Neda Soleimani, Bita Geramizadeh, Mohammad Hossein Anbardar, Ali Bahador, Dornaz Safavi, Sahand Mohammadzadeh, S Saeed Kasaee, Abbas Ayoub
BACKGROUND: Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen is a relatively rare benign vascular lesion in both adult and pediatric age groups with unclear etiopathogenesis and variable clinical presentations. Many benign and also malignant splenic masses could mimic sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation, both clinically and radiologically. Herein, we report our experience with a case of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation in a 3-year-old girl. CASE REPORT: A 3-year-old Iranian girl presented with abdominal pain, back pain, and constipation for 2 weeks...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mira Hamdan, Boutros Alam, Antoine Kossaify
BACKGROUND: Myxomas are the most prevalent type of heart tumors, mainly occurring in the left atrium, with approximately 20% of cases found in the right atrium. Timely diagnosis and appropriate management of myxomas are crucial for favorable outcomes and to minimize complications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old Asian male with no significant medical history presented with intermittent trepopnea and palpitations. Physical examination revealed regular heart sounds and no other relevant findings...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ali Torkashvand, Pasha Anvari, Siavash Ketabi, Esmaeil Asadi Khameneh
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil is a selective phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension. It is available over the counter in many countries. While there have been a few reports of retinal vascular occlusion following sildenafil consumption, most cases have other comorbidities as risk factors for the disease, and the exact causal role of this drug in these conditions remains unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a healthy 32-year-old Iranian man who developed combined central retinal vein occlusion and retinal artery occlusion following sildenafil exposure...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Alireza Keshtkar, Fereshteh Karbasian, Hamid Reihani, Farnaz Atighi, Seyyed-Bozorgmehr Hedayati, Maryam Ataollahi, Bita Geramizadeh, Seyed Mohsen Dehghani
BACKGROUND: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder is one of the most severe complications after transplantation, caused by uncontrolled proliferation of Epstein-Barr virus-positive B-cells in the setting of chronic immunosuppression. As one of the biggest transplant centers worldwide, we observed a potential increase in the number of patients with posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms in 1 year, during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Alexandra-Ioana Pușcașu, Fabien Moinard-Butot, Delphine Antoni, Roland Schott, Laura Somme
BACKGROUND: Acrometastasis is an uncommon finding in non-small cell lung cancer and is usually a sign of multimetastatic disease. Few case reports have suggested solitary digital metastasis as the single secondary lesion of oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report describes an unusual presentation of a Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog-mutated lung adenocarcinoma with a solitary bone metastasis in the fourth finger medial phalanx, which was also the first sign of the disease, in a 63-year-old Caucasian female patient...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Assia Comella, Emily Mogridge, Asiri Arachchi
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhoidal disease is a common anorectal pathology. Complications post hemorrhoidectomy are rare. Postoperative complications following hemorrhoidectomy include bleeding (2%), infection (0.4-8%), urinary retention (15%), and constipation (15-30%). CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old of Asian background female presented to a tertiary colorectal service with large bowel obstruction post hemorrhoidectomy. This is the first case in the surgical literature describing large bowel obstruction secondary to extrinsic compression from urinary retention following hemorrhoidectomy...
September 17, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Maho Ariga, Junichiro Hagita, Midori Soda, Yasuhisa Oida, Hitomi Teramachi, Kiyoyuki Kitaichi
BACKGROUND: Metformin-induced lactic acidosis with acute kidney injury is rare but well known. Here we report a case of a Japanese patient taking metformin who experienced severe acute renal failure accompanied with significantly elevated metformin plasma concentrations and signs of lactic acidosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old Japanese man with type II diabetes, who was taking metformin (500 mg three times a day) along with several other medications, visited the emergency department with dizziness, malaise, and oliguria...
September 16, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Heba Taher, ElSayed Kidr, Ahmed Kamal, Mohamed ElGobashy, Shady Mashhour, Amr Nassef, Sherifa Tawfik, Gamal El Tagy, Muayad Shaban, Haytham Eltantawi, Khaled S Abdullateef
INTRODUCTION: Intrahepatic vascular shunts "IHVS" are abnormal communications between intra-hepatic vasculature involving the arterial, portal, or hepatic venous system. Arterio-portal fistula "APF" is an intrahepatic communication between the hepatic arterial system and the portal venous system without any communication with the systemic venous circulation. APF is considered a rare cause of portal hypertension and gastrointestinal bleeding in infancy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-month-old Mediterranean female with known cardiac congenital anomalies presented to us with abdominal distension and diarrhea...
September 15, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Aliou Zabeirou, Boubacar Efared, Lassey James Didier, Hama Younssa, Saidou Adama, Younoussa Moussa, Sani Rachid
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is a rare condition in adults, accounting for 5% of intestinal intussusception and being responsible for approximately 1% of all adult bowel obstructions. Neoplastic origin is the most common etiology of intestinal intussusception in adults, unlike pediatric intussusception, which is usually idiopathic. Intussusception due to the appendiceal mucocele is exceptional, and only a few cases have been reported in the medical literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 25-year-old black African male patient with no medical history...
September 15, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Imad Majeed, Sami Ullah Khan, Zaraq Rashid Khan, Sabawoon Hayat, Ihtisham Ullah, Asim Ali
BACKGROUND: Salmonella meningitis is a rare but serious complication of Salmonella infection, primarily affecting infants, children, and immunocompromised individuals. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a two-and-a-half-year-old Asian boy who developed Salmonella meningitis along with pneumonia and respiratory failure. Initially, he experienced symptoms of loose motions, fever, and irritability, which progressed to neck stiffness and brisk reflexes. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis confirmed Salmonella typhi in the CSF...
September 14, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ali Asghar Farsavian, Mahya Mobinikhaledi, Parastoo Ghorbani, Erfan Ghadirzadeh
BACKGROUND: Patients who experience angina and acute myocardial infarction often receive diagnostic coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old Persian man with acute coronary syndrome was admitted to the hospital and underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention. Two hours after the procedure, the patient experienced ophthalmoplegia and diplopia. The diagnosis was abducens nerve palsy resulting in transient lateral rectus palsy...
September 13, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Nipun Lakshitha de Silva, Hemantha Gunathilaka, Saman Wadanamby, Manilka Sumanatilleke, Noel Somasundaram
INTRODUCTION: Rathke's cleft cysts are thought to have a benign clinical outcome apart from associated hypopituitarism and visual defects. Synchronous central nervous system lesions, including pituitary adenoma and intracerebral aneurysms, are rarely reported. Diagnosis of Rathke's cleft cyst after presenting with a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured arterial aneurysm is reported only once before. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old Sri Lankan female presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured anterior communication artery aneurysm...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hiroaki Iijima, Akihiro Sakai, Koji Ebisumoto, Mayu Yamauchi, Takanobu Teramura, Aritomo Yamazaki, Toshihide Inagi, Kenji Okami
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors might cause immune-related adverse events that are still largely unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: An 80-year-old Asian female was diagnosed with cervical lymph node metastasis from lip cancer (cT1N0M0) and underwent right cervical neck dissection. Subsequently, she developed right cervical lymph node relapse and lung metastasis. The patient was deemed eligible for pembrolizumab owing to unresectable neck recurrence and pulmonary metastasis...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda, Maria F Osorio, Karla Robles-Velasco, Juan C Calderón, Arturo Cortés-Télles, Jorge Zambrano, Cristian Guarderas, Belen Intriago, Laura Gochicoa-Rangel
BACKGROUND: Small airways disease (SAD), a novel finding described in post-acute COVID-19 patients, should be suspected when respiratory symptoms continue, air trapping persists on expiratory CT scans, and imaging findings fail to improve despite objectively better conventional pulmonary function test (PFT) parameters. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) and Multiple breathing washout (MBW) are both very sensitive methods for detecting anomalies in the peripheral airways. CASE PRESENTATION: We discuss the case of a 60-year-old Hispanic patient who had severe COVID-19 pneumonia and developed dyspnea, fatigue, and limited daily activity a year later...
September 11, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Javad Jalili, Reza Javadrashid, Dara Alvandfar, Masih Falahatian, Ali Jafarizadeh, Samin Alihosseini, Seyedeh Elnaz Hashemizadeh
BACKGROUND: Obstructive jaundice has various causes, and one of the rarest is pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm (PDAA), which is often associated with celiac axis stenosis caused by median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS). CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 77-year-old Azeri woman who presented with progressive jaundice, vague abdominal pain, and abdominal distension from 6 months ago. The intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts were dilated, the liver's margin was slightly irregular, and the echogenicity of the liver was mildly heterogeneous in the initial ultrasound exam...
September 10, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mohamed Laroussi Toumia, Ahmed Amine Mohseni, Souha Bennour, Mohamed Nabil Nessib, Rim Boussetta, Sami Bouchoucha
BACKGROUND: Isolated Patellar Aplasia Hypoplasia is a very rare autosomal dominant disorder. Its treatment depends on the clinical manifestations that can vary widely. The lack of active extension, which can be responsible for frequent falls due to a knee instability, is the most frequent and disabling manifestation. We report an original technique that is a modification of the Galeazzi technique for recurrent dislocation of the patella to gain active extension in case of PTLAH. CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old Caucasian boy with isolated Patellar Aplasia Hypoplasia and an extension lag of the right knee has been treated by a modified Galeazzi technique...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Arun Rajaratnam
BACKGROUND: Acute presentations of acquired exotropia or divergent alignment of either or both eyes are commonly observed following intracranial vascular events, trauma, orbital, and endoscopic sinus surgeries. CASE PRESENTATION: The reported case is about a 16-year-old previously healthy Tamil female who presented to the emergency department with a few hours of reduced responsiveness. With the only clue in the history being about a family conflict the previous day, the examination revealed a noticeable exotropia along with a constellation of anticholinergic findings: a low Glasgow Coma Score, mydriasis, tachycardia, floppy limbs, exaggerated reflexes, and a palpable urinary bladder...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Anil Harrison, Onkar Mudhar, Jun Yoo, Mayank Rampal
BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune condition affecting the neuromuscular junction and causing muscle weakness along with fatigue (myasthenia). When the clinical manifestations of myasthenia gravis are isolated to the eye muscles, only causing weak eye movements, it is referred to as ocular myasthenia gravis, which can mimic a 1 and ½ syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: An African-American female in her fifties with past medical history of hypertension presented to our outpatient clinic with complaints of blurred vision for two weeks...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mohammad Sistanizad, Tahereh Sabaghian, Hossein Amini, Fahimeh Hadavand, Mahmood Nabavi, Mehran Kouchek, Mir Mohammad Miri, Sara Salarian, Seyedpouzhia Shojaei, Omid Moradi
BACKGROUND: Vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia is associated with the coronavirus disease 2019 vaccines. It has been reported by vector-based vaccines. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report about vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia in whole-virus vaccines. We are presenting the first case of vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia with this type of vaccine. CASE PRESENTATION: An 18-year-old male Caucasian patient with complaints of severe abdominal, low back, and lower extremity pain presented to the medical center...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
P M L Zomer, M J A Kamps
BACKGROUND: Clostridium botulinum is an anaerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that forms spores and the neurotoxin botulinum. It is best known for its toxin-induced flaccid paralytic disease, which is deadly without correct treatment. In this report, we show a completely different clinical course with fatal outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old African man born in Sierra Leone was admitted. After admission, his condition rapidly worsened due to severe septic shock and progressive multiorgan failure...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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