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Journals Vascular Health and Risk Manag...

Vascular Health and Risk Management

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883398/a-case-of-superficial-kaposiform-hemangioendothelioma-treated-with-oral-propranolol-combined-with-topical-sirolimus
#1
REVIEW
Nan Dang, Yunqing Ren
Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma(KHE) without Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon is a rare tumor primarily observed in pediatric patients; however, its documentation in the literature remains limited. We reported about a 1-year-old boy diagnosed with superficial KHE who received oral propranolol in combination with topical sirolimus and reviewed relevant reports and treatment of superficial KHE.
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38859874/a-double-rarity-lost-intravascular-catheter-guidewire-in-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-and-coronary-sinus-a-case-report
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Benjamin Palić, Marija Goluža Sesar, Kristina Galić, Gojko Bogdan, Zrinko Prskalo
Guidewire loss is a rare complication of central venous catheterization. A 65-year-old male was hospitalized in a high-dependency unit for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, erythrocytosis, and clinical signs of heart failure. Upon admission, after an unsuccessful right jugular approach, a left jugular central venous catheter was placed. The next day, chest radiography revealed the catheter located in the left parasternal region, with suspected retention of the guidewire, visually confirmed by the presence of its proximal end inside the catheter...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38774425/perioperative-management-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-treated-with-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-undergoing-minor-bleeding-risk-procedure-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-perixa-study
#3
MULTICENTER STUDY
Soonil Kwon, So-Ryoung Lee, Eue-Keun Choi, Kyung-Yeon Lee, JungMin Choi, Hyo-Jeong Ahn, Seil Oh, Gregory Yoke Hong Lip
BACKGROUND: While treatment interruption of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for elective surgery or procedures among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is becoming more prevalent, there remains insufficient evidence regarding the optimal perioperative management of NOACs, particularly procedures with minor bleeding risks. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a simplified, standardized protocol for perioperative management of direct factor Xa inhibitors in patients, with AF undergoing procedures associated with minor bleeding risk...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745849/cardiovascular-considerations-and-implications-for-treatment-in-psoriasis-an-updated-review
#4
REVIEW
Hitaishi Mehta, Tarun Narang, Sunil Dogra, Sanjeev Handa, Juniali Hatwal, Akash Batta
Psoriasis, a prevalent chronic inflammatory skin disorder affecting 2-3% of the global population, has transcended its dermatological confines, revealing a profound association with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This comprehensive review explores the intricate interplay between psoriasis and cardiovascular system, delving into genetic links, immune pathways, and adipose tissue dysfunction beyond conventional CVD risk factors. The pathophysiological connections unveil unique signatures, distinct from other inflammatory skin conditions, in particular psoriasis-specific genetic polymorphisms in IL-23 and TNF-α have consistently been linked to CVD...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680252/retrospective-cohort-angiographic-analysis-of-vertebral-artery-dominance-stenosis-patterns-and-demographic-correlations
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Izzeddin Qtaish, Mohammad Ayasrah, Noat R Qtaish
BACKGROUND: Differences in dominance and stenosis in the complex vertebral artery (VA) network pose challenges in diagnosing and treating cerebrovascular diseases crucial for brain nutrition. This research examines these intricacies, highlighting the importance of detailed diagnosis and treatment methods. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of the dominant VA, evaluate the influence of gender and age on steno-occlusion, and explore the correlation between the dominant VA and stenosed VA segments...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38633724/development-and-internal-validation-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-the-hyperuricemia-population
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ximisinuer Tusongtuoheti, Guoqing Huang, Yushan Mao
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify independent risk factors for carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) in a population with hyperuricemia (HUA) and develop a CAS risk prediction model. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 3579 HUA individuals who underwent health examinations, including carotid ultrasonography, at the Zhenhai Lianhua Hospital in Ningbo, China, in 2020. All participants were randomly assigned to the training and internal validation sets in a 7:3 ratio...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628618/association-of-handgrip-strength-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-middle-aged-postmenopausal-women-an-analysis-of-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2014-2019
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jinkyung Park, Sooyeon Park
PURPOSE: Handgrip strength is an indicator of overall muscle strength and has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Evidence suggests that menopause is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in women, and muscle strength decreases progressively after menopause. Despite the prognostic importance of the decline in muscle strength and increased cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women, evidence of their association is limited. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal, middle-aged Korean women...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38623542/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-as-an-initial-presentation-of-nephrotic-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Yassir Balla, Abdullahi Said Hashi, Ahmed Adam Osman, Mohamed Sheikh Hassan, Eren Mutlu
Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) encompasses a spectrum of disorders involving thrombosis of the cerebral venous system. As shown by previous epidemiological studies, the prevalence of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis is 4-7 cases per million people. Nephrotic syndrome was very rarely associated with thrombosis cerebral veins or sinuses. Hypercoagulability and thrombotic complications in nephrotic syndrome are most commonly seen in deep veins of the lower extremities and renal veins. Our case highlights a unique scenario in which cerebral sinovenous thrombosis was the initial presentation of nephrotic syndrome in a patient that was not an important past medical or surgical problem...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38616927/cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-first-degree-relatives-of-patients-with-premature-cardiovascular-disease-in-malta-baseline-findings-from-the-criso-project
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Justin Lee Mifsud, Joseph Galea
PURPOSE: A family history of premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) confers a greater risk of developing ASCVD. However, the prevalence of ASCVD risk factors among asymptomatic Maltese adults with parental or fraternal history of premature ASCVD is unknown. The study aimed to evaluate and compare their risk with the general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Posters to market the project were distributed in cardiac rehabilitation areas. Patients with premature cardiovascular disease facilitated recruitment by informing their relatives about the project...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595828/echocardiographic-parameters-and-complication-profiles-among-adult-patients-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-at-jimma-medical-center
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hiwot Berhanu, Andualem Mossie, Sudhakar Narayan Morankar, Tadesse Dukessa Gemechu, Elsah Tegene
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) need early medical attention and follow-up, most patients in developing countries tend to present with debilitating complications. The objective of this study was to evaluate the echocardiographic features of adult individuals diagnosed with RHD and examine the associated complications among patients who started follow-up at Jimma Medical Center's (JMC) cardiac follow-up clinic. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at JMC between January 5 and April 15, 2023...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38567028/a-combined-measure-of-the-triglyceride-glucose-index-and-trimethylamine-n-oxide-in-risk-stratification-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-with-high-risk-plaque-features-defined-by-optical-coherence-tomography-a-substudy-of-the-octami-registry
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoxiao Zhao, Hanjun Zhao, Runzhen Chen, Jiannan Li, Jinying Zhou, Nan Li, Shaodi Yan, Chen Liu, Peng Zhou, Yi Chen, Li Song, Hongbing Yan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: An elevated triglyceride-glucose (TyG) level is associated with increased risk of mortality in patients with CAD. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) has mechanistic links to atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) pathogenesis and is correlated with adverse outcomes. However, the incremental prognostic value of TMAO and TyG in the cohort of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined high-risk ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients is unknown. METHODS: We studied 274 consecutive aged ≥18 years patients with evidence of STEMI and detected on pre-intervention OCT imaging of culprit lesions between March 2017 and March 2019...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38501043/trends-in-lower-extremity-artery-disease-repair-incidence-comorbidity-and-mortality-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study-1996-2018
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anders Møller, Nikolaj Eldrup, Jørn Wetterslev, Dorthe Hellemann, Henning Bay Nielsen, Klaus Rostgaard, Henrik Hjalgrim, Ole Birger Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of occlusive lower extremity artery disease (LEAD) is rising worldwide while European epidemiology data are scarce. We report incidence and mortality of LEAD repair in Denmark from 1996 through 2018, stratified on open aorto-iliac, open peripheral, and endovascular repair. METHODS: A nationwide cohort study of prospective data from population-based Danish registers covering 1996 to 2018. Comorbidity was assessed by Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI)...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38495057/the-importance-of-cultural-awareness-in-the-management-of-heart-failure-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
James M Beattie, Teresa Castiello, Tiny Jaarsma
Heart failure is a commonly encountered clinical syndrome arising from a range of etiologic cardiovascular diseases and manifests in a phenotypic spectrum of varying degrees of systolic and diastolic ventricular dysfunction. Those affected by this life-limiting illness are subject to an array of burdensome symptoms, poor quality of life, prognostic uncertainty, and a relatively onerous and increasingly complex treatment regimen. This condition occurs in epidemic proportions worldwide, and given the demographic trend in societal ageing, the prevalence of heart failure is only likely to increase...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476268/association-of-body-mass-index-with-outcomes-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-analysis-from-the-jofib-registry
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rashid Ibdah, Ahmad Abdalmajeed Alghzawi, Amer K Atoum, Lina Ib Alenazi, Anwar Y Al Omary, Ayman Hammoudeh, Bushra Laswi, Sukaina Rawashdeh
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) accounts for the majority of arrhythmias affecting adults. It is associated with an increased mortality and various complications. Obesity being a major risk factor of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases including AF has always been connected to the overall burden of AF, but its role in the development of AF complications remains unclear. Our study aims to evaluate the impact of obesity on the complications of AF in Jordanian patients to establish a proper prognosis since studies regarding this topic in the Middle East are scant...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38464676/health-literacy-self-care-behaviors-and-biochemical-parameters-among-hypertensive-patients-with-renal-complications-in-the-tai-lue-ethnic-community-of-thailand
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nittaya Sriprachot, Katekaew Seangpraw, Parichat Ong-Artborirak
PURPOSE: Hypertension (HT) can cause renal complications or deterioration of kidney function. HT management is very important because it reduces the severity of illnesses. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between health literacy (HL), self-care behaviors (SCB), and biochemical parameters in hypertensive patients with renal complications. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 405 hypertensive patients with renal complications among Tai Lue people living in Thailand was conducted using simple random sampling...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38464675/evaluation-of-the-correlation-between-distribution-location-and-vulnerability-of-carotid-plaque-in-patients-with-transient-ischemic-attack
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yinan Zhao, Yan Gu, Ying Liu, Zhongping Guo
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship among distribution location, characteristics, and vulnerability of carotid plaque using CTA and provide more information on the risk factors of carotid atherosclerotic plaque. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the CTA images of the head and neck of 93 patients with carotid atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis was developed in 148 carotid arteries. The plaques were divided into a high-risk plaque group and a low-risk plaque group according to whether the plaques had high-risk characteristics...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38435054/trends-in-aaa-repair-in-australia-over-twenty-years
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lakmali Anthony, Madeline Gillies, David Goh
BACKGROUND: The advent of endovascular techniques has revolutionised the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Many countries have seen a transition from open AAA repair (OAR) to endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) over the past 25 years. The only study done in Australia that describes this change was done in the private sector. Majority of healthcare in Australia is delivered through the public, universal healthcare system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the trends in AAA repair in the Australian public sector over the past two decades...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38414907/postoperative-insulin-dose-for-cardiac-artery-bypass-graft-and-other-cardiac-surgeries-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yukiko Fukuda, Emi Ushigome, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
PURPOSE: Recommendations on perioperative glycemic control in cardiac surgery are based on coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), though coronary artery disease and valvular disease are pathologically distinct. We aimed to compare the postoperative insulin requirement between CABG and other cardiac surgeries in type 2 diabetic patients and identify predictive factors for the maximum postoperative insulin dose. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively included 60 Japanese patients with diabetes/glucose intolerance (HbA1c > 37 mmol/mol [5...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38374913/arterial-stiffness-and-aortic-aneurysmal-disease-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Konstantinos G Moulakakis, Christos F Pitros, Ioannis T Theodosopoulos, Spyridon N Mylonas, John D Kakisis, Christos Manopoulos, Nikolaos P E Kadoglou
It has been documented that large-artery stiffness is independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk and may potentially lead to heart and kidney failure and cerebrovascular disease. A systematic review of studies investigating changes in arterial stiffness in patients undergoing endovascular repair of aortic disease was conducted. In addition, a review of the available literature was performed, analyzing findings from studies using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as a marker of arterial stiffness...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38348404/pericardiectomy-for-constrictive-pericarditis-with-or-without-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#20
REVIEW
Jing-Bin Huang, Yun-Tian Tang
AIM: We aim to access the effect of pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: This was a review of pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis. RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary bypass is actually an important maneuver to attain complete relief of the constriction. The short additional time of cardiopulmonary bypass during the procedure has very little effect on the risk of morbidity of the main operation...
2024: Vascular Health and Risk Management
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