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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

Gift Gugu Mona, Moses John Chimbari, Charles Hongoro
Background: Occupational hazards, injuries and diseases are a major concern among police officers, including in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is limited locally relevant literature for guiding policy for the South African Police Service (SAPS). The purpose of this review was to describe the occupational hazards, injuries and diseases affecting police officers worldwide, in order to benchmark policy implications for the SAPS. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of studies using Google Scholar, PubMed and Scopus...
2019: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Katrina N Burns, Stephanie K Sayler, Richard L Neitzel
Background: Electronic waste (e-waste) recycling workers in low and middle-income countries have the potential for occupational injuries due to the nature of their work at informal e-waste sites. However, limited research exists on stress, noise, occupational injuries, and health risks associated with this work environment. This study evaluated injury experience, noise exposures, and stress risk factors among e-waste workers at the large recycling site in the Agbogbloshie market, Accra, Ghana...
2019: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Rene P Rosenbaum, Brenda Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Fabian Holzgreve, Laura Maltry, Jasmin Lampe, Helmut Schmidt, Andreas Bader, Julia Rey, David A Groneberg, Anke van Mark, Daniela Ohlendorf
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a common health problem in office workers. In Germany, MSD (mainly back pain related) are the main cause of workdays lost to incapacity. This is not only bothersome for the employees, but also causes higher costs for the health system and employers. Workplace health promotion programmes (WHPP) can help to reduce this as they reach large target groups and are easily accessible. In this context, stretch training exercises have already proven to be effective...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Eileen M Wanke, Julia Schreiter, David A Groneberg, Burkhard Weisser
Objective: A high unilateral load to the musculoskeletal system is specific for formation dance. Due to the lack of data the aim of this study was the side-related (right - left) analysis of strength- and balance capability subject to injuries, gender and performance standards. Methods: N  = 51 dancers (m: n  = 24, f: m = 27) of two performance levels participated in this cross-sectional study. Double-sided tests of the isometric maximal strength of relevant muscle groups and the balance capability were carried out...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Oğuzhan Bol, Serhat Koyuncu, Nurullah Günay
Background: Carbon monoxide (CO) is formed as a result of the incomplete burning of hydrocarbon-containing fuels such as natural gas, coal, liquid petroleum gas, and wood. CO is a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas that produces various acute and chronic effects in CO-exposed people. In this study, we aimed to measure CO levels in auto care repairmen with chronic CO-related illnesses using a serial, non-invasive method.A prospective cohort study. Methods: A total of 99 people from six different auto-repair services were included in the study...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Daniela Ohlendorf, Jennifer Marx, Kathrin Clasen, Eileen M Wanke, Stefan Kopp, David A Groneberg, Stefanie Uibel
Background: Effects of playing high stringed bow instruments on the upper body posture have not been analysed so far. The instrument-specific seating position when playing in an orchestra is compared to the habitual seating position. Methods: Three dimensional back scans were performed in 13 professional violinists and viola players of a radio orchestra (8 f / 5 m). Trunk position in their habitual seating position and in the instrument- specific seating position imitating playing was compared...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Katrin Christiane Reber, Hans-Helmut König, André Hajek
Background: So far, studies within the occupational field have largely concentrated on working conditions and job stressors and staff members' or subordinate health. Only a few have focused on managers in this context, but studies are missing that explicitly look at the relation between leadership position and health care use (HCU). Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the potential effects of a change in leadership position on HCU in women and men longitudinally. Methods: Data were drawn from a nationally representative longitudinal study in Germany (German Socio-Economic Panel, GSOEP)...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Daniel Sowah, Flora Balat, Sebastian Straube
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) has a high prevalence in Western societies and can affect an individual's life in a number of domains, including work. In our experience, treatment trials on OA, however, rarely report work-related outcomes. Here we conducted a systematic review to assess the reporting of work-related outcomes in randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trials in OA. Our systematic review also compared two search strategies for identifying eligible publications, one where work-related terms were included in the database search string (A) and one where this was not the case and work-related outcomes were identified by searches of full text Portable Document Formats (PDFs) (B)...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Melanie Klein, Stefanie Wobbe-Ribinski, Anika Buchholz, Albert Nienhaus, Anja Schablon
Background: The Nurse Work Instability Scale (Nurse-WIS) is an occupation-specific instrument that ascertains "work instability," the interval before restricted work ability or prolonged sick leave occurs. The objective of the study was to assess if nurses with a high risk baseline-score in the Nurse-WIS take longer periods of sick leave due to musculoskeletal diseases and/or psychological impairments than other nurses. Methods: A total of 4500 nurses randomly selected from one of the largest health insurance funds in Germany (DAK-Gesundheit) were invited by letter to participate in the study...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Mostafa Hadei, Philip K Hopke, Abbas Shahsavani, Mahbobeh Moradi, Maryam Yarahmadi, Baharan Emam, Noushin Rastkari
Background: The use of cosmetic products in beauty salons emits numerous kinds of toxic air pollutants. The objectives of this study were to measure the concentrations of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, formaldehyde, and acetaldehyde in 20 large beauty salons in Tehran and relate the observed concentrations to environmental and occupational characteristics of the salons. Methods: Samples were collected from inside and outside air of 20 selected salons located in different areas of the city...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Amber Mehmood, Zaw Maung, Rafael J Consunji, Ayman El-Menyar, Ruben Peralta, Hassan Al-Thani, Adnan A Hyder
Work related injuries (WRIs) are a growing public health concern that remains under-recognized, inadequately addressed and largely unmeasured in low and middle-income countries (LMIC's). However, even in high-income countries, such as those in Gulf Cooperating Council (GCC) like Qatar, there are challenges in assuring the health and safety of its labor population. Countries in the GCC have been rapidly developing as a result of the economic boom from the petrochemical industry during the early seventies. Economic prosperity has propelled the migration of workers from less developed countries to make up for the human resource deficiency to develop its infrastructure, service and hospitality industries...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Sabine Werner, Eberhard Nies
Occupational exposure to numerous individual chemicals has been associated with olfactory dysfunction, mainly in individual case descriptions. Comprehensive epidemiological investigations into the olfactotoxic effect of working substances show that the human sense of smell may be impaired by exposure to metal compounds involving cadmium, chromium and nickel, and to formaldehyde. This conclusion is supported by the results of animal experiments. The level of evidence for a relationship between olfactory dysfunction and workplace exposure to other substances is relatively weak...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Dominik Pförringer, Regina Mayer, Christa Meisinger, Dennis Freuer, Florian Eyer
Background: Previous studies were able to show that hazardous alcohol and substance abuse among physicians is not rare. Currently no recent data to detect risk groups are available either on the prevalence of hazardous drinking disorders and risky health behaviour among physicians or on influencing factors (age, gender, role, institution, specialization, working hours). Methods: A 42-item online questionnaire was distributed to 38 university hospitals, 296 teaching hospitals and 1290 physicians in private practice...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Nuwadatta Subedi, Ishwari Sharma Paudel, Ajay Khadka, Umesh Shrestha, Vipul Bhusan Mallik, K C Ankur
Background: Snake bite is a neglected public health problem in tropical and subtropical region. The study was conducted with objectives to determine the knowledge of first aid methods in snake bite and the perception of snake bite among the medical students of Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara, Nepal. Methods: We conducted a cross sectional survey among 302 (231 preclinical and 71 clinical) Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) students of Gandaki Medical College using a pretested questionnaire to assess the knowledge of first aid of snake bite based on WHO protocol and perception of snakebite...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Xaver Baur, Lygia Therese Budnik, Zhiwei Zhao, Louis Verschoor, Federico Maria Rubino, Claudio Colosio, Jorgen R Jepsen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12995-015-0059-4.].
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Jian Li, Martin Bidlingmaier, Raluca Petru, Francisco Pedrosa Gil, Adrian Loerbroks, Peter Angerer
Background: Cumulative epidemiological evidence suggests that shift work exerts harmful effects on human health. However, the physiological mechanisms are not well understood. This study aimed to examine the impact of shift work on the dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, i.e. diurnal cortisol rhythm. Methods: Seventy physicians with a mean age 30 years participated in this one-year longitudinal study. Working schedules, either shift work or regular schedules with day shift, were assessed at baseline...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Caterina Ledda, Carla Loreto, Massimo Bracci, Claudia Lombardo, Gaetano Romano, Diana Cinà, Nicola Mucci, Sergio Castorina, Venerando Rapisarda
Background: Emissions from vehicles are composed of heterogeneous mixtures of hazardous substances; several pollutants such as Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are amongst the most dangerous substances detected in urban monitoring. A cohort of traffic policemen usually occupationally exposed to PAHs present in the urban environment were examined in order to assess the mutagenicity and DNA capacity repair. Methods: Seventy-two urban traffic policemen working in Catania's metropolitan area were enrolled in the study...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Ruonan Chai, Hua Xie, Junli Zhang, Zhuang Ma
Background: Reactive airway dysfunction syndrome (RADS), also called irritant-induced asthma, is a type of occupational asthma that can occur within a very short period of latency. The study sought to investigate the influence of sulfur dioxide (SO2 ) exposure on CD19+ cells and nasal epithelial injury. Methods: We investigated the effects of SO2 on CD19 expression and morphological changes of nasal epithelia in rats. In the study, 20 rats were randomly divided into the SO2 exposure group that were exposed to 600 ppm SO2 , 2 h/day for consecutive 7 days, and the control group that were exposed to filtered air)...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Yehia Z Alami, Beesan T Ghanim, Sa'ed H Zyoud
Background: Resident doctors are continuously exposed to prolonged working hours and night shifts, making them susceptible to the many physical, psychological, and cognitive side effects of sleep deprivation, which may affect their quality of life. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of sleep penury in resident doctors and to assess the association between self-apprehended sleepiness and quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the governmental hospitals in the North of the West Bank between May 2017 and September 2017...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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