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Women's Health

Christelle Clerc Liaudat, Paul Vaucher, Tommaso De Francesco, Nicole Jaunin-Stalder, Lilli Herzig, François Verdon, Bernard Favrat, Isabella Locatelli, Carole Clair
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of death worldwide and despite a higher prevalence in men, mortality from CVD is higher among women. Few studies have assessed sex differences in chest pain management in ambulatory care. The objective of this post hoc analysis of data from a prospective cohort study was to assess sex differences in the management of chest pain in ambulatory care. SETTING: We used data from the Thoracic Pain in Community cohort study that was realized in 58 primary care practices and one university ambulatory clinic in Switzerland...
January 2018: Women's Health
Mohamed Akaaboune, Bruno Kenfack, Manuela Viviano, Liliane Temogne, Rosa Catarino, Eveline Tincho, Joel Mbobda, Phuong Lien Tran, Roxane Camail, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat
OBJECTIVE: Persistent infection with human papillomavirus is the prerequisite for the development of cervical precancerous and cancerous lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the time-to-viral clearance in a population of human papillomavirus-infected Cameroonian women and to examine the possible predictors of viral persistence. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study based on a population of human papillomavirus-positive women having previously been recruited in a self-human papillomavirus-based cervical cancer screening campaign, who were invited for a control visit at 6 and 12 months...
January 2018: Women's Health
Adriaan Tuiten, Frits Michiels, Koen Be Böcker, Daniël Höhle, Jack van Honk, Robert Pj de Lange, Kim van Rooij, Rob Kessels, Jos Bloemers, Jeroen Gerritsen, Paddy Janssen, Leo de Leede, John-Jules Meyer, Walter Everaerd, Henderik W Frijlink, Hans Pf Koppeschaar, Berend Olivier, James G Pfaus
Attempts to develop a drug treatment for female sexual interest/arousal disorder have so far been guided by the principle of 'one size fits all', and have failed to acknowledge the complexity of female sexuality. Guided by personalized medicine, we designed two on-demand drugs targeting two distinct hypothesized causal mechanisms for this sexual disorder. The objective of this study was to design and test a novel procedure, based on genotyping, that predicts which of the two on-demand drugs will yield a positive treatment response...
January 2018: Women's Health
Habiba Kapaya, Emma R Dimelow, Dilly Anumba
OBJECTIVE: To determine the acceptability, to women, of wearing a portable fetal electrocardiogram recording device at different stages of pregnancy and to gain insight into their experience of its use for long-periods of monitoring of small-for-gestational fetuses in the home environment. METHODS: A qualitative study using both a questionnaire and focus group involving women with singleton pregnancy >24 weeks gestation, no evidence of fetal malformation and an estimated fetal weight below 10th gestational centile on ultrasound scan...
January 2018: Women's Health
Karen Meneses, Silvia Gisiger-Camata, Rachel Benz, Dheeraj Raju, Jennifer R Bail, Tanya J Benitez, Dorothy Pekmezi, Patrick McNees
AIM: This study was a pilot test of the Latina Breast Cancer Survivorship Intervention, a survivorship self-management intervention delivered via telephone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used a wait-list control design with random assignment to either (1) support and early education or (2) support and delayed education. Latina breast cancer survivors were recruited through the Florida Cancer Data System Registry. Latinas with stage I-III breast cancer who completed primary cancer treatment 3 years prior to study enrollment were eligible...
January 2018: Women's Health
Melanie Henes, Tobias Engler, Florin-Andrei Taran, Sara Brucker, Katharina Rall, Birthe Janz, Barbara Lawrenz
Previous publications suggest a reduction in the ovarian reserve following ovarian surgery. The influence of the underlying disease, histology, size of the ovarian cyst and type of procedure remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of an ovarian operation on the ovarian reserve, based on the anti-Müllerian hormone levels. The anti-Müllerian hormone values were determined by means of a standardized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In total, 52 patients with one or more ovarian cysts of different histologic entities treated at the Department of Women's Health at the Women's University Hospital in Tübingen were included in the study...
January 2018: Women's Health
Mélanie Aubé, Le Mai Tu
Pelvic organ prolapse is a prevalent disorder with a high lifetime incidence of surgical repair. Pelvic organ prolapse surgery has greatly evolved over the past years, and pelvic floor reconstructive surgeons are faced with a vast array of treatment options for their patients. Our review article illustrates the current trends and future perspectives for the surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse.
January 2018: Women's Health
Rosemary Basson, Thea Gilks
Impairment of mental health is the most important risk factor for female sexual dysfunction. Women living with psychiatric illness, despite their frequent sexual difficulties, consider sexuality to be an important aspect of their quality of life. Antidepressant and antipsychotic medication, the neurobiology and symptoms of the illness, past trauma, difficulties in establishing relationships and stigmatization can all contribute to sexual dysfunction. Low sexual desire is strongly linked to depression. Lack of subjective arousal and pleasure are linked to trait anxiety: the sensations of physical sexual arousal may lead to fear rather than to pleasure...
January 2018: Women's Health
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Lynette M Renner
The prevention of intimate partner violence continues to be a high priority for health practitioners and researchers around the world. Screening practices and intervention efforts utilized within high- and/or middle-income areas may not translate effectively to low-resource areas due to differences in financial, social, and physical context. However, little is known about the evidence-base of intervention efforts in such areas. Using the Arksey and O'Malley framework for scoping reviews, the purpose of this review was to synthesize what is known about intimate partner violence screening, management, and treatment in low-resource areas...
January 2018: Women's Health
Sharon Keesing, Lorna Rosenwax, Beverley McNamara
Early survivorship is a time of critical transition for women survivors of breast cancer as they attempt to resume functional activities and important life roles. This study aimed to explore the challenges of women and their partners as they attempted to resume activities and roles, identify unmet needs and make recommendations regarding a suitable framework to support women and partners to recommence valued activities and important roles during early survivorship. Qualitative methods utilising in-depth interviews of women (n = 18) and their partners (n = 8), and two focus groups (n = 10) were completed in Perth, Western Australia, between June 2014 and April 2015...
January 2018: Women's Health
Maurie Markman
There is considerable interest and enthusiasm within the clinical gynecologic oncology community regarding the potential for poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors to play a critically relevant role in the management of epithelial ovarian cancer and particularly (although not exclusively) in the setting of known mutations in the BRCA gene. This review will briefly highlight the biological rational for the use of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors in this malignancy, followed by summary of currently available clinical data supporting the delivery of agents approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for non-investigative use...
January 2018: Women's Health
Funlayo Odejinmi, Reeba Oliver, Rebecca Mallick
Ulipristal acetate (Esmya© ) has been hailed the new wonder drug with regard to the medical management of uterine fibroids, and many postulate that it will remove the need for surgical treatment in the future. While the results from the PEARL studies are certainly promising and its amenorrhoeic rates and reduction in fibroid size are unquestionable, there is still a paucity of data with regard to its long-term effects, the effects on its usage prior to surgery and its variable efficacy in different ethnic populations...
December 2017: Women's Health
David M Aboulafia
The number of women living with HIV continues to increase. Thirty years into the AIDS epidemic, we now expect those with access to highly active antiretroviral to survive into their seventh decade of life or beyond. Increasingly, the focus of HIV care is evolving from preventing opportunistic infections and treating AIDS-defining malignancies to strategies that promote longevity. This holistic approach to care includes detection of malignancies that are associated with certain viral infections, with chronic inflammation, and with lifestyle choices...
December 2017: Women's Health
Ying Chen, Elizabeth Bruning, Joseph Rubino, Scott E Eder
Women use various feminine hygiene products, often as part of their daily cleansing routine; however, there is a paucity of published medical literature related to the external vulva and how personal hygiene practices can affect it. This review article provides background information on the physiological changes that occur during women's lives and reviews the relevance of transient and resident microbiota as they relate to common vaginal and vulvar disorders. It also discusses the need for female intimate hygiene, common practices of feminine hygiene from a global perspective, and the potential benefits of using suitable external, topical feminine vulvar washes to minimize the risk of vulvovaginal disorders and to improve overall intimate health in women around the world...
December 2017: Women's Health
Rose McDonnell, Roger J Hart
The polycystic ovary syndrome is a common endocrine disorder that has profound implications for women throughout their reproductive years. A diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome is associated with reproductive challenges including a difficulty in conceiving as well as the pregnancy-related complications of miscarriage, hypertensive disorders, gestational diabetes and prematurity. Consequently, polycystic ovary syndrome has profound implications for women and their offspring with regard to reproductive function in the short term and in the longer term the risk of chronic illness and congenital anomalies, and health care resources should be directed accordingly to mitigate against these risks...
December 2017: Women's Health
Jean Harvey, Kim Dittus, Elise Mench
Cancer survivors are at increased risk of chronic disease and diminished quality of life. The presence of overweight and obesity can exacerbate these health risks. Fortunately, even small weight losses have been found to produce clinically meaningful health outcomes. However, effective obesity treatment is difficult to access, and recently, efforts have been made to disseminate interventions using eHealth or distantly delivered technology. This review aims to focus on the efficacy and limitations of these technologies for female cancer survivors...
December 2017: Women's Health
Sarah Keen, Hashina Begum, Howard S Friedman, Chris D James
Family planning is commonly regarded as a highly cost-effective health intervention with wider social and economic benefits. Yet use of family planning services in Sierra Leone is currently low and 25.0% of married women have an unmet need for contraception. This study aims to estimate the costs and benefits of scaling up family planning in Sierra Leone. Using the OneHealth Tool, two scenarios of scaling up family planning coverage to currently married women in Sierra Leone over 2013-2035 were assessed and compared to a 'no-change' counterfactual...
December 2017: Women's Health
Mercede Sebghati, Edwin Chandraharan
Obstetric haemorrhage is associated with increased risk of serious maternal morbidity and mortality. Postpartum haemorrhage is the commonest form of obstetric haemorrhage, and worldwide, a woman dies due to massive postpartum haemorrhage approximately every 4 min. In addition, many experience serious morbidity such as multi-organ failure, complications of multiple blood transfusions, peripartum hysterectomy and unintended damage to pelvic organs, loss of fertility and psychological sequelae, including posttraumatic stress disorders...
August 2017: Women's Health
Neal M Lonky, Yasmina Mohan, Vicki Y Chiu, Jeanna Park, Seth Kivnick, Christina Hong, Sharon M Hudson
OBJECTIVE: To examine variables associated with hysterectomy-related complications, relative to surgical approach and other variables, that lead to readmission within 90 days of surgery. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study for which data were extracted from electronic health records. Data were extracted of all patients (n = 3106) who underwent hysterectomies at 10 Kaiser Permanente Southern California medical centers between June 2010 and September 2011...
August 2017: Women's Health
Shabnam Bobdiwala, Maya Al-Memar, Jessica Farren, Tom Bourne
The management of women with a pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) can vary significantly and often lacks a clear evidence base. Intensive follow-up is usually required for women with a final outcome of an ectopic pregnancy. This, however, only accounts for a small proportion of women with a pregnancy of unknown PUL location. There remains a clear clinical need to rationalize the follow-up of PUL so women at high risk of having a final outcome of an ectopic pregnancy are followed up more intensively and those PUL at low risk of having an ectopic pregnancy have their follow-up streamlined...
August 2017: Women's Health
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