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Annals of Thoracic Medicine

Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Nikolaos Barbetakis, Dimitrios Paliouras, Nikolaos Diamantopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Nour Abdullah Aljefri, Fayha Farraj Abothenain, Ahmed Mohamed Hussein, Waleed Saleh, Khaled Alkattan, Shamayel Faheem Mohammed, Mohammed Alhajji
Idiopathic Pleuro-Parenchymal Fibroelsatosis (PPFE) is a rare, progressive and recently recognized subtype of idiopathic interstitial lung disease with no recorded successful treatment other than lung transplant. We report a case of idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis from the Middle East, managed successfully by bilateral lung transplant performed on a 26 year old Saudi male.
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Jinsoo Min, Kyungjong Kim, Hongjo Choi, Eun Seok Kang, Yoon Mi Shin, Jin Young An, Kang Hyeon Choe, Ki Man Lee
Although accurate identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the gold standard for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, there have been several reports of false-positive results. After identifying a sudden increase in extensively drug-resistant TB, false-positive mycobacterial culture tests were suspected, and we contacted the supranational reference center for molecular typing. In silico genotyping tests showed that isolates from all five patients had an identical genotype pattern, and all harbored the same Beijing strain based on sequence-based phylogenic analysis and drug-resistant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analysis...
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Hadil Ak Al Otair, Majdy M Idrees, Sarfraz A Saleemi, Ahmed M Eltoukhy, Ali A Alhijji, Waleed A Al Habeeb, Mohammed A Omair
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objective of this study is to describe the clinical characteristics, mortality, and predictors of SSc-PAH in Saudi patients. METHODS: Retrospective chart review study of SSc patients who were followed for at least 1 year in three tertiary care centers in Saudi Arabia was conducted. Clinical information, echocardiographic findings, and right heart catheterization (RHC) results were collected...
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Tevfik Ozlu, Yilmaz Bulbul, Derya Aydin, Dursun Tatar, Tulin Kuyucu, Fatma Erboy, Handan Inonu Koseoglu, Ceyda Anar, Aysel Sunnetcioglu, Pinar Yildiz Gulhan, Unal Sahin, Aydanur Ekici, Serap Duru, Sevinc Sarinc Ulasli, Ercan Kurtipek, Sibel Gunay
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to detect the prevalence and the factors associated with influenza and pneumococcal vaccination and outcomes of vaccination during 2013-2014 season in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Turkey. METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study performed in 53 different centers in Turkey. RESULTS: During the study period, 4968 patients were included. COPD was staged as GOLD 1-2-3-4 in 9...
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Malak N Alkahtani, Nourah A Alshathri, Najla A Aldraiweesh, Lina M Aljurf, Luluh Aldaej, Awad H Olaish, Samar Z Nashwan, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Ahmed S BaHammam
BACKGROUND: Many individuals complain of disturbed sleep during the wintertime when their air conditioner (AC) is off. Therefore, we conducted this study to objectively assess the impact of AC sound on sleep latency, sleep duration, and sleep efficiency. METHODS: An experimental study was conducted on 48 healthy young adults, in their homes, to assess the effect of a standardized AC white noise, on sleep latency, duration, and efficiency, while simultaneously monitoring light intensity and room temperature...
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Bunyamin Sertogullarindan, Ahmet Ufuk Komuroglu, Rifki Ucler, Hulya Gunbatar, Aysel Sunnetcioglu, Erdem Cokluk
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep problem, in which patients are at increased risk for metabolic and cardiovascular problems, including metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus (DM), and dyslipidemia. Betatrophin is a novel protein that regulates fatty acid and triglyceride (TG) metabolism and is related to obesity and metabolic abnormalities, including metabolic syndrome, DM, and dyslipidemia. Although OSA and betatrophin share common abnormalities, their relationship has not been investigated...
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Sultan Qanash, Shereen Alemam, Estabraq Mahdi, Jood Softah, Abdelfattah Ahmed Touman, Adil Alsulami
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarette (E-cigarette) is an electronic nicotine delivery device that has been advocated as a safe alternative for cigarette smokers. Since the introduction of E-cigarette internationally and in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), it gained popularity, particularly among the youth and young adults. Moreover, many nonsmoker (nicotine-naïve) youth started to use E-cigarette as a new social habit. Recent researches have casted shadows on the E-cigarette safety profile...
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Gaurav Nigam, Macario Camacho, Muhammad Riaz
INTRODUCTION: Nonbenzodiazepine (non-BZD) sedative hypnotics (NBSH) refer to non-BZD sedatives that act as BZD receptor agonists such as zolpidem, zaleplon, and eszopiclone. Today, there is a high prevalence of insomnia with or without concurrent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our goal was to study how NBSH use impacts the baseline apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in patients with or without OSA. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases were searched...
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Mohamed S Al-Moamary, Sami A Alhaider, Abdullah A Alangari, Mohammed O Al Ghobain, Mohammed O Zeitouni, Majdy M Idrees, Abdullah F Alanazi, Adel S Al-Harbi, Abdullah A Yousef, Hassan S Alorainy, Mohamed S Al-Hajjaj
This is the fourth version of the updated guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma, developed by the Saudi Initiative for Asthma (SINA) group, a subsidiary of the Saudi Thoracic Society. The main objective of the SINA is to have guidelines that are up to date, simple to understand, and easy to use by healthcare workers dealing with asthma patients. To facilitate achieving the goals of asthma management, the SINA panel approach is mainly based on the assessment of symptom control and risk for both adults and children...
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Andrew Bush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Thuraya S AlSumai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Kunihiko Miyazaki, Toshihiro Shiozawa, Hideyasu Yamada, Tomohiro Tamura, Hiroaki Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Waseem M Hajjar, Areej S Alrajeh, Lulwah S Alturki, Sami A Al-Nassar, Adnan W Hajjar
Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by a loose, wrinkled, and inelastic skin. Here, we report an unusual presentation in a 15-year-old male patient who is a known patient of CL who presented with bilateral pneumothorax. He was successfully managed initially by chest tube insertion and then he was treated surgically with bilateral staged thoracoscopy, apical bullectomy, and pleurodesis with full uneventful recovery.
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Min Joo Kim, Han Na Lee, Jung Im Kim, Gou Young Kim
Pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma is defined as a nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) that contains at least 10% sarcomatoid components. We report a case of pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma of which only the sarcomatoid component metastasized to the small bowel and adenocarcinoma was identified on percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB). We suggest that if an NSCLC is diagnosed by PTNB and a sarcoma is found at another site, or vice versa, pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma with a single metastasis should be considered as a differential diagnosis to establish the best effective treatment plan...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Binghu Jiang, Morgan A Mcclure, Tianming Chen, Shilin Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation (RFA), cryoablation, and microwave ablation (MWA) for patients with lung malignancies. METHODS: We performed a network meta-analysis to identify both direct and indirect evidence from relevant trials by searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to December 31, 2017, for the treatment of malignant lung tumors with the use of RFA, MWA, or cryoablation...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Mohammed Dhafer AlAhmari, Hajed Al-Otaibi, Hatem Qutub, Ibrahim AlBalawi, Abdullah Alqahtani, Bandar Almasoudi
INTRODUCTION: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been extensively used globally and is often administered as the first-line treatment. Currently, data regarding the utilization of NIV in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is scarce. The present study aimed to assess and quantify the utilization of NIV in clinical practice across the KSA and investigate obstacles that may cause NIV underutilization. METHODS: A web-based survey composed of a 31-item, self-administered questionnaire was developed and validated...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Pui-Ying Iroh Tam, Lei Zhang, Zohara Cohen
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of positive human rhinovirus (HRV) in hospitalized patients is unclear. Our objective was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of HRV positivity in a heterogeneous population of hospitalized children, compared to those positive for another respiratory virus and those where no respiratory virus was detected. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of children hospitalized between January 2014 to April 2015 who had a respiratory viral specimen collected...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
François Bertin, Alessandro Piccardo, Eric Denes, Gonzagues Delepine, Jeremy Tricard
CONTEXT: To date, there is no gold standard technique for sternum replacement. Current techniques rely on metallic prosthesis, meshes and bars, or bone grafts. However, they have several pitfalls. AIMS: The aim of this article is to report the results of sternal replacement with a porous alumina ceramic sternum. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Surgeries were performed in two teaching hospitals in France. METHODS: We designed a porous alumina ceramic prosthesis which possesses interesting characteristics for this surgery such as great biocompatibility, a certain level of bacterial resistance, radiolucency, and compatibility with radiotherapy...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
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