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Head & Face Medicine

Young-Eun Hwang, Sang-Hoon Kang, Hang-Keun Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of navigation according to the number of markers in terms of target registration errors (TREs) at each anatomical location during the registration process of the navigation system for the mandible. METHODS: The TREs were measured in five different experiments, varying only in the number of registration reference markers, which ranged from three to seven. To measure the TREs according to the number of registration reference markers, two experimental navigation devices were used: 1) Cbyon navigation surgery equipment 2) Polaris optical tracker...
February 9, 2019: Head & Face Medicine
Manfred Nilius, Jürgen Kohlhase, Johann Lorenzen, Günter Lauer, Matthias C Schulz
BACKGROUND: The Gorlin-Goltz syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by keratocystic odontogenic tumors in the jaws, multiple basal cell carcinomas and skeletal abnormities. Frequently, the manifestation of the syndrome occurs in the adolescent years. CASE PRESENTATION: An 11-year-old boy was referred to our clinic due to the persistence of the lower deciduous molars. The further diagnosis revealed bilateral keratocystic odontogenic tumors in the region of teeth 33 and 45 representing a symptom of a Gorlin-Goltz syndrome...
February 8, 2019: Head & Face Medicine
Michelle Alicia Ommerborn, Rita Antonia Depprich, Christine Schneider, Maria Giraki, Matthias Franz, Wolfgang Hans-Michael Raab, Ralf Schäfer
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess the individual pain perception in sleep bruxism (SB) subjects. Moreover, the effects of a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) compared to an occlusal appliance (OA) on pain perception and a possible continuative impact on several functional parameters were investigated. METHODS: A total of 57 SB subjects participated in this investigation. The diagnosis of SB was based on the clinical criteria of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM)...
January 29, 2019: Head & Face Medicine
Hiroki Mori, Takashi Izawa, Hitoshi Mori, Keiichiro Watanabe, Takahiro Kanno, Eiji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: We successfully treated a 37-year-old male who had skeletal open bite with severe amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) with orthodontics, compression osteogenesis, and prosthodontics. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was diagnosed with severe anterior open bite caused by severe AI. Corticotomy was performed on both buccal and palatal sides of the molar regions, and anchor plates were placed onto the bilateral zygomatic buttress and the center of the hard palate...
January 28, 2019: Head & Face Medicine
Svenja Memmert, Anna Damanaki, Marjan Nokhbehsaim, Andressa V B Nogueira, Sigrun Eick, Joni A Cirelli, Andreas Jäger, James Deschner
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a chronic disease characterized by a progressive and irreversible destruction of the tooth-supporting tissues, including gingiva and periodontal ligament (PDL). Microorganisms, such as Fusobacterium nucleatum, evoke an inflammatory host response, which leads to increased levels of inflammatory mediators, such as interleukin (IL)-1β. Periodontitis has been linked to obesity, and adipokines have been suggested to represent a pathomechanistic link. The hormone somatostatin (SST) exerts antiproliferative, antiangiogenetic, proapoptotic, anti-nociceptive and other effects through binding to its receptors, such as SSTR2...
January 4, 2019: Head & Face Medicine
Katharina Storck, Markus Brandstetter, Ulrich Keller, Andreas Knopf
BACKGROUND: The study analyses clinical characteristics of histologically defined head and neck (H&N) lymphoma to raise the awareness of ENT specialists to the leading symptoms. METHOD: From 2003 to 2011, all patients with histologically defined H&N lymphoma from our clinic were evaluated. RESULTS: This study identified 221 patients with H&N lymphoma comprising 193 non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and 28 Hodgkin lymphomas (HL). Among NHL there were 77 indolent (iNHL), 110 aggressive (aNHL), six highly aggressive NHL and further 28 HL...
January 3, 2019: Head & Face Medicine
Mehmet Mustafa Özarslan, Ulviye Şebnem Büyükkaplan, Çağatay Barutcigil, Merve Özarslan, Kubilay Barutcigil, Nurullah Türker
BACKGROUND: Color change of dental materials over time because of staining agents has important effects on the long-term prognosis of dental esthetic treatments. In the present study, staining resistance of an interpenetrating network composite material with different translucency levels (translucent and high translucent) and various surface procedures for finishing were investigated. METHODS: Same shade CAD/CAM interpenetrating network composite specimens having two different translucency levels were prepared using by a water cooling cutting saw...
November 26, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Ji Rak Kim, Jung Hwan Jo, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
BACKGROUND: To investigate the differences in clinical characteristics and long-term treatment outcomes according to antinuclear antibody(ANA) and rheumatoid factor(RF) positivity and the correlation between pain-related and hematological indices in temporomandibular disorders(TMD) patients. METHODS: Clinical examinations were done following the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD in 257 patients. Comprehensive screening along with psychological and hematological evaluations (ANA, RF, complete blood cell count, C-reactive protein[CRP] and erythrocyte sedimentation rate[ESR]) were conducted...
November 22, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Alexander Zinke, Christian Hannig, Hendrik Berth
BACKGROUND: Dental Anxiety is still today one of the most common fears and is therefore a great challenge for every dental practitioner. The aim of this study was to identify patients with dental anxiety using the Dental Anxiety Scale and comparing different levels of dental anxiety with oral health using DMF-T and DMF-S index. METHODS: This study questioned 1549 patients over the course of three years (2002-2005). DAS questionnaires were handed out before treatment and the state of oral health was evaluated using DMF-T and DMF-S...
November 20, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Phimon Atsawasuwan, Yinghua Chen, Karan Ganjawalla, Albert L Kelling, Carla A Evans
BACKGROUND: Accelerated tooth movement has been a topic of interest for orthodontic research recently. Surgically facilitated orthodontic treatment has been shown to be an effective approach to accelerate tooth movement; however, it remains invasive, requires additional surgery, and may increase post-operative complications. In this study, we evaluate the effects of extracorporeal shockwave treatment (ESWT), a non-invasive approach to regenerate alveolar bone, on orthodontic tooth movement in rats...
November 12, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Marcel Hanisch, Lale Hanisch, Leopold F Fröhlich, Richard Werkmeister, Lauren Bohner, Johannes Kleinheinz
BACKGROUND: Myositis ossificans describes a heterotopic bone formation within a muscle. Thereby myositis ossificans is classified in two different groups: myositis ossificans progressiva (MOP) which describes a genetic autosomal dominant rare disease and myositis ossificans traumatica (MOT). The exact pathogenesis of MOT is unclear. The aim of this article was to analyse and interpret the existing literature reporting MOT of masticatory muscles and compare the results with our own clinical experience with MOT...
October 29, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Anja Ratzmann, Christan Schwahn, Anja Treichel, Andreas Faltermeier, Alexander Welk
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate how tooth color is affected by multibracket appliance (MBA) treatment. METHODS: The color of teeth #14 to #24 of 15 patients with MBA was measured on body and gingival tooth segments using the spectrophotometer Shade Inspector™. Colors of both segments were recorded before start of MBA treatment (baseline T0 ), end of MBA treatment (T1 ; 2 years ±0.3), and 3 months after T1 (T2 ). A 2D color system and a 3D system served as reference systems...
October 22, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Junho Jung, Chi-Heun Lee, Jung-Woo Lee, Byung-Joon Choi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the nasolabial soft tissue change three-dimensionally after orthognathic surgery, using a structured light scanner. METHODS: Thirty-two malocclusion patients, who underwent orthognathic surgery, were evaluated. CBCT and 3D facial scans were obtained before surgery and 3 months after surgery. The 3D changes in the 26 landmarks, and the relative ratio of the soft tissue movement to the bony movement, were evaluated. RESULTS: In the Le Fort I advancement patients, the nasal tip moved 17% forward, compared to the maxillary bony movement, but the nasal prominence decreased 15%...
October 5, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Jiarui Zhang, Xiuxia Ren, Bo Wang, Jing Cao, Linli Tian, Ming Liu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of DACH1 over-expression on proliferation and invasion of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). METHODS: The 120 cases of LSCC tumors and 114 adjacent non-neoplastic tissues were collected to detect the expression of DACH1 by immunohistochemistry. The changes of DACH1 expression from each group were assessed and correlated to the clinical parameters of the patients. Plasmid-DACH1 was transfected into Hep-2 cells to up-regulate the expression of DACH1C...
September 27, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Benedikt Kleineidam, Sonja Sielker, Marcel Hanisch, Johannes Kleinheinz, Susanne Jung
BACKGROUND: Adult stem cells appear to be a promising subject for tissue engineering, representing an individual material for regeneration of aged and damaged cells. Especially adipose derived stromal cells (ADSC), which are easily to achieve, allow an encouraging perspective due to their capability of differentiating into miscellaneous cell types. Here we describe the in vitro formation of human subcutaneous, visceral and omental ADSC micromasses and compare their histological attributes while being cultivated on collagen membranes...
September 26, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Kazuto Kurohara, Yasuyuki Michi, Akane Yukimori, Satoshi Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: A glomus tumor is a rare neoplasm usually found in the dermis or subcutaneous tissue of the extremities. It is rare for the glomus tumor to occur on the head and face. Only 26 glomus tumors of the oral region and affected bone have been reported in the English-language literature (Table 1). We report a case of a glomus tumor at the mandible. As a new point, the glomus tumor resorbed a bone and teeth roots when the tumor progressed into the mandible. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 44-year-old Japanese man who complained swelling of the right mandible...
September 25, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Elisabeth Klang, Frauke Beyling, Michael Knösel, Dirk Wiechmann
BACKGROUND: Controlled space closure in cases of isolated lower second premolar aplasia (ILSPA) without maxillary counterbalancing extraction is challenging. Anterior anchorage loss may occur during space closure resulting in compromised occlusal results in terms of an absence of proper canine guidance during laterotrusive mandible movements. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of Herbst telescope anchorage in combination with double-cable, pull mechanics and a completely customized lingual appliance for orthodontic space management in cases of ILSPA, we tested the null hypothesis that there is a significant deterioration in the sagittal canine relationship towards an Angle-Class-II occlusion expressed as a loss of anterior anchorage following space closure with molar mesialization...
September 24, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Martina Bräutigam, Benedict Wilmes, Nour Eldin Tarraf, Dieter Drescher
BACKGROUND: Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) is primarily used in adult orthodontics. In many cases it is followed by further surgery to address further anteroposterior and/or vertical discrepancies. Treatment times in such cases are often long with adult patients usually requesting invisible appliances. Lingual appliances can provide the mechanical control required as well as fulfil the aesthetic demands in such cases. However lingual appliances are usually custom made and indirectly bonded...
September 19, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Daniela Klenke, Anja Quast, Martina Prelog, Annette Holl-Wieden, Maximilian Riekert, Angelika Stellzig-Eisenhauer, Philipp Meyer-Marcotty
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is often accompanied by pathomorphological changes to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). By analyzing orthodontical orthopantomograms of JIA patients the aims of the study were a) classification of condyle changes, b) quantification of bony asymmetries of condylar destruction and c) detection of relationships between disease duration and TMJ-involvement. PATIENTS/METHODS: 46 caucasian JIA-patients (28 female; 18 male; < 16...
September 17, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Simona Tecco, Silvia Caruso, Alessandro Nota, Pietro Leocata, Gianluca Cipollone, Roberto Gatto, Tommaso Cutilli
In literature there are few reports about multiple CGCG. But this is the first report of bilateral CGCG of the mandibular angles in three females from the same family.This report describes three cases of females from the same family - a mother and two young daughters - with bilateral CGCG in their jaw angles. All the lesions were surgically removed and the histopathologic diagnosis was always identical: giant cell central granulomas, with patterns that were absolutely superimposable between them and with that of the mother...
September 4, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
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