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African Journal of Paediatric Surgery : AJPS

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520242/evaluation-of-the-management-of-gastroschisis-in-aristide-le-dantec-university-hospital-center-in-dakar
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Souleymane Camara, Daniel Yonga Tenfa, S Y Fatou, Fall Yacine, Mbaye Fall, Oumar Ndour
INTRODUCTION: The management of gastroschisis remains problematic in low- and middle-income countries with high perioperative mortality. The objective of this work was to make an initial assessment of our management of gastroschisis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a monocentric and cross-sectional study including all newborns with gastroschisis between January 2017 and December 2021 in the Pediatric Surgery and Anesthesia Resuscitation Department of the Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital Center from Dakar...
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520240/inadvertently-displayed-trajectory-of-type-c-oesophageal-atresia-during-a-contrast-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Feride Mehmetoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520239/effect-of-pre-operative-parenteral-testosterone-on-penile-dimensions-and-vascularity-in-proximal-hypospadias-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Md Mokarram Ali
INTRODUCTION: Severe or proximal hypospadias is associated with inadequate local tissue and small phallus size. Pre-operative androgens have been used to increase phallus size, but there are very few studies on its role in proximal hypospadias. AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effects of pre-operative intramuscular (IM) testosterone on proximal penile hypospadias in terms of penile morphology and tissue characteristics of penile skin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted on 27 patients of proximal hypospadias over a period from June 2017 to July 2018...
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520238/post-operative-pain-control-a-comparison-between-bupivacaine-and-tramadol-local-wound-infiltration-in-children-undergoing-herniotomy-and-orchidopexy
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Efosa Aisien, Chukwuemeka Ndubuisi Chibuzom, David Osarumwense Osifo, Iyekeoretin Evbuomwan
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative pain control improves patient's satisfaction and affects the period of admission. Local wound infiltration following hernia surgery using xylocaine or bupivacaine has been a common practice. The use of tramadol for such infiltration is relatively new and has not been studied in our environment. This study compared the efficacy of post-operative pain control between Bupivacaine and Tramadol wound infiltration in children who underwent herniotomy and orchidopexy...
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520235/duplicate-urethra-in-a-14-year-old-boy
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chuka Abunike Ugwunne, Okechukwu Hyginus Ekwunife
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520234/retrospective-comparative-study-between-duplay-and-koff-methods-in-repair-of-distal-hypospadias
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Othmane Alaoui, Abdelhalim Mahmoudi, Khalid Khattala, Youssef Bouabdallah
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias repair is a complicated surgery even in the best of hands. To date, there is a lack of consensus on which surgical technique offers more favourable post-operative outcomes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present work was undertaken to evaluate and compare the outcomes and complications rates of two single-stage techniques widely used to repair primary anterior hypospadias, namely Thiersch-Duplay Tubularized Plate Urethroplasty and Koff Urethral Mobilisation and Advancement...
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520233/wound-healing-and-cosmetic-outcomes-in-neonatal-circumcision-using-three-different-techniques
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Taiye Taibat Ibiyeye, Jones Olaoluwa Taiwo, Abdulrasheed A Nasir, Ademola A Popoola
BACKGROUND: Circumcision of a male child is an integral part of some African cultures. An ideal technique of neonatal circumcision should be simple, safe and heal satisfactorily with good cosmetic appeal. AIMS: The aim was to compare conventional dissection (CD), Plastibell (PB) and Gomco (GM) techniques of circumcision in neonates in terms of wound healing, wound healing complications, cosmetic outcome and parental satisfaction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 144 male neonates were randomised into three study groups: CD, GM and PB groups...
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520232/aggressive-osteosarcoma-of-the-mandible-in-a-13-year-old-girl
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sajid S Qureshi, Vivekanand Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520230/thoracoscopic-repair-of-type-c-oesophageal-atresia-in-a-nigerian-hospital-a-report-of-two-cases
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arua Obasi Igwe, Lakmeel Kannachamkandy, Ebere Lilian Agwu, Temitope A Lawal, Temilolu O Nwankpele, Arinzechukwu O Mosanya, Nikoloz Dzagnidze, Augustine Jeremai Olugbemi, Ibukun Abidoye, Andriy Danyltsiv
Management of oesophageal atresia (OA) with tracheoesophageal fistula (TOF) in Nigeria and the West African subregion has no doubt been a very demanding task for paediatric surgeons, not necessarily due to lack of skills, but due to the significant demand on neonatal intensive care, which in our region, is often fitted with the poor infrastructure needed to make this a success. Furthermore, the use of open thoracotomy has increased this demand resulting in a significant number having severe morbidities and significant mortality rates...
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520229/delayed-complete-colonic-stricture-after-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-iatrogenic-or-inflammatory
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ram Jeewan Singh, Amit Kumar Sinha, Bindey Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38426534/pre-operative-serum-albumin-predicts-native-liver-survival-in-biliary-atresia
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kakeru Machino, Kotaro Mimori, Seiya Ogata, Yosuke Minami, Hirofumi Shimizu, Michitoshi Yamashita, Hideaki Tanaka
BACKGROUND: To predict native liver survival (NLS) after Kasai portoenterostomy (KP) for biliary atresia (BA) using pre-operative clinical data. METHODS: Pre-operative data were collected from 29 patients with BA who underwent KP at our department between 1989 and 2017 and were analysed including serum albumin, bilirubin, prothrombin time-international normalised ratio, body height, body weight, age at KP, paediatric end-stage liver disease score calculated using the pre-operative data and the period of NLS...
March 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546256/neonatal-paratesticular-scrotal-mass-a-rare-case-of-atypical-neurofibromatous-neoplasm-with-uncertain-biologic-potential
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saurav Srivastava, Digamber Chaubey, Sandip Kumar Rahul, Vinit Kumar Thakur, Rashmi Ranjana
Atypical neurofibromatous neoplasm with uncertain biologic potential presenting as a paratesticular scrotal mass in a neonate with congenital giant melanocytic nevus is rare. Only one such case of neonatal scrotal neurofibroma has been reported earlier. We report an additional case and its management.
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546255/rehabilitation-using-hybrid-technique-for-feeding-plate-fabrication-in-a-3-month-old-infant-with-cleft-palate-defect-utilising-digital-and-conventional-method-a-case-report
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manu Rathee, Sujata Chahal, Prachi Jain, Maqbul Alam, S Divakar, Sandeep Singh
Cleft palate leads to difficulty in suckling, speech abnormalities, dental problems, hearing loss and middle ear infections. Feeding plate acts as a barrier between the oral and nasal cavities allowing the normal development of jaws and enhanced nutritional supply to the patient. Fabrication of the feeding plate using digital means provide better adaptability due to the engagement of all the possible favourable anatomic undercuts, thereby, providing better retention. This case report discusses the hybrid technique including both the digital and conventional means for fabrication of a feeding plate to obturate the defect between the oral and nasal cavity...
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546254/a-rare-case-of-paramedian-cleft-palate
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Khyrat Al Ameer, Sherry Andrews, Brigit Varghese Eapen
We present a case report of a 15-month-old baby with an isolated unilateral paramedian cleft palate. A cleft palate is usually seen in children born to their parents through consanguineous marriage. However, a paramedian cleft palate is a very rare finding and very few cases have been reported in the world and none have been published, hence our initiative to present this case report and a modified technique for closure of the same. Along with the conventional von Langenbeck technique, a modification using a rotational flap from the retromolar fossa was done to close the oral mucosal layer...
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546253/gastric-teratoma-in-children-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Md Mokarram Ali, Ram Raj, Ram Jeewan Singh, Rashi Rashi, Amit Kumar, Amit Kumar Sinha, Bindey Kumar
Gastric teratomas are very rare tumours. They present with upper abdomen distension which can easily be confused with other common conditions with mass per abdomen in the paediatric age group. Surgical excision is curative for gastric teratomas. The diagnosis is confirmed by radiological evaluation followed by histopathological analysis of excised specimen. We are reporting two such cases of gastric teratomas who presented with complaints of upper abdomen distension. They were evaluated with radiological imaging and successfully managed by surgical excision...
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546252/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour-in-children-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
P P Sreepriya, Md Mokarram Ali, Rashi Rashi, Amit Kumar, Amit Kumar Sinha, Surabhi Raj, Bindey Kumar
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour in paediatric patients present with a diagnostic dilemma because of its clinical, radiological and histopathological features overlapping with other mesenchymal tumours common in this age. Because of its rarity, the exact features are still unclear. Here, we are reporting clinical, radiological and histopathological appearances of two such cases. In both cases, the exact diagnosis was confirmed only after immunohistochemistry. There is a need for further detailed study to exactly determine the natural course and prognosis of these tumours...
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546251/fast-track-versus-conventional-perioperative-care-protocols-in-paediatric-intestinal-stoma-closure-%C3%A2-a-randomised-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tanzil Farhad, Md Khurshid Alam Sarwar, Mohammad Zonaid Chowdhury, Adnan Walid, Ayesha Sadia, Tanvir Kabir Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear to what extent fast-track (FT) surgery is applicable in paediatric surgery. The aim of the study was to compare the outcome between FT and conventional perioperative care protocols in paediatric intestinal stoma closure to assess the safety for future application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective randomised study. Twenty-six paediatric patients who underwent intestinal stoma closure from December 2019 to March 2021 were divided into two groups: group A, conventional methods and Group B FT protocol...
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546250/antenatally-detected-thoracic-lesions-prognosis-management-and-outcome
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Md Mokarram Ali, Nilesh Tank, Monika Bawa
BACKGROUND: Foetal thoracic lesions are uncommon, with the incidence of 1 in 15,000 live births. Antenatal monitoring of these lesions is required to prognosticate the parents about the postnatal outcome of the lesions and about the well-being of the baby. Foetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the modalities to detect these lesions and follow-up during pregnancy and postnatally. Congenital pulmonary adenomatoid malformations (CPAM), congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and bronchopulmonary sequestrations (BPS) are the commonly detected foetal thoracic lesions...
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546249/modified-versus-classical-tubularised-incised-plate-urethroplasty-in-hypospadias-a-comparative-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Khaled S Abdullateef, Mohamed Elbarbary, Sherif Kaddah, Belal Mosaad Elezaby, Ahmed S Ragab, Wesam Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias is a wide-world congenital malformation that accounts for 1 of 300 live male births. Many procedures were considered for its management. As the tubularised incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty, the most prevalent technique, caused many complications, several modifications were applied to the original operation to improve the outcomes and alleviate complications. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of the ordinary TIP urethroplasty with the technique modified without dissection of the glans penis...
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546248/awareness-of-periconceptional-folic-acid-in-parents-of-children-affected-by-spina-bifida-a-pilot-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rohan Giridhar Vashisht, Vinupriya Dasaratha, Ramesh Santahanakrishna
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida is a congenital malformation involving an open vertebral column resulting from failure in neural tube closure. It is among the most frequently occurring birth defects, observed in 1-3 cases per 1,000 live births worldwide. Conventionally requiring surgical repair, it can cause severe neurologic and musculoskeletal complications. However, consumption of prophylactic folic acid in mothers, at least 3 months before to 12 weeks after conception (periconceptional) has been shown to reduce the incidence of spina bifida by approximately 75%...
April 1, 2024: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
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