Vibeke Stenov, Ingrid Willaing, Lene Eide Joensen, Lenette Knudsen, Gregers Stig Andersen, Dorte Lindqvist Hansen, Bryan Cleal
OBJECTIVES: To construct and test patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for identifying diabetes support needs of adults with co-existing diabetes and severe mental illness (SMI) provided by mental health professionals at psychiatric outpatient clinics. METHODS: Design thinking was used to identify, select, and modify PROMs in collaboration with 18 adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and SMI and 10 healthcare experts. The PROMs were then tested with 86 adults with diabetes and SMI recruited from eight psychiatric outpatient clinics in Denmark...
April 7, 2024: Chronic Illness
Jingrong Zhu, Wenjia Chen
OBJECTIVES: This study intends to examine influences of online information search on the use of aspirin in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) prevention among the applicable adult population in the United States. METHODS: We used data of 2018 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Our study sample is limited to adults age 40 or older to be consistent with the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Foundation (AHA/ACCF) guidelines for aspirin use...
April 7, 2024: Chronic Illness
Jeong-Hui Park, Sun Jung Kim, Mar Medina, Tyler Prochnow, Kisuk Min, Jongwha Chang
OBJECTIVE: The clinical aspects of lung cancer patients are well-studied. However, healthcare charge patterns have yet to be explored through a large-scale representative population-based sample investigating differences by socioeconomic factors and comorbidities. AIM: To identify how comorbidities associated with healthcare charges among lung cancer patients. METHODS: We examined the characteristics of the patient sample and the association between comorbidity status (diabetes, hypertension, or both) and healthcare charge...
March 27, 2024: Chronic Illness
Ding Yunmei, Cui Yan, Gu Jiayun, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: The Provider Attitudes toward CR and Referral (PACRR) scale was translated into Simplified Chinese and psychometric validation ensued. METHODS: Brislin's Translation Model was applied, with two independent forward translations followed by back-translation. Experts assessed the face, content and cross-cultural validity of items, and item analysis followed. For validation, 227 physicians from hospitals in 14 Chinese provinces completed the PACRR-C. Structural validity was assessed through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis...
March 26, 2024: Chronic Illness
Kebir Yasmina, Saint-Dizier de Almeida Valérie
OBJECTIVES: In this article, we seek to extract the themes that patients share when they express negative emotions in the context of follow-up consultation of chronic illness. We are mainly interested in patients with chronic illnesses, as these pathologies have a significant emotional overload leading to a significant deterioration of the patient's quality of life. METHODS: Our corpus included audio recordings of 12 chronic disease follow-up consultations conducted by physicians practicing in neurology, nutrition, internal medicine and infectiology...
March 25, 2024: Chronic Illness
Xiang Rong Sim, Jade Hudson, Catriona Parker, Fiona Runacres, Peter Poon
OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality assurance of a specialist palliative care clinic focused on chronic diseases and explore the satisfaction and acceptability of the telemedicine model amongst patients and caregivers. METHODS: A cross-sectional 23-item survey was developed by the clinical team, approved by ethics and distributed to patients and caregivers. Data collection ran between September 2021 and February 2022, and SPSS was used for data analysis. Demographics were collected from hospital records...
March 20, 2024: Chronic Illness
Fatih Enzin, İbrahim Caner Dikici, Derya Tülüce
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between kinesiophobia and adaptation to chronic illness. METHODS: The study was conducted with descriptive design. The questionnaire consists of three parts: a form including questions about socio-demographic characteristics and chronic diseases-related characteristics of the participants, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, and Adaptation to Chronic Illness Scale. RESULTS: A total of 217 patients participated in the study, consisting of 99 patients with diabetes, 74 with heart failure (HF), and 44 with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
December 27, 2023: Chronic Illness
N P Edirisinghe, P T R Makuloluwa, A A T D Amarasekara, C S E Goonewardena
OBJECTIVE: Pain is the most debilitating and subjective experience of cancer patients. This study examines the severity, interference, characteristics, and associations of severe pain in Sri Lankan cancer patients. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in Sri Lanka on 384 patients at age 18 or older who had cancer pain for 3 months or more due to the initial lesion, secondaries, radiation, or chemotherapy. Patients with non-cancerous pain or brain metastases were excluded...
December 19, 2023: Chronic Illness
McKayla Massey, Morgan P Stewart, Jacqueline B LaManna, Chanhyun Park, Boon Peng Ng
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between food insecurity and achieving glycemic goals among Medicare beneficiaries with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This study analyzed the nationally representative 2019 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey of 1340 beneficiaries aged ≥65 years with type 2 diabetes. The binary dependent variable was whether beneficiaries' blood glucose was at target (A1C ≤ 7.5% or average fasting blood glucose of ≤140 mg/dL, all/most of the time)...
November 29, 2023: Chronic Illness
Dieu Hien T Huynh, Dat T Nguyen, Thu Suong T Nguyen, Bao An H Nguyen, Anh T T Huynh, Vy N N Nguyen, Dat Q Tran, Thi N N Hoang, Huy Dung Tran, Dao Thanh Liem, Giau V Vo, Minh Nam Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: While most individuals infected with COVID-19 recover completely within a few weeks, some continue to experience lingering symptoms. This study was conducted to identify and describe the clinical and subclinical manifestations of adult patients from the long-term effects of COVID-19. METHODS: The study analyzed 205 medical records of inpatients (age ≥ 16 years, ≥ 4 weeks post-COVID-19 recovery, and a negative SARS-CoV-2 status at enrollment) at Thong Nhat Hospital, Vietnam, from 6 September 2021 to 26 August 2022, using R language software...
November 13, 2023: Chronic Illness
Wenxue Lin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare knowledge of the health consequences of heavy alcohol consumption among individuals with different substance use statuses. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study design to analyze the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 5, Cycle 3 (2019). Participants were classified into four categories based on their substance use status: (a) nonsmoker and nondrinkers; (b) nonsmokers but drinkers; (c) smokers but nondrinkers; and (d) smokers and drinkers...
November 8, 2023: Chronic Illness
Cihad Dundar, Hatice Nilden Arslan, Özlem Terzi
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity has become a global threat due to its serious negative consequences. We aimed to determine the patterns of metabolic syndrome and cardio-metabolic risk factors in Turkish children with obesity. METHODS: We examined 169 schoolchildren with obesity in April and May 2019 in Samsun, Turkey. After clinical evaluation and anthropometric measurements, fasting blood samples were collected to measure total cholesterol, low and high-density lipoprotein, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, and insulin levels...
November 8, 2023: Chronic Illness
Parvin Zandi Rad, Tayebeh Gharibi, Hakimeh Vahedparast, Razieh Bagherzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Despite the effect of coronary artery disease on sexual function and the relation between sexual function and marital satisfaction, few studies have investigated the effect of treatment adherence on marital satisfaction. The present study aims to investigate the role of treatment adherence in predicting marital satisfaction among women with coronary artery disease. METHODOLOGY: In this cross-sectional study, 385 women with coronary artery disease in Bushehr-Iran, 2021, were selected using a convenient sampling method...
November 8, 2023: Chronic Illness
Sarah J Javier, Rashmi Risbud, Fernanda S Rossi, Cindie Slightam, James Aikens, Tim Guetterman, John D Piette, Ranak Trivedi
OBJECTIVES: With support from others, individuals with depression can build skills and implement lifestyle changes that help them manage their illness. The objective of the current study was to understand how the CarePartners for Depression Program, a randomized clinical trial aimed at enhancing the role of caregivers in the management of depression, improved communication and shared understandings of depression among individuals with depression and their close others. METHODS: We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with individuals with depression and their caregivers who participated in the CarePartners program...
October 30, 2023: Chronic Illness
Jane A Evered, Alessandra LaJeunesse, Madison Wynn, Emily Mrig, Mark Schlesinger, Rachel Grob
OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic has left many suffering from long COVID, an episodic and debilitating chronic condition affecting people's ability to work and manage medical expenses. Though the Biden Administration has committed to conducting research and building support programs to alleviate the strain on those affected, in practice, static eligibility criteria for unemployment and disability benefits, patchy insurance coverage, and insufficient paid leave programs have left many people vulnerable...
October 30, 2023: Chronic Illness
Abigail Kukay, Cliff McKinney
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to better understand if perceived parental distress moderates the effects of having a chronic illness and poor physical quality of life on psychological problems reported by emerging adults. METHODS: Participants consisted of 538 college-attending emerging adults (53.5% women; 46.5% men). Participants completed an online study that was composed of questions regarding chronic illness, the World Health Organization Quality of Life - Brief, the Adult Self-Report scale, and the Adult Behavior Checklist...
October 26, 2023: Chronic Illness
Nizar B Said, Mohammed Hayek, Aseel E Alsayed
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relationship between life events, perceived social support, and depressive features among people with diabetes. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional design using convenience sampling. Questionnaires were distributed to targeted patients in primary health care services in the Nablus district. QUESTIONNAIRES USED WERE: The Holmes-Rahe Stress Inventory Scale, The Beck Depression Inventory, and The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support...
October 23, 2023: Chronic Illness
Serdar Ceylan, Merve Guner Oytun, Arzu Okyar Baş, Cafer Balci, Meltem Gulhan Halil, Mustafa Cankurtaran, Burcu Balam Doğu
OBJECTIVES: Frailty is a dynamic process. Frailty in the baseline, discharge, and post-discharge are important in the management of patients. We aimed to see how hospitalization affects frailty and to evaluate its effects on health outcomes. METHODS: It was conducted with patients aged 65 and over who were hospitalized in the internal medicine wards of a university hospital. Frailty was evaluated by Clinical Frailty Scale within the first 24 h of hospitalization, within 24 h before discharge, and at third months after discharge...
October 16, 2023: Chronic Illness
Katya Sacco, Lorna M Bonnici West, Lauren M Grech, Janet Krska, Maria Cordina
OBJECTIVES: Medication taking in the management of chronic conditions causes a significant burden on individuals. The aim of this study was to explore the medication-related burden in ambulatory adult patients with chronic conditions in Malta. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey utilising the living with medicines questionnaire V3 (LMQ V3) was conducted in Maltese residents over the age of 18 years, taking at least 1 medication for a chronic condition and recruited through community events...
October 6, 2023: Chronic Illness
Meera Padhy, Meena Hariharan, Prachi Pandey, Riswana Maryam, Varsha Anand
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (i) develop a self-report instrument to measure adjustment to chronic illness, (ii) evaluate its core structure and (iii) study various psychometric properties in the development of this instrument. METHOD: The entire process of developing and validating the instrument is conducted in different phases: item writing and content validation; exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to extract dimensions of the instrument; reliability and validity testing...
October 6, 2023: Chronic Illness
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