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Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters

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June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
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June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
D Voulliaume, R Le Floch
The 2018 topics were « burns to the upper limb, hand excluded » and « advances in analgesia and sedation ». The authors used both the notes they took during the session and video footage to write this report. The reader should get in touch with the lecturer if more in-depth information is required.
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
M J Fatemi, M Momeni, A Tavakoli, T Bagheri, A Hosseini, S Araghi, F Ranjpoor, A Zavareh
Several dermal products have been introduced to substitute dermal tissues. In this study we review the effects of these products on repairing third-degree burn wounds and managing complications in animal specimens. Using an interventional approach, rats were randomly assigned to four groups (G1 to G4). Two wounds were created on the back of each rat. An open wound was left on the back of rats in G1; in G2, wounds were covered with a thick rat derived-ADM product and overlying thin skin graft; on G3 rats, similar third degree ulcers were made with one ulcer covered with harvested thin skin graft...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
N N Lam, H T X Huong, C A Tuan
A survey was conducted on 397 physicians working in Emergency and Trauma Departments of district and provincial hospitals in Vietnam. The contents of the survey were emergency care for burn and mass burn injuries. Results showed that only 39.8% of participants gave more than 50% correct answers. In the case of mass burn injuries, only 10.3% of participants gave correct answers for triage, and 71.8% of participants considered oral fluid resuscitation to be an appropriate method. In addition, intubation for suspected inhalational injury was indicated by 51...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
A Ibrahim, R S Chalhoub
Keloids and hypertrophic scars represent a common complaint for plastic surgeons. These scars often leave patients with severe morbidity due to their resistance to therapy. A variety of therapeutic options exist, yet none seem to offer a permanent solution, and scars frequently reoccur. The antineoplastic drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been shown to inhibit fibroblast proliferation in vitro and has been used as a treatment modality for these pathologic and problematic scars. We present a review of literature on treatment protocols, and on the efficacy and safety profile of this drug in the treatment of problematic scarring in terms of size reduction and symptom resolution...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
N G Elmelegy, A M Hegazy, M S Sadaka, D E Abdeldaim
Hypertrophic scar continues to be one of the leading reasons for surgical and non-surgical treatments after burn healing. Facial post-burn hypertrophic scars can cause severe functional and emotional disability, as they are usually difficult to conceal. Numerous nonsurgical and surgical therapies have been used for the treatment of hypertrophic scars. This study describes the combination of bipolar radiofrequency, intense pulsed light and cooling (given the collective term 'E-light'), and reports the outcomes of its use in the treatment of post-burn facial hypertrophic scars in a series of sixty-five patients in the pediatric age group...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
I Ghorbel, A Abid, S Moalla, A Karra, K Ennouri
Electrical burns are a major cause of bodily harm due to the mechanism and effect of the lesions. This prompts us to study these lesions and their management in order to reduce the morbidity caused by this type of accident. We conducted a retrospective descriptive observational study of patients hospitalized for electrical burns. This study includes 23 patients. The average age was 25.74 years. The most common occurrence was a domestic accident in 13 cases (56.5%), a work accident in 8 cases (34.8%), and a road traffic accident in 2 cases (8...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
A Mokline, L Gharsallah, I Rahmani, E Gaies, S Tabelsi, A A Messadi
Burns induce complex physiological changes such as modification of distribution volume, increased clearance of elements and decrease of protein binding. The pharmacokinetics of many antibiotics may then be modified, which requires dose adjustment. We attempted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of linezolid in burn patients at a standard dose of 600 mg intravenously thrice a day. A prospective study was conducted in a 20-bed adult burn ICU at a university-affiliated teaching hospital in Tunis. Thirteen adult burned patients with documented and/or suspected multi drug resistant (MDR) gram-positive bacterium-related infections were enrolled in the study...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
C Freystätter, C Radtke, G Ihra, F Thalhammer, A Fochtmann-Frana
Septic complications are a major problem in burn care. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae strains represent a growing threat. In particular, Romania has seen rapidly increasing rates of MDR Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in recent years. The PubMed database was searched with the terms 'Klebsiella pneumoniae', 'multiple drug resistant', 'enterobacteria', 'infection', 'sepsis or septicaemia or blood stream infection', 'surveillance', 'diagnose', 'burn', 'intensive care unit' and 'Romania or Europe'...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
I Mataro, G Giudice, R D'Alessio, G Maggio, M Vestita
Nexobrid is a highly selective enzymatic debriding agent used in the acute management of burns to perform escharectomy. From October 2016 to April 2017, we treated 6 patients affected with lower limb chronic ulcers of different etiologies with Nexobrid in order to perform eschar removal by enzymatic debridement. For all patients, a dosage of Nexobrid, calculated as 2gr per 1% TBSA, was applied in a 2-3 mm thick uniform layer on the ulcer eschar and fibrin tissue and left for 4 hours, covered with an occlusive dressing...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
N Depetris, S Raineri, O Pantet, A Lavrentieva
Management of pain, agitation and anxiety is crucial in critically ill patients, and has a significant impact on clinical and functional outcome. This study aims to assess current management of analgesia, sedation and delirium in adult burn ICUs, and determine if discrepancies exist between current guidelines and actual practices.An online survey was created and sent to burn specialists worldwide.A total of 40 respondents submitted valuable data. Of all respondents, 20 (50%) were from Europe, 7 (17.5%) from North America, 6 (15%) from Africa and 12 (30%) from other regions...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
V Vorstandlechner, R Pauzenberger, W Happak, G Ihra, T Rath, G Muschitz, S Nickl, C Radtke, A Fochtmann-Frana
We report a case of a 74-year-old female patient who was involved in a car accident. The patient suffered deep dermal and full thickness burns and the probability of survival calculated with the Abbreviated Burn Severity Index (ABSI) was extremely low. The patient showed sufficient cardiorespiratory and renal function for the entire treatment period. An epifascial necrosectomy of all four limbs was performed on day three after admission. Wound coverage was performed using the MEEK technique and split skin grafts...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
B Halgas, C Bay, K Foster
The models most widely used to predict burn patient mortality are the revised Baux score, Ryan, Smith, McGwin, Abbreviated Burn Severity Index (ABSI), Belgian Outcome of Burn Injury (BOBI), and the Fatality by Longevity, APACHE II score, Measured Extent of burn, and Sex (FLAMES). Improvements in critical care have reduced mortality resulting from severe burns, which may affect the predictive strength of older models. We conducted a cross-validation study on all burn patients (n = 114) with TBSA greater than 20%, admitted to the Arizona Burn Center between 2014 and 2016...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
M E AbdelWahab, M S Sadaka, E A Elbana, A A Hendy
Burns are considered mostly a serious illness with devastating consequences and prolonged length of hospital stay. Moreover, burns are among the traumatic lesions with the highest costs for care due to their hospitalization time, treatment required and the need for rehabilitation therapy. This study aims to evaluate the factors affecting length of hospital stay and mortality rates in acute burn patients. The study was conducted on 82 patients who presented with acute burn and were admitted to the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department Burn Unit, Tanta University Hospital, in the period from June 2016 to June 2017...
June 30, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
R Machado-Rivera, E Mezones-Holguín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
A Wardhana, R F M Lumbuun, D Kurniasari
Management of burn patients is challenging, and requires a lot of knowledge and experience gained through research. However, experimental study on humans is not morally and ethically accepted. Porcine is the most frequently used experimental model because pig skin is anatomically and physiologically similar to human skin. We included systematic reviews, meta analyses, and experimental studies of burns using porcine models. We excluded studies conducted more than 10 years ago and which included only thermal injuries...
March 31, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
F Seif, M Momeni, R Hobbenaghi, F Seif, O Mahboubi, R Babajani
Burn injury is considered a global health issue. Third degree burn wounds do not heal spontaneously and require skin grafts. Some factors could contribute to wound healing. In this study we assessed the effect of non-fatty omental cells in burn wound healing. Similar third degree burn wounds were induced on the back of 192 rats. Forty-eight of these rats were put in a control group that did not receive any treatment. The rest of the rats were put in 3 groups, each receiving a different treatment regime. Rats in group 2 had a daily application of silver sulfadiazine; group 3 rats were injected with omental cells, and group 4 rats were injected with phosphate buffer saline (PBS) once, followed by daily application of Vaseline to the burned region...
March 31, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
F Ravat, M Fontaine, J C Poupelin, J Payre, R Aimard, C Lalloue, R Viard, P Gir, D Voulliaume
At the end of 2013, we proposed the possibility of obtaining specialized burn advice 24/7 via pictures transmitted through a dedicated email address, to healthcare professionals. This simple tool is now a success, and we received one request for advice per day in 2015, resulting in an exchange of numerous emails. This simple process offers a number of benefits: it allows burn centres to regulate patient flows all year long, gives healthcare professionals access to a burn care specialist when and as quickly as they need, ensures each patient receives dedicated care, and allows national authorities to provide the best public health service and gain financial profits...
March 31, 2018: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
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