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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

Emma M Smith, Krista L Best, William C Miller
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of a bootcamp training approach on students' self-efficacy for assessing, training, spotting, documenting, and performing manual and power wheelchair skills. METHODS: In a pre-post design, students in their final year of an entry-to-practice master of occupational therapy program completed a two-day manual (6.5 h) and power (6.5 h) wheelchair skills bootcamp. Outcomes for self-efficacy (in assessing, training, spotting and documenting manual and power wheelchair skills; primary) and capacity (manual and power wheelchair skills; secondary) were collected at baseline and immediately after the bootcamp...
February 18, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Arpita Ray Sarkar, Goutam Sanyal, Somajyoti Majumder
PURPOSE: The majority of rehabilitation systems for locked-in patients are used for therapeutic purposes. However, round-the-clock assistance and support are essential after discharge from hospitals or nursing homes. This inspired us to develop a round-the-clock rehabilitation-cum-assistance system operated by eye gazes of locked-in patients. To do this, we aimed to identify the essential daily activities of living for locked-in patients and represent these activities using the most universally acceptable icons/images on the interface for the rehabilitation-cum-assistance system...
February 18, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
M Noorjahan
AIM: To propose a system for convenience in using CAPTCHA by the Visually Impaired person. METHOD: To make this access secure CAPTCHA ("Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart") was invented. This form of CAPTCHA requires that the user type the letters of a distorted image, sometimes with the addition of an obscured sequence of letters or digits that appears on the screen. This traditional method receives many criticism from the disable people...
February 15, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Shane R Wurdeman, Phillip M Stevens, James H Campbell
PURPOSE: To develop a predictive model to inform the probability of lower limb prosthesis users' functional potential for ambulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a database of outcomes for 2770 lower limb prosthesis users was used to inform a classification and regression tree analysis. Gender, age, height, weight, body mass index adjusted for amputation, amputation level, cause of amputation, comorbid health status and functional mobility score [Prosthetic Limb Users Survey of Mobility (PLUS-M™)] were entered as potential predictive variables...
February 11, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Robert H Graebe, Sharon Eve Sonenblum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Shyamani Hettiarachchi, Gopi Kitnasamy, Dilani Gopi
PURPOSE: Parental perceptions are key to the uptake of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices for their children with complex communication needs. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of parents in a resource poor Global South country on the use of mobile technology as AAC devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen participants (11 female; 5 male) were included in the study. Focus group discussions, face-to-face interviews and telephone interviews were conducted with the aid of an interview guide...
February 8, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
H Jeannis, M Goldberg, K Seelman, M Schmeler, R A Cooper
PURPOSE: To provide empirical evidence on learning barriers and facilitators in instructional science and engineering laboratory settings from a national survey on students with physical disabilities (SwD-P). METHODS: A nationwide self-report survey, the Full Participation Science and Engineering Accessibility (FPSEA), was disseminated online via Qualtrics. Approximately 1200 organizations and universities across the United States were contacted through purposive sampling...
February 7, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Akio Yamamoto, Kenji Kihara, Mariko Yagi, Yoko Matsumoto, Shuichi Tsuneishi, Hideo Otaka, Masaya Yonezawa, Satoshi Takada
PURPOSE: Children with cerebral palsy may face difficulties using handheld pointing devices, due to involuntary muscle movements. This study aimed at describing the idea of the new wearable sensor switch and assessing its feasibility as an access solution in a case of mixed-type cerebral palsy. METHODS: The study participant was a 17-year-old male with mixed-type cerebral palsy characterized by chorea-athetotic movements and bilateral spasticity with gross motor function classification system level V...
February 7, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Catherine Bigras, Dolapo D Owonuwa, William C Miller, Philippe S Archambault
INTRODUCTION: Wheelchairs and scooters promote participation and have positive effects on quality of life. However, powered wheelchairs (PW) use can be challenging and can pose safety concerns. Adequate PW assessment and training is important. There is a wide variety of tasks and PW driving assessment measures used for training and assessing PW driving ability in the literature and little consensus as to which tasks and outcomes are the most relevant. A scoping review of the literature was performed in order to characterize this extensive variety of tasks and performance-based outcomes used for training and assessing PW skills...
February 7, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Anand A Mhatre, Stephanie Lachell, Jonathan L Pearlman
INTRODUCTION: Wheelchair casters fail frequently in the field causing multiple user consequences and wheelchair breakdowns. To inform caster design improvement, there exists no validated tools that can collect caster failures. This need motivated the development of a user-reported, caster failure inspection tool (C-FIT). METHODS: To develop C-FIT, a multistep design and testing approach was used which included face validity testing, test-retest reliability testing and expert review...
February 7, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Gunnar Michelsen, Tor Slettebø, Ingunn Brita Moser
OBJECTIVES: The topic of this article is the value of introducing compensatory technology in vocational rehabilitation. The study describes the social work-related effort of introducing compensatory technology to job seekers with cognitive disabilities, focusing on the value of the actual introduction and the value that the participants believe this has for their future mastery of working life. METHODS: The data are taken from a two-year ethnographic fieldwork study at two vocational rehabilitation companies...
February 7, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jutamanee Poonsiri, Pieter U Dijkstra, Rienk Dekker, Juha M Hijmans, Jan H B Geertzen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Harlal Singh Mali, Anil Jain, Lisa Abrams, Sheryl A Sorby, Tammy L Haut Donahue
OBJECTIVE: Despite immense popularity of Jaipur foot as low cost prosthetic, not much work has been reported on its design for manufacturing standardization. Without manufacturing standardization, it cannot be mass produced using contemporary manufacturing technologies. The objective of this work is to carry out its computer aided design (CAD) followed by computer aided engineering (CAE) based on the material properties obtained from the previous work [ 1 ] of the authors. This may lead to the possible use of modern manufacturing processes for the Jaipur foot design...
January 30, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Bryce Dyer
OBJECTIVE: Product attachment has been stated as an emotional relationship an end-user may develop with a tangible product or artefact. The objective of this study is to investigate this relationship with athletes who possess limb absence and utilise assistive sports technology competitively. METHOD: Five elite paracyclists were surveyed using a modified 31 question product attachment survey. The survey comprised the ability to capture both closed-ended and open-ended data...
January 28, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jennifer Gravrok, Tiffani Howell, Dan Bendrups, Pauleen Bennett
PURPOSE: Companion dogs can provide psychosocial benefits for their owners. Assistance dogs reportedly provide similar benefits, while also performing specific tasks. These psychosocial benefits may increase their handler's quality of life and ability to thrive - defined as having the ability to grow and flourish, especially in the face of adversity. Currently, no studies compare assistance dogs' effectiveness to companion dogs' in assisting their handler/owner to thrive, an important comparison given that companion dogs are typically less expensive to acquire, and more readily available...
January 28, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Fleur Heleen Boot, Malcolm MacLachlan, John Dinsmore
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has launched a program to promote Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology (GATE) to implement those parts of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) referring to assistive technology and products. A particular vulnerable group deeply affected by health inequity affecting access to assistive products are people with intellectual disabilities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to understand the barriers and facilitators to effectively access and continuously use essential assistive products for people with intellectual disabilities...
January 28, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Lisa K Kenyon, Alyssa Chapman, Betsy Williams, William C Miller
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) in seating and wheeled mobility practice is often hindered by a dearth of published research. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to explore and critically appraise the use of single-subject research designs (SSRDs) in seating and wheeled mobility studies published between January 1995 and May 2018. STUDY SELECTION: Primary source, peer-reviewed SSRDs focused on exploring the impact of a seating and wheeled mobility intervention were included in the review...
January 28, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Micah Huegel, Sango Otieno, Lisa K Kenyon
OBJECTIVE: To begin exploring use of the manual wheelchair versions of the Wheelchair Skills Test (WST) and the Wheelchair Skills Test-Questionnaire (WST-Q) in children with spina bifida who use manual wheelchairs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, psychometric study. SETTING: A university-based laboratory setting. SUBJECTS: A total of 12 children 5-21 years of age with spina bifida participated in the study. INTERVENTIONS: Assessment of manual wheelchair skills by direct observation and parent report...
January 24, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Louise Rogerson, Jonathan Burr, Sarah Tyson
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of the Howz smart home system for stroke survivors. MATERIALS: Howz uses smart home technology to monitor users' activity in the home and machine learning algorithms to detect when their activity changes. This information made available to the user and a named contact (usually a family member) via the Howz app. If activity changes, an alert is then sent to the user and the named contact. METHODS: Howz was installed in the homes of 19 stroke survivors who lived alone...
January 21, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Svein Bergem
PURPOSE: Access to adaptive equipment is a crucial factor that can determine if a child or youth with disabilities is going to participate in physical activities, sports and play in different local settings. A prerequisite for success is awareness of and specific knowledge concerning the equipment and its use among relevant actors. The aim of this paper is to explore how important groups of actors working with young people with disabilities perceive their level of knowledge concerning adaptive equipment and discuss these actors' role in children and youths' opportunities to obtain relevant equipment to participate in activities...
January 21, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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