journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835740/association-between-serum-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-neurological-severity-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#21
Jeeun Lee, Jeongjae Lee, Minwoo Lee, Jae Sung Lim, Jin Hyouk Kim, Kyung Ho Yu, Mi Sun Oh, Byung Chul Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is known to have a neuroprotective effect. This study aimed to determine the effects of serum IGF-1 on the severity and clinical outcome of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: This study included 446 patients with AIS who were admitted to Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital within 7 days of stroke onset from February 2014 to June 2017. Serum IGF-1 levels were measured within 24 hours of admission...
April 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835739/association-between-heart-failure-and-clinical-prognosis-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#22
Jose Luis Lozano Villanueva, Javier Francisco Torres Zafra, Fabián Cortés Muñoz, Fernán Del Cristo Mendoza Beltrán, Jenny Carolina Sánchez Casas, Luis Alfonso Barragán Pedraza
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ischemic stroke is a common cause of death worldwide. In clinical practice it is observed that many individuals who have experienced an ischemic stroke also suffer from simultaneous comorbidities such as heart failure, which could be directly associated with a worse clinical prognosis. Therefore, this study analyzed outcomes in terms of the severity of the event, inhospital mortality, duration of hospital stay, and inhospital recurrence of the episode, in order to determine the implications resulting from the presentation of both pathologies...
April 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835738/clinical-imaging-and-laboratory-markers-of-premanifest-spinocerebellar-ataxia-1-2-3-and-6-a-systematic-review
#23
REVIEW
Dong Hoi Kim, Ryul Kim, Jee Young Lee, Kyoung Min Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Premanifest mutation carriers with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) can exhibit subtle abnormalities before developing ataxia. We summarized the preataxic manifestations of SCA1, -2, -3, and -6, and their associations with ataxia onset. METHODS: We included studies of the premanifest carriers of SCA published between January 1998 and December 2019 identified in Scopus and PubMed by searching for terms including 'spinocerebellar ataxia' and several synonyms of 'preataxic manifestation'...
April 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835737/systematic-literature-review-of-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-adults-with-epilepsy
#24
REVIEW
Elaine Lu, Nataliya Pyatka, Christopher J Burant, Martha Sajatovic
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mental illness is disproportionately common in people with epilepsy (PWE). This systematic literature review identified original research articles that reported the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities based upon clinical assessments in a sample of PWE and assessed the clinical features of the populations found in studies included in our review of mental health comorbidity. METHODS: The included articles were written in English and published from 2008 to 2018, and focused on adults aged ≥18 years who had psychiatric diagnoses determined in clinical assessments, such as those found in medical records, clinician psychiatric evaluations, structured diagnostic interviews, and mental health screening questionnaires specific for a psychiatric disorder...
April 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835736/the-role-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-the-pathophysiology-and-cerebrovascular-effects-of-migraine-a-narrative-review
#25
REVIEW
Matteo Paolucci, Claudia Altamura, Fabrizio Vernieri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine is a complex neurovascular disorder whose triggers are not entirely understood. Endothelial dysfunction might play a role in migraine, and there have been numerous reports on endothelium dysfunction and migraine pathophysiology, but their reciprocal cause-effect relationship remains unclear. This review reports the current evidence on endothelium dysfunction, its link with migraine, and its possible consequences for cerebral hemodynamics. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of PubMed up to March 2020...
April 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835735/pathomechanism-and-management-of-stroke-in-covid-19-review-of-immunopathogenesis-coagulopathy-endothelial-dysfunction-and-downregulation-of-ace2
#26
REVIEW
Putu Lohita Rahmawati, Kumara Tini, Ni Made Susilawathi, I A Sri Wijayanti, Dpg Purwa Samatra
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can reportedly manifest as an acute stroke, with most cases presenting as large vessel ischemic stroke in patients with or without comorbidities. The exact pathomechanism of stroke in COVID-19 remains ambiguous. The findings of previous studies indicate that the most likely underlying mechanisms are cerebrovascular pathological conditions following viral infection, inflammation-induced endothelial dysfunction, and hypercoagulability. Acute endothelial damage due to inflammation triggers a coagulation cascade, thrombosis propagation, and destabilization of atherosclerosis plaques, leading to large-vessel occlusion and plaque ulceration with concomitant thromboemboli, and manifests as ischemic stroke...
April 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480217/novel-spg4-mutation-in-a-patient-with-sporadic-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-and-elevated-cerebrospinal-fluid-protein
#27
Hongda She, Xin Zheng, Yingxiu Xiao, Frank Mastaglia, Anthony Akkari, Jingshan Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480216/paraplegia-due-to-aortic-occlusion-from-a-fungal-ball
#28
Prashant A Natteru, Aditi Mishra, Lakshmi Ramachandran Nair, Alexander P Auchus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480215/restricted-diffusion-abnormalities-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-a-patient-with-tuberculous-pachymeningitis
#29
Kyusik Kang, Ra Gyoung Yoon, Byung Kun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480214/paraparesis-in-unilateral-medial-medullary-infarction
#30
Cindy W Yoon, Hee Kwon Park, Joung Ho Rha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480213/orbitofrontal-hemorrhage-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-associated-with-othello-syndrome
#31
Seungyon Koh, Sun Min Lee, So Young Moon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480212/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-a-case-of-vancomycin-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#32
Lily Kim, Leah Kolar, Anju Abu, Laura J Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480211/headache-bilateral-carotid-stenosis-and-hypoglossal-palsy-revealing-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-an-innovative-application-of-vessel-wall-mri
#33
Pasquale Scoppettuolo, Noémie Ligot, Myriam Remmelink, Isabelle Delpierre, Serge Goldman, Gilles Naeije, Frédéric Vandergheynst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480210/aggressive-in-stent-restenosis-after-carotid-artery-stenting-in-a-patient-with-hiv-infection
#34
Dae Yeon Kim, Bum Sik Chin, Jang Hyun Baek, Jong Yun Lee, Jusun Moon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480209/occult-growing-teratoma-as-the-cause-of-protracted-symptoms-in-a-patient-with-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-and-prior-ovarian-teratoma-removal-implications-for-continued-monitoring-and-treatment
#35
Sang Bin Hong, Yong Won Shin, Yong Woo Shin, Sang Kun Lee, Kon Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480208/a-case-of-vibrio-vulnificus-infection-presenting-with-fatal-bacterial-encephalitis
#36
Yong Woo Lee, Jee Hyun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480207/altered-spinal-excitability-in-patients-with-primary-fibromyalgia-a-case-control-study
#37
Mohamed N Thabit, Ahmad Ezat, Mohamed A Ismael, Saber Hadad
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Abnormal excitability of the central nervous system, both spinal and supraspinal, has previously been described as a pathophysiological plastic mechanism for chronic pain syndromes. Primary fibromyalgia (FM) as one extreme of this spectrum of diseases. This case-control study aimed to determine the changes in the spinal excitability by investigating the Hoffman reflex (H-reflex) in patients with FM. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with FM and 30 healthy controls participated in this case-control study...
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480206/the-expanded-disability-status-scale-score-and-demographic-indexes-are-correlated-with-the-severity-of-cognitive-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#38
Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Negin Abbasi Garravnd, Mahsa Feizollahi, Mahnaz Talebi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Although demographic and clinical factors contribute to MS-dependent CI, previous findings have been inconsistent. This study aimed to identify the cognitive domains that are impaired in MS patients, and to determine the impacts of the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score and other clinical and demographic factors on them domains. METHODS: This study enrolled 115 MS patients...
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480205/validation-of-a-new-screening-tool-for-dementia-the-simple-observation-checklist-for-activities-of-daily-living
#39
Jinse Park, Hojin Choi, Jea Won Jang, Jae Sung Lim, YoungSoon Yang, Chan Nyoung Lee, Kee Hyung Park
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Screening tests for dementia such as the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment are widely used, but there are drawbacks to their efficient use. There remains a need for a brief and easy method of assessing the activities of daily living (ADL) that can be administered to elderly individuals by healthcare workers. We have therefore developed a new scale named the Simple Observation Checklist for Activities of Daily Living (SOC-ADL)...
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480204/ocular-involvement-occurs-frequently-at-all-stages-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-preliminary-experience-in-a-large-italian-cohort
#40
Federica Cozza, Andrea Lizio, Lucia Catherine Greco, Stefania Bona, Giordana Donvito, Elena Carraro, Silvia Tavazzi, Nicola Ticozzi, Barbara Poletti, Valeria Ada Sansone, Christian Lunetta
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The study aimed to obtain optometric findings of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients in different stages of the disease, and to determine the relation between ocular data and ALS-related features; that is, functional and cognitive impairment and staging. METHODS: The optometric protocol included tests of the ocular motility [broad-H test and Northeastern State University College of Optometry (NSUCO) test], near point of convergence (NPC), error refraction, best-corrected visual acuity, and binocular visual alignment, and an ocular symptoms questionnaire...
January 2021: Journal of Clinical Neurology
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