Kamran Abbasi, Parveen Ali, Virginia Barbour, Thomas Benfield, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Gregory E Erhabor, Stephen Hancocks, Richard Horton, Laurie Laybourn-Langton, Robert Mash, Peush Sahni, Wadeia Mohammad Sharief, Paul Yonga, Chris Zielinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Opoku Gyamfi, James Aboko, Edward Ankapong, Jemima Tiwaa Marfo, Nana Yaa Awuah-Boateng, Kofi Sarpong, Emmanuel Dartey
Background: Globally, the consumption and use of cosmetics have increased exponentially. The presence of hazardous metals raises worries about their potential long-term impacts on human health. Objective: This review's primary goal is to shed light on the presence and ranges of heavy metal concentrations in diverse cosmetic samples as well as the instrumental techniques used by various authors to analyse the hazardous metals in the articles under evaluation. Methodology: This analysis concentrated on 16 publications that measured the levels of heavy metals like lead, cadmium, iron, nickel, chromium, and mercury in various cosmetic samples that were published between the years 2012 and 2020...
November 2, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Qingli Guo, Lili Jin, Tingting Zhang, Ruihao Gao, Kaili Zou, Min Fu, Hengtai Bi, Junyao Zhang, Min Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Tislelizumab may induce immune-related adverse events, especially adverse skin events. Early detection and timely intervention of cutaneous adverse events are crucial to improve patients' quality of life and reduce the disruption of therapeutic regimens. This study aimed to determine the clinical characteristics of cutaneous adverse reactions to tislelizumab and offer a reference for its rational clinical use. METHODS: Case reports of cutaneous adverse reactions induced by tislelizumab were collected from the relevant databases (up to 31 March 2023)...
November 1, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Enayatollah Seydi, Ghazaleh Tahmasebi, Abdollah Arjmand, Jalal Pourahmad
PURPOSE: Retinoblastoma (RB) is one of the most important cancers in children with a higher rate of prevalence in developing countries. Despite different approaches to the treatment of RB, it seems necessary to discover a new approach to its treatment. Today, mitochondria are recognised as an important target in the treatment of cancer. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have been studied by researchers due to their important biological effects. METHODS: In this study, the effects of SPIONs on mitochondria isolated from Y79 retinoblastoma cells were investigated...
October 31, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Anna J van der Zalm, Amber B Daniel, Hans A Raabe, Neepa Choksi, Tara Flint Silva, Julie Breeden-Alemi, Lindsay O'Dell, Nicole C Kleinstreuer, Anna B Lowit, David G Allen, Amy J Clippinger
Many sectors have seen complete replacement of the in vivo rabbit eye test with reproducible and relevant in vitro and ex vivo methods to assess the eye corrosion/irritation potential of chemicals. However, the in vivo rabbit eye test remains the standard test used for agrochemical formulations in some countries. Therefore, two defined approaches (DAs) for assessing conventional agrochemical formulations were developed, using the EpiOcularTM Eye Irritation Test (EIT) [Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) test guideline (TG) 492] and the Bovine Corneal Opacity and Permeability (OECD TG 437; BCOP) test with histopathology...
October 31, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Biplab Pal, Sweta Kumari, Alka Kumari, Sachin Kumar Singh, Harish Babbar
Aim: Lip care cosmetics products are any external preparation used by people to prevent drying, chapping, dullness, and beautification of lips. This study aimed to review the literature on allergic reactions induced by different types of lip care cosmetic products. Methods: A literature search was performed in PubMed from inception to June 2022. The study included articles published in English and available in full text. References of illegible articles were searched. Studies describing any patient who developed allergic contact dermatitis after the application of lip care cosmetic products were included...
October 30, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Mustafa Esen
INTRODUCTION: In the quest for objective biomarkers for psoriasis, the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and mean platelet volume (MPV) have been used to assess disease severity, treatment efficacy, and follow-up in psoriasis, and their relationship with the Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) has been investigated. PURPOSE: The evaluation of pre-treatment, 3rd and 6th-month levels of NLR, PLR, MPV, and CRP along with PASI scores in psoriasis patients treated with secukinumab, ixekizumab, risankizumab, and guselkumab...
October 28, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Ömer Faruk Yilmaz, Abdurrahman Sarmış, Muhammet Ali Mutlu, Halit Oguz
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of commercial tattoo inks used in corneal tattooing on conjunctival microbiota. METHOD: This prospective case control study consisted of 125 participants divided in the following three groups: 35 patients with corneal tattoos, 40 patients with corneal leukoma, and 50 healthy subjects. Corneal tattooing was performed in all the cases in this study using a tattoo pen machine and commercial tattoo ink. A total of 500 cultures were taken from 250 eyes of 125 individuals on chocolate and sheep blood agar...
October 25, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Ozlem Dikmetas, Yasemin Kapucu, Ali Bülent Cankaya, Sibel Kocabeyoglu
PURPOSE: The amniotic membrane (AM), the inner layer of the placenta, is a semitransparent, avascular and thin tissue that is useful due to its structure. Amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) avoids the need for keratoplasty to prevent corneal perforating. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the visual (gain of or no change in visual acuity) and corneal outcomes (closure of the ulcer or corneal healing) of AMT in patients with ocular surface diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case control study (success or failure of the surgery)...
October 25, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Kübra Özata Gündoğdu, Emine Doğan, Erkan Çelik, Gürsoy Alagöz
PURPOSE: To compare the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) in smoker and nonsmoker diabetics without diabetic retinopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with diabetes were divided into two groups according to their smoking status: Group 1 consisted of 38 smoker diabetics who had chronically smoked more than 20 cigarettes per day for more than five years; Group 2 consisted of 38 nonsmoker diabetics...
October 24, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Mustafa Esen
PURPOSE: Although the inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects of isotretinoin (ISO) treatment in patients with acne vulgaris have been discussed in the literature in recent years, no sensitive and specific marker has been found in studies so far. Neutrophil/HDL (high-density lipoprotein) (NHR), lymphocyte/HD L(LHR), platelet/HDL (PHR), and lymphocyte/monocyte (LMR) are new biomarkers related to inflammation. Triglyceride/HDL (TG/HDL), LDL/HDL, and total cholesterol/HDL have been shown to be cardiometabolic risk factors predicting both cardiovascular disease risk and metabolic risk, rather than just a simple dyslipidemia scale...
October 14, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Keon Woo Park, Ji Woong Chun, Seong Won Yang, Seon Joo Park, Da Eun Jeong, Jae Woong Koh
Introduction: Ophthalmic sponges are used for cleaning the eye surface and absorbing fluids during ophthalmic procedures. This study compared the biological safety and stability of a new ophthalmic sponge, Occucell® (OccuTech Inc, Seongnam, Korea), on the human conjunctival epithelial cells with those of preexisting products to evaluate its clinical application. Materials and Methods: The cytotoxicity of four products, Occucell, a new product, Ultracell® , Eyetec-1, and Eyetec-2, on conjunctival epithelial cells, was evaluated using the MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) analysis...
September 7, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Mehmet Tahir Eski, Taha Sezer, Havvanur Bayraktar, Emir Altıkardeşler
Purpose: This retrospective study aimed to compare the peripapillary choroidal vascularity index (CVI) between young smokers who smoked less than 5 packs/year and non-smokers. Methods: The study included 52 smokers and 67 non-smokers, and comprehensive eye examinations were performed on all participants. Axial lengths (AL) were measured, and peripapillary enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) images were obtained and evaluated using the Open Source ImageJ software. The CVI, total choroidal area (TCA), luminal area (LA), stromal area (SA), and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) quadrants were compared between the two groups...
September 5, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Bülent Polat, Damla Tuğçe Okur, Armağan Çolak, Sıtkıcan Okur, Mustafa Özkaraca, Kader Yilmaz
The objective of the current study was to evaluate Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the healing of incisional wounds following ovariohysterectomy in rats, by means of subjective histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis. A total of 72 female Wistar rats were categorized into four treatment groups (Group I; sacrification 4 hours following only one LLLT application, Group II; sacrification 7 days following only one LLLT application, Group III; sacrification 4 hours after two LLLT applications, and Group IV; sacrification 7 days after two LLLT applications)...
August 25, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Yue Wang, Nuoya Yin, Renjun Yang, Miaomiao Zhao, Shichang Li, Shuxian Zhang, Yanyi Zhao, Francesco Faiola
OBJECTIVE: To explore the retinal toxicity of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), flame retardants, bisphenols, phthalates, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on human retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) and retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, which are the primary cell types at the early stages of retinal development, vital for subsequent functional cell type differentiation, and closely related to retinal diseases. METHODS: After 23 days of differentiation, human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-based retinal pre-organoids, containing RPCs and RPE cells, were exposed to 10, 100, and 1000 nM pesticides (butachlor, terbutryn, imidacloprid, deltamethrin, pendimethalin, and carbaryl), flame retardants (PFOS, TBBPA, DBDPE, and TDCIPP), PPCPs (climbazole and BHT), and other typical pollutants (phenanthrene, DCHP, and BPA) for seven days...
August 21, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Lu Li, Xudong Peng, Nan Jiang, Meng Yan, Zhaoxia Zheng, Duo Zhang, Lina Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the influence of smoking on ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer complex (GC-IPL) thickness and central macular thickness (CMT) measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) in male diabetes. METHODS: 90 smoking and 90 never-smoking male subjects were included in this study. They were divided into six groups based on the diagnostic criteria for diabetes and the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) classification: smoking healthy subjects (SH, n  = 20), non-smoking healthy subjects (NSH, n  = 20), smoking diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy (SNDR, n  = 40), non-smoking diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy (NSNDR, n  = 40), smoking diabetic patients with diabetic retinopathy (SDR, n  = 30), and non-smoking diabetic patients with diabetic retinopathy (NSDR, n  = 30)...
August 10, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Murat Garlı, Tuncay Küsbeci, Figen Aydın, Okan Akmaz
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on corneal endothelial structure and anterior segment parameters in healthy eyes. METHODS: 17 eyes of 17 patients who were scheduled to receive HBOT for other than ophthalmologic indications were investigated in this prospective study. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal endothelial properties were evaluated using a specular microscope. Endothelial cell density (ECD), average cell area (AVG), coefficient of variation in cell size (CV), percentage of hexagonal cells (HEX), CCT, intraocular pressure (IOP), spherical equivalent (SE), axial length (AL) and anterior chamber depth (ACD) values were measured before the HBOT, after the 1st session, and after the 20th session of therapy...
August 2, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Zeynep Özer Özcan, Gizem Gürbostan Soysal, Nesime Setge Tıskaoğlu, Mustafa Berhuni
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the predictive effect of pre-injection intraocular pressure (IOP) and anterior segment parameters on post-injection IOP values after intravitreal bevacizumab injection for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NVAMD) in phakic and pseudophakic patient groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 65 eyes of 65 treatment-naive NVAMD patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to their lens status (35 phakic and 30 pseudophakic patients)...
August 2, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Mahdi Balali-Mood, Rodney D Sinclair, Emadodin Darchini-Maragheh, Leila Etemad
Amphetamines are the second most commonly used illicit drug worldwide. Amphetamine use can result in significant cutaneous morbidity. This review highlights the dermatological manifestations of amphetamine abuse.
July 28, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Fatma Sali, Veysel Aykut, Ahmad Kunbaz, Ebubekir Durmus, Mustafa Hepokur, Halit Oguz, Fehim Esen
OBJECTIVES: To compare endothelial toxicity and efficacy of two local steroid injections (intracameral triamcinolone acetonide and subconjunctival dexamethasone) in controlling postoperative inflammation following pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with phacoemulsification cataract surgery. METHODS: This cohort included 54 patients that underwent combined surgery and received either intracameral triamcinolone acetonide injections (n = 27, IC-TA group) or subconjunctival dexamethasone (n = 27, Sc-Dex group) injections at the end of the surgery...
July 24, 2023: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
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