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Journals Vascular Health and Risk Manag...

Vascular Health and Risk Management

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38435054/trends-in-aaa-repair-in-australia-over-twenty-years
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lakmali Anthony, Madeline Gillies, David Goh
BACKGROUND: The advent of endovascular techniques has revolutionised the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Many countries have seen a transition from open AAA repair (OAR) to endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) over the past 25 years. The only study done in Australia that describes this change was done in the private sector. Majority of healthcare in Australia is delivered through the public, universal healthcare system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the trends in AAA repair in the Australian public sector over the past two decades...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38414907/postoperative-insulin-dose-for-cardiac-artery-bypass-graft-and-other-cardiac-surgeries-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-study
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yukiko Fukuda, Emi Ushigome, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
PURPOSE: Recommendations on perioperative glycemic control in cardiac surgery are based on coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), though coronary artery disease and valvular disease are pathologically distinct. We aimed to compare the postoperative insulin requirement between CABG and other cardiac surgeries in type 2 diabetic patients and identify predictive factors for the maximum postoperative insulin dose. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively included 60 Japanese patients with diabetes/glucose intolerance (HbA1c > 37 mmol/mol [5...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38374913/arterial-stiffness-and-aortic-aneurysmal-disease-a-narrative-review
#23
REVIEW
Konstantinos G Moulakakis, Christos F Pitros, Ioannis T Theodosopoulos, Spyridon N Mylonas, John D Kakisis, Christos Manopoulos, Nikolaos P E Kadoglou
It has been documented that large-artery stiffness is independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk and may potentially lead to heart and kidney failure and cerebrovascular disease. A systematic review of studies investigating changes in arterial stiffness in patients undergoing endovascular repair of aortic disease was conducted. In addition, a review of the available literature was performed, analyzing findings from studies using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as a marker of arterial stiffness...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38348404/pericardiectomy-for-constrictive-pericarditis-with-or-without-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#24
REVIEW
Jing-Bin Huang, Yun-Tian Tang
AIM: We aim to access the effect of pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: This was a review of pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis. RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary bypass is actually an important maneuver to attain complete relief of the constriction. The short additional time of cardiopulmonary bypass during the procedure has very little effect on the risk of morbidity of the main operation...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38318252/prevalence-of-medication-associated-with-qtc-prolongation-used-among-critically-ill-patients
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmad Al-Azayzih, Walid Al-Qerem, Sayer Al-Azzam, Suhaib Muflih, Belal A Al-Husein, Zelal Kharaba, Roaa J Kanaan, Dania Rahhal
BACKGROUND: Acquired prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval can lead to life-threatening Torsade de Pointes (TdP) arrhythmia. Multiple risk factors including medications, comorbidities, and electrolyte imbalances contribute significantly to acquired manifestations of the QTc prolongation. Critically ill patients are particularly more vulnerable to TdP due to complex medical conditions, aging, and polypharmacy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of TdP-associated medication prescribing, identify risk factors for QTc prolongation and TdP, and determine primary predictors of high TdP medication usage in critically ill patients in Jordan...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38222901/sildenafil-use-and-cigarette-smoking-associated-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-rare-case-report
#26
Mohamed Abdulahi Hassan, Ibrahim Abdullahi Mohamed, Abdullahi Abdirahman Omar, Zakaria Mohamed Adan, Bashiru Garba, Omar Hassan Badawi
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a serious condition characterized by bleeding within the brain tissue. Although the use of sildenafil, a vasodilator agent for erectile dysfunction, has been associated with rare cases of ICH, the combination of sildenafil usage and smoking as risk factors for ICH has not yet been reported. This case report describes the occurrence of ICH in a patient with a history of both sildenafil usage and heavy smoking. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old male, with a history of smoking and regular sildenafil use, was brought to the emergency department due to loss of consciousness with right-side weakness, he initially experienced with nausea, vomiting and dizziness after taking sildenafil 100mg tablet once...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38192439/exploring-myocardial-infarction-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-among-mogadishu-s-somali-residents
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed Omar Hassan, Said Abdirahman Ahmed, Mohamed Sheikh Hassan, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamud, Ahmed Elmi Abdi
INTRODUCTION: Myocardial infarction and cardiovascular disease are significant global health issues, particularly in Somalia. The Somali population faces challenges due to armed conflict, limited education, and underdeveloped healthcare infrastructure. Cardiovascular risk factors like diabetes, hypertension, and obesity are prevalent, and Somali people face increased susceptibility. METHODS: This study examined Somalia residents' perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors towards myocardial infarction using a cross-sectional paper-based questionnaire...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38192438/intraluminal-thrombus-of-the-extracranial-cerebral-arteries-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-manifestations-treatment-strategies-and-outcome
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thamer S Alhowaish, Moustafa S Alhamadh, Abdullah Alsulayhim, Najla Alotaibi, Azzam Abdulaziz Alrashid, Abdulrahman Yousef Alhabeeb, Muhannad Q Alqirnas, Eythar Alrushid, Mohammed S Alnafisah, Ajmal Ali Anversha
BACKGROUND: Intraluminal thrombus (ILT) of the cervical arteries is an uncommon finding that can lead to acute or recurrent ischemic stroke. Currently, antithrombotic therapy in the form of antiplatelet and/or anticoagulation is considered the mainstay of treatment, but evidence of which one has a better outcome is lacking. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study included 28 patients diagnosed with acute stroke or transient ischemic attack with ILT of the extracranial arteries from 2013 to 2022...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38173811/anatomical-distribution-patterns-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-the-upper-extremities-according-to-patient-characteristics-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdulaziz Mohammad Al-Sharydah, Khaled Saud AlZahrani, Ibrahim Abobaker Alghanimi, Maha Mukhlef AlAnazi, Razan Essam AlHarbi
PURPOSE: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) greatly affects the patients' quality of life. We aimed to investigate the affected anatomical sites and distribution patterns in upper extremity PAD using computed tomography angiography (CTA). Furthermore, we sought to identify the correlations between patient characteristics and the identified patterns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of upper limb CTA findings from patients with symptomatic PAD aged >18 years...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38162226/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hypertension-among-hiv-positive-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study-in-rwanda
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Donatha Uwanyirigira, Emmanuel Biracyaza, Innocent Uzabakiriho, Jared Omolo, François Hakizayezu, Manasse Nzayirambaho
INTRODUCTION: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) are influential elements contributing to hypertension, which is a public health concern particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where its underdiagnosis and limited investigation persist. Moreover, hypertension prevails at higher rates among individuals living with HIV (PLWH) in comparison to the general population. Therefore, our study determined the prevalence of hypertension and its associated factors among PLWH who are undergoing ART treatment at Byumba District Hospital...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38146422/the-indirect-impact-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-lower-extremity-amputations-an-australian-study-letter
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Suprijandan, Slamet Wardoyo, Demes Nurmayanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38145253/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-with-atrial-fibrillation-among-patients-admitted-to-tertiary-care-hospitals-in-amhara-regional-state-retrospective-cohort-study
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zenaw Debasu Addisu, Teshale Ayele Mega
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the leading cause of a surge in hospital expenses for the treatment of strokes. However, evidence regarding clinical features and survival of patients admitted with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) plus AF in Ethiopia is lacking. OBJECTIVE: We assess clinical characteristics, survival, and predictors of mortality of patients with acute ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation among patients admitted to Tertiary Care Hospitals in Amhara regional state...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38108024/factors-associated-with-hypertension-among-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-indonesian-family-life-survey
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammed Alfaqeeh, Sofa D Alfian, Rizky Abdulah
PURPOSE: Hypertension (HTN) poses a significant health risk for Indonesia's large population. Underlying factors contributing to this disease are not fully understood at a national level. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate factors associated with HTN in Indonesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study used data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey-5, a 2014 national cross-sectional population-based survey of individuals aged 15 years and older. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) value was determined from three blood pressure measurements taken by trained nurses using Omron digital sphygmomanometers...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38108023/the-indirect-impact-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-lower-extremity-amputations-an-australian-study
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lakmali Anthony, Madeline Gillies, Vikram Iyer, David Goh
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has had indirect and deleterious effects on patient health due to interruptions to routine provision of healthcare. This is particularly true for patients with chronic conditions like peripheral vascular disease (PVD). This study aims to evaluate the impact of the pandemic on patients with PVD in Australia by analysing rates of amputation, indications for amputation and urgency of surgery in the pre-pandemic and pandemic periods. METHODS: The Australian Vascular Audit was used to capture lower extremity amputation data in Victoria, Australia, in the 22 months before and after the start of the pandemic...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38108022/renal-denervation-in-the-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension-and-difficult-to-control-hypertension-consensus-document-of-the-croatian-hypertension-league-croatian-society-of-hypertension-croatian-cardiac-society-croatian-endovascular-initiative-croatian-society
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bojan Jelaković, Dražen Perkov, Klara Barišić, Nikolina Bukal, Lana Gellineo, Ana Jelaković, Josipa Josipović, Ingrid Prkačin, Tajana Željković Vrkić, Marijana Živko
Renal denervation (RDN) as a method of treating arterial hypertension (AH) was introduced in Croatia in 2012. A multidisciplinary team and a network of hospitals that diagnose and treat patients with severe forms of AH were established, and a very strict diagnostic-treatment algorithm was prepared. At monthly meetings patients with truly resistant hypertension who were candidates for RDN were discussed. According to the 2021 ESH position statement and 2023 ESH guidelines, RDN is considered an alternative and additional, not a competitive method of treating patients with various forms of AH which must be performed by following a structured procedure and the patient's preference should be considered...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38045022/the-depiction-of-hypertension-in-heart-imaging-examinations-an-up-to-date-review-of-the-evidence
#36
REVIEW
Konstantinos Vasileiadis, Christina Antza, Vasilios Kotsis
Hypertension is one of the main preventable cardiovascular (CV) risk factors all over the years, closely related to CV morbidity and mortality. One of the most common hypertensive target organ damages is hypertensive heart disease (HHD), including left ventricular hypertrophy, which progresses gradually and leads to systolic or diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricular, and finally to end-stage heart failure. Regarding its prevalence and the need for early diagnosis, assessment of heart imaging examination is of major importance...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38025520/the-diagnostic-utility-of-natural-killer-cell-subsets-in-deep-vein-thrombosis
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alshaymaa M Alhabibi, Maisa A Wahab, Ahmed Khairy Sakr, Samar M Abd El-Hamid, Mohamed Yahia Zakaria, Azza Ali Althoqapy, Hanaa Mohammed Eid El Sayed, Sammar Ahmed Kasim, Hanan F Ibrahim, Ola I Saleh, Howida A Ahmed, Alaa H Sayed, Mahmoud Lotfy
BACKGROUND: Natural killer (NK) cells are important components of adaptive and innate immune responses. NK cell subsets have different functions and may play a role in vascular disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the proportions of NK cells and their subsets to determine whether they can be used as markers of venous thrombosis and to identify whether there was a link between NK cell proportion and citrullinated histone (H3) levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 100 participants divided into Group I (n=50, patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT)) and Group II (n=50, age- and sex-matched healthy controls)...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38025519/diagnosis-and-management-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-polycythemia-vera
#38
REVIEW
Giulia Benevolo, Monia Marchetti, Remo Melchio, Eloise Beggiato, Chiara Sartori, Carlo Alberto Biolé, Davide Rapezzi, Benedetto Bruno, Alberto Milan
Polycythemia vera (PV) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by aberrant myeloid lineage hematopoiesis with excessive red blood cell and pro-inflammatory cytokine production. Patients with PV present with a range of thrombotic and hemorrhagic symptoms that affect quality of life and reduce overall survival expectancy. Thrombotic events, transformation into acute myeloid leukemia, and myelofibrosis are largely responsible for the observed mortality. Treatment of PV is thus primarily focused on symptom control and survival extension through the prevention of thrombosis and leukemic transformation...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38025518/vascular-health-promotion-project-and-vascular-medicine-in-china-ccvm2004-2023
#39
REVIEW
Fang Wen, Shantong Jiang, Ping Yuan, Jinbo Liu, Xiu Bai, Hongwei Zhao, Xin Chen, Yan-Bing Gong, Roland Asmar, Hongyu Wang
Cardiovascular disease(CVD) has become a major disease burden affecting people's health in China. Blood vessels are very important for human health and are the "sentinel" for the development of many cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The key to effectively preventing fatal, disabling heart, brain and peripheral vascular events lies in controlling traditional and non-traditional risk factors for vascular health from the source, and early assessment and intervention of early vascular lesions. Since 2004, China government promoted the early detection technology of vascular lesions and vascular medicine, and proposed the Beijing Vascular Health Stratification (BVHS) to provide suggestions for the examination, evaluation and management of risk factors, and to provide new ideas for lifelong maintenance of vascular health...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38025517/cross-sectional-relationship-between-atrial-conduction-delay-and-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Azusa Ueda, Satoshi Kasagi, Ken-Ichi Maeno, Ryo Naito, Takiko Kumagai, Yuka Kimura, Mitsue Kato, Fusae Kawana, Yasuhiro Tomita, Koji Narui, Takatoshi Kasai
AIM: Prolonged P-wave duration (PWD), which indicates atrial conduction delay, is a potent precursor of atrial fibrillation (AF) that may be induced by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), which is an arterial stiffness parameter, is elevated in patients with OSA; moreover, an increased CAVI is associated with atrial conduction delay through left atrium enlargement in association with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. We aimed to examine the relationship between the CAVI and PWD in patients with OSA...
2023: Vascular Health and Risk Management
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