Ying Chen, Ning Zhou, Deyu Guo, Xin He, Hao Tang, Lina Wang, Yujuan Xu, Tingting Xu
BACKGROUND: Primary pancreatic-type acinar cell carcinoma of the stomach is extremely rare, often misdiagnosed, and of unclear origin. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a primary pure pancreatic-type acinar cell carcinoma of the stomach in a 58-year-old woman. This is the first reported case to exhibit residual ectopic pancreatic tissue adjacent to the tumor serving as evidence for the origin of the carcinoma. Furthermore, we summarized the clinicopathological features of pancreatic-type acinar cell carcinoma of the stomach in order to further understand this solid tumor...
March 16, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Jung Hee Lee, Yong Jun Kim, Hyun Woo Ryu, Seung Won Shin, Eun Ji Kim, So Hyun Shin, Joon Young Park, So Young Kim, Chung Su Hwang, Joo-Young Na, Dong Hoon Shin, Jee Yeon Kim, Hyun Jung Lee
BACKGROUND: Clear cell Renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is an immunogenic tumor. B7 family members, such as CTLA-4, PD-1, and PD-L1, are the main components of immune checkpoints that regulate various immune responses. Specifically, B7-H3 regulates T cell-mediated immune responses against cancer. This study aimed to analyze the association between B7-H3 and CTLA-4 expression and the prognostic factors of ccRCC to provide a basis for their potential use as predictive factors and in immunotherapy...
March 9, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Xiang Li, Hongxia Zhang, Yong Cui, Haijun Zhang, Yonggang Wang, Meili Ding, Xingyao Zhu, Ruiqi Zhang, Qi Hu, Lin Tao, Wenhao Hu, Xinxia Li, A O Qilin, Hong Zou
BACKGROUND: Myeloid Sarcoma with monocytic differentiation is rare and quite likely is missed by surgical pathologists. However it is frequently misdiagnosed because of its non-specific imaging and histological pattern. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 64-year-old woman with gastric primary myeloid sarcoma with monocytic differentiatio. Upper endoscopy revealed a neoplastic growth at the junction of the lesser curvature and gastric antrum. Except for a slightly increased peripheral monocyte count, no abnormalities were found on hematological and bone-marrow examination...
March 4, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Ashlyn Fong, Saul Offman
BACKGROUND: The ZC3H7B-BCOR fusion gene has recently been described in tumours with kinship to so-called high grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (HG-ESS). This subset of tumour behaves similarly to YWHAE-NUTM2A/B HG-ESS, however, they are both morphologically and immunophenotypically distinct neoplasms. The identified rearrangements in the BCOR gene have been accepted as both the driver and requisite feature in creating a novel sub-entity within the category of HG-ESS. Preliminary investigations into BCOR HG-ESS have shown similar outcomes to YWHAE-NUTM2A/B HG-ESS, with patients typically presenting with high stage disease...
March 2, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Yong Li, Hui-Qin Huang, Zheng-Hui Huang, Nan-Ding Yu, Xiang-Li Ye, Mei-Chen Jiang, Li-Min Chen
BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a prevalent malignancy. SNHG15 has been demonstrated to be oncogenic in many kinds of cancers, however the mechanism of SNHG15 in LUAD cisplatin (DDP) resistance remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated the effect of SNHG15 on DDP resistance in LUAD and its related mechanism. METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis was adopted to assess SNHG15 expression in LUAD tissues and predict the downstream genes of SNHG15. The binding relationship between SNHG15 and downstream regulatory genes was proved through RNA immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation and dual-luciferase reporter assays...
March 2, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Kristýna Němejcová, Adam Šafanda, Michaela Kendall Bártů, Romana Michálková, Jana Drozenová, Pavel Fabian, Jitka Hausnerová, Jan Laco, Radoslav Matěj, Gábor Méhes, Petr Škapa, Ivana Stružinská, Pavel Dundr
BACKGROUND: We examined a large cohort of serous tubo-ovarian tumors with 26 immunohistochemical markers, with the aim to assess their value for differential diagnosis and prognosis. METHODS: Immunohistochemical analyses with 26 immunomarkers were performed on 250 primary tubo-ovarian tumors including 114 high grade serous carcinomas (HGSC), 97 low grade serous carcinomas (LGSC), and 39 serous borderline tumors (micropapillary variant, mSBT). The associations of overall positivity with clinicopathological characteristics were evaluated using the chi-squared test or Fisher's Exact test...
February 28, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Jazmyne N Tabb, Jared A Maas, Bhargav P Earla, Kenneth B Fallon, Andrew M McDonald, Michael C Dobelbower
BACKGROUND: Carotid body tumors (CBTs) are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms arising near the carotid bifurcation with a reported incidence of 1 to 2 cases in 100,000 patients. Most CBTs are sporadic, benign, slow-growing, and non-secreting, but untreated CBTs can grow locally to compress the nearby blood vessels, esophagus, and airway. Regional metastases can occur in 5% to 10% of cases, but distant metastases are exceedingly rare, occurring in roughly 1-2% of cases. As such, the optimal treatment for metastatic CBTs is not well-defined...
February 24, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Yixin Hou, Hao Yu, Qun Zhang, Yuying Yang, Xiaoli Liu, Xianbo Wang, Yuyong Jiang
BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis patients are at risk for esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EGVB). Herein, we aimed to estimate the EGVB risk in patients with liver cirrhosis using an artificial neural network (ANN). METHODS: We included 999 liver cirrhosis patients hospitalized at the Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University in the training cohort and 101 patients from Shuguang Hospital in the validation cohort. The factors independently affecting EGVB occurrence were determined via univariate analysis and used to develop an ANN model...
February 23, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Rui Liu, Jing Li, Tingting Ren, Hong Zhang, Jianmin Ma
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is a rare inflammatory lesion, especially in orbit. EAF is believed to be related to IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), but the clinical manifestations of systemic involvement are relatively rare and easy to be confused with tumors or other inflammatory diseases. Histopathological examination is the most important way of its diagnosis and differentiation. CASE PRESENTATION: We presented a 55-year-old female patient presented with recurrent swelling of the right lower eyelid for more than 2 months...
February 23, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Bradley Zehr, Kristina Brannock, Rebecca Wyma, Samir B Kahwash
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection may present with fulminant constitutional symptoms, cytopenia(s), and systemic lymphadenopathy, raising clinical suspicion for lymphoma and prompting lymph node and bone marrow biopsies. At the microscopic level, the histopathologic findings in cases of acute EBV lymphadenitis may mimic certain lymphoid neoplasms, creating a range of differential diagnoses and diagnostic pitfalls.We present a case of fulminant EBV infection in an adolescent whose clinical and radiographic findings led to lymph node and bone marrow biopsies to rule out lymphoma...
February 22, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Bo Yang, Lin Sun, Wen-Feng Cao, Li-Sha Qi, Yu-Hong Guo, Yan Sun
BACKGROUND: For clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) with cystic component similar to multilocular cystic renal neoplasm of low malignant potential (MCRN-LMP) and solid low-grade component simultaneously, we propose the designation "ccRCC with cystic component similar to MCRN-LMP" and to study the relationship between MCRN-LMP and it. METHODS: Twelve cases of MCRN-LMP and 33 cases of ccRCC with cystic component similar to MCRN-LMP were collected from 3,265 consecutive RCCs to compare them in clinicopathological features, immunohistochemical findings (PAX8, CA-IX, CK7, Vimentin, CD10, P504s, TFE3, 34βE12) and prognosis...
February 21, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Yao Li, Xiang Huang, Xue Meng, Yuqing Luo, Shuai Luo, Jinjing Wang
BACKGROUND: Extragonadal germ cell tumours (EGGCTs) originated in Shoulder are extremely rare, with 1 case described in the literature. We report a case of a patient with a primary Right Shoulder mixed EGGCT. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old male patient was hospitalized for 6 months due to progressive right shoulder swelling accompanied by pain. Subsequently, the right shoulder tumor was removed entirely. Gross pathological examination showed that the size of the tumor mass was about 14 × 10 × 6 cm...
February 20, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Ningning Yang, Yuchen Huang, Panpan Yang, Wentian Yan, Shan Zhang, Nan Li, Zhenzhong Feng
OBJECTIVES: Pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma (PHE) is a rare intermediate hemangioendothelioma. This article aims to study the clinicopathological features of PHE. METHODS: We collected the clinicopathological features of 10 new PHE, and examined their molecular pathological features by fluorescence in situ hybridization. In addition, we summarized and analyzed the pathological data of 189 reported cases. RESULTS: The case group consisted of six men and four women aged 12-83 years (median: 41 years)...
February 20, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Ryo Sugimoto, Noriyuki Uesugi, Noriyuki Yamada, Mitsumasa Osakabe, Shigeaki Baba, Naoki Yanagawa, Yuji Akiyama, Wataru Habano, Akira Sasaki, Yoshinao Oda, Tamotsu Sugai
BACKGROUND: Gastroblastoma is a rare gastric tumor composed of epithelial and spindle cell components. The characteristic MALAT-GLI1 fusion gene has only been identified in 5 reported cases. We report the morphological characterization of gastroblastoma with the MALAT1-GLI1 fusion gene in a young Japanese woman. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old Japanese woman visited Iwate Medical University Hospital with upper abdominal pain. Computed tomography revealed a tumor in expansive lesions involving the gastric antrum...
February 17, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Ruichao Chen, Renchao Zhang, Minfen Zhang, Shaoyan Liu, Mingyu Xie, Zhongfeng Yang, Quan Shi, Hui Chen, Hanzhen Xiong, Na Wang, Qingping Jiang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The precise grading and characterization of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) has been the focus of pathologists for a long time. This study aimed to explore known strategies for the grading of CINs. METHODS: After routine H&E review, 85 lesions graded CIN 1, 2, or 3 were investigated primarily by HPV RNAscope to detect HR-HPV and LR-HPV, in combination with an HPV-DNA test and P16/Ki67 immunohistochemistry (IHC). Then, the 85 cases were divided into a control group (49 cases) and a test group (36 cases)...
February 16, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Alyeesha B Wilhelm, Arwyn G Cunningham, Cynthia Kassab, Eric C Fitz, Jianli Dong, Ravi S Radhakrishnan, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Dongfeng Tan, Heather L Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Liver tumors exhibiting hepatocellular, cholangiocarcinoma, and neuroendocrine features are extremely rare, with only five cases reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We present an unusual case of a combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) with neuroendocrine features in a pediatric patient. A 16-year-old presented with abdominal pain and a 21.0 cm mass in the right hepatic lobe with extension into the left lobe. Histology showed a poorly differentiated tumor with a solid, tubuloglandular, and microcystic architecture...
February 13, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Cansu Karakas, Michael A Nead, Moises J Velez
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules (PMNs) are benign proliferations of unclear clinical significance. They are mainly asymptomatic lesions that are usually discovered during the pathologic evaluation of resected pulmonary specimens or following post-mortem examination. Diffuse pulmonary meningotheliomatosis (DPM), which presents as bilateral multiple PMNs throughout the lungs, has been described less frequently. DPMs are benign lesions associated with both neoplastic and non-neoplastic pulmonary conditions...
February 13, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Qingyang Wang, Hongxiang Ren, Liyuan Zheng, Juan Wang, Dingrong Zhong
BACKGROUND: Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis of unknown etiology. we report a very rare case of recurrent central nervous system RDD with KRAS gene mutation and review the literature to improve our understanding of this disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital for headache. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass of abnormal signal shadows in the prepontine cistern. The mass was surgically removed and the patient was consequently diagnosed with intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease...
February 13, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Jiantao Cui, Xiuying Chen, Qian Zhai, Na Chen, Xiaodan Li, Yuli Zhang, Hui Wang, Xin Bian, Na Gao, Deyi Chen, Zhihong Chen, Shibiao Zhang, Yan Chen
BACKGROUND: Defect in proofreading exonuclease activity of polymerases epsilon and delta (Pols ε and δ) leads to mutagenesis and genomic instability and has been described in several cancer types. Somatic POLE exonuclease domain mutations (EDMs) have been reported in 7-12% endometrial cancers (ECs) and defined a subgroup of endometrial cancers with ultrahigh somatic mutation frequencies, high tumor infiltrated lymphocytes and favorable outcomes. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we presented a novel somatic mutation in POLE exonuclease domain associated with ultra-mutational signature and MMR deficiency in endometrial cancer...
February 10, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
Roberto Scendoni, Mariano Cingolani
Pulmonary damage in SARS-CoV-2 is characterized pathologically by diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) and thrombosis. In addition, nosocomial bacterial superinfections and ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) are likely to occur. The SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant have manifested itself as a more diffusive virus which mainly affects the upper airways, such as the nose and pharynx. The mechanism leading to a lung injury with a complex clinical course for the Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant remains unclear. A key question is whether the organ damage is due to direct organ targeting of the virus or downstream effects such as an altered immune response...
February 10, 2023: Diagnostic Pathology
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