the relation between parental CUD and adolescent cannabis use. METHOD: Pathways were examined using multilevel longitudinal mediation models (N = 363, mean age = 16.3 years) comparing adolescent offspring of parents who never used cannabis, parents who used cannabis without CUD, and parents with CUD...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Nicole R Schultz, Drew T Bassett, Bryan G Messina, Christopher J Correia
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has demonstrated the utility of motivational models of cannabis use to predict the frequency of use and associated negative consequences. However, few existing studies have simultaneously investigated a range of motives across different measures of use-related problems, which limit the ability to assess the differential role various motives play. The purpose of the current study was to examine cannabis use motives as predictors of three measures of cannabis use risk...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Megan E Patrick, Rebecca J Evans-Polce, Deborah D Kloska, Jennifer L Maggs
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the legality and prevalence of marijuana raise questions about whether adolescents' reasons for using marijuana and associations between reasons for use and recent marijuana use have changed historically. METHOD: Using nationally representative data from Monitoring the Future for 1976-2016 (N = 39,964; 47.6% female), we examined changes in self-reported reasons for marijuana use and in the associations between reasons for use and past-30-day marijuana use among 12th graders who used marijuana in the past 12 months...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Olivier J Barthelemy, Mark A Richardson, Timothy C Heeren, Clara A Chen, Jane M Liebschutz, Leah S Forman, Howard J Cabral, Deborah A Frank, Ruth Rose-Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: Studies examining cross-sectional associations between age at marijuana initiation and memory deficits yield mixed results. Because longitudinal data are sparse, controversy continues regarding whether these deficits reflect premorbid risk factors or sequelae of early marijuana initiation; here, we examine this question in a community sample followed since birth. METHOD: Masked examiners administered four subtests of the Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning (WRAML/WRAML2) from childhood until young adulthood to 119 urban, predominantly African American participants...
January 2019: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Meenakshi S Subbaraman, William C Kerr
OBJECTIVE: A small body of work has started developing cannabis use "typologies" for use in treatment and prevention. Two potentially relevant dimensions for classifying cannabis use typologies are medical versus recreational cannabis use and the co-use of cannabis and alcohol. Here we compare alcohol use and related problems between cannabis users with and without medical cannabis recommendations. METHOD: Data come from a larger general population study in Washington State conducted between January 2014 and October 2016...
November 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Vanessa Morris, Herry Patel, Lana Vedelago, Derek D Reed, Jane Metrik, Elizabeth Aston, James MacKillop, Michael Amlung
OBJECTIVE: Co-use of cannabis and alcohol is associated with increased drinking and other negative consequences relative to use of alcohol alone. One potential explanation for these differences is overvaluation of alcohol (e.g., alcohol demand) among co-users, similar to established overvaluation of alcohol among tobacco and alcohol co-users. This study examined differences in alcohol demand between an alcohol and cannabis co-user group and an alcohol-only group. METHOD: A large sample of adult drinkers (n = 1,643, 54% female) was recruited through an online crowdsourcing site (Amazon Mechanical Turk)...
November 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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