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Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal

Cw Kong, Sk Yu, Ky Cheung, H Geng, Yw Ho, Ww Lam, Wk Wong
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of 2D-array I'mRT MatriXX for dose verification of TomoDirect treatment plans. METHODS: In this study, a 2D-array ion chamber device - the I'mRT MatriXX and Multicube Phantom from IBA - was used for dose verification of different TomoDirect plans. Pre-treatment megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) was performed on the phantom setup for position correction. After the irradiation of treatment plans on the I'mRT MatriXX and Multicube Phantom, the measured doses of coronal planes were compared with those from the planning calculations for verification...
April 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Ka Hamid, An Yusoff, Mza Rahman, M Mohamad, Aia Hamid
PURPOSE: This fMRI study is about modelling the effective connectivity between Heschl's gyrus (HG) and the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in human primary auditory cortices. MATERIALS #ENTITYSTARTX00026; METHODS: Ten healthy male participants were required to listen to white noise stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) was used to generate individual and group brain activation maps. For input region determination, two intrinsic connectivity models comprising bilateral HG and STG were constructed using dynamic causal modelling (DCM)...
April 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Y Yesilkaya, M Duymus, M Topcuoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Sn Abdul Rashid, S Ab Hamid, S Mohamad Saini, R Muridan
Diagnosing acute appendicitis in children can be difficult due to atypical presenting symptoms. While there are reported cases of acute appendicitis or appendiceal masses causing unilateral hydronephrosis, bilateral hydronephrosis as a complication of appendiceal mass is very rare. We report a case of a child who presented with cardinal symptomatology associated with the urogenital tract. Ultrasound (US) investigation showed a pelvic mass causing bilateral hydronephrosis. An initial diagnosis of a pelvic teratoma was made based on the US and computed tomography (CT) scan findings...
April 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
T Kron, Ha Azhari, Eo Voon, Ky Cheung, P Ravindran, D Soejoko, K Inamura, Y Han, Nm Ung, L Bold, Um Win, R Srivastava, J Meyer, S Farrukh, L Rodriguez, M Kuo, Jcl Lee, A Kumara, Cc Lee, A Krisanachinda, Xc Nguyen, Kh Ng
BACKGROUND: Medical physicists are essential members of the radiation oncology team. Given the increasing complexity of radiotherapy delivery, it is important to ensure adequate training and staffing. The aim of the present study was to update a similar survey from 2008 and assess the situation of medical physicists in the large and diverse Asia Pacific region. METHODS: Between March and July 2011, a survey on profession and practice of radiation oncology medical physicists (ROMPs) in the Asia Pacific region was performed...
April 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Elm Ho
Radiology is a relatively high-cost and high-maintenance aspect of medicine. Expertise is constantly required, from acquisition to its use and quality assurance programmes. However, it is an integral part of healthcare practice, from disease diagnosis, surveillance and prevention to treatment monitoring. It is alarming that two thirds of the world is deficient in or lacks even basic diagnostic imaging. Developing and underdeveloped countries need help in improving medical imaging. Help is coming from various organisations, which are extending hands-on teaching and imparting knowledge, as well as training trainers to increase the pool of skilled practitioners in the use of imaging equipment and other aspects of radiology services...
January 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Af Mohamad Ali, E Uhwut, Sk Liew
Fibrin sheath formation around long-term haemodialysis catheter is a common cause of failed dialysis access. Treatment options include pharmacological and mechanical methods. This paper reports a case of failed dialysis access due to fibrin sheath encasement. Pharmacologic thrombolysis, mechanical disruption using guide wire and catheter exchange had failed to address the issue. Eventually, fibrin sheath stripping using the loop snare technique was able to successfully restore the catheter function.
January 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
M Muttarak, T Sriburi
OBJECTIVE: To document the types of congenital renal anomalies detected in adulthood, the clinical presentation and complications of these renal anomalies, and the most useful imaging modality in detecting a renal anomaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the institutional review board and informed consent was waived. Between January 2007 and January 2011, the clinical data and imaging studies of 28 patients older than 18 years diagnosed with renal anomaly at the authors' institution were retrospectively reviewed...
January 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Mz Faizah, Ah Zuhanis, R Rahmah, Aa Raja, Ll Wu, Aa Dayang, Ma Zulfiqar
OBJECTIVES: This review was aimed at determining the imaging findings in patients with precocious puberty. RESULTS: Within a period of 8 years (from 2002 to 2010) there were 53 patients diagnosed with precocious puberty. Out of the 53 patients, 37 had undergone diagnostic imaging to detect the possible organic causes of precocious puberty. Imaging findings were positive in 31 patients and out of that, 3 patients had 2 findings each (34 abnormalities). Of the patients with positive imaging findings, central precocious puberty (gonadotrophin-dependent) was more common (81%; 25/31) and the causes included: tuber cinereum hamartoma (n = 10), glioma (n = 6), pineal gland tumour (n = 4), hydrocephalous (n = 3), arachnoid cyst (n = 2) and others (n = 3)...
January 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
C Khamfongkhruea, C Tannanonta, S Thongsawad
PURPOSE: To investigate the dosimetric accuracy of the sliding window gated IMRT compared with the static treatment, using varying dose rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study measured changes in output and diode array response with changing dose rate, verified the precision of the motion table, and measured changes in dose distribution accuracy with film and diodes at two depths with changing dose rate. During 4DCT (4 Dimensional Computed Tomography), the patient's respiratory signals and target motion were recorded and imported to the XY4D simulation table of SUN NUCLEAR Corporation to simulate the patient's respiration and tumour motion...
January 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Y Wannasopha, N Oilmungmool, J Euathrongchit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the patterns of pulmonary venous drainage into the left atrium and to determine the frequency of each variant of pulmonary venous anatomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval (No. 09JUL011148), 300 studies of thoracic multidetector computed tomography were retrospectively reviewed for the anatomical features of the pulmonary vein and its drainage pattern into the left atrium. The percentage of each pattern was calculated...
January 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Z Sun, Ks Al Ghamdi, Ih Baroum
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the multislice CT scanning protocols of head, chest and abdomen are adjusted according to patient's age in paediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multislice CT examination records of paediatric patients undergoing head, chest and abdomen scans from three public hospitals during a one-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorised into the following age groups: under 4 years, 5-8 years, 9-12 years and 13-16 years, while the tube current was classified into the following ranges: < 49 mA, 50-99 mA, 100-149 mA, 150-199 mA, > 200 mA and unknown...
January 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
K Smith
A 69 year-old man presented with an incidental finding on radiograph of a lesion in the left upper lobe. CT indicated it was likely to be a neoplasm and CT-guided FNA was requested. The lesion was located medial to the scapula so a creative approach was utilised to gain access to the lesion. This study discusses the approach used and why it reduced patient risk compared to a more conventional procedure. The sample was positive for neoplasm and there were no complications arising from the procedure.
January 2012: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Lilian Ly Leong, William Sc Hare, Kenneth R Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
W Hendee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Ib Rutel
Lecture-based teaching promotes a passive interaction with students. Opportunities to modify this format are available to enhance the overall learning experience for both students and instructors. The description for a discussion-based learning format is presented as it applies to a graduate curriculum with technical (formal mathematical derivation) topics. The presented hybrid method involves several techniques, including problem-based learning, modeling, and online lectures, eliminating didactic lectures...
October 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Sg Kachewar, Ds Kulkarni
This short case report discusses the various aspects of penile fracture, which is a rare entity. Nevertheless, the incidence of penile fractures is on the rise due to the increased use of performance-enhancing drugs. An individual with a penile fracture should seek immediate medical referral. Prompt diagnosis and management is necessary to prevent undesirable after-effects as discussed. Emphasis is made on how imaging with ultrasound enables a quick and complete assessment of this mishap.
October 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
H Hashim, Ka Abdul Kadir
Pre-operative embolisation of vertebral metastases has been known to effectively devascularise hypervascular vertebral tumours and to reduce intra-operative bleeding. However, the complications that occur during the procedure are rarely reported. This case study attempts to highlight one rare complication, which is epidural tumoural haemorrhage intra-procedure. It may occur due to the fragility of the tumour and presence of neovascularisation. A small arterial dissection may also have occurred due to a slightly higher pressure exerted during injection of embolising agent...
October 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
I Chitapanarux, T Chitapanarux, E Tharavichitkul, S Mayurasakorn, P Siriwittayakorn, S Yamada, V Lorvidhaya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the activity and safety of adding oxaliplatin to a standard chemoradiotherapy schema, including 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/folinic acid (FA), in locally-advanced rectal cancer (LARC). METHODS: Two cycles of oxaliplatin 130 mg/m(2) plus FA 20 mg/m(2) bolus for 5 days and 5-FU 350 mg/m(2) continuous infusion for 5 days were given during week 1 and 4 of pelvic radiotherapy 46 Gy. Patients with a T3/4 and/or node-positive rectal tumour were eligible...
October 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Mia Sharifah, H Nurhazla, A Suraya, Sp Tan
This paper describes an extremely rare case of a huge aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) in the pelvis, occurring in the patient's 5(th) decade of life. The patient presented with a history of painless huge pelvic mass for 10 years. Plain radiograph and computed tomography showed huge expansile lytic lesion arising from the right iliac bone. A biopsy was performed and histology confirmed diagnosis of aneurysmal bone cyst. Unfortunately, the patient succumbed to profuse bleeding from the tumour.
October 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
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