Kiyomi Minakuchi, Hitoshi Fukuda, Hirohisa Miyake, Tomonori Maeda, Naoki Fukui, Akihito Moriki, Masanori Morimoto, Tetsuya Ueba
BACKGROUND: Although non-stroke vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is diagnosed using MRI, detecting the subtle intravascular structure remains challenging. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of quantitative intravascular scanning based on novel zoomed high-resolution black blood (Z-HB) MRI for distinguishing VAD from other vessel pathologies. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with non-stroke VAD and 18 with symptomatic atherosclerotic plaques in their vertebral artery underwent Z-HB MRI and subsequent profile curve processing...
March 14, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Elizabeth George, Andrew L Callen, Christine M Glastonbury
Thrombophlebitis is a known complication of head and neck infection, which can result in propagation of infected thrombi and associated complications. While antegrade/downstream propagation of thrombus is well described-the Lemierre syndrome-thrombophlebitis can spread in atypical patterns which has specific diagnostic and treatment considerations. In this series, we highlight 6 cases of atypical thrombophlebitis patterns complicating head and neck infection, 5 of which extend intracranially. Through these pathways, head and neck infections such as oral cavity, oropharynx, or skin can be the culprit of remote, including intracranial, complications, which may be overlooked...
March 13, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Satyakam Mishra, Suprava Naik, Sanjeev Kumar Bhoi, Mukesh Kumar, Nerbadyswari Deep Bag, Anupam Dey, Sudipta Mohakud, Samarendra Mahapatro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of post contrast Fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), 3D T1-SPACE, and T1W magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences with fat suppression in diagnosis of infectious meningitis. METHODS: 75 patients with clinical suspicion of meningitis were evaluated with post contrast FLAIR (PC-FLAIR), post contrast T1-SPACE (PC-T1-SPACE), and post contrast T1WI (PC-T1WI). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of individual sequences were assessed...
March 13, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Teresa Perillo, Alessio Vitiello, Barbara Carotenuto, Marianna Perrotta, Antonietta Serino, Andrea Manto
Spontaneous epidural (SEH) and subdural hematomas (SSH) of the spine are a rare cause of spinal injury and morbidity. They often present in the emergency setting, though magnetic resonance imaging is the gold-standard for diagnosis. Knowledge of anatomy, and in particular of the dural layers of the spine, is crucial to understand the location of SEH and SSH and their relationship with spinal structure. In this pictorial review, we aim to explain imaging features of the SEH and SSH, and to rule out their main differential diagnosis...
March 13, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Theeraphol Panyaping, Nawanwat Tepkidakarn, Sivaporn Kiatthanabumrung, Duangkamon Wattanatranon, Oranan Tritanon
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values for differentiating between SCC and malignant salivary gland tumors of the head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 29 patients with SCCs and 10 patients with malignant salivary gland tumors who underwent pretreatment MRI of the head and neck. The minimum and average ADC values of the tumors were measured, with normalized tumor to spinal cord ADC ratios generated...
March 10, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Aviad Rabinowich, Genady Shendler, Liat Ben-Sira, Shelly I Shiran
PURPOSE: To evaluate the differences in pediatric non-contrast low-dose head computed tomography (CT) between filtered-back projection and iterative model reconstruction using objective and subjective image quality evaluation. METHODS: A retrospective study evaluated children undergoing low-dose non-contrast head CT. All CT scans were reconstructed using both filtered-back projection and iterative model reconstruction. Objective image quality analysis was performed using contrast and signal-to-noise ratios for the supra- and infratentorial brain regions of identical regions of interest on the two reconstruction methods...
March 10, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Taketo Suto, Hiroki Kato, Masaya Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro Kobayashi, Tomohiro Ando, Hirofumi Shibata, Takenori Ogawa, Yoshifumi Noda, Fuminori Hyodo, Masayuki Matsuo
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the MRI features of sporadic/simple lymphoepithelial cyst (SLEC) of the parotid gland. METHODS: Ten patients (seven men, three women; mean age, 60 years; age range, 38-77 years) with histopathologically and clinically proven SLEC of the parotid gland who underwent MRI before surgical resection were enrolled in this study. No enrolled patient had HIV infection or Sjögren syndrome. MRI findings of SLEC were retrospectively assessed...
March 10, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Koki Ito, Bikei Ryu, Shogo Shima, Tatsuki Mochizuki, Shinsuke Sato, Tatsuya Inoue, Yasunari Niimi
Spinal osseous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare disease with a characteristic angioarchitecture involving an intraosseous venous pouch (VP) of the vertebral body where the feeders are converging. Using spinal angiography alone, it is difficult to distinguish spinal osseous AVF from classical spinal epidural AVF (EDAVF) with fistulas in the epidural VP and bone erosion because both subtypes have an angiographically similar dilated VP appearance. Thus, spinal osseous AVF may be often misdiagnosed as spinal EDAVF...
March 10, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Ceylan Altintas Taslicay, Elmire Dervisoglu, Isa Cam, Busra Yaprak Bayrak, Ismail Mese, Ihsan Anik, Savas Ceylan, Yonca Anik
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cystic pituitary adenomas and cystic craniopharyngiomas may mimic Rathke cleft cysts when there is no solid enhancing component on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study aims to investigate the efficiency of MRI findings in differentiating Rathke cleft cysts from pure cystic pituitary adenoma and pure cystic craniopharyngioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 109 patients were included in this study (56 Rathke cleft cysts, 38 pituitary adenomas, and 15 craniopharyngiomas)...
March 9, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Frank Martinez, Juliana Rotter, Christopher Graffeo, Giuseppe Lanzino
Congenital hydrocephalus after peripartum infection usually presents early in life; however, we present a 92-year-old female patient with newly diagnosed hydrocephalus secondary to peripartum infection. Intracranial imaging showed ventriculomegaly, calcifications bilaterally throughout the cerebral hemispheres, and findings suggesting a chronic process. This presentation is most likely to occur in low-resource settings, and given the risks of operation, conservative management was preferred.
February 17, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Amjad Altokhis, Abdulmajeed Alotaibi, Paul Morgan, Radu Tanasescu, Nikos Evangelou
INTRODUCTION: Early identification of patients at high risk of progression could help with a personalised treatment strategy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures have been proposed to predict long-term disability in multiple sclerosis (MS), but a reliable predictor that can be easily implemented clinically is still needed. AIM: Assess MRI measures during the first 5 years of the MS disease course for the ability to predict progression at 10+ years. METHODS: Eighty-two MS patients (53 females), with ≥10 years of clinical follow-up and having two MRI scans, were included...
February 6, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Ivana Markovic, Bosanka Jocic-Jakubi, Zoran Milenkovic
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is an autosomal recessive disease that mimics congenital viral infection and mainly affects the brain, immune system, and skin. The dominant clinical symptom is the subacute onset of severe encephalopathy, which manifests as irritability, loss of ability, slowing of head growth, and poor nutrition. Arteriopathy in AGS is an uncommon manifestation usually associated with mutations in the SAMHD1 gene. We present a rare case of a 3-year-old male due to failure to thrive, global developmental delay, microcephaly, poor vision, upper and lower limbs spasticity, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), who harbored early stenotic lesions of the large and medium intracranial arteries with ischemic sequelae in the early postnatal life...
February 1, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Kristin Huntoon, Mina S Makary, Varun S Shah, Anthony Aquino, Vijay Pandya, Pierre Giglio, H Wayne Slone, J Bradley Elder
BACKGROUND: and purpose: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) lesions often show avid contrast enhancement on T1-weighted contrast-enhanced MRI sequences. However, several case reports and a clinical study have described PCNSL in patients with no contrast enhancement on MRI. We assessed whether overall survival (OS) time was related to any tumor characteristics (lesion location, volume, and number; contrast enhancement; necrosis; proximity to the subarachnoid space; and edema) on MRI in patients with PCNSL...
January 30, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Huachen Zhang, Zhongyin Ye, Xianli Lv
The inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) is the most commonly used transvenous approach to obliterate the carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF). We presented a case of direct CCF was successfully embolized through contralateral jugular vein via the prevertebral vein at the level of the atlanto-occipital membrane. Because of the confluence of the caudal end of the IPS and the prevertebral vein at the medial side of the hypoglossal canal, the transvenous route through the ipsilateral jugular vein was failed. Transcirculation approach via the prevertebral vein at the level of the atlanto-occipital membrane seems to be the choice when venous access is available...
January 26, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
George K Vilanilam, Halyna Pokhylevych, Mudassar Kamran, Satya N Patro, Surjith Vattoth
Middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization is commonly performed as either a first-line or adjunct treatment for chronic subdural hematomas (cSDH). We present the case of a 59 year-old male patient who presented with right hemibody weakness and cognitive impairment and was diagnosed with left-sided cSDH. A left MMA embolization was performed due to the recurrent nature of the chronic subdural hemorrhage and the history of prior craniotomy. On postoperative day 1, the patient developed sudden onset left facial swelling and tenderness, and a contrast computed tomography (CT) of the neck revealed acute ischemia in the left parotid gland, adjacent superior aspect of the left masseter muscle, the left lateral pterygoid, and left temporalis muscles...
January 24, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Bikei Ryu, Tatsuki Mochizuki, Kazuki Kushi, Tomomi Ishikawa, Shogo Shima, Shinske Sato, Tatsuya Inoue, Takakazu Kawamata, Yasunari Niimi
BACKGROUND: Guiding catheter (GC) advancement into the target carotid artery is a crucial step in neuroendovascular therapy. In difficult anatomies, alternative methods have been reported to overcome difficult carotid access for swift GC advancement. However, studies focusing on the positional relationship between the GC and inner catheter (IC) at the aortic arch are lacking. METHODS: We evaluated the impact of the positional relationship between the GC and IC on whether the GC position affects catheter support or system straightening...
January 20, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Sabrina L Begley, Timothy G White, Hamza Khilji, Jeffrey Katz, Amir R Dehdashti
Disappearing intracranial aneurysms are rare and have not been extensively reported in the literature. They are often small or partially thrombosed and carry a significant risk of recurrence. We discuss a unique case of a 65-year-old woman who presented in 2006 with a subarachnoid hemorrhage and was found to have a ruptured posterior communicating artery and an unruptured P1 aneurysm. Follow-up angiography and imaging showed no changes in the size of a left P1 aneurysm for 11 years (2006-2017). However, in 2021, 15 years after initial presentation, no aneurysm was seen on magnetic resonance angiography, and subsequent digital subtraction angiography in 2022 showed almost complete disappearance of the unruptured P1 aneurysm...
January 16, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Ammar Jumah, Ali Alsaif, Michael Fana, Hassan Aboul Nour, Sohaib Zoghoul, Lara Eltous, Daniel Miller
Purpose : Minimally invasive and surgical spine procedures are commonplace with various risks and complications. Cranial nerve palsies, however, are infrequently encountered, particularly after procedures such as lumbar punctures, epidural anesthesia, or intrathecal injections, and are understandably worrisome for clinicians and patients as they may be interpreted as secondary to a sinister etiology. However, a less commonly considered source is a pneumocephalus which may, in rare cases, abut cranial nerves and cause a palsy as a benign and often self-resolving complication...
January 10, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Marco Parillo, Federica Vaccarino, Carlo Cosimo Quattrocchi
Leptomeningeal myelomatosis is a rare complication of multiple myeloma (<1% of the patients). There was an increase in the incidence of leptomeningeal myelomatosis during the last decade; the prognosis of leptomeningeal myelomatosis remains poor, (overall median survival from the time of diagnosis of 2 months). We discuss a rare case of a monoclonal gammopathy evolving into multiple myeloma and finally into a rapidly progressing leptomeningeal disease. A 76 year-old woman in hematologic follow-up for advanced stage multiple myeloma in sixth-line treatment had an episode of generalized tonic-clonic seizure with sphincter release followed by altered state of consciousness...
January 10, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
Sunitha Palasamudram Kumaran, Shreyas Reddy K, Priyadarshini Harish, Nandita Ghosal, Nayana Nagappa Sriramanakoppa
The presence of fat within a lesion in the brain is not only easy to identify on both CT/MRI but also can help narrow the differential. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the spectrum of common and rare fat-containing lesions in the brain that are encountered in clinical practice. This paper intends to discuss 15 such lesions which are confirmed by MRI findings and histopathological correlation. We divided the spectrum of fat-containing lesions into lesions with adipose cells, lesions with cholesterol-rich content and tumours with lipomatous differentiation/transformation...
January 7, 2023: Neuroradiology Journal
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