Journals Journal of Immigrant and Minor...

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Heather Marie Dixon, Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka
This study aims to assess relationships between previous stroke diagnosis and demographic or disability status variables, stratified by U.S. citizenship status. The 2019 and 2021 National Health Interview Survey data were analyzed for both descriptive statistics and logistic regression models. Age, sex, income level, race/ethnicity, health insurance status, and indicators of disability common after stroke were predictor variables of interest. For each disability predictor variable, higher odds of having stroke were seen regardless of citizenship status, except for the 'difficulty remembering' variable...
December 2, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sopak Supakul, Makoto Yoshida, Makoto Kosaka, Anju Murayama, Yuta Tani, Divya Bhandari, Akihiko Ozaki, Tetsuya Tanimoto
In Japan, a considerable number of foreigners encounter challenges in accessing appropriate healthcare services due to the lack of insurance coverage. However, the absence of a public database on these individuals makes it difficult to assess their health problems and healthcare access status. This study aims to investigate the characteristics of vulnerable Thai patients in Japan and to shed light on the specific challenges they face within Japan's healthcare system. A retrospective analysis was conducted using records of patients who required emergency healthcare support from the Royal Thai Embassy in Tokyo between 2004 and 2020...
November 20, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sarah Alkhaifi
Although breast cancer is the second leading cause of death among women in the United States, women from ethnic minorities still underutilize mammogram screenings. Immigrant Muslim women (IMW) demonstrated low mammogram screening rates compared to the national target of 77.1% determined by Healthy People 2030. Although IMW comprise an understudied population in the health field, a limited number of studies have proposed that Islamic religious beliefs have an impact on their behaviors and practices in regard to mammogram use...
November 18, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Andrzej Załęski, Agnieszka Lembas, Tomasz Dyda, Ewa Siwak, Joanna Osińska, Magdalena Suchacz, Justyna Stempkowska-Rejek, Marta Strycharz, Justyna Orzechowska, Alicja Wiercińska-Drapało
In recent years, especially as a result of war in Ukraine, enormous movements of migration to Poland from eastern European countries have been reported, including people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). We have conducted multi-center, prospective study, which aimed to establish HIV-1 subtype and assess the presence of primary drug resistance mutations to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors in antiretroviral treatment naïve patients...
November 16, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
D N S Chan, C Li, B M H Law, B Xu, C Kwok
Ethnic minority women experience disparities in mammography screening utilisation and breast cancer outcomes. This systematic review and meta-analysis synthesised multidomain and multilevel factors that intersect to influence the utilisation of mammography among ethnic minorities. A literature search was conducted in five databases (PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) from inception to May 2022. Guided by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparity research framework, the retrieved data were synthesised using narrative summaries and meta-analyses...
November 9, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jennifer Leng, Florence Lui, Bharat Narang, Jacqueline Cabral, Jacqueline Finik, Minlun Wu, Josana Tonda, Francesca Gany
Mexican Americans are among the highest risk groups for obesity and its associated health consequences, including diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. 154 overweight/obese Mexican Americans recruited from the Mexican Consulate in New York City were enrolled in COMIDA (Consumo de Opciones Más Ideales De Alimentos) (Eating More Ideal Food Options), a 12-week Spanish-language lifestyle intervention that included a dietary counseling session, weight-loss resources, and thrice-weekly text messages. Participants' weight (primary outcome); dietary intake, physical activity, and nutrition knowledge (secondary outcomes) were assessed pre- and post-intervention...
November 7, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Altaf Saadi, Maedeh Marzoughi, Sarah L Kimball
This perspective identifies harmful phrasing and frames in current clinician and researcher work relating to immigrant health and provides equity-centered alternatives. Recommendations are organized within two broad categories, one focused on shifting terminology toward more humanizing language and the second focused on changing frames around immigration discourse. With regards to shifting terminology, this includes: 1) avoiding language that conflates immigrants with criminality (i.e., "illegal"); 2) using person-first language (i...
November 4, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Tebitha T Kajese Mawokomatanda, Sonia Singh, Eduardo E Valverde
Despite the improvements in HIV care outcomes in the United States (US), non-US-born persons continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. We analyzed National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS) data on HIV diagnoses, stage 3 (AIDS) at diagnosis, linkage to medical care, and viral suppression for non-US-born persons by region of birth (RoB) reported to the (NHSS) in 2020 to determine care outcomes among this population. Overall, a larger proportion of non-US-born persons received a late-stage diagnosis [stage 3 (AIDS)] classification...
November 3, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Gabino J Abarca Nava, Anne R Pebley
Despite the importance of work in adult life, research on the social determinants of health often ignores its effects. We examine race/ethnic, immigrant generational, and gender differentials in exposure to work conditions associated with poor health outcomes, using a nationally-representative sample of adults. On average, Latino 1st generation workers are more exposed to strenuous and hazardous work conditions than other workers, even after adjusting for sociodemographic differences. Exposure is lower for 2nd and 3rd generation Latinos...
October 31, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sarah Alkhaifi, Aasim I Padela
Regular mammogram screenings are effective for early breast cancer (BC) detection and decreased mortality rate. However, immigrant Muslim Arab women (IMAW) are less likely to adhere to these screenings although the rate of BC among IMAW is high. Recent studies have explored low mammogram screening rates among immigrant Muslim and/or Arab women from a limited perspective, overlooking the fact that husbands have an influence in IMAW's health behaviors toward cancer screenings. Thus, this mixed-method approaches were employed to (a) explore the association between spousal support and IMAW's health beliefs toward mammograms and their utilization, (b) to understand IMAW's experiences of spousal influence related to their mammogram use and health beliefs...
October 30, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Olina Dagher, Ana Maria Passos-Castilho, Vasu Sareen, Annie-Claude Labbé, Sapha Barkati, Me-Linh Luong, Cecile Rousseau, Andrea Benedetti, Laurent Azoulay, Christina Greenaway
Language barriers (LB) contribute to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) health inequities. People with LB were more likely to be SARS-CoV-2 positive despite lower testing and had higher rates of hospitalization. Data on hospital outcomes among immigrants with LB, however, are limited. We aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of hospitalized COVID-19 cases by LB, immigration status, ethnicity, and access to COVID-19 health information and services prior to admission. Adults with laboratory-confirmed community-acquired COVID-19 hospitalized from March 1 to June 30, 2020, at four tertiary-care hospitals in Montréal, Quebec, Canada were included...
October 30, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Kendall M Campbell, Dmitry Tumin, Jhojana Infante Linares, Christopher P Morley
Medical schools with social missions have the potential to increase minority student interest in health disparities research. In previous work, the authors looked at the missions of medical schools to determine if they were associated with minority student representation. In this paper, the authors look at the representation of full-time faculty and senior leaders who are underrepresented in medicine in US medical schools. This study included all MD-granting medical schools in the US with available data on mission statement Social Mission Content (SMC) and faculty demographics...
October 30, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Karina Corona, Tingyu Yang, Genevieve Dunton, Claudia Toledo-Corral, Brendan Grubbs, Sandrah P Eckel, Jill Johnston, Thomas Chavez, Deborah Lerner, Nathana Lurvey, Laila Al-Marayati, Rima Habre, Shohreh F Farzan, Carrie V Breton, Theresa M Bastain
We examined the associations between social support and postpartum mental health in 137 U.S. and foreign-born Latinas in the MADRES pregnancy cohort. We also examined whether language, years in the U.S., and country of birth moderates these relationships. Participants were administered PROMIS support measures 1 month postpartum; the Perceived Stress and Postpartum Distress Measure 3, 6, and 12 months postpartum; and the CESD scale 12 months postpartum. Perceived stress was lower at 6 months postpartum for women reporting higher emotional (p = 0...
October 28, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Salma Elmukashfi Eltahir Mohammed, Georgina Warner
Given the number of refugee youth whom require mental health support, there is a need to provide community-based interventions that can be easily scaled-up at a low cost. Yet, safety procedures associated with community-based intervention require careful consideration. The Cantril Ladder is a visual scale used to assess life satisfaction. It could be a useful tool to track the well-being of participants throughout an intervention. However, concerns have been raised about the validity of single-item life satisfaction measures and it is recommended they are tested when used in specific populations...
October 26, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Katarina Wang, Alice Guan, Janice Seto, Debora L Oh, Kathie Lau, Christine Duffy, Esperanza Castillo, Valerie McGuire, Michelle Wadhwa, Clifford G Tepper, Heather A Wakelee, Mindy C DeRouen, Salma Shariff-Marco, Iona Cheng, Scarlett Lin Gomez
The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated racism experienced by Asian Americans, especially women and older individuals. Little is known about how discriminatory experiences during the pandemic have influenced health behaviors among Asian Americans. Between 10/2021 and 6/2022, we surveyed 193 Asian American women in the San Francisco area. Participants were asked to report types of discrimination they experienced since March 2020. We explored bivariable associations of discrimination and changes in health behaviors and healthcare utilization...
October 26, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Adnin Zaman, Blanca Ovalle, Carolina Reyes, Penina Segall-Gutierrez
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus, but many women with GDM do not return for postpartum diabetes screening. Interventions utilizing community health workers have demonstrated improvements in health knowledge and participation in other disease settings. The objective of this study was to therefore determine whether bilingual, bicultural community health workers (i.e., promotoras) increase participation in postpartum disease screening and referral for diabetes prevention or care in an urban, low-resource Hispanic community...
October 25, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Taren L McGray
The Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health recently published a review article by Aran et al. (2023) containing important findings about patterns of suicidality in Newcomers. Although the review provided a valuable contribution to the literature, there was an issue with misclassification of the type of review and analysis the authors conducted. In this letter, I make the distinction between the relevant types of review and analyses and emphasize the importance of correctly identifying systematic reviews and meta-analyses to help provide clarity in the ongoing debate about the value of systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
October 24, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Donnette Narine, Takashi Yamashita, Wonmai Punksungka, Abigail Helsinger, Jenna W Kramer, Rita Karam, Phyllis A Cummins
The subpopulation of adults depends on non-online health information sources including their social networks and health professionals, to the exclusion of online sources. In view of the digital divide and health information disparities, the roles of race/ethnicity and digital skills are yet to be explored. A nationally representative sample of 6,830 adults from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) was analyzed, using binary logistic regression. Black adults and adults with higher digital skills were less likely to be reliant on non-online health information sources, compared to White adults and those with lower digital skills, respectively...
October 21, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Christopher S Walter, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Holly C Felix, Brett Rowland, James P Selig, Pearl A McElfish
Physical activity can delay functional decline in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D), but these associations have not been studied within a sample of Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander adults with T2D. Using data from a randomized control trial in which 218 Marshallese adults with T2D participated in a 10-week diabetes self-management education intervention, this study tested our hypothesis that physical activity would predict physical function when controlling for time and other variables. Levels of physical activity were positively associated with levels of physical function, even after controlling for time and other covariates...
October 21, 2023: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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