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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

A Bórquez, R S Garfein, D Abramovitz, L Liu, L Beletsky, D Werb, S R Mehta, G Rangel, C Magis-Rodríguez, P González-Zúñiga, S A Strathdee
Cross-border infectious disease transmission is a concern related to drug tourism from the U.S. to Mexico. We assessed this risk among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tijuana, Mexico. We measured the prevalence and identified correlates of injecting with PWID visiting from the U.S. among PWID in Tijuana using univariable and multivariable logistic regression. Of 727 participants, 18.5% injected during the past 6 months in Mexico with U.S. PWID described mostly as friends (63%) or acquaintances (26%). Injecting with U...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Miyong To Kim, Kim Byeng Kim, Jisook Ko, Nicole Murry, David Levine, Ju-Young Lee
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) as well as poor glycemic control among T2DM patients, yet comparative studies of its association among ethnic minority populations are scarce. Using baseline data from a behavioral intervention study of Korean Americans (KAs) with T2DM (N = 250 KAs) and the NHANES data set, we explored differential roles of vitamin D on HbA1C level or T2DM control in several racial groups. Significantly more KAs (55.2%) were vitamin D-deficient (U...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Marisa Usera-Clavero, Daniel La Parra-Casado, Pablo Caballero, Carmen Vives-Cases, Diana Gil-González
Tobacco consumption is unequally distributed in society. The objective was to identify trends in tobacco use among the General and Spanish Roma populations in 2006 and 2014, years characterized by strengthening of anti-smoking policy in Spain. We calculated prevalences and logistical regression models based on the Spanish National Health Survey (2006/2012) and the National Health Survey of the Roma population (2006/2014). Smoking decreased only in men in the General population (OR 0.885). In the Roma population, there were no significant changes observed for the 2 years studied (OR: men 1...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sanja Percac-Lima, Jeffrey M Ashburner, Steven J Atlas, Nancy A Rigotti, Efren J Flores, Salome Kuchukhidze, Elyse R Park
Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in Latinos. In a telephone survey, we assessed perceptions about lung cancer and awareness of, interest in, and barriers to lung screening among older current and former smokers. We compared Latino and non-Latino responses adjusting for age, sex, education, and smoking status using logistic regression models. Of the 460 patients who completed the survey (51.5% response rate), 58.0% were women, 49.3% former smokers, 15.7% Latino, with mean age 63.6 years. More Latinos believed that lung cancer could be prevented compared to non-Latinos (74...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Brooke Y Kauffman, Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Nubia A Mayorga, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Michael J Zvolensky
There is limited understanding of pain and its relationship to emotional eating among Latinos as well as knowledge about potential mechanisms that may underlie their association. We explored whether anxiety sensitivity (fear of the negative consequences of anxiety) explained the relation between pain intensity and emotional eating among a sample of Latinos. Participants were 79 (87.3% female; Mage  = 42.04, SD = 12.01) predominately female Latino attendees of a Federally Qualified Health Center. As hypothesized, results indicated that pain intensity yielded a significant indirect effect through anxiety sensitivity for emotional eating...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Hans Oh, Justine Ko, Kyle Waldman
Korean-American mental health is poorly understood, and screening for sleep disturbances may be an effective means of identifying at-risk individuals. In partnership with a Korean-American church in Los Angeles, an online survey was administered. The study was conducted at a Korean-American church in Los Angeles, California. The sample consisted of 137 Korean-Americans drawn from the church congregation. Sleep disturbances were measured using a single ordinal variable, and mental health outcomes included nonspecific psychological distress, perceived stress, loneliness, suicidal ideation, hazardous drinking, treatment seeking behaviors, and perceived need for help...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Bronwyn McBride, Kate Shannon, Putu Duff, Minshu Mo, Melissa Braschel, Shira M Goldenberg
Given shifting sex work criminalization and enforcement in Canada, this study examined worrying about workplace inspections by authorities amongst indoor sex workers in Vancouver (2014-2017). Data were drawn from a community-based prospective cohort of sex workers (AESHA). Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression were used to investigate factors associated with worry about inspections. 23.9% of participants experienced workplace inspections; 51.6% worried about inspections. In multivariable analyses, worrying about inspections was associated with recent im/migration [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 3...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Andrew Tuck, Anna Oda, Michaela Hynie, Caroline Bennett-AbuAyyash, Brenda Roche, Branka Agic, Kwame McKenzie
Unmet health care needs are under explored among refugees. Previously we found unmet health care needs in Syrian refugees may be higher than in the general Canadian population (Oda et al. CMAJ Open 5(2):E354-E358, 2017; Oda et al. J Immigr Minor Health, 2018. ). This follow-up study with Syrian refugees who entered Canada between July 2015 and July 2016 aimed to understand if there are changes in unmet health care needs 6 months to a year after baseline collection...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Nicole J Wong, Lung-Chang Chien, Hasanat Alamgir
This study investigated refugee access to primary care physicians (PCP) in San Antonio, Texas. Catholic Charities of San Antonio (CCSA) is the primary agency responsible for connecting refugees to a PCP. Data on refugees were collected from CCSA between May to September 2013 (N = 547). PCPs information was accessed at the Texas Medicaid and Healthcare Partnership (TMHP) website. The 2SFCA method was used in geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze the ratio of healthcare providers relative to refugees within varying walking distances...
January 6, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Barbara H Bardenheier, Meda E Pavkov, Carla A Winston, Alex Klosovsky, Catherine Yen, Stephen Benoit, Stefan Gravenstein, Drew L Posey, Christina R Phares
The association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and tuberculosis disease (TB) has been recognized for decades. Recently CKD prevalence is increasing in low- to middle-income countries with high TB burden. Using data from the required overseas medical exam and the recommended US follow-up exam for 444,356 US-bound refugees aged ≥ 18 during 2009-2017, we ran Poisson regression to assess the prevalence of TB among refugees with and without CKD, controlling for sex, age, diabetes, tobacco use, body mass index ( kg/m2 ), prior residence in camp or non-camp setting, and region of birth country...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Mohamed Saddik Zaghloul, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman AlMazrou, Nazmus Saquib
Mental health status may vary by nationality among expatriate workers; no conclusive data is available in Saudi Arabia. We invited expatriate nurses employed in governmental hospitals in Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia to fill out an electronic survey that contained questions on demography (including nationality), lifestyle, job, depression, anxiety, and stress (assessed with DASS-21 scale). We categorized each outcome into normal, mild to moderate, and severe, and used adjusted multinomial logistic regressions for analyses...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Aasim I Padela, Sana Malik, Hena Din, Stephen Hall, Michael Quinn
Background To advance the literature on religiously-tailored interventions and on Muslim cancer screening disparity research, we report on a behavioral intervention that used religiously-tailored messages to address salient mammography-related barrier beliefs. Methods We crafted specific, religiously-tailored messages and designed a two-session, peer-led, mosque-based educational program to deploy them. t-tests assessed pre- and post-intervention changes in mammography knowledge, intention to obtain mammography, and levels of agreement with mammography-related barrier and facilitator beliefs, while ordered logistic regression models assessed predictors of change...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Maha Albdour, Jun Sung Hong, Linda Lewin, Hossein Yarandi
Utilizing a community-based, cross-sectional design, the present study explored Arab American adolescents' experiences in cyberbullying and its effect on their health. A convenience sample of 150 Arab American adolescents, ages 12-16, were recruited from two community centers located at Southeast Michigan. The survey focused on cyberbullying victimization and perpetration in the past year including frequencies and types of technology used. Thirty-four percent of adolescents reported cyberbullying victimization and 26...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Raquel Valcarcel Soria, Eduardo Bernabé, Maria Luisa Somacarrera Perez
This study explored the relationship between different indicators of acculturation and children's caries experience. Data from 313 children attending the Dental Clinic of the European University of Madrid were analysed. Acculturation was measured via generational status, age at arrival, length of residence and language spoken at home. The association between each indicator of acculturation and caries experience was assessed in Poisson regression models adjusting for confounders. First- and second-generation migrant children had greater caries experience than Spanish-born children...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Adedotun Ogunbajo, Chukwuemeka Anyamele, Arjee J Restar, Curtis Dolezal, Theodorus G M Sandfort
Immigrant African gay and bisexual men (GBM) are at risk for substance use and adverse mental health outcomes due to negative experiences in home and host countries. Little is known about correlates of substance use and mental health outcomes in this population. We explored pre- and post-migratory factors associated with substance use and depression in recently migrated African GBM. Participants (N = 70) were recruited between July and November 2015 in NYC. Eligible participants were administered a structured questionnaire...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Angelica M Roncancio, Sally W Vernon, Chakema C Carmack, Kristy K Ward, Becky T Muñoz, Felicity L Cribbs
Rates of HPV vaccination among adolescent Hispanic males lag far behind the Healthy People 2020 80% goal. This study identified Hispanic mothers' salient beliefs regarding having their sons initiate the HPV vaccine series. Twenty-seven Hispanic mothers completed in-depth interviews. They responded to questions that elicited the salient behavioral, normative and control beliefs associated with initiating the HPV vaccine series. We content analyzed their responses. We found that, regarding having their sons initiate the HPV vaccine, mothers: (1) express mostly positive feelings; (2) believe that the vaccine has positive effects, with side effects as the main negative effect; (3) believe that their sons' father and doctor support vaccination while some friends do not; and (4) believe that vaccine affordability, transportation and the support of their sons' father facilitate vaccine initiation...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sarah Marshall, Mandana Vahabi, Aisha Lofters
This review uncovers the extent to which immigrant and minority women find HPV self-sampling an acceptable and feasible alternative to PAP testing for screening for cervical cancer. A focused literature review was conducted using CINAHL, Medline, Proquest and Pubmed databases to search for content relating to acceptability or feasibility of HPV self-testing for immigrant populations or minorities. 575 prospective relevant papers were included in the final analysis and 28 selected using the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Feiyue Deng, Anran Zhang, Catherine Chan
Developing culturally appropriate diabetes nutrition interventions for immigrants could be facilitated knowing what is successful in the home country and other relevant countries. The primary purpose of this scoping review was to identify the design and delivery methods of nutrition interventions for Chinese populations with type 2 diabetes, in their home countries and as immigrants to western countries. A total of 14 articles was retrieved and included. Overall, the approaches used in China often were modelled on intensive lifestyle programs although alternative strategies were also identified...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Elizabeth Villegas, Angela Wiley, Bridget Hannon, Margarita Teran-Garcia, Amber Hammons
The original version of this article unfortunately contained errors in Affiliation 3, Acknowledgement, Table 1 and in the text under Methods section. Also, a Co-corresponding author has to be included in the article.
December 3, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Wanlian Li, Fei Sun, Yanling Li, Daniel W Durkin
This study aimed to examine depressive symptoms in ruralurban migrant workers in mainland China, with a focus on the moderating roles of community factors (i.e., community support network, community cohesion and community composition) in the relation between work stress and depressive symptoms. This study used secondary data from a national representative study conducted by the Social Survey Center at SUN-YETSEN University of China in 2014. The final sample contained 1434 participants from 29 provinces of China (Mean age = 36...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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