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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

Biraj Shrestha, Min Bahadur Gurung
BACKGROUND: Paha hunting is a commonplace recreational activity in the mountainous regions of Nepal. The collection is primarily for food use and secondarily preferred as medicinal forms, and utilized by many ethnic groups: Magar, Rai, Gurung, Jirel, etc. in different parts of the country. In this study, we documented the ethnoherpetological relationship of the local community with paha frogs in Manaslu Conservation Area, Gorkha District, Nepal. We confirmed the use of three species of paha, namely Nanorana liebigii, known locally as Man paha, Ombrana sikimensis, and Amolops formosus by the local community and recorded information on paha hunting strategy, meat preparation and storage techniques, zootherapeutic benefits, quantities harvested, and population status perception...
May 10, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Monika Kujawska, Ingvar Svanberg
INTRODUCTION: White bryony, Bryonia alba L., is a relatively little known plant in the history of folk medicine and folk botany in eastern and northern Europe. The main aim of this article is to bring together data about Bryonia alba and to summarise its cultural history and folk botanical importance in eastern and northern Europe. Nowadays, this species is considered at best as an ornamental plant, and at worst as a noxious weed. However, ethnographic and historical sources show that it used to be of magical, medicinal and ritual importance in our part of Europe...
May 9, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Yoshinori Tokuoka, Fukuhiro Yamasaki, Kenichiro Kimura, Kiyokazu Hashigoe, Mitsunori Oka
BACKGROUND: Understanding the history of anthropogenic vegetation is often difficult due to the lack of tangible historical evidence. In this study, we examined chronological changes of farmland demarcation trees planted on alluvial plains along the Hijikawa River in southwestern Japan based on species distribution patterns, folk nomenclature, and multiple usage of the trees. METHODS: The species composition of demarcation trees was investigated at 47 sites in 13 villages...
April 27, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Jianwu He, Ruifei Zhang, Qiyi Lei, Gongxi Chen, Kegang Li, Selena Ahmed, Chunlin Long
BACKGROUND: Beverages prepared by fermenting plants have a long history of use for medicinal, social, and ritualistic purposes around the world. Socio-linguistic groups throughout China have traditionally used plants as fermentation starters (or koji) for brewing traditional rice wine. The objective of this study was to evaluate traditional knowledge, diversity, and values regarding plants used as starters for brewing glutinous rice wine in the Dong communities in the Guizhou Province of China, an area of rich biological and cultural diversity...
April 27, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Airy Gras, Ginesta Serrasolses, Joan Vallès, Teresa Garnatje
BACKGROUND: The western Gironès is a district located in NE Catalonia (NE Iberian Peninsula). This area comprising 186.55 km2 and 10,659 inhabitants is composed of 5 municipalities encompassing 29 villages, located in the hydrographic basins of the Ter and Llémena rivers. METHODS: Following the methodology based on the semi-structured interviews, we carried out 40 interviews with 57 informants, 31 were women and the remaining 26 were men, with an average age of 78...
April 2, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Łukasz Łuczaj, Marija Jug-Dujaković, Katija Dolina, Mirjana Jeričević, Ivana Vitasović-Kosić
BACKGROUND: Archipelagos of islands have played an important role in shaping some of the paradigms of biology, including the theory of the evolution of species. Later, their importance in biology was further emphasised by the theory of island biogeography, which contributed to a better understanding of the shaping of species richness not only on real islands, but on isolated habitat islands as well. Although ethnobotany is a well-established discipline, patterns of knowledge about plant uses in archipelagos have never been quantitatively analysed, and the whole concept has been only briefly mentioned in the ethnobiological context...
March 29, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Fortunate M Phaka, Edward C Netherlands, Donnavan J D Kruger, Louis H Du Preez
BACKGROUND: We use taxonomy to organize the world into recognizable units. Folk taxonomy deals with the naming and classification of organisms through culture. Unlike its scientific counterpart, folk taxonomy is mostly undocumented, the Zoological Code of Nomenclature does not regulate it, and the resulting names are specific to each culture. A growing body of literature is steadily shedding light on the principles underlying this pre-scientific taxonomy. Vernacular names can be an instrument to increase participation of non-scientists in biodiversity matters...
March 26, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Milca E Coh-Martínez, William Cetzal-Ix, Jesús F Martínez-Puc, Saikat Kumar Basu, Eliana Noguera-Savelli, Manuel J Cuevas
BACKGROUND: The knowledge of native melliferous flora (MF) may contribute to identify the diversity of species available for beekeeping activities during the dry and rainy seasons of the year in the Yucatan Peninsula (YP) region. The acute shortage of food resources considerably reduce local honey production and needs to be addressed appropriately. The objective of this study has been identifying the local MF, their nectar and pollen contribution, their flowering patterns, and the criteria of the vegetation to be established adjacent to local apiaries for stable production of quality honey...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Darunee Sukanan, Brandon P Anthony
BACKGROUND: Bear bile is widely believed across much of Asia to have medicinal properties. As a result, great numbers of bears have been poached from the wild and numerous bear farms have been set up to drain the animals' bile on a regular basis. Although most such farms are now illegal, they continue to exist in countries such as Lao PDR. A new bear sanctuary is under construction in Luang Prabang in the northern part of the country with the aim of providing shelter to bears rescued from these farms...
February 26, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Nazir A Pala, Biplov C Sarkar, Gopal Shukla, Nakul Chettri, Shovik Deb, Jahangeer A Bhat, Sumit Chakravarty
BACKGROUND: Home gardens are popular micro land-use system and are socioeconomically linked with people for their livelihood. In the foothill region of Eastern Himalaya, very less documentations are available on species richness of the home gardens, particularly on the ethnomedicinal plants. We assumed that the home garden owners of the study site are domesticating ethnomedicinal plants which are not easily accessible to them in the wild due to distant forest. This study was planned to explore and document the diversity and population status of ethnomedicinal plants in the home gardens along with its ethnomedicinal use...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Shan Li, Anthony B Cunningham, Ruyan Fan, Yuhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Indigo-dyed textiles have been central to the cultural identity of Landian Yao (literally "blue clothes Yao") people in Southwest China for centuries, driving a significant local market for naturally dyed indigo cloth. In the past two decades, local indigo production for traditional textiles has declined for several reasons: Firstly, the younger generation of Landian Yao has shifted to using western style jeans and T-shirts. Secondly, due to its labor-intensive nature...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Michele Fontefrancesco, Charles Barstow, Francesca Grazioli, Hillary Lyons, Giulia Mattalia, Mattia Marino, Anne E McKay, Renata Sõukand, Paolo Corvo, Andrea Pieroni
BACKGROUND: Ethnobotanical field studies concerning migrant groups are crucial for understanding temporal changes of folk plant knowledge as well as for analyzing adaptation processes. Italy still lacks in-depth studies on migrant food habits that also evaluate the ingredients which newcomers use in their domestic culinary and herbal practices. METHODS: Semi-structured and open in-depth interviews were conducted with 104 first- and second-generation migrants belonging to the Albanian and Moroccan communities living in Turin and Bra, NW Italy...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Marcin Andrzej Kotowski, Marcin Pietras, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: The paper presents documentation of the traditional use of wild edible mushrooms in Mazovia (33,900 km2 ), a region of Poland. METHODS: A total of 695 semi-structured interviews were carried out among local informants in 38 localities proportionally distributed throughout the study area (one locality approximately every 30 km), asking which mushrooms they collected and how. The species utilized were identified using visual props, morphological identification of voucher specimens, and DNA barcoding...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Dipika Rana, Anupam Bhatt, Brij Lal
BACKGROUND: The wild plants not only form an integral part of the culture and traditions of the Himalayan tribal communities but also contribute largely to the sustenance of these communities. The tribal people use large varieties of wild fruits, vegetables, fodder, medicinal plants, etc. for meeting their day-to-day requirements. The present study was conducted in Churah subdivision of district Chamba where large populations of Muslim Gujjars inhabit various remote villages. These tribal people are semi-pastoralists, and they seasonally (early summers) migrate to the upper altitudes (Adhwari's) along with their cattle and return to permanent settlements before the onset of winters...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Lara Lucchetti, Silvia Zitti, Fabio Taffetani
BACKGROUND: The study is a survey of the traditional uses of plants in the Ancona district, in the Marche region, Central Italy. METHODS: The information derives from ethnobotanical investigations conducted with an open questionnaire among the rural population in three areas of the Ancona district that are representative of the socio-economic and environmental assets of the entire district: the Mount Conero area on the Adriatic coast; the municipality of Osimo, as an inland hilly area; and the 'Gola della Rossa-Frasassi' area, in the Apennines...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Mohammad Omar Faruque, Gang Feng, Md Nurul Amin Khan, James W Barlow, Umme Ruman Ankhi, Sheng Hu, M Kamaruzzaman, Shaikh Bokhtear Uddin, Xuebo Hu
BACKGROUND: The present study documents the ethnomedicinal knowledge among the traditional healers of the Pangkhua indigenous community of Bangladesh. The documented data from this area was quantitatively analyzed for the first time. We aimed to record ethnomedicinal information from both the traditional healers and also the elderly men and women of the community, in order to compile and document all available information concerning plant use and preserve it for the coming generations...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Muhammad Umair, Muhammad Altaf, Rainer W Bussmann, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Because of diverse topographical habitats, the Chenab River wetland harbors a wealth of medicinal and food plant species. This paper presents first quantitative assessment on the ethnobotanical use of plants by the local peoples residing in the Chenab riverine area. METHODS: The ethnobotanical data were collected from six parts of the Chenab River wetland: Mandi Bahuddin, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sargodha, and Sialkot during 2014 to 2015, using semi-structured interviews...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Muhammad Asad Salim, Sailesh Ranjitkar, Robbie Hart, Tika Khan, Sajid Ali, Chandni Kiran, Asma Parveen, Zahra Batool, Shanila Bano, Jianchu Xu
BACKGROUND: The ethnic groups in Gilgit-Baltistan have been utilizing local resources in their centuries-old traditional healing system. Most tribes within these ethnic groups still rely on traditional healing systems. We aim to understand the current status, uses, and abundance of medicinal plants, associated traditional knowledge, and trade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study incorporated over 300 local community members (70% men and 30% women) in focused group discussions, semi-structured interviews, and homework assignments for 8th to 12th grade students to document traditional knowledge (TK) in six districts in Northeast Pakistan...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Bakary Soro, N'golo Abdoulaye Koné, Linda Patricia Louyounan Vanié-Léabo, Souleymane Konaté, Adama Bakayoko, Daouda Koné
BACKGROUND: Many fungal species in tropical Africa are useful, with high added value, and play essential roles in the structure and dynamic of ecosystems. However, the diversity, distribution, and uses by local populations of these non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and their respective habitats are still very poorly understood in sub-Saharan Africa in general and more specifically in Côte d'Ivoire. This study aims at (i) inventorying the wild useful mushrooms of Côte d'Ivoire within its major protected areas and their respective surrounding sociolinguistical groups, according to climatic and phytogeographical gradients, and (ii) recording ethnomycological knowledge and considerations of these local people...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Mark Bonta, María Teresa Pulido-Silva, Teresa Diego-Vargas, Aurelia Vite-Reyes, Andrew P Vovides, Angélica Cibrián-Jaramillo
BACKGROUND: This study documents cycad-human relationships in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras over the last 6000 years. The impetus was acute need for a better understanding of previously undocumented uses of cycads in this region, and the need to improve cycad conservation strategies using ethnobotanical data. We hypothesized that cycads are significant dietary items with no long-term neurological effects, are important to religious practice, and contribute to cultural identity and sense of place, but that traditional knowledge and uses are rapidly eroding...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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