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Annals of General Psychiatry

Eric Kimbui, Mary Kuria, Obadia Yator, Manasi Kumar
Introduction: Adolescent pregnancy is a highly prevalent and significant public health problem in Kenya, and mental health needs of pregnant adolescent girls have been overlooked. Nearly, 50% of the world's population comprises children and adolescents and 85% live in lower and middle-income countries. Objective: Pregnant adolescents were interviewed to ascertain certain social determinants of mental health such as social support, partner or parent support, and demographic profile and assessed for depression using EPDS and for severity of depression using BDI, and their alcohol abuse assessed using AUDIT...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Eun Hyun Seo, Seung-Gon Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Jung Hyun Park, Hyung-Jun Yoon
Background: This cross-sectional study investigated the impact of life satisfaction and happiness, as well as the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in a large sample of university students. Methods: We included 2338 students at 6 universities in 1 metropolitan city and 2 provinces of Korea. Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory, and scores of 16 or higher were categorized as the presence of depression. Various sociodemographic, life satisfaction, happiness, and clinical factors (alcohol consumption and sleep quality) were measured...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Manasi Kumar, Beatrice Madeghe, Judith Osok-Waudo, Grace Nduku Wambua, Beatrice Kagai Amugune
Approximately, 42% of the Kenyan population live below the poverty line. Rapid growth and urbanization of Kenya's population have resulted in a changing poverty and food security environment in high-density urban areas. Lack of basic food needs in Kenya affects approximately 34.8% rural population and 7.6% of its urban population. Using multi-community stakeholders such as teachers and community health workers (CHWs), this paper examined food insecurity and its consequences on caregiving practices and child development...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Rose Okoyo Opiyo, Peter Suwirakwenda Nyasulu, Reuben Kamau Koigi, Anne Obondo, Dorington Ogoyi, Wambui Kogi-Makau
Background: Globally, it is known that HIV-infected pregnant women are prone to depressive symptoms. Research evidences also suggest that nutrient deficiencies may enhance the depressive illness, and that fish oil omega-3 fatty acids may alleviate the depressive symptoms. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of fish oil omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid-rich supplements on depressive symptoms among HIV-seropositive pregnant women. Trial design: A randomized double-blinded controlled trial with two parallel groups was conducted...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Deemah AlAteeq, Abdullah AlDaoud, Ahmad AlHadi, Hanoof AlKhalaf, Roumen Milev
Background: Stigma plays a powerful role in an individual's attitude towards mental illness and in their seeking psychiatric and psychological services. Assessing stigma from the perspective of people with mood disorders is important as these disorders have been ranked as major causes of disability. Objectives: To determine the extent and impact of stigma experiences in Saudi patients with depression and bipolar disorder, and to examine stigma experiences across cultures...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Gaizhi Li, Kathryn Rossbach, Wenqing Jiang, Yasong Du
Background: This study aimed to explore the resting-state fMRI changes in Chinese boys with low functioning autism spectrum disorder (LFASD) and the correlation with clinical symptoms. Methods: The current study acquired resting-state fMRI data from 15 Chinese boys with LFASD and 15 typically developing (TD) boys to examine the local brain activity using the regional homogeneity (ReHo) and amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) indexes; the researchers also examined these measures and their possible relationships with clinical symptoms using the autism behavior checklist...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Farshid Shamsaei, Fatemeh Nazari, Efat Sadeghian
Background: Stigma is one of the most destructive features of mental illnesses that may affect the family caregivers. This study aimed to analyze the effect of training interventions of stigma on family caregivers of the mental illness patients. Materials and methods: This quasi-experimental pre- and post-test study was performed on a single group of 43 family caregivers of mental illness patients in Hamadan Psychiatric Hospital, Iran, in 2015. The samples were taken through convenience sampling method and the data collection tool was a stigma questionnaire made by the researchers...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Elham Baharzadeh, Fereydoun Siassi, Mostafa Qorbani, Fariba Koohdani, Neda Pak, Gity Sotoudeh
Background: The association of fruits and vegetables (FV) specific subgroups consumption and depression has not been investigated in healthy adult populations. Therefore, the aim of our study was to determine the relationship between intake of FV as well as their subgroups and depression. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 women attending healthcare centers. The scores of depression, anxiety, and stress were measured using the 21-item depression, anxiety and stress scales questionnaire...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Bereket Duko, Epherem Geja, Mahlet Zewude, Semere Mekonen
Background: Globally, 350 million people are affected by depression and 800,000 people die due to suicide every year due to depression. People living with HIV/AIDS face different challenges, including HIV-related perceived stigma, lack of social support and also depression. This study aimed to assess prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptom among people living with HIV/AIDS attending Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia. Methods: Hospital-based cross-sectional study was implemented in 2016...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Waleed M Sweileh
Background: Diabetic patients, during the course of the disease, are most likely to experience depressive symptoms that might ultimately lead to suicidal ideation or suicide. The size of literature in diabetes depression/suicide is a good indicator of national and international efforts to address psychological co-morbidities associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, the objective of this study was to give a comprehensive analysis, both quantitative and qualitative, of scientific literature in diabetes depression/suicide...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Melat Solomon, Telake Azale, Awake Meherte, Getachew Asfaw, Getinet Ayano
Introduction: There is a cultural variability around the perception of what causes the syndrome of schizophrenia. As far as the cause of schizophrenia by the general public concerned, people living in western countries focus mainly on biological and social risk factors such as genetic vulnerability, disease of the brain, infection or stressful social conditions or personal weakness, but the predominant views held by people living in non-western countries focus mainly on supernatural and religious factors...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Temesgen Ergetie, Zegeye Yohanes, Biksegn Asrat, Wubit Demeke, Andargie Abate, Minale Tareke
Background: The stigmatization of mental illness is currently considered to be one of the most important issues facing caregivers of severely mentally ill individuals. There is a dearth of information about the prevalence and associated factors of perceived stigma among caregivers of people with severe mental illness in the study area. Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of perceived stigma among non-professional caregivers of people with severe mental illness, Bahir Dar, northwest Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Kingi Mochache, Muthoni Mathai, Onesmus Gachuno, Ann Vander Stoep, Manasi Kumar
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12991-018-0202-6.].
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Anna Adam, Grigoris Kiosseoglou, Grigoris Abatzoglou, Zaira Papaligoura
Background: Children with learning disabilities are a heterogeneous group of children with a common characteristic discrepancy on the progress and development of their individual learning abilities. A few statistical analyses have been published regarding the factor analysis of the Greek Edition of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III. The aim of the research is the emergence of a new factorial model which describes the General Intelligence (g) of children and adolescents with learning disabilities, and that differs from the already existing intelligence models...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Rossetos Gournellis, Kalliopi Tournikioti, Giota Touloumi, Christos Thomadakis, Panayiota G Michalopoulou, Ioannis Michopoulos, Christos Christodoulou, Athanasia Papadopoulou, Athanasios Douzenis
Background: It remains unclear whether psychotic features increase the risk of completed suicides in unipolar depression. The present systematic review coupled with a meta-analysis attempts to elucidate whether unipolar psychotic major depression (PMD) compared to non-PMD presents higher rates of suicides. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in Scopus, PubMed, and "gray literature" for all studies providing data on completed suicides in PMD compared to non-PMD, and the findings were then subjected to meta-analysis...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Yanjun Zhang, JiuYu Xiang, Jianlin Wen, Wei Bian, Liangbin Sun, Ziran Bai
Background: When the minority college students from the ethnic minority communities come to study in Chinese Han region, they encounter adapting difficulties of culture and socio-psychology, in which empathy plays a crucial role. Current instruments used to measure empathy have many limited effectiveness. The empathy quotient (EQ) scale which has been validated in many countries was explicitly designed for clinical applications and was intended to be sensitive to a lack of empathy. This study is to develop a complete Chinese version of the EQ scale and to assess its reliability and validity among Chinese minority college students in the Han Chinese region...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Shengnan Wei, Miao Chang, Ran Zhang, Xiaowei Jiang, Fei Wang, Yanqing Tang
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a known major risk factor for suicide and is one of the most common mental disorders. Meanwhile, gender differences in suicidal behavior have long been recognized including the finding that women have higher rates of suicidal ideation and/or suicidal behavior than men. The mechanism underlying suicide ideation in female patients with MDD remains poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to examine possible suicidal behavior-related neural circuitry in female MDD...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Athanasios Apostolopoulos, Ioannis Michopoulos, Ioannis Zachos, Emmanouil Rizos, Georgios Tzeferakos, Vasiliki Manthou, Charalambos Papageorgiou, Athanasios Douzenis
Background: Personality disorders (PDs) have been associated with both violent crimes and homicides in many studies. The proportion of PDs among prisoners reaches up to 80%. For male prisoners, the most common PD in the literature is antisocial PD. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between PDs and violent crimes/homicides of male prisoners in Greece. Methods: A sample of 308 subjects was randomly selected from a population of 1300 male prisoners incarcerated in two Greek prisons, one urban and one rural...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Melak Menberu, Tesfa Mekonen, Telake Azale, Getinet Ayano, Solomon Yimer, Asmamaw Getnet, Amsalu Belete, Sitotaw Kerie, Wubalem Fekadu
Background: Depression is one of the most disabling and chronic mental illnesses. Despite its high burden, many people suffering from depression did not perceive that they had a treatable illness and consequently most of them did not seek professional help. The aim of this study was to assess the level of professional help-seeking behavior and associated factors among individuals with depression. Methods and materials: The community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among residents of Dessie, Northeast Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Elmars Rancans, Marcis Trapencieris, Rolands Ivanovs, Jelena Vrublevska
Background: Depression is highly underdiagnosed in primary care settings in Latvia. Screening for depression in primary care is potentially an efficient way to find undetected case s and improve diagnostics. We aimed to validate both a nine-item and two-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9 and PHQ-2) in the Latvian and Russian languages in primary care settings using a representative sample in Latvia. Materials and methods: The study was carried out within the framework of the National Research Program BIOMEDICINE to assess the prevalence of mental disorders at 24 primary care facilities...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
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