journal
Journals International Journal of Strok...

International Journal of Stroke : Official Journal of the International Stroke Society

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38888039/carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-microcalcification-is-independently-associated-with-recurrent-neurovascular-events-a-pilot-study
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shiv Bhakta, J M Tarkin, M M Chowdhury, Jhf Rudd, Elizabeth A Warburton, Nicholas Richard Evans
BACKGROUND: Microcalcification and macrocalcification are critical processes in atherosclerotic plaque progression, though how these processes relate to the risk of stroke recurrence in symptomatic carotid atherosclerosis is poorly understood. METHODS: We performed a post-hoc analysis of data from the ICARUSS study, where individuals with acute ischemic stroke originating from ipsilateral carotid stenosis of ≥50% underwent 18F-sodium fluoride-positron emission tomography (NaF-PET) to measure microcalcification...
June 18, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38888036/lipid-lowering-therapies-and-long-term-stroke-prevention-in-east-asians-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Bao-Qiang Guo, Hong-Bin Li, Peng-Wei Xu, Bing Zhao
BACKGROUND: Stroke prevention is a pressing global health priority, with reducing elevated lipids recognized as a key strategy. East Asians, constituting over 1.6 billion individuals and the largest racial group worldwide, are a key demographic in this effort. Yet, the effectiveness of lipid-lowering therapies for stroke prevention in this population remains uncertain. AIMS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of large-scale randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with at least 3 years of follow-up to evaluate the long-term impact of lipid-lowering therapies on stroke incidence in East Asians...
June 18, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38888031/predictors-of-futile-recanalization-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-low-baseline-nihss
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christian Heitkamp, Alexander Heitkamp, Laurens Winkelmeier, Christian Thaler, Fabian Flottmann, Maximilian Schell, Helge Kniep, Gabriel Broocks, Jeremy J Heit, Gregory W Albers, Götz Thomalla, Jens Fiehler, Tobias Djamsched Faizy
BACKGROUND: There is yet no randomized controlled evidence that mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is superior to best medical treatment in patients with large vessel occlusion but minor stroke symptoms (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] <6). Prior studies of patients with admission NIHSS scores >6 observed unfavorable functional outcomes despite successful recanalization, commonly termed as futile recanalization (FR), in up to 50% of cases. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of FR in patients with minor stroke and identify associated patient-specific risk factors...
June 18, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38887998/tea-and-coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-acute-stroke-the-interstroke-study
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrew Smyth, Graeme J Hankey, Peter Langhorne, Catriona Reddin, Danuta Ryglewicz, Annika Rosengren, Denis Xavier, Michelle Canavan, Shahram Oveisgharan, Xingyu Wang, Patricio Lopez Jamarillo, Albertino Damasceno, Anna Czlonkowska, Helle K Iversen, Fernando Lanas, Salim Yusuf, Martin O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading global cause of death and disability. Daily tea/coffee intake is consumed by >50% of populations and may represent an important population-level exposure. Therefore, it is first essential that we better understand the associations between the tea/coffee intake and stroke. AIMS: This research aims to generate hypotheses about the global associations between tea and coffee intake and stroke. These insights will identify interventions for stroke prevention that can be further explored using alternative study designs...
June 18, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38877750/relationship-between-carotid-web-morphology-on-ct-angiography-and-stroke-a-pooled-multicenter-analysis
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fouzi Bala, Ibrahim Alhabli, Nishita Singh, Faysal Benali, Shelagh B Coutts, Mayank Goyal, Mohammed Almekhlafi, Michael D Hill, Bijoy K Menon
BACKGROUND: The Carotid web (CaW) is a cause of stroke particularly in younger individuals. However it's frequency, and the radiological features of the web's morphology associated with stroke risk are uncertain. We determined the CaW radiological features on CT angiography associated with ipsilateral stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from six studies of patients with acute ischemic stroke were pooled. Identification and measurement of CaWs were performed by experienced readers on baseline neck CT angiography...
June 14, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863348/modification-effects-of-immigration-status-and-comorbidities-on-associations-of-heat-and-heatwave-with-stroke-morbidity
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chenlu Yang, Yike Li, Cunrui Huang, Yonglin Hou, Dandan Chu, Junzhe Bao
BACKGROUND: Heat and heatwave have been associated with stroke morbidity, but it is still unclear whether immigrants from different geographic regions and patients with comorbidity are more vulnerable to heat and heatwave. METHODS: Time-stratified case-crossover design combined with generalized additive quasi-Poisson models were used to quantify the relative risks (RR) of heat and heatwave on first-ever stroke morbidity during 0-7 lag days. Attributable fractions (AF) were estimated to assess the first-ever stroke morbidity burden due to heat and heatwave...
June 12, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850194/a-scoping-review-of-stroke-registers-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Youkee, Mamadu Baldeh, Anthony Rudd, Marina Soley-Bori, Charles Wolfe, Gibrilla Deen, Iain Marshall
BACKGROUND: Stroke registers are recommended as a key priority by the Lancet Neurology World Stroke Organisation Commission for Stroke, 2023, and the African Stroke Leaders' Summit, 2022. AIMS: This scoping review aims to map where stroke registers have been implemented in SSA. The article then compares and critiques the methods and definitions used and summarizes key results from the registers. SUMMARY: We identified 42 unique stroke registers from 48 individual studies...
June 8, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38845180/endovascular-treatment-to-improve-outcomes-for-medium-vessel-occlusions-the-escape-mevo-trial
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Johanna Ospel, Dar Dowlatshahi, Andrew M Demchuk, David Volders, Markus Möhlenbruch, Shahid Nimjee, James Kennedy, Brian Buck, Jai Shankar, Thomas Booth, Mouhammad Jumaa, Robert Fahed, Aravind Ganesh, Qiao Zhang, Craig Doram, Karla J Ryckborst, Michael D Hill, Mayank Goyal
RATIONALE: Clinical outcomes in acute ischemic stroke due to medium vessel occlusion (MeVO) are often poor when treated with best medical management. Data from non-randomized studies suggest that endovascular treatment (EVT) may improve outcomes in MeVO stroke, but randomized data on potential benefits and risks are hitherto lacking. Thus, there is insufficient evidence to guide endovascular treatment decision-making in MeVO stroke. AIM: The primary aim of the ESCAPE-MeVO trial is to demonstrate that acute, rapid EVT in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to MeVO results in better clinical outcomes compared to best medical management...
June 6, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38845171/a-scoping-review-of-patient-and-public-involvement-ppi-in-empirical-stroke-research
#9
REVIEW
Paula Peniche, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria, Patricia Hall, Caitriona Fingleton, Louise McPhillips, Rebecca Gaetz, Aaron Roche, Laura McCann, Padraig O'Beaglaoich, Diarmuid Murphy, Julianne Hickey, Olive Lennon
BACKGROUND: Impactful, evidence-based solutions in surveillance, prevention, acute care, and rehabilitation for stroke survivors are required to address the high global burden of stroke. Patient and Public Involvement (PPI), where patients, their families, and the public are actively involved as research partners, enhances the relevance, credibility, and impact of stroke-related research. AIMS: This scoping review, adhering to the PRISMA Scoping Review guidelines, aims to identify and summarize how PPI is currently implemented and reported in empirical stroke research using a participatory approach...
June 6, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38836445/temporal-trends-of-sex-differences-in-acute-reperfusion-therapy-and-early-outcomes-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-south-korea-10-year-analysis-of-the-nationwide-stroke-registry
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Darda Chung, Ji Sung Lee, Mi-Sun Oh, Jong-Moo Park, Jong-Won Chung, Oh Young Bang, Gyeong-Moon Kim, Woo-Keun Seo
BACKGROUND: Sex differences in stroke outcomes are notable, with women experiencing higher incidence rates, greater disability-adjusted life years, and poorer recovery compared to men, even after adjusting for age and comorbidities. Despite the disproportionate burden in women, studies have reported that women are less likely to receive appropriate stroke treatment than men. AIM: This study investigated temporal trends of sex differences in acute reperfusion therapy and early outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke over 10 years in South Korea...
June 5, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38816936/prevalence-of-right-left-shunt-in-stroke-patients-with-cancer
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fabienne Steinauer, Philipp Buecke, Eric Buffle, Mattia Branca, Jayan Göcmen, Babak Benjamin Navi, Ava Liberman, Anna Boronylo, Leander Clénin, Martina Beatrice Goeldlin, Julian Lippert, Bastian Volbers, Thomas Meinel, David J Seiffge, Adnan Mujanovic, Johannes Kaesmacher, Urs Fischer, Marcel Arnold, Thomas Pabst, Martin Berger, Simon Jung, Morin Beyeler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cancer is associated with an increased risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and venous thromboembolism. The role of a cardiac right-left shunt (RLS) as a surrogate parameter for paradoxical embolism in cancer-related strokes is uncertain. We sought to investigate the relationship between the presence of a RLS and cancer in AIS patients. METHODS: We included consecutive AIS patients hospitalized at our tertiary stroke center between January 2015 and December 2020 with available RLS status as detected on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)...
May 30, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38699977/the-effect-of-body-mass-index-on-stroke-prognosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-32-cohort-studies-with-330-353-patients
#12
REVIEW
Jiangxia Qin, Tong Zhang, Yajing Chen, Xiaoqin Wei, Yiyi Yang, Yue Yuan, Jiali Guo, Lin Han, Yuxia Ma
BACKGROUND: Many studies have explored the impact of body mass index (BMI) on stroke prognosis, yet findings remain inconsistent. AIMS: The aims of this study were to conduct a systematic review and meta-analyses to summarize the existing evidence on BMI and stroke outcomes. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, Wanfang Database, and VIP Database were systematically searched from inception to 1 January 2023...
May 29, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38785314/enhanced-versus-standard-hydration-in-acute-ischaemic-stroke-revive-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leng Chieh Lin, Tsong-Hai Lee, Yen Chu Huang, Yuan Hsiung Tsai, Jen-Tsung Yang, Lan-Yan Yang, Yu-Bin Pan, Meng Lee, Kuan-Fu Chen, Yu-Cheng Hung, Hsien-Hung Cheng, I-Neng Lee, Ming-Hsueh Lee, Te-Fa Chiu, Yeu-Jhy Chang, Zhong Ning Leonard Goh, Chen-June Seak
RATIONALE: Early neurological deterioration (END) within 72 hours of stroke onset is associated with poor prognosis. Optimising hydration might reduce the risk of END. AIMS: To determine in acute ischaemic stroke patients if enhanced hydration versus standard hydration reduced the incidence of major (primary) and minor (secondary) END, as whether it increased the incidence of early neurological improvement (secondary), at 72 hours after admissionSample Size Estimate: 244 participants per arm...
May 24, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38676601/temporal-association-between-atrial-fibrillation-and-ischemic-stroke-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Jessica D'lima, Vincent Thijs, Han S Lim, Thalys Sampaio Rodrigues, Ann-Marie Beaudoin
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is strongly associated with ischemic stroke. Continuous cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) can assess PAF episodes over prolonged periods. Studies that attempted to find a temporal association between PAF and ischemic stroke were inconclusive. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess this relationship. AIMS: This study aimed to assess the temporal association between AF episodes and stroke within 30 days of the arrhythmic episode...
May 24, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38676552/glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-and-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cardiovascular-outcome-trials
#15
REVIEW
Anastasia Adamou, Fotios Barkas, Haralampos Milionis, George Ntaios
BACKGROUND: In patients surviving stroke, approximately 15% and 60% exhibit concurrent diabetes mellitus and overweight/obesity, respectively, necessitating heightened secondary prevention efforts. Despite glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) demonstrating improved outcomes for those with diabetes mellitus or obesity, their underutilization persists among eligible individuals. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the impact of GLP-1 RAs on stroke risk...
May 21, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38676572/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-tenecteplase-versus-standard-of-care-for-minor-ischemic-stroke-with-proven-occlusion-tempo-2-rational-and-design-of-a-multicenter-randomized-open-label-clinical-trial
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nishita Singh, Carol C Kenney, Ken S Butcher, Brian Buck, Philip A Barber, Thalia S Field, Philip M Choi, Amy Yx Yu, Timothy Kleinig, Ramana Appireddy, Carlos A Molina, Keith W Muir, Michael D Hill, Shelagh B Coutts
BACKGROUND: Almost half of acute ischemic stroke patients present with mild symptoms and there are large practice variations in their treatment globally. Individuals with an intracranial occlusion who present with minor stroke are at an increased risk of early neurological deterioration and poor outcomes. Individual patient data meta-analysis in the subgroup of patients with minor deficits showed benefit of alteplase in improving outcomes; however, this benefit has not been seen with intravenous alteplase in published randomized trials...
May 17, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38651759/the-aha-asa-and-dsm-v-diagnostic-criteria-for-vascular-cognitive-impairment-identify-cases-with-predominant-vascular-pathology
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melmar C Folloso, Steven G Villaraza, Lo Yi-Wen, Khong Pek-Lan, Tomotaka Tanaka, Saima Hilal, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen
BACKGROUND: There are major challenges in determining the etiology of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) clinically, especially in the presence of mixed pathologies, such as vascular and amyloid. Most recently, two criteria (American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V)) have been proposed for the clinical diagnosis of VCI but have not as yet been validated using neuroimaging. AIMS: This study aims to determine whether the AHA/ASA and DSM-V criteria for VCI can distinguish between cases with predominantly vascular pathology and cases with mixed pathology...
May 16, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38751129/associated-demographic-factors-for-the-recurrence-and-prognosis-of-stroke-patients-within-a-multi-ethnic-asian-population
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Keng Siang Lee, Isabel Siow, Tessa Riandini, Kaavya Narasimhalu, Kelvin Bryan Tan, Deidre Anne De Silva
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of studies investigating the outcomes amongst Asian stroke patients. Identifying subgroups of stroke patients at risk of poorer outcomes could identify patients who would benefit from targeted interventions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify which ischemic stroke patients at high risk of recurrent events and mortality. METHODS: This cohort study adhered to STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines...
May 15, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38708722/prevalence-and-prognostic-impact-of-stroke-in-a-national-cohort-of-infective-endocarditis
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sara Álvarez Zaballos, Pilar Vazquez Alen, Patricia Muñoz, Arístides de Alarcón, Encarnación Gutiérrez-Carretero, Ana Álvarez-Uría, Mª Carmen Fariñas, Raquel Rodríguez-García, Miguel Ángel Goenaga, Guillermo Cuervo, Antonio Plata-Ciezar, Carmen Hidalgo-Tenorio, Gonzalo Aldamiz-Echevarría, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a common complication of infective endocarditis (IE). Our aim was to describe the prevalence and prognostic impact of stroke in a national prospective cohort of IE. METHODS: Consecutive inclusion at 46 Spanish hospitals between 2008 and 2021. RESULTS: Out of 5667 IE cases, 1125 had acute stroke (19.8%): 811 ischemic strokes (618 cardioembolic strokes, 193 cardioembolic strokes with hemorrhagic transformation, 4 transient ischemic attacks, 3 lacunar infarctions), 125 intracranial hemorrhages, and 29 other neurological complications (cerebral abscesses, encephalitis, meningitis, seizures)...
May 6, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38703035/sex-differences-in-histopathological-markers-of-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-and-related-hemorrhage
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emma Koemans, Valentina Perosa, Whitney Freeze, Hang Lee, Mariel G Kozberg, Gillian Theresa Coughlan, Rachel F Buckley, Marieke Wermer, Steven M Greenberg, Susanne J van Veluw
BACKGROUND: Men with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) may have an earlier onset of intracerebral hemorrhage, and a more hemorrhagic disease course compared to women. In this cohort study we investigated sex differences in histopathological markers associated with amyloid-β burden and hemorrhage in cognitively impaired individuals and patients with CAA, using neuropathological data from two autopsy databases. METHODS: First, we investigated presence of parenchymal (Thal score) and vascular amyloid-β (CAA severity score) in cognitively impaired individuals from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center (NACC) neuropathology database...
May 4, 2024: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
journal
journal
41360
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.