Nikolaos D Karakousis, Elisavet E Pyrgioti, Petros N Georgakopoulos, Dimitrios S Karagiannakis, Nikolaos Papanas
This narrative mini-review discusses vitamin E levels in subjects with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Vitamin E may be reduced in subjects with DFUs, but this finding is inconsistent. Its administration appears to benefit patients with DM, delaying the onset of complications, including DFU. There is also evidence that it may promote DFU healing. Nonetheless, further studies are required to confirm these promising results and estimate vitamin E administration's cost-effectiveness.
September 14, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Maurílio de Souza Cazarim, Davi Trombini Aleixo, Estael Luzia Coelho da Cruz-Cazarim, Mohamed A Abd El-Salam, Frederico Pittella
INTRODUCTION: The fruit oil from Acrocomia aculeata (Macauba or Bocaiuva) is highly rich in antioxidants and other bioactive compounds, emerging as a natural source of high potential for the modulation of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), like diabetes. Its effects on chronic NCDs are poorly studied yet. Our review aimed to evaluate the therapeutic results of pharmaceutical preparations containing Acrocomia aculeata pulp oil that are used for chronic NCDs. METHOD: A search was performed using PICO acronyms in English, Portuguese, and Spanish languages in the MEDLINE®, PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, LILACs, and CENTRAL Cochrane Library databases...
September 13, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Shobhit Prakash Srivastava, Pawan Upadhyay, Shibu Das, Neha Tiwari, Sudhanshu Mishra, Shivendra Mani Tripathi
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease affecting millions worldwide. It is characterized by a lack of insulin production or impaired insulin function, leading to elevated blood glucose levels. Conventional treatment methods for diabetes management typically include lifestyle changes and medications. However, alternative therapies have gained attention in recent years, including traditional medicine containing bioactive compounds, supplements like vitamin D and Omega-3 fatty acids, aromatherapy, and homeopathy...
September 7, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Prabhat Kumar Upadhyay, Navneet Thakur, Vishal Kumar Vishwakarma, Ritesh Kumar Srivastav, Tarique Mahmood Ansari
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is becoming a widely recognized global health issue. Serum values of 25(OH) vitamin D (<20 ng/ml) are used to identify vitamin D deficiency. By prompting vascular endothelial cells to activate their nuclear receptor in cardio-myocytes, Vitamin D regulates obesity, Renin-angiotensin system (RAS), energy consumption, and pancreatic cell function. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with diabetes, asthma, hyperlipidaemia, and pulmonary hypertension in humans...
September 1, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Gaurav Agarwal, Mayank Patel
Monoclonal antibodies have been successfully utilized in a variety of animal models to treat auto-immune illnesses for a long time. Immune system responses will either be less active or more active depending on how the immune system is operating abnormally. Immune system hypoactivity reduces the body's capacity to fight off various invading pathogens, whereas immune system hyperactivity causes the body to attack and kill its own tissues and cells. For maximal patient compliance, we will concentrate on a variety of antibody therapies in this study to treat Type 1 diabetes (an autoimmune condition)...
August 31, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Zulfa Nooreen, Awani Kumar Rai, Fariha Summayya, Sudeep Tandon
BACKGROUND: The rising in diabetes incidents has clearly become one main worldwide health problem. Individuals suffering from diabetes are still more susceptible to many long-term and short-term side effects, which most often cause fatalities. Even though chemically synthesized anti-diabetic entities are capable of helping manage and treat, there has been significant risks related with their prolong and repetitive use. Hence, there is a requirement for safer and novel approaches that might be formed and utilized...
August 29, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Agung Samsu Alam, Amin Samiasih, Fatkul Mubin, Satriya Pranata, Reina Dhamanik
BACKGROUND: Long-term treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered a major factor causing disease complications. DM complications mostly impact the patient's quality of life (QoL). Only a few studies have been conducted summarizing the types of nursing interventions for improving the QoL of DM patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the types of nursing interventions that can improve the QoL of DM patients. METHODS: The online databases, including ScienceDirect, Medline, Google Search, and Pro-Quest, were used to search for the relevant articles...
August 29, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Jyotsana Dwivedi, Pranjal Sachan, Pranay Wal, Ankita Wal, A K Rai
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic condition that is becoming more common and is characterised by sustained hyperglycaemia and long-term health effects. Diabetes-related wounds often heal slowly and are more susceptible to infection because of hyperglycaemia in the wound beds. The diabetic lesion becomes harder to heal after planktonic bacterial cells form biofilms. A potential approach is the creation of hydrogels with many functions. High priority is given to a variety of processes, such as antimicrobial, pro-angiogenesis, and general pro-healing...
August 28, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Kevin P Marks, Jori Aalders, Shengxin Liu, Melanie Broadley, Mikael Thastum, Morten B Jensen, Else Helene Ibfelt, Niels H Birkebæk, Frans Pouwer
BACKGROUND: In type 1 diabetes, disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) can adversely impact HbA1c. Diabetes-adapted DEB questionnaires assess intentional insulin omission, whereas generic questionnaires do not. Given the number of studies describing DEB-HbA1c associations published over the past decade, an updated systematic review is warranted. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the associations between disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) assessed by generic and diabetes-adapted questionnaires (and subscales) and HbA1c among young people (<29 years) with type 1 diabetes...
August 22, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Archna Panghal, Gopabandhu Jena
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a major metabolic disorder that affects people of all age groups throughout the world. It is responsible for the alterations in male gonadal physiology in experimental models as well as in clinical cases. On the other side, diabetes mellitus has also been associated with perturbations in the gut physiology and microbiota dysbiosis. The accumulating evidence suggests a link between the gut and gonad as evident from the i) experimental data providing insights into type 1 diabetes mellitus induced gut perturbations, ii) link of gut physiology with alterations of testicular health, iii) role of gut microbiota in androgen metabolism in the intestine, and iv) epidemiological evidence linking type 1 diabetes mellitus with inflammatory bowel disease and male infertility...
August 22, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Md Aftab Alam, Shivang Dhoundiyal, Niyaz Ahmad, Gsn Koteswara Rao
Diabetes mellitus is a global epidemic affecting millions of individuals worldwide. This comprehensive review aims to provide a thorough understanding of the categorization, disease identity, genetic architecture, diagnosis, and treatment of diabetes. The categorization of diabetes is discussed, with a focus on type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as the lesser-known types, type 3 and type 4 diabetes. The geographical variation, age, gender, and ethnic differences in the prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are explored...
August 18, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Deepankar Ratha, Biswakanth Kar, Gurudutta Pattnaik, Pallishree Bhukta
Objective Evaluation of the synergistic effect of Naringin and Glimepiride in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Methods Wistar rats were chosen and divided into five groups (n=6). STZ was used for the induction of diabetes. The combination of naringin and glimepiride was administered to diabetic rats. The changes in fasting blood sugar, body weight, Hb, HbA1c, and creatinine were evaluated, and urine was collected and the volume was observed. The lipid profiles like TC, HDL, LDL, and TG were measured...
August 17, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Magda Shoukry Hussein, Shaimaa Shaaban Hashem, Amr Mahmoud Mohamed, Ahmed Mohamed Bahaa El Din
BACKGROUND: Iron plays a key role in the regulation of body iron homeostasis and is used as a clinical marker for iron deficiency (ID) and hemochromatosis. The idea that iron dysregulation may contribute to various metabolic diseases, such as obesity, insulin resistance, MetS, and T2DM, is a hot topic of discussion. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship insulin resistance, iron status markers, and body weight in a sample of Egyptian population...
August 17, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
María M Adeva-Andany, Alberto Domínguez-Montero, Lucía Adeva-Contreras, Carlos Fernández-Fernández, Natalia Carneiro-Freire, Manuel González-Lucán
The risk for metabolic and cardiovascular complications of obesity is defined by body fat distribution rather than global adiposity. Unlike subcutaneous fat, visceral fat (including hepatic steatosis) reflects insulin resistance and predicts type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In humans, available evidence indicates that the ability to store triglycerides in the subcutaneous adipose tissue reflects enhanced insulin sensitivity. Prospective studies document an association between larger subcutaneous fat mass at baseline and reduced incidence of impaired glucose tolerance...
August 16, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Mohamed Hassanein, Inass Shaltout, Rachid Malek, Samir Helmy Assaad Khalil, Hajar Ballout, Firas Annabi, Mark Shereen
AIM: This non-interventional observational study aimed to describe the clinical outcomes of patients with T2DM treated with Gla-300 during the period of Ramadan. BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients who decide to fast during the holy month of Ramadan face several challenges in achieving glycemic control without increasing the risk of hypoglycemia. Insulin glargine-300 (Gla-300) has well-established safety and efficacy in improving glycemic control in multiple randomized clinical trials (RCTs)...
August 11, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Ayman Abdullah Al Hayek, Asirvatham Alwin Robert, Wael M Alzahrani, Mohamed Abdulaziz Al Dawish
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aims to assess patient-reported satisfaction and metabolic outcomes following the initiation of the second generation of the Freestyle Libre 2 (FSL2) system in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: This non-randomized single-arm observation study was conducted on 86 patients with T1D living in Saudi Arabia, who were asked to wear the FSL2 for 12 weeks. The demographic data were collected at baseline, while the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) metrics were gathered, i...
August 10, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Malissa Mathew Dmello, Geeta Bhagwat
Diabetes is a chronic, long-term, incurable, but controllable condition. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia that results from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. People who have diabetes often experience a variety of symptoms, including blurry vision, excessive thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, hunger, and weight loss. This review article includes a discussion on diabetes types, symptoms, diagnostic tests, and various therapies for treating, controlling, and managing blood glucose levels, with a focus on its most recent innovation of therapies and medications...
August 9, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Sanket Seksaria, Bhaskar Jyoti Dutta, Mandeep Kaur, Ghanshyam Das Gupta, Surendra H Bodakhe, Amrita Singh
Cardiovascular complications and renal disease is the growing cause of mortality in patients with diabetes. The subversive complications of diabetes such as hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and insulin resistance lead to an increase in the risk of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, heart failure (HF) as well as chronic kidney disease (CKD). Among the commercially available anti-hyperglycemic agents, incretin-based medications appear to be safe and effective in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and associated cardiovascular and renal disease...
August 9, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Dimas Adhi Pradana, Erna Kristin, Dwi Aris Agung Nugrahaningsih, Akhmad Kharis Nugroho, Rizaldi Taslim Pinzon
BACKGROUND: Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 1 (SLC22A1, also known as OCT1) protein has a vital role in the metabolism of metformin, a first-line anti-diabetes medication. Genetic polymorphism in SLC22A1 influences individual response to metformin. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to compile the current knowledge about the effects of SLC22A1 genetic polymorphism on metformin pharmacokinetics and HbA1c levels. METHODS: We followed the PRISMA 2020 standards to conduct a systematic review...
August 7, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
Samir Assaad Khalil, Sami Azar, Khadija Hafidh, George Ayad, Mohamed Safwat
AIM: The management of type 2 diabetes mellitus is affected by the presence of comorbidities. This meta-analysis aimed to determine how likely it is for individuals with type 2 diabetes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) to be living with additional chronic health conditions. METHODS: We searched for studies published from January 2010 to December 2020 in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE®, Cochrane CENTRAL, Scopus, and Web of Science. Studies of adults with type 2 diabetes in the MENA region were included...
July 31, 2023: Current Diabetes Reviews
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