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BioPsychoSocial Medicine

Trang T H Tu, Miho Takenoshita, Hirofumi Matsuoka, Takeshi Watanabe, Takayuki Suga, Yuma Aota, Yoshihiro Abiko, Akira Toyofuku
Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS), a chronic intraoral burning sensation or dysesthesia without clinically evident causes, is one of the most common medically unexplained oral symptoms/syndromes. Even though the clinical features of BMS have been astonishingly common and consistent throughout the world for hundreds of years, BMS remains an enigma and has evolved to more intractable condition. In fact, there is a large and growing number of elderly BMS patients for whom the disease is accompanied by systemic diseases, in addition to aging physical change, which makes the diagnosis and treatment of BMS more difficult...
2019: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Yoshiyasu Fujiwara, Hitoshi Okamura
Background: It has become necessary to develop mental health management methods that do not require specialized skills or tools to implement. With this in mind, we performed a subjective and objective investigation of the stress-reducing effect of hearing laughter. Methods: Ninety healthy students were randomly assigned to a laughter ( n  = 45) or rest ( n  = 45) group. Both groups were then administered the Uchida-Kraepelin test for 15 min, which served as a stress-loading method...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Masakazu Terauchi, Tamami Odai, Asuka Hirose, Kiyoko Kato, Mihoko Akiyoshi, Mikako Masuda, Reiko Tsunoda, Hiroaki Fushiki, Naoyuki Miyasaka
Background: Although dizziness is one of the most common symptoms of menopause, the underlying mechanism is not precisely known. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of, and the factors associated with, dizziness in peri- and postmenopausal women. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in which we analyzed the first-visit records of 471 Japanese women aged 40 to 65 years who enrolled in a health and nutrition education program at a menopause clinic...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Filiberto Toledano-Toledano, José Moral de la Rubia
Background: Currently, information on factors associated with anxiety in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases is unavailable, indicating a significant gap in the literature. Therefore, this study aims to identify the psychosocial and sociodemographic variables associated with anxiety in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases. Methods: In 2018, a nonprobability sample of 446 family caregivers was recruited at the National Institute of Health in Mexico City...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Masanori Isobe, Michiko Kawabata, Ema Murao, Tomomi Noda, Noriko Matsukawa, Ryosaku Kawada, Teruhisa Uwatoko, Toshiya Murai, Shun'ichi Noma, Hidehiko Takahashi
Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) patients are assumed to express high levels of guilt and envy. Ultimatum game (UG) is a standard behavioral task that focuses on interpersonal behavior when splitting a sum of money between two players. UG studies consistently demonstrate that people tend to decrease their inequity in outcomes, one explanation being that economically irrational decision-making may partly arise from the emotions guilt and envy. We assumed that AN patients would perform excessively fair in UG, reflecting high guilt and envy...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Masanori Kosako, Hiraku Akiho, Hiroto Miwa, Motoyori Kanazawa, Shin Fukudo
Background: Rome III was revised to Rome IV in May 2016. One important change in the Rome IV criteria is that abdominal pain must be present for a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Under Rome III, in contrast, patients with abdominal discomfort only could be diagnosed with IBS, but these cases under Rome IV are now classified as unspecified functional bowel disorder (FBD). In a simple comparison of Rome III and Rome IV, it is unclear whether this difference reflects the influence of symptomatic frequency or the presence of abdominal pain...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Saeko Matsuzaki, Naoki Oishi, Kaoru Ogawa
Background: There have been many reports on the treatment effect of cochlear implantation and hearing aids in the treatment of tinnitus in patients with severe hearing loss. However, as far as we are aware, there are no reports of investigation of treatment approaches for the tinnitus of deaf patients whose communication is solely carried out in sign language due to a long duration of deafness. Case presentation: We experienced a case of severe tinnitus with bilateral deafness for more than 50 years...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Hideaki Hasuo, Kenji Kanbara, Hiroko Sakuma, Mikihiko Fukunaga
Background: High expectations regarding therapy are reported to have positive effects on future therapeutic course and related behavior. Some individuals are aware of feelings of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session. Methods: Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) therapy using a relaxation technique called resonant breathing was administered to 44 family caregivers who felt burdened by their work caring for family members with cancer. We prospectively evaluated how the level of comfort participants were aware of immediately after an initial therapy session affected their expectations regarding the therapy, as well as future quality of life (QOL) and autonomic function...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Naoki Kodama, Yoshiya Moriguchi, Aya Takeda, Motonari Maeda, Tetsuya Ando, Hiroe Kikuchi, Motoharu Gondo, Hiroaki Adachi, Gen Komaki
Background: The neural mechanisms underlying body dissatisfaction and emotional problems evoked by social comparisons in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are currently unclear. Here, we elucidate patterns of brain activation among recovered patients with AN (recAN) during body comparison and weight estimation with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Methods: We used fMRI to examine 12 patients with recAN and 13 healthy controls while they performed body comparison and weight estimation tasks with images of underweight, healthy weight, and overweight female bodies...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Noriko Setou, Takaki Fukumori, Kazuhisa Nakao, Masaharu Maeda
Background: After the Great East Japan Earthquake (March 11, 2011), the fatigue of relief workers became a major problem in affected areas. In the present study, we conducted a questionnaire survey 2.5 years post-disaster identifying factors related to the fatigue of relief workers. Methods: This survey was cross-sectional and participants ( N  = 119) were relief workers living in affected areas. We used a self-administered questionnaire which included participants' current problems, sources of strong feeling of loss, psychological distress and compassion fatigue...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Naoko Sato, Yoshimi Hasegawa, Asami Saito, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Kyohei Ariake, Yu Katayose, Kei Nakagawa, Kei Kawaguchi, Shin Fukudo, Michiaki Unno, Fumiko Sato
Background: Pancreatic cancer (PC) has poorer prognosis and higher surgical invasiveness than many other cancers, with associated psychiatric symptoms including depression and anxiety. Perioperative depression has not been investigated in PC patients regarding surgical stress and relevant interventions. Methods: We evaluated chronological depressive changes and subjective physical symptoms in surgically treated PC patients preoperatively and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Geneviève Sauvé, Marie-France Bastien, Casandra Roy-Gelencser, Ghassan El-Baalbaki
This letter comments on the conclusion drawn by Shirotsuki et al. (2017) in their article entitled "The effect for Japanese workers of a self-help computerized cognitive behaviour therapy program with a supplement soft drink", recently published in BioPsychoSocial Medicine . The authors concluded that their drink, containing L-carnosine, enhances the effects of a computerized cognitive-behavioural therapy (CCBT) on the psychological well-being of healthy Japanese workers. Yet, we argue that their conclusion is unfounded given their results and the methodological shortcomings of their study...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Masanori Kosako, Hiraku Akiho, Hiroto Miwa, Motoyori Kanazawa, Shin Fukudo
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) is a representative psychosomatic disorder. Several pathophysiological factors have been linked to IBS symptoms such as the modulation of gastrointestinal motility, visceral hypersensitivity, dysregulation of the gut-brain axis, genetic and environmental factors, sequelae of infection, and psychosocial disorders. It is likely that biopsychosocial aspects of IBS-C underlie its gender and age effects. However, the influence of each symptom of IBS-C by gender and age is not well understood...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Gen Komaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Junichi Saito, Wataru Shoji, Hiroaki Kumano
Background: The purpose of this study was to determing which psychological traits of Japanese type 2 diabetes patients would provide reliability and validity to the Japanese version of the Acceptance and Action Diabetes Questionnaire (AADQ-J). Methods: Various questionnaires were administered to type 2 diabetes patients who were registered on the database of the research service provider; data from a total of 600 patients (mean ± SD age was 57.50 ± 9.87 years, female 21...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Yuri Okamoto, Yoshie Miyake, Ichie Nagasawa, Masaharu Yoshihara
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the necessity of early intervention for students with potential bulimia by investigating how the eating attitudes of college students change and examining the relation between bulimic symptoms and depressive symptoms or the ability to cope with stress. Methods: The study participants were students who entered Hiroshima University in 2014. This study was conducted at two time points: Time-1 in 2014 and Time-2 in 2017...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Susan L Prescott, Ganesa Wegienka, Alan C Logan, David L Katz
The emerging concept of planetary health emphasizes that the health of human civilization is intricately connected to the health of natural systems within the Earth's biosphere; here, we focus on the rapidly progressing microbiome science - the microbiota-mental health research in particular - as a way to illustrate the pathways by which exposure to biodiversity supports health. Microbiome science is illuminating the ways in which stress, socioeconomic disadvantage and social polices interact with lifestyle and behaviour to influence the micro and macro-level biodiversity that otherwise mediates health...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Tomohiro Yamaki, Kosuke Suzuki, Yusuke Sudo, Tomihisa Niitsu, Masahiko Okai, Nobuo Oka, Masaru Odaki
Bakground: Patients with behavioral disorders following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) often have disorders of consciousness that make expressing their emotional distress difficult. However, no standard method for assessing the unsettled and unforeseen responses that are associated with behavioral disorders has yet to be established. Because the thalamus is known to play a role in maintaining consciousness and cognition, we used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) to examine the association between brain glucose metabolism in the thalamus and behavioral disorders...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Takakazu Oka, Tokusei Tanahashi, Nobuyuki Sudo, Battuvshin Lkhagvasuren, Yu Yamada
Background: In a previous randomized controlled trial, we found that sitting isometric yoga improves fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) who are resistant to conventional therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate possible mechanisms behind this finding, focusing on the short-term fatigue-relieving effect, by comparing autonomic nervous function and blood biomarkers before and after a session of isometric yoga. Methods: Fifteen patients with CFS who remained symptomatic despite at least 6 months of conventional therapy practiced sitting isometric yoga (biweekly 20 min practice with a yoga instructor and daily home practice) for eight weeks...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Tokusei Tanahashi, Keisuke Kawai, Keita Tatsushima, Chihiro Saeki, Kunie Wakabayashi, Naho Tamura, Tetsuya Ando, Toshio Ishikawa
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13030-017-0107-7.].
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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