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Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Anita Padmanabhanunni, Martin Gerhardt
This study investigated the contribution of general normative beliefs about aggression and specific normative beliefs about retaliatory aggression in predicting physical, non-physical and relational aggression. Adolescents (N = 229) from a low-income community in South Africa completed the Normative Beliefs about Aggression Scale (NOBAGS) and the Aggression-Problem Behaviour Frequency Scale (A-PBFS). The results revealed significantly higher levels of all forms of aggression amongst boys as compared to girls...
March 25, 2019: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Garfield Bester
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the investigation was to determine the interrelatedness between personality variables, interpersonal relationships, and stress in adolescents. METHOD: The personality of adolescents (variables related to Jung's theory, self-concept, and egocentrism) and their relationships with teachers and peers as well as stress were measured using a sample of 358 school-going adolescents with an average age of 16.28 years. RESULTS: Extraverts experienced better relationships with peers...
March 25, 2019: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Elizabeth Edginton, Rebecca Walwyn, Maureen Twiddy, Alex Wright-Hughes, Sandy Tubeuf, Sadie Reed, Alix Smith, Laura Stubbs, Jacqueline Birtwistle, Sarah Jane Abraham, Lynda Ellis, Nick Midgley, Tom Hughes, Paul Wallis, David Cottrell
BACKGROUND: Parenting programmes are recommended for conduct disorders in 5-11 year olds, but ineffective for 25-33%. A feasibility trial was needed to determine whether a confirmatory trial of second-line, manualised short-term psychoanalytic child psychotherapy (mPCP) versus treatment as usual (TaU) is practicable. METHOD: This was a two-arm, pragmatic, parallel-group, multi-centre, individually-randomised controlled feasibility trial with blinded outcome assessment...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Michelle Karume
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Helene Loxton, Rizwana Roomaney, Christopher Cobb
The objective of this study was to explore the five most frequently reported fears in a sample of university students, and investigate the origins of these fears. The study employed a cross-sectional design with convenience sampling. Data were collected using a self-report questionnaire and analysed using a combination of descriptive statistics and content analysis. Participants consisted of 544 first-year psychology students. This study identified academic failure, animals, general failure, losing loved ones to death, and violence/crime as the top five fears among a sample of university students...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Lauren Franz, Konyin Adewumi, Nola Chambers, Marisa Viljoen, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Petrus J de Vries
We set out to examine key stakeholder perspectives on early detection and intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in South Africa. Early detection and intervention improves child and family outcomes and lessens long-term costs. We focused on stakeholders in the Western Cape province, one of the better-resourced in terms of healthcare. Eight senior management level stakeholders, two each from government's Health, Education, and Social Development, and the non-profit sector were identified using purposive sampling...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Anna Eckhardt, Enrique Aguilar Zambrano, Doris Nilsson
BACKGROUND: In Ecuador, as in most Latin American countries, scientific research on trauma and dissociation is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of potentially traumatic experiences and dissociative symptoms in adolescents and young adults who were students at the Central University in Quito, Ecuador. METHODS: A cross-sectional study in which 144 students completed a self-administrated questionnaire consisting of Linköping Youth Life Experience Scale (LYLES), Adolescent-Dissociation Experience Scale (A-DES ) and background variables...
November 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Tianyuan Ke, Jia Wu, Cynthia J Willner, Zachariah Brown, Michael J Crowley
Adolescence is a period of significant identity development and particular vulnerability to depression associated with negative self-evaluation. We investigated if increased depressive symptom severity was also associated with positive self-evaluation. We also considered pubertal developmental differences in positive and negative self-evaluation, and if these could reflect dissociated facets of the self. This cross-sectional sample consisted of healthy male and female adolescents (N = 109) aged 12-17 from the United States...
November 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Thomas W Wojciechowski
This research examined the development of anxiety across adolescence and early adulthood among a sample of juvenile offenders comprising males and females. In addition, despite the understanding of maternal substance abuse and maternal unemployment as risk factors predicting development of anxiety, this research examined the interaction between these two characteristics for doing so. Analyses used group-based trajectory modelling to provide descriptive representation of general developmental patterns of anxiety...
August 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Deborah van der Westhuizen, Nicolaas Claassen, Margaretha Viljoen
OBJECTIVE: A case study describing the association between vagal tone and social-emotional adaptation in two distressed adolescent-parent (A-P) pairs during a Positive Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Programme (P-CBTP). METHODS: Two A-P pairs completed a P-CBTP with pre- and post-intervention biosocial-emotional assessments; weekly training sessions over 7 weeks to develop individual strengths, new adaptive cognitions, positive discipline skills, optimism and knowledge on age-appropriate developmental expressions; augmented by moderate physical activity...
August 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Stephen Ellenbogen, Delphine Colin-Vezina, Vandna Sinha, Martin Chabot, Shauna J R Wells
OBJECTIVE: This study represents an initial attempt to contrast behavioural and mental health correlates of shame as a result of physical abuse (PA) and sexual abuse (SA). Because they are distinctive forms of injury, it is possible that corollary shame from these injuries follows unique trajectories and ultimately results in different health challenges. METHOD: Self-report data from a survey on the health of youth receiving protective services for reasons of PA and SA was used...
August 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Caryn Du Plooy, Heleen Coetzee, Esmé van Rensburg
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review available literature pertaining to the psychological effects of multimedia-induced sexualisation of girls in middle childhood (between the ages of 6 and 12 years old). METHOD: A systematic review was conducted through a comprehensive electronic search. Nineteen studies were included in the review and the data was analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Two themes were identified, namely: 1) detrimental psychological effects of sexualisation; and 2) beneficial psychological effects of sexualisation...
August 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Finiswa H Mfidi, Gloria Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Oluwaseyi A Akpor
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on the process followed in developing the "TEAM" (an acronym for the proposed intervention) model for the promotion of mental health among school-going adolescents. METHODS: A sequential explanatory mixed method combining both quantitative and qualitative approaches was used to gain in-depth understanding of the experiences of adolescents, school health nurses and teachers in dealing with emotional and social problems in high schools...
August 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Quyen Tt Bui, Lan Th Vu, Dien M Tran
OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates the trajectories of depression symptoms in adolescents and young adults, and explores factors associated with their depression. METHOD: For each respondent, three waves of data were collected in 2006, 2009 and 2013 from adolescents and young adults aged 10 to 24 years. The modified Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale was used to interview participants, while the generalised estimating equation (GEE) model was used to identify whether certain factors were associated with depression...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Annette Humm, Debra Kaminer, Anneli Hardy
OBJECTIVE: Cumulative violence exposure has been associated with both internalising and externalising difficulties in youth. Therefore, it is important to identify protective factors that may ameliorate both exposure to and the impact of cumulative violence. This study aimed to identify sources of perceived social support amongst early adolescents in a low-income, high-violence community in South Africa, and to examine the association of perceived support with exposure to violence and with the severity of depression, aggression and conduct disorder symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Kerry A Howard, Kathleen M Griffiths, Rebecca McKetin, Jennifer Ma
There is disagreement in the literature as to whether biological attribution increases or decreases stigma. This study investigated the effect of an online biological intervention on stigma and help-seeking intentions for depression among adolescents. A three-arm, pre-post test, double-blind randomised controlled trial (RCT) was used to compare the effects of a biological and a psychosocial intervention delivered online. Participants comprised secondary school students (N = 327) aged 16-19 years. Outcome measures included anticipated self-stigma for depression (primary), personal stigma, help-seeking intention for depression, and biological and psychosocial attribution...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Amy D Habeger, Kimberly S van Vulpen, Teresa F Simmons
The presence of emotional or behavioural disorders has an impact on academic achievement. Access to behavioural health services is a challenge, particularly in rural communities. School-based mental health services have been recognised as an effective means of addressing the needs of students with emotional or behavioural disorders. This qualitative focus group study explored the service needs, gaps, and barriers to mental health services. Themes related to time, space, family engagement, and education for teachers and caregivers emerged from the focus groups...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Ehimwenma W Isa, Cornelius Ani, Tolulope Bella-Awusah, Olayinka Omigbodun
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exists on psychological interventions for adolescent depression in African countries such as Nigeria. This study therefore investigates the effects of a psychological intervention that includes psycho-education and basic elements of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) on depressed medication-treated adolescents in Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: This was a pre-post one-group intervention study of 18 adolescents aged 13-18 years with clinically diagnosed depressive disorder, attending a specialist psychiatric hospital...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Roshini Jain, Ch Chiech Chang, Mpho A Koto, Alden N Geldenhuys, Richard J Nichol, Gina Joubert
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of cannabis use among undergraduate medical students of the University of the Free State (UFS), and the extent of their knowledge about the substance. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included five year groups of undergraduate medical students. A self-administered, anonymous questionnaire was used. RESULTS: Of the 643 medical students, 541 (84.1%) completed the questionnaire. In total, 161 (30...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
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