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Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research

Julián Hernández, Camilo Boza
Bariatric surgery has been considered one of best treatments for obesity. As every surgical procedure-and any medical intervention, it is not exempt of complications, among which leaks, strictures, acute hemorrhages and fistulae highlight. Leaks are more common in the gastro-jejunal anastomosis (GJA) in the case of Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass (RYGB), while in Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) they locate in the stapler line. Stenosis can be seen in the gastro-jejunostomy in the RYGB and in the gastric tube in case of the LSG...
2016: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Julián Varas, Pablo Achurra, Felipe León, Richard Castillo, Natalia De La Fuente, Rajesh Aggarwal, Leticia Clede, María P Bravo, Marcia Corvetto, Rodrigo Montaña
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheterization (CVC) is a basic requirement for many medical specialties. Simulated training in CVC may allow the acquisition of this competency but few reports have established a valid methodology for learning and acquiring procedural skills for CVC. This study aims to validate the use of a tracking motion device, the imperial college surgical assessment device (ICSAD), by comparing it with validated global rating scales (GRS) to measure CVC performance in a simulated torso...
2016: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Laurent Biertho, Frédéric Simon-Hould, Simon Marceau, Stéfane Lebel, Odette Lescelleur, Simon Biron
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) has long been considered as the bariatric procedure with the highest peri-operative and long-term complication rate. However, modern peri-operative care, including laparoscopic and staged-approach, has significantly reduced the complication rate related to this procedure. The goal of this article is to provide an overview of the current outcomes of laparoscopic BPD-DS in a high volume centre. METHODS: All patients who had a laparoscopic BPD-DS with a hand-sewn anastomosis performed between 2011 and 2015 (N = 566) were reviewed...
2016: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Gerald Moss
BACKGROUND: Surgical stress accelerates postoperative metabolism, while simultaneously compromising gut activity. The dysfunction may be worsened by early feeding. These patients are not expected to fully meet their optimum metabolic requirements using current nutritional regimens. For optimum postoperative enteral nutrition, we must automatically match the patients' feeding site inflows to their impaired peristaltic outflows. An essential adjunct is virtually complete exclusion of swallowed air...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Ameer Gomberawalla, Rami Lutfi
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the fastest rising bariatric procedure being performed in the United States. Some surgeons advocate for an intra-operative endoscopy for their leak test, while others utilize air via a form of an oral gastric tube. We present a case demonstrating the benefits of endoscopy intra-operatively as well as discuss our experience of 200 consecutive sleeve gastrectomies. CASE PRESENTATION: The case is a 37 years old female undergoing LSG for treatment for morbid obesity...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Sammy Ngichabe, Timona Obura, William Stones
BACKGROUND: Myomectomy is a surgical technique used for removal of uterine fibroids and historically hysterectomy has represented the mainstay of treatment. The options of conservative surgical approaches mainly aim at retention of fertility but have to be balanced against potential risks such as haemorrhage; blood loss at myomectomy still remains troublesome with use of various pharmacologic agents yielding inconclusive results. This trial aimed to explore the benefit of combining ornipressin and tranexamic acid during open myomectomy...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Dipok Kumar Dhar, Goran Hamid Mohammad, Soumil Vyas, Dieter Clemens Broering, Massimo Malago
BACKGROUND: Liver resection is the mainstay of treatment for most of the liver tumors. Liver has a unique capability to restore the lost volume following resection, however, most of the primary tumors grow in a liver with preexisting parenchymal diseases and secondary tumors often present in multiple liver lobes precluding a safe curative resection. Two-stage hepatectomy and portal vein ligation (PVL) are used to achieve a safer future remnant liver volume (FRLV), however, these procedures take several weeks to achieve adequate FRLV...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Pablo A Acquafresca, Mariano Palermo, Tomasz Rogula, Guillermo E Duza, Edgardo Serra
Since its appear in the year 1997, when Drs. Cadiere and Himpens did the first robotic cholecystectomy in Brussels, not long after the first cholecystectomy, they performed the first robotic bariatric procedure. It is believed that robotically-assisted surgery's most notable contributions are reflected in its ability to extend the benefits of minimally invasive surgery to procedures not routinely performed using minimal access techniques. We describe the 3 most common bariatric procedures done by robot. The main advantages of the robotic system applied to the gastric bypass appear to be better control of stoma size, avoidance of stapler costs, elimination of the potential for oropharyngeal and esophageal trauma, and a potential decrease in wound infection...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Chris Dickhoff, Wilson W Li, Petr Symersky, Koen J Hartemink
BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional video-assisted thoracic surgery (2D-VATS) has gained its position in daily practise. Although very useful, its two-dimensional view has its drawbacks when performing pulmonary resections. We report our first experience with 3-dimensional video-assisted surgery (3D-VATS). Advantages and differences with 2D-VATS and robotic surgery (RS) are discussed. METHODS: To evaluate feasibility, we scheduled patients for surgery by 3D-VATS who would normally be treated with 2D-VATS...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Ivan Alberto Zepeda Mejia, Tomasz Rogula
BACKGROUND: Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) research has been limited. The aim of this study is to describe our technique and to evaluate the short term outcomes and efficacy of SILS Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in a selected group of patients in a single center. METHODS: From March 2012 to January 2013, a total of fourteen patients underwent SILS RYGB using a single vertical 2.5-3 cm intra-umbilical incision, 3-ports placed trans-fascially, and a liver suspension technique in Cleveland Clinic's Bariatric & Metabolic Institute, in Cleveland, Ohio, USA...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Michel Gagner
BACKGROUND: Partial bypass of the GI tract may promote weight loss by decreased absorption of nutrients and changes in incretins. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of performing a side-to-side duodeno-ileal anastomosis. METHODS: Seven 40-50 kg female Yorkshire pigs were allocated to a duodeno-ileal anastomosis (DIA), and were compared to a control group (SHAM). Swine's weights were followed for 56 days. Gastroscopies were also performed at 28 days...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Reinhold Lang, Petra Baumann, Claudia Schmoor, Erich K Odermatt, Moritz N Wente, Karl-Walter Jauch
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal surgical intervention can cause the development of intra-peritoneal adhesions. To reduce this problem, different agents have been tested to minimize abdominal adhesions; however, the optimal adhesion prophylaxis has not been found so far. Therefore, the A-Part(®) Gel was developed as a barrier to diminish postsurgical adhesions; the aim of this randomized controlled study was a first evaluation of its safety and efficacy. METHODS: In this prospective, controlled, randomized, patient-blinded, monocenter phase I-II study, 62 patients received either the hydrogel A-Part-Gel(®) as an anti-adhesive barrier or were untreated after primary elective median laparotomy...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Duminda Subasinghe, Chathuranga Tisara Keppetiyagama, Hemantha Sudasinghe, Saman Wadanamby, Niranthi Perera, Sivasuriya Sivaganesh
INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the commonest cancers in the world. Metastasis is one of the most significant factors affecting prognosis. Common sites of extrahepatic metastases include lungs, regional lymph nodes and less commonly bone. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old male presented with a painless occipital scalp lump of three months duration, with recent rapid enlargement. His skull x-ray showed a lytic lesion over occipital bone and the contrast CT scan of the brain showed a scalp mass with destruction of the adjacent skull...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Chairat Burusapat, Janjira Paengnoi, Kantang Satayasoontorn
BACKGROUND: Insufficient arterial blood flow is the one cause of flap necrosis. Cilostazol is an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase III and increases cyclic AMP level in vascular smooth muscle cell causing vasodilation. Therefore, effect of cilostazol is expected to improve the viability of the flap. METHODS: Double blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted. The study was to compare the survival of dorsal rat flaps between preoperative cilostazol supplemented diet and regular diet...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Gholam Ali Gholami, Hadi Gholami, Reza Amid, Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh, Amir Reza Mehdizadeh, Navid Youssefi
This article proposes a combined technique including bone grafting, connective tissue graft, and coronally advanced flap to create some space for simultaneous bone regrowth and root coverage. A 23 year-old female was referred to our private clinic with a severe class II Miller recession and lack of attached gingiva. The suggested treatment plan comprised of root coverage combined with xenograft bone particles. The grafted area healed well and full coverage was achieved at 12-month follow-up visit. Bone-added periodontal plastic surgery can be considered as a practical procedure for management of deep gingival recession without buccal bone plate...
2015: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Omar Riyach, Mustapha Ahsaini, Mohammed Fadl Tazi, Soufiane Mellas, Roos Stuurman-Wieringa, Abdelhak Khallouk, Mohammed Jamal El Fassi, Moulay Hassan Farih
INTRODUCTION: A female urethral diverticulum is an uncommon pathologic entity. It can manifest with a variety of symptoms involving the lower urinary tract. Our objective is to describe the various aspects of the diverticulum of the female urethra such as etiology, diagnosis and treatment. CASES PRESENTATION: We report five female patients, without prior medical history. They had different symptoms: dysuria in four cases, recurrent urinary tract infection in three cases, stress incontinence in two cases and hematuria in two cases...
February 15, 2014: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Hans-Jörg Meisel, Konrad Seller, Achim L Th, Karin B Ttner-Janz, Peter Stosberg, Alexander Moser, Larry E Miller, Jon E Block, Luiz Pimenta
BACKGROUND: The zygapophysial (facet) joint is the primary pain generator in one third of chronic low back pain cases. Current treatment options include temporarily palliative nonsurgical approaches, facet injections, radiofrequency denervation, and, rarely, lumbar arthrodesis. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of a minimally invasive implant intended to restore facet joint function in patients with chronic lumbar facetogenic pain. METHODS: This prospective, multi-center feasibility study enrolled patients with confirmed lumbar facetogenic joint pain at 1 or 2 levels who underwent at least 6 months of unsuccessful nonoperative care...
2014: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Renee L Arlow, Dirk F Moore, Chunxia Chen, John Langenfeld, David A August
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to describe the system and technical factors that enabled our moderate size transhiatal esophagectomy program to achieve low mortality rates. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 200 consecutive patients who underwent transhiatal esophagectomy at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital. Primary outcomes included operative times, estimated blood loss, frequency and nature of complications, and lengths of stay in the hospital and the intensive care unit...
2014: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Lulzim Vokrri, Xhavit Krasniqi, Arsim Qavdarbasha, Nexhmi Hyseni, Philippe Cinquin, Paolo Porcu, Carmine Sessa
BACKGROUND: In recent years, several methods and new techniques have been studied and proposed for establishment of sutureless vascular anastomoses, streaming use of sutureless vascular surgery in the future. PRESENTATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS: The new vascular connector (NVC) is a hypothetical design of a vascular device, proposed for creation and maintenance of sutureless vascular anastomosis. Implication of NVC would introduce a new device and technique in establishment of sutureless vascular anastomosis in which surgical approach is minimized and so post-operation disorders...
2014: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Darren Leonard Scroggie, Claire Jones
The introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy was associated with increased incidences of bile duct injury. The primary cause appears to be misidentification of the biliary anatomy. Routine intra-operative cholangiography has been recommended to reduce accidental duct injury, although in practice it is more often reserved for selected cases. There has been interest in the use of fluorescent agents excreted via the biliary system to enable real-time intra-operative imaging, to aid the laparoscopic surgeon in correctly interpreting the anatomy...
2014: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
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