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International Breastfeeding Journal

Luis Fernando Sanchez-Espino, Gregorio Zuniga-Villanueva, Jose Luis Ramirez-GarciaLuna
Background: Early skin-to-skin contact promotes infant physiologic stability, provides warmth and makes breast milk readily available. Despite the known benefits of early skin-to-skin contact, this practice is not included within standard care in the Mexican public healthcare system. After birth, newborns are usually taken to an incubator in the nursery where they transition to extrauterine life and receive either dextrose 5% or infant formula for their first feed. The aim of this study was to assess if a dual educational intervention in a rural hospital in Mexico could modify current practice and accomplish early skin-to-skin contact and early breastfeeding...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Moshood Issah, Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Daniel Ter Goon, Gordana Avramovic, John Lambert
Background: Despite the array of studies on infant feeding practices of HIV-infected women, gaps still exist in the understanding of the underlying reasons for their infant feeding choices. Potential for behavioural change exists, especially in the light of the 2016 updated World Health Organization guideline on HIV and infant feeding. The aim of this paper is to determine the rate of adoption of exclusive breastfeeding in this cohort, examine the determinants of infant feeding choices of HIV-infected women and assess the underlying reasons for these choices...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Medhin Tsegaye, Dessalegn Ajema, Solomon Shiferaw, Robel Yirgu
Background: In Afar, a pastoralist and remote area of Ethiopia, one in five children suffers from acute malnutrition. Investigation of the prevalence and associated factors of exclusive breastfeeding may provide insight into the current burden and nature of the problem, and offer help on how to direct prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence and identify associated factors of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice in Afar, Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted with qualitative inquiry from March to April 2015...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Amare Belachew
Background: Early initiation of breastfeeding, also known as early initiation, is the provision of a mothers own breast milk to her infant within one hour of birth. In Ethiopia, there is a considerable variation in the timely initiation of breastfeeding practices. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the level of timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers of infants less than six months old in Bahir Dar, Northwest, Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Bahir Dar City from April 15 to May 3, 2017...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Anselm Okoro, Bolajoko O Olusanya, Jacob Olusanya, Ifegwu K Ifegwu, Akorede O Awosemo, Pascal Ogeleka, Andrew Page
Background: In Nigeria, diarrhoea contributes significantly to childhood morbidity and mortality, with suboptimal breastfeeding practices playing a key role. The present study aimed to report on diarrhoea deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) among children aged under five years attributable to suboptimal breastfeeding practices in Nigeria. Methods: This study used data from the Global Burden of Disease study 2016, which estimated mortality from diarrhoea in the Cause of Death Ensemble model...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Sara Moukarzel, Christoforos Mamas, Antoine Farhat, Alan J Daly
Background: School-based breastfeeding education (SBBE) may help improve breastfeeding rates in the long term by instilling in young people a base of evidence-informed knowledge, skills, and attitudes that primes them to make informed decisions about infant feeding and to become positive change agents. Breastfeeding rates in Lebanon remain suboptimal, and breastfeeding misconceptions along with social pressures to use infant formula are known contributing barriers. We conducted this study with pre-K-12 teachers to understand the SBBE landscape as well as the supports and constraints for SBBE at two large Lebanese schools...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Irena Zakarija-Grkovic, Anita Pavicic Bosnjak, Ivan Buljan, Renata Vettorazzi, Linda J Smith
Background: Optimising breastfeeding rates is a public health priority. Studies have shown that all forms of extra breastfeeding support increase breastfeeding rates, including support provided by trained health professionals. International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) are trained healthcare professionals in the clinical management of breastfeeding and human lactation. The IBCLC certification is a sought-after credential and can only be obtained after passing the exam administered by the International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners (IBLCE)...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Renara Guedes Araújo, Vânia de Matos Fonseca, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Eloane Gonçalves Ramos
Background: In Brazil, the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) proposes following the criteria, the "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding", International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and Good birth and delivery practices. Brazilian Baby-Friendly Hospitals are reassessed triennially by external evaluators and annually by self-monitoring. This study aimed to verify if the self-monitoring system fulfills its role of enabling accredited hospitals to assess and improve their compliance with the BFHI criteria...
2019: International Breastfeeding Journal
Fiona Giles
Contemporary images of women breastfeeding - from breastfeeding selfies to fine art - celebrate breastfeeding outside the home by displaying visual records of these occasions to a wider audience. From brelfies posted by celebrities and ordinary parents on social media, to the photography of Tara Ruby and Ivette Ivens, media coverage of lactivist nurse-ins, or fine-art works by Ashlee Jenkins and Sky Boucher, the repertoire of breastfeeding images in developed Western nations has grown and diversified exponentially in the past ten years...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
John Okanda, George Otieno, John Kinuthia, Pam Kohler, Grace John-Stewart
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) (breast milk feeding without additional food or drink, except medicine) is associated with deceased risk of postnatal transmission of HIV from mother to child. Methods: This analysis used data from a household survey in Western Kenya in 2011. Participants were mothers with HIV and uninfected mothers, aged ≥14 years who gave birth in the prior year (ever breastfed) within the Kenya Medical Research Institute/US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KEMRI/CDC) Health and Demographic Surveillance System...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Ancilla-Kate Umeobieri, Chinyere Mbachu, Benjamin S C Uzochukwu, Aniwada Elias, Babatunde Omotowo, Chuka Agunwa, Ikechukwu Obi
Background: Although the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding is reduced considerably with the use of antiretroviral therapy, infant feeding by HIV positive mothers remains controversial. Weighing risks against benefits generates intense debate among policymakers, program managers and service providers in sub-Saharan Africa, considering that the major causes of infant death of malnutrition and infectious diseases, could be prevented if mothers breastfeed their babies. Whereas breastfeeding involves some risk of HIV transmission, not breastfeeding poses considerable risk to infant survival...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Habtamu Temesgen, Ayenew Negesse, Wubetu Woyraw, Temesgen Getaneh, Molla Yigizaw
Background: Prelacteal feeding can be defined as giving any solid or liquid foods other than breast milk during the first three days after birth. It affects timely initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding practices. Even though the issue was investigated in Ethiopia, fragmented and inconsistent findings were reported. Therefore, the main objective of this meta-analysis was to estimate the pooled prevalence of prelacteal feeding and associated factors in Ethiopia. Methods: The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guideline was followed...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Zainab Taha, Malin Garemo, Joy Nanda
Background: Despite the ongoing efforts to improve infant feeding practices, low rates of breastfeeding and early introduction of complementary feeding have been reported in many countries. Systematic documentation of breastfeeding practices in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is needed in order to directing successful strategies. The aim of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding practices among mothers in Abu Dhabi, UAE, using the World Health Organization (WHO) infant and young child feeding indicators...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Kenechukwu K Iloh, Chidiebere DI Osuorah, Ikenna K Ndu, Isaac N Asinobi, Ijeoma N Obumneme-Anyim, Chijioke E Ezeudu, Ukoha M Oluchi, Onyinye U Anyanwu, Uchenna Ekwochi, Christian C Ogoke, Adaeze C Ayuk, Herbert U Obu
Background: Due to the health and economic benefits of breast milk, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that for infants who cannot receive breast milk from their own mothers, the next preferred option is donated breast milk. This recommendation is however rarely practiced in most developing countries where donor milk is not widely accepted. Methods: This cross-sectional multi-center study enrolled mothers attending antenatal or pediatric clinics in six tertiary institution in south-east Nigeria using purposive and convenient sampling method...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Quynh-Nhi Thi Le, Khanh-Lam Phung, Van-Thuy Thi Nguyen, Katherine L Anders, Minh-Nguyet Nguyen, Diem-Tuyet Thi Hoang, Thuy-Tien Thi Bui, Vinh-Chau Van Nguyen, Guy E Thwaites, Cameron Simmons, Stephen Baker
Background: There is a paucity of data regarding risk factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practices in urbanized areas of low-middle income countries (LMICs). Methods: Through a large prospective birth cohort, which enrolled 6706 infants in Vietnam between 2009 and 2013, we investigated the practice of exclusive breastfeeding during hospital stay in urban and semi-rural populations and aimed to identify factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practices...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Juan Luis González-Pascual, Juana María Aguilar-Ortega, Laura Esteban-Gonzalo, Concepción Mesa-Leiva, Santiago Pérez-García, César Cardenete-Reyes
Background: Maternal breastfeeding is a practice that is associated with multiple health benefits for mothers and children. One of the lowest rates of breastfeeding has been observed among Chinese women who immigrate to high income countries. At present, there is a lack of comparative information between this group and that of Spanish-born women. Considering the relationship between the attitude of women towards breastfeeding and the initiation of breastfeeding , the aim of the study was to determine whether the attitude towards breastfeeding among Chinese postpartum women who have immigrated to Spain differs from that of Spanish-born postpartum women...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Halima Khatun, Carly A Comins, Rajesh Shah, M Munirul Islam, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
Background: Despite the substantial impact on child and maternal health, breastfeeding practices for infants remain at the suboptimum level in Bangladesh. Yet the understanding of why these practices are suboptimal, especially surrounding urban slum dwelling mothers, is unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess early infant feeding practices, examine associations with maternal factors, and uncover the facilitators and barriers to early feeding practices in selected slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Penelope Reimers, Natalie Shenker, Gillian Weaver, Anna Coutsoudis
Background: Donor human milk is the World Health Organization's recommendation for infant feeding when the mother's own breast milk is unavailable. Breast milk has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality and in low birthweight infants, donor milk reduces the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis, late onset sepsis and improves outcomes. There is a paucity of literature documenting outcomes of using donor human milk in older children who need additional support for a variety of health issues...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Daryl Jian An Tan, John Paul Lew, Maria Binte Jumhasan, Cynthia Pang, Rehena Sultana, Ban Leong Sng
Background: We investigated the possible risk factors that could influence the likelihood of breastfeeding at 5 to 9 weeks postpartum with our primary aim being to analyse the associations between psychological vulnerabilities, such as peripartum depression and anxiety, and continued breastfeeding. Our secondary aim was to investigate other non-psychological factors' influence on continued breastfeeding. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in KK Women's and Children's Hospital in Singapore...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Hayley Sparks, Lucy Linley, Jennifer L Beaumont, Daniel T Robinson
Background: Implications of donor milk feedings on infant growth in resource limited settings remain uncertain. This knowledge gap includes the impact of donor milk availability on infant intake of mother's own milk. Therefore, this investigation aimed to measure intake and growth in infants receiving donor milk when born to women from resource limited backgrounds with high rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Methods: A retrospective cohort study enrolled eligible infants admitted to a South African combined neonatal intensive and secondary high care unit, within a one year admission period during 2015, with signed consent for donor milk feedings...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
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