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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

Valérie Demange, Coralie Barrera, Audrey Laboissière, Philippe Duquenne, Xavier Simon, Laurence Millon, Gabriel Reboux, Michel Grzebyk
This study investigated the plant features associated with increased irritation symptoms and levels of inflammation markers among compost workers (CWs). Ninety CWs were followed over 18 months, using questionnaires on respiratory symptoms, fractional exhaled nitric oxide measurements, spirometry, a methacholine bronchial challenge test, and quantification of specific immunoglobulins E (IgE) and G. CWs in plants processing the highest quantities of waste exhibited more airway irritation symptoms. So did the CWs in partially and fully indoor plants as compared to those in plants entirely outdoors...
March 18, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mohammad Javad Rahimdel, Mehdi Mirzaei
The goal of this article was to prioritize the practical solutions for vibrational health risk reduction of truck drivers during mining operation using the multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques. Mining trucks require special consideration because of their specific suspension system, large size, payload capacity, and off-road conditions of mining. In most cases, it is not easy for decision makers to compute verbal and linguistic variables, whose values are expressed in linguistic terms. These uncertainties and ambiguities are well interpreted by using fuzzy set theory...
March 12, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Pradeep S Salve, Praveen Chokhandre, Dhananjay W Bansod
Study assesses the effects of solid-waste loading on workers, the resultant development of occupational morbidities, and economic burden of these morbidities. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 360 municipal workers from six of 24 municipal wards in Mumbai. The nearest neighborhood method of Propensity Score Matching (PSM) examined the impact of waste-loading on the development of morbidities and to identify the risk factors - multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), injury, eye and skin infections found significantly higher for waste-loaders compared to comparison group...
February 17, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Kyung Ehi Zoh, Mijin Park, Domyung Paek
Thirty years ago, in 1988 of Korea, street demonstrations for the recognition of a 15-year-old boy's death as occupational mercury poisoning had shattered the taboo against occupational disease, and since then, the volume and contents of recognized diseases had changed a lot. Here we tried to ascertain and explain the changes from the system viewpoint. The system of risk management at work was analyzed in narrative terms of what, how, who, and why of the occupational disease managements, then and now, and we conclude the system of last 30 years was to manage the benevolent benefit to the victims for politico-economic purposes...
February 11, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Dave K Verma
The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of aluminum in the autopsied lungs of eight hardrock miners. These miners had inhaled McIntyre Powder (a mixture of aluminum and aluminum oxide) as a prophylaxis against silicosis. The study involved chemical analysis of lungs, where each whole lung was divided horizontally into three sections and analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometer equipped with a graphite furnace. The grand mean level of aluminum was found to be 476.4 µg/g of dry tissue, which is similar in the range reported for occupationally exposed groups...
February 11, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Shilpi Kumari Prasad, Siddhartha Singh, Ananya Bose, Bimlesh Prasad, Oly Banerjee, Ankita Bhattacharjee, Bithin Kumar Maji, Amalendu Samanta, Sandip Mukherjee
Accelerating prevalence of coal workers pneumoconiosis is considered as a serious occupational health problem. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the prevalence of lung function impairment of underground coal miners in West Bengal, India. A total of 230 underground coal dust-exposed subjects and 130 nonexposed subjects were examined for lung function test and also information on sociodemographic characteristics, addiction, respiratory morbidity, personnel protective equipment and dust exposure were collected...
February 1, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mark Germine, John H Puffer
Using the recognized amosite standard, we have performed transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and chemical analyses. We use high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and zone-axis selected area electron diffraction (SAED) to describe the molecular structure of the fibers. We find that both microscopic observational evidence and statistical dimensional characteristics indicate that the amosite fibers are formed by longitudinal splitting, with surfaces produced by fine twinning and lateral boundaries formed by parting parallel to the planes of double and triple sheets of amphibole chain structures...
January 31, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Jamie M Shoag, Kevin Michael Burns, Sukhraj S Kahlon, Patrick J Parsons, Polly E Bijur, Benjamin H Taragin, Morri Markowitz
PURPOSE: Lead containing dust may be present on the exterior surfaces of shields used to prevent radiation exposure. We determined whether use of lead shields poses an exposure risk for radiology personnel. METHODS: We collected hand dustwipe and blood samples from 58 Radiology Department employees of an academic hospital. Samples were analyzed for lead content by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Results were compared between lead apron users (46) and nonusers (12)...
January 24, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Chieh-Ming Wu, Anna Adetona, Chi Chuck Song, Luke Naeher, Olorunfemi Adetona
Wildland firefighters are directly exposed to elevated levels of wildland fire (WF) smoke. Although studies demonstrate WF smoke exposure is associated with lung function changes, few studies that use invasive sample collection methods have been conducted to investigate underlying biochemical changes. These methods are also either unrepresentative of the deeper airways or capable of inducing inflammation. In the present study, levels of biomarkers of oxidative stress (8-isoprostane) and pro-inflammatory response (interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-8 [IL-8], C-reactive protein [CRP], and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [sICAM-1]) were determined in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) samples that were collected from firefighters before, after, and next morning following prescribed burn and regular work shifts...
January 22, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Ömer Alkan, Hayri Abar
The aim of this study is to specify factors influencing tobacco consumption in Turkey, which belongs to developing countries group, and to determine the extent of their influence. Factors related to the sociodemographic, economic, personal, environmental, and healthy life indicators influencing tobacco consumption in Turkey were determined using logistic and probit regression analyses. According to the results of the study, age, gender, education, marital status, fruit consumption, exposure to tobacco smoke at home, and frequent of alcohol consumption are the most influential variables effecting tobacco consumption...
January 17, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Deniz Koksal, Oguz Karcioglu, Elif Babaoglu, Sevinc Sarınc Ulasli, Sevgen Onder
Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis is rare clinical entity related to welding usually associated with long term and heavy exposure to welding fumes. A 56-year-old asymptomatic male patient was referred to our clinic due to abnormal chest X-ray findings that was requested for regular controls. He has been working as a welder both indoor and outdoor settings for the last 25 years. The radiological findings were compatible with usual interstitial pneumonia on computed tomography of thorax. Pulmonary function tests, exercise capacity and laboratory results were within normal limits...
January 7, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Akiko Tokinobu, Takashi Yorifuji, Michiyo Yamakawa, Toshihide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Doi
The association between early daycare attendance and risk of allergic diseases remains inconclusive. Therefore, we examined the association among Japanese children on a long-term basis using a nationwide longitudinal survey data. We estimated the association between daycare attendance at age 6 or 18 months and allergy development using information on outpatient visits for atopic dermatitis (AD), food allergy (FA), and asthma and admission for asthma up to 12 years of age as a proxy for developing these diseases, with multilevel logistic regression...
December 30, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Ceyda Şahan, Hakan Baydur, Yücel Demiral
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to adapt the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version-3 (COPSOQ-3) into the Turkish language. METHODS: This is a methodologic study. The field study occurred in four workplaces (call center, hospital, plastic and metal industries). The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) Measure of Sampling Adequacy and Bartlett's Test of Sphericity were used to assess the suitability of the sample for factor analysis. The principal component analysis and varimax rotation methods were used to identify the factor structure...
December 30, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Jungsun Park, Yangho Kim
South Korea has experienced rapid economic development over a 60-year period, since the 1960s, rising up from the ruins of the 1950-1953 Korean War. During this short period, South Korea experienced a wide range of occupational safety and health (OSH) problems, similar to that experienced in most developed countries about 100-200 years previously. In response, the South Korean government established a national OSH services system that is on par with most developed countries. In recent years, South Korea now faces a new collection of OSH challenges, such as mental health issues, microenterprise issues, precarious workers, and the promotion of work ability in a rapidly changing socioeconomic structure...
December 26, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Sepideh Keshavarz Valian, Shima Mahmoudi, Babak Pourakbari, Mohammad Reza Abdolsalehi, Hamid Eshaghi, Setareh Mamishi
Healthcare workers (HCWs) are an important group at increased risk for exposure to various infectious agents including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Unfortunately, there is very limited data on the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among HCWs in Iran. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of LTBI among HCW's of Children Medical Center (CMC), an Iranian referral hospital, and to compare the feasibility of using tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON-TB gold in tube test (QFT-GIT) to screen the LTBI among this population...
December 5, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Michele A Riva, Michael Belingheri, Silvia Fustinoni
In 1910, the founder of the Clinica del Lavoro of Milan, Luigi Devoto established a chemistry laboratory in the new institute, sustaining its importance in the study of occupational diseases. In 1948, the new director of the Clinica, Enrico C. Vigliani established the first laboratory of industrial hygiene in Italy, in the years of the economic boom. In 1960s, this laboratory, directed by Nicola Zurlo, significantly contributed to the research in the field. In 1980s and 1990s, the laboratory of the Clinica started to explore the field of environmental toxicology, studying the effects of benzene and other traffic pollutants on the general population...
December 3, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Rawlance Ndejjo, Edwinah Atusingwize, Frederick Oporia, Charles Ssemugabo, David Musoke, David K Ssemwanga, Abdullah Ali Halage, John Bosco Isunju, Winnifred Kansiimea, Ruth Mubeezi, Richard Kibirango Mugambe, Emery Patrice Mbaha, Paul Luyima, John C Ssempebwa
This article explores the history and evolution of Environmental Health in Uganda under four key themes: training and practice; research; governance, policy and regulatory framework; and challenges. The article also describes the future of the profession. Through a review of documents and key informant interviews, it is noted that Environmental Health in Uganda dates back to colonial times when the country was affected by diseases including plague, trypanosomiasis and small pox. Concerted efforts were advanced to train cadres that would improve the sanitation status and address the prevailing disease burden...
December 3, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Kristin J Cummings, Doug O Johns, Jacek M Mazurek, Frank J Hearl, David N Weissman
The year 2017 marked the 50th anniversary of NIOSH's Respiratory Health Division (RHD). RHD began in 1967 as the Appalachian Laboratory for Occupational Respiratory Diseases (ALFORD), with a focus on coal workers' pneumoconiosis. ALFORD became part of NIOSH in 1971 and added activities to address work-related respiratory disease more generally. Health hazard evaluations played an important role in understanding novel respiratory hazards such as nylon flock, diacetyl, and indium-tin oxide. Epidemiologic and laboratory studies addressed many respiratory hazards, including coal mine dust, silica, asbestos, cotton dust, beryllium, diesel exhaust, and dampness and mold...
December 2, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Wimonchat Tangamornsuksan, Ornrat Lohitnavy, Rosarin Sruamsiri, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, C Norman Scholfield, Brad Reisfeld, Manupat Lohitnavy
To reconcile and unify available results regarding paraquat exposure and Parkinson's disease (PD), we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to provide a quantitative estimate of the risk of PD associated with paraquat exposure. Six scientific databases including PubMed, Cochrane libraries, EMBASE, Scopus, ISI Web of Knowledge, and TOXLINE were systematically searched. The overall odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% CIs were calculated using a random-effects model. Of 7,309 articles identified, 13 case control studies with 3,231 patients and 4,901 controls were included into our analysis...
November 25, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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