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Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31089245/estimating-the-time-varying-generation-rate-of-acetic-acid-from-an-all-purpose-floor-cleaner
#1
Susan Arnold, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Hannah Kaup, Joseph Servadio
Understanding the relationship between consumer product use and risk of adverse health outcomes facilitates appropriate risk management and product stewardship. A preferred method for estimating the systemic and respiratory tract exposure and dose tailored to cleaning products use has been proposed, refining previously issued exposure guidance. Consistent with other exposure and risk-assessment frameworks, it is dependent upon high-quality exposure determinant data that also serve as model inputs. However, as publicly available exposure determinant data are scarce, the risk assessor is left with the option of estimating determinants such as the generation rate or employing empirical methods to estimate them...
May 14, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31089244/urinary-and-hair-concentrations-of-trace-metals-in-pregnant-women-from-northeastern-british-columbia-canada-a-pilot-study
#2
Élyse Caron-Beaudoin, Michèle Bouchard, Gilles Wendling, Antonio Barroso, Maryse F Bouchard, Pierre Ayotte, Katherine L Frohlich, Marc-André Verner
BACKGROUND: Northeastern British Columbia (Canada) is an area of intense natural gas exploitation by hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing can release contaminants, including trace metals, many of which are known developmental toxicants. To date, there is limited data on human exposure to contaminants in this region. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine trace metals in urine and hair samples from 29 Indigenous and non-Indigenous pregnant women from two communities (Chetwynd and Dawson Creek) in Northeastern British Columbia...
May 14, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31065038/correction-to-estimation-of-exposure-durations-for-vitamin-d-production-and-sunburn-risk-in-switzerland
#3
A Religi, C Backes, A Chatelan, J-L Bulliard, L Vuilleumier, L Moccozet, M Bochud, D Vernez
In the original article, the authorship list was given as "A. Religi1 , C. Backes2,3 , A. Chatelan2 , J.-L. Bulliard2 , L. Vuilleumier4 , L. Moccozet1 , M. Bochud2 , D. Vernez3 ". This has been updated to "A. Religi*1 , C. Backes*2,3 , A. Chatelan2 , J.-L. Bulliard2 , L. Vuilleumier4 , L. Moccozet1 , M. Bochud 2 , D. Vernez3 ".
May 7, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31028280/pathway-analysis-of-a-genome-wide-gene-by-air-pollution-interaction-study-in-asthmatic-children
#4
Despo Ierodiakonou, Brent A Coull, Antonella Zanobetti, Dirkje S Postma, H Marike Boezen, Judith M Vonk, Edward F McKone, Jonathan S Schildcrout, Gerard H Koppelman, Damien C Croteau-Chonka, Thomas Lumley, Petros Koutrakis, Joel Schwartz, Diane R Gold, Scott T Weiss
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the role of genetics in the respiratory response of asthmatic children to air pollution, with a genome-wide level analysis of gene by nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) and carbon monoxide (CO) interaction on lung function and to identify biological pathways involved. METHODS: We used a two-step method for fast linear mixed model computations for genome-wide association studies, exploring whether variants modify the longitudinal relationship between 4-month average pollution and post-bronchodilator FEV1 in 522 Caucasian and 88 African-American asthmatic children...
April 26, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31000792/blood-mercury-lead-cadmium-manganese-and-selenium-levels-in-pregnant-women-and-their-determinants-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs
#5
Shoji F Nakayama, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Tomoko Oguri, Tomohiko Isobe, Ayano Takeuchi, Yayoi Kobayashi, Takehiro Michikawa, Shin Yamazaki, Hiroshi Nitta, Toshihiro Kawamoto
The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a birth-cohort study of 100,000 mother-child dyads that aims to investigate the effect of the environment on child health and development. Mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), manganese (Mn) and selenium (Se) are considered to be important co-exposures when examining the effect of other chemical substances on child development. The levels of these elements in the blood of 20,000 randomly selected mid/late-term pregnant women from the whole JECS cohort were analysed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
April 18, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30992519/estimation-of-exposure-durations-for-vitamin-d-production-and-sunburn-risk-in-switzerland
#6
A Religi, C Backes, A Chatelan, J-L Bulliard, L Vuilleumier, L Moccozet, M Bochud, D Vernez
Although overexposure to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is responsible for cutaneous melanoma and epithelial skin cancer and can cause negative health effects such as sunburn, a "little and often" exposure regime is often suggested to produce naturally recommended vitamin D levels, being essential for skeletal health. This study aimed to quantify solar UV doses needed to trigger 1000 International Units (IU) vitamin D doses and, at the same time, producing sunburn in Switzerland. Solar UV erythema irradiance (in mW/m2 ) measured at four meteorological stations in Switzerland for the period 2005-2017 were used to evaluate effective solar UV radiation producing 1000 IU vitamin D doses in skin phototype II and III individuals...
April 16, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30992518/long-term-ozone-exposures-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-a-us-medicare-cohort
#7
Fatemeh Kazemiparkouhi, Ki-Do Eum, Bingyu Wang, Justin Manjourides, Helen H Suh
We examined the association of long-term, daily 1-h maximum O3 (ozone) exposures on cause-specific mortality for 22.2 million US Medicare beneficiaries between 2000-2008. We modeled the association between O3 and mortality using age-gender-race stratified log-linear regression models, adjusted for state of residence. We examined confounding by (1) adjusting for PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameters <2.5 μm) and NO2 (nitrogen dioxide) exposures, temperature, and neighborhood-level characteristics and behaviors, and (2) decomposing O3 into its temporal and spatio-temporal components and comparing estimated risk ratios...
April 16, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988389/characterising-the-impact-of-heatwaves-on-work-related-injuries-and-illnesses-in-three-australian-cities-using-a-standard-heatwave-definition-excess-heat-factor-ehf
#8
Blesson M Varghese, Adrian G Barnett, Alana L Hansen, Peng Bi, John Nairn, Shelley Rowett, Monika Nitschke, Scott Hanson-Easey, Jane S Heyworth, Malcolm R Sim, Dino L Pisaniello
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Heatwaves have potential health and safety implications for many workers, and heatwaves are predicted to increase in frequency and intensity with climate change. There is currently a lack of comparative evidence for the effects of heatwaves on workers' health and safety in different climates (sub-tropical and temperate). This study examined the relationship between heatwave severity (as defined by the Excess Heat Factor) and workers' compensation claims, to define impacts and identify workers at higher risk...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30940881/term-birth-weight-and-ambient-air-pollutant-concentrations-during-pregnancy-among-women-living-in-monroe-county-new-york
#9
Rui Li, Philip K Hopke, Ann Dozier, Sally W Thurston, Kelly Thevenet-Morrison, Daniel Croft, Mauro Masiol, Stefania Squizzato, David Chalupa, David Q Rich
Increased ambient air pollutant concentrations during pregnancy have been associated with reduced birth weight, but the etiologically relevant pregnancy time window(s) is/are unclear. In 76,500 singleton births in Monroe County, NY (2005-2016), who were 37-42 gestational weeks at delivery, we used generalized linear models to regress term birth weight against mean gestational month pollutant concentrations, adjusting for mean temperature, and maternal, infant, and medical service use characteristics. Overall, there were no clear patterns of term birth weight change associated with increased concentrations of any pollutant across gestational months...
April 2, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30926895/persistence-of-indoor-permethrin-and-estimation-of-dermal-and-non-dietary-exposure
#10
Lia Emi Nakagawa, Cristiane Mazarin do Nascimento, Alan Roberto Costa, Ricardo Polatto, Solange Papini
Pesticides applied indoors may persist longer than they would in outdoor environments, making people more vulnerable to the risk of exposure. Permethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide used in agricultural, residential, and public health sites, and is commonly detected in indoor environments. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the persistence of permethrin indoors and to estimate the levels of possible dermal and non-dietary exposure to this insecticide. Permethrin was applied on aluminum foil and kept in a glass chamber and a test house for 112 days; its concentration was measured at application and after 28, 56, and 112 days...
March 29, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30926894/correction-guideline-levels-for-pfoa-and-pfos-in-drinking-water-the-role-of-scientific-uncertainty-risk-assessment-decisions-and-social-factors
#11
Alissa Cordner, Vanessa Y De La Rosa, Laurel A Schaider, Ruthann A Rudel, Lauren Richter, Phil Brown
This paper was originally published under a standard licence. This has now been amended to a CC BY licence in the PDF and HTML.
March 29, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30899068/author-correction-development-of-a-source-exposure-matrix-for-occupational-exposure-assessment-of-electromagnetic-fields-in-the-interocc-study
#12
J Vila, J D Bowman, J Figuerola, D Moriña, L Kincl, L Richardson, E Cardis
Corrigendum: This work was also funded by the European Commission grant 603794 (GERoNiMO project).
March 21, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30886317/correction-development-of-a-source-exposure-matrix-for-occupational-exposure-assessment-of-electromagnetic-fields-in-the-interocc-study
#13
Javier Vila, Joseph D Bowman, Jordi Figuerola, David Moriña, Laurel Kincl, Lesley Richardson, Elisabeth Cardis
Due to an error of the authors, an important source of funding was not included in our publication with reference JESEE-16-2343.R1.
March 18, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804452/association-of-biomass-fuel-use-with-reduced-body-weight-of-adult-ghanaian-women
#14
A Kofi Amegah, Johnmark Boachie, Simo Näyhä, Jouni J K Jaakkola
The association of biomass fuel use with body weight has never been investigated. We therefore examined the effect of biomass fuel use on body weight of adult Ghanaian women. Data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, a nationally representative population-based survey was analysed for this study. A total of 4751 women who had anthropometric (height and weight) data qualified for inclusion in this study. In linear regression modelling, charcoal use resulted in 3.08 kg (95% CI: 2.04, 4.12) and 0...
February 25, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804451/author-correction-integrating-data-from-multiple-time-location-measurement-methods-for-use-in-exposure-assessment-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-and-air-pollution-mesa-air
#15
Marnie F Hazlehurst, Elizabeth W Spalt, Cynthia L Curl, Mark E Davey, Sverre Vedal, Gregory L Burke, Joel D Kaufman
In addition to the acknowledgments that were included, the authors wish to add the following: MESA was supported by contracts HHSN268201500003I, N01-HC-95159, N01-HC-95160, N01-HC-95161, N01-HC-95162, N01-HC-95163, N01-HC-95164, N01-HC-95165, N01-HC-95166, N01-HC-95167, N01-HC-95168, and N01-HC-95169 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
February 25, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30787424/pesticide-exposure-among-bolivian-farmers-associations-between-worker-protection-and-exposure-biomarkers
#16
Jessika Barrón Cuenca, Noemi Tirado, Max Vikström, Christian H Lindh, Ulla Steinus, Karin Leander, Marika Berglund, Kristian Dreij
The use of pesticides has increased during the past decades, also increasing the risk of exposure to toxic pesticides that can cause detrimental health effects in the future. This is of special concern among farmers in low-to-middle-income countries that may lack proper training in the safe use of these chemicals. To assess the situation in Bolivia a cross-sectional study in three agricultural communities was performed (n = 297). Handling, use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and pesticide exposure were assessed by a questionnaire and measurements of urinary pesticide metabolites (UPMs)...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30992537/reviewer-thank-you
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30778170/pfas-insights-from-past-actions-to-inform-today-s-decisions
#18
EDITORIAL
Elaine A Cohen Hubal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30622332/serum-concentrations-of-pfass-and-exposure-related-behaviors-in-african-american-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#19
Katherine E Boronow, Julia Green Brody, Laurel A Schaider, Graham F Peaslee, Laurie Havas, Barbara A Cohn
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are used in a wide range of consumer products for their water- and grease-resistant properties, but few studies have explored this exposure route. We used multiple regression to investigate associations between six self-reported behaviors hypothesized to influence PFAS exposure and serum concentrations of six PFAS chemicals in 178 middle-aged women enrolled in the Child Health and Development Studies, about half of whom are African American. Blood samples were collected in 2010-2013, and participants were interviewed about behavior in 2015-2016...
March 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770842/predictors-of-residential-mobility-and-its-impact-on-air-pollution-exposure-among-children-diagnosed-with-early-childhood-leukemia
#20
P Grace Tee Lewis, Ting-Yu Chen, Wenyaw Chan, Elaine Symanski
Epidemiology studies relying on one address to assign exposures over time share common methodological limitations in failing to account for mobility that may introduce potential exposure misclassification. Using Texas birth certificate and cancer registry data, we identified predictors of residential mobility among mothers of children diagnosed with early childhood leukemia in Texas from 1995 to 2011. We used U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Air Toxics Assessment data to estimate residential levels of benzene and 1,3-butadiene based on addresses at birth and diagnosis and applied mixed-effects ordinal logistic regression models to evaluate differences in exposure classification between the two time periods...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
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