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Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31040878/erratum-methylglyoxal-and-insulin-resistance-in-berberine-treated-type-2-diabetic-patients
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 110 in vol. 23, PMID: 30693045.].
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007697/risk-factors-associated-with-mortality-and-survival-of-acute-subdural-hematoma-a-retrospective-study
#2
Tugay Atalay, Hakan Ak, Ismail Gülsen, Sinan Karacabey
Background: Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is mostly seen after head injury and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We studied the risk factors for ASDH and the effects of these factors on mortality as well as on survival with 100 cases from the rural area of Anatolia region. Materials and Methods: One-hundred cases of the ASDH that had been treated surgically between 2011 and 2014, at three different health-care centers from the rural area of Anatolia region, were retrospectively reviewed...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007696/inhibition-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-by-a-disintegrin-and-metalloproteinase-17-inhibitor-tnf484
#3
Changhong Xia, Dongsheng Zhang, Yanmei Li, Jie Chen, Haibo Zhou, Long Nie, Yanyan Sun, Siyan Guo, Jianbiao Cao, Fangzheng Zhou, Junlai Li
Background: The aim of this study was to test the effect of TNF484 on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Materials and Methods: Various doses (0, 1, 10, 50, and 100 nM) of TNF484 were applied to the HepG2 and Bel7402 cells, and cell proliferation was measured by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay after 72 h. Cell migration rate was measured using the xCELLigence system, and the cell invasion ability was examined by the three-dimensional spheroid BME cell invasion assay...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007695/the-analysis-of-the-trend-of-educational-system-in-orthotics-and-prosthetics-in-iran-and-the-world-a-step-toward-the-foresight
#4
Alireza Taheri, Tahereh Changiz, Shahram Tofighi
Background: Along with the growth of science and technology, the orthotics and prosthetics (O and P) have been changing since the past as a dynamic profession and the role of a specialist in O and P has also undergone a change due to needs of society and the growth of technologies. To illustrate the future direction of an educational system, it is necessary to have a trend analysis of what weaknesses and strengths have existed in the past and the present. Materials and Methods: In this analysis, two methods of scoping review and interview were conducted...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007694/evaluation-of-serum-interferons-in-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#5
Mehrdad Afarid, Ali Azimi, Mahyar Malekzadeh
Background: Environmental, genetic, and immunological factors may play a role in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In an attempt to better understand the pathogenesis of AMD, in this study, we evaluated the serum interferon (IFN) levels in patients with AMD and compared it with persons without AMD. Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, 42 patients with AMD and 42 healthy individuals (without AMD) were enrolled as the case and control groups, respectively...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007693/an-overview-of-diarrheagenic-escherichia-coli-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Hesam Alizade, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Mohsen Azad, Saeed Shojae, Hamed Gouklani, Parivash Davoodian, Reza Ghanbarpour
Background: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is a common enteric pathogen that causes a wide spectrum of gastrointestinal infections, particularly in developing countries. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of DEC in various geographical regions in Iran. Materials and Methods: English (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar) and Persian (IranMedex, SID, Magiran, and Iran Doc) databases were comprehensively searched from January 1990 to April 2017...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007692/a-case-control-study-of-risk-factors-for-hepatitis-b-infection-a-regional-report-among-isfahanian-adults
#7
Behrooz Ataei, Sayed Moayed Alavian, Faramarz Shahriari-Fard, Abbas Ali Rabiei, Ali Safaei, Ali Rabiei, Mehdi Ataei
Background: Hepatitis B is one of the major causes of mortality among viral diseases. To reduce morbidity rate and increase knowledge of people about potential risk factors, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B among the general population and the risk factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Isfahan, Iran. Materials and Methods: In a case-control study, 314 HBV-infected patients and 557 healthy participants were recruited...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007691/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-effects-of-a-low-energy-diet-with-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Fatemeh Shojasaadat, Parvin Ayremlou, Asad Hashemi, Alireza Mehdizadeh, Rasoul Zarrin
Background: Weight loss is the cornerstone of NAFLD management, but weight maintenance is difficult. Some studies have suggested that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) might have beneficial effects in NAFLD. We aim to compare the effects of a low-energy diet with n-3 PUFA supplementation on liver enzymes, body composition, and cardiometabolic risk factors in NAFLD. Materials and Methods: The study was a randomized controlled trial conducted in Urmia in Iran from October 2016 to May 2017...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007690/inhibitory-control-failures-and-blunted-cortisol-response-to-psychosocial-stress-in-amphetamine-consumers-after-6-months-of-abstinence
#9
Yermein Benitez-López, Diego Redolar-Ripoll, Yaveth Ruvalcaba-Delgadillo, Fernando Jáuregui-Huerta
Background: Amphetamine abuse has been conceived as an addictive illness where stress regulation and inhibitory control may be crucial factors determining chronicity and relapse. Since amphetamine consumption may disrupt the cerebral systems regulating inhibition and stress behaviors, deregulation on these systems may be expected even after long-term abstinence periods. The present study aimed to evaluate the ability of abstinent amphetamine consumers to regulate stress parameters and to inhibit cognitive patterns under the acute trier social stress test (TSST) paradigm...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007689/-histoplasma-duboisii-of-the-femoral-bone
#10
Amechi Uchenna Katchy, Samuel Uwale Eyesan, Timothy Olufemi Awotunde, Stephen Adesope Adesina, Babajide Oladayo Ayandele, Donatus Sabageh
Histoplasmosis due to Histoplasma duboisii is an emerging AIDS-defining opportunistic infection in HIV positive seen predominantly on the African continent between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Histoplasma duboisii is an invasive fungal organism with tropism for lymph nodes, skin and bones. The infection occurs more in patients with a CD4 count <50/mm3 and is usually dissemnnated Histoplasmosis due to Histoplasma duboisii is an emerging AIDS-defining opportunistic infection in HIV positive seen predominantly on the African continent between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988686/assessment-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-in-two-subgroups-initially-node-negative-and-node-positive-converted-to-node-negative-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Alireza Shirzadi, Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh, Mostafa Qorbani
Background: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is increasingly used to treat patients with breast cancer, but the reliability of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) following chemotherapy is in doubt. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate studies that examine the results of SLNB after NAC to assess identification rate (IR) and false-negative rate (FNR). Materials and Methods: Systemic searches were performed in the PubMed, ISI Web of Sciences, Scopus, and Cochrane databases from January 1, 2000, to November 30, 2016, for studies of SLNB after NAC for breast cancer and followed by axillary lymph node (LN) dissection in two subgroups: initially node negative and node positive converted to node negative...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988685/the-association-of-diabetes-duration-and-glycemic-control-with-depression-in-elderly-men-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Hae Jin Kim, So-Yeon An, Seung Jin Han, Dae Jung Kim, Chang Hyung Hong, Yong Hyun Kim, Dong Hyun Shin, Nan Hee Kim, Ji A Seo, Yu-Bae Ahn, Seung-Hyun Ko, Yong Wook Cho, Seok Won Park, Soo Kyung Kim, Kyung Wook Kim, Chul Sik Kim, Kwan-Woo Lee
Background: The prevalence of depression and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are increasing in the elderly and are reportedly related to each other. We evaluated the relationship between T2DM-related factors and the degree of depression in elderly patients with T2DM based on gender. Materials and Methods: A total of 155 patients with T2DM (56 males and 99 females aged ≥ 65 years) from seven hospitals were included in the study. To assess the status of depressive symptoms, the short form of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Korean version (SGDS-K) was used...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988684/the-prognostic-value-of-rapid-shallow-breathing-index-and-physiologic-dead-space-for-weaning-success-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-under-mechanical-ventilation
#13
Farzin Ghiasi, Keivan Gohari Moghadam, Babak Alikiaii, Sara Sadrzadeh, Ziba Farajzadegan
Background: Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving intervention that should be considered for patients with respiratory failure. This study was conducted to evaluate the predictive value of physiologic dead space for weaning success and compare it with rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 80 intensive care unit (ICU) patients who were under MV and candidate for weaning; among them, 68 patients experienced weaning success...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988683/prescribing-statins-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-clinical-gap-between-the-guidelines-and-practice
#14
Mohamed Anwar Hammad, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Nor Azizah Aziz, Dzul Azri Mohamed Noor
Background: Statins are recommended for cardiovascular protection for people with diabetes (high-risk groups). This study aimed to evaluate the gap between the guidelines of statin utilization and clinical practice among outpatients with type 2 diabetes regarding the patient's age and gender, to assess if this preventive drug is being satisfactorily utilized or not. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, patients aged <40 or >75 years, pregnant patients, and patients with type 1 diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus, or liver cirrhosis were excluded...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988682/the-association-between-demographic-and-familial-characteristics-and-psychological-properties-of-adolescents
#15
Seyed Badredin Najmi, Silva Hovsepian, Assiyeh Jamshidibeyk, Leila Nasiripour, Mohammad Reza Maracy
Background: We aimed to investigate the association between demographic and familial characteristics and psychological properties of adolescents including identity style, spiritual intelligence (SI), perceived parenting style (PPS), family functioning, and mental health. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, high school students aged 15-18 years were enrolled. Demographic characteristics of each student and their parents were recorded. Psychological properties of the students including PPS questionnaire, family assessment device, identity status, mental health status, and SI were assessed...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988681/low-dose-intravenous-acetaminophen-versus-oral-ibuprofen-for-the-closure-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-premature-neonates
#16
Mehdi Ghaderian, Amir Mohammad Armanian, Mohammad Reza Sabri, Mojtaba Montaseri
Background: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common disease in premature neonates, which could occur in up to 50% of the neonates weighting <1000 g. PDA might induce hemodynamic and respiratory disorders and increase mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of oral ibuprofen and a low dose of intravenous acetaminophen in the management of PDA. Materials and Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted on the preterm neonates with an equal gestational age of <34 weeks and weight of >1000 g with symptomatic PDA, who were admitted in Shahid Beheshti and Al-Zahra Hospitals Affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988680/the-interleukin-28b-gene-polymorphism-rs8099917-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-and-response-to-the-treatment-with-pegylated-interferon-and-ribavirin
#17
Hamid Kalantari, Bahram Bagherpour, Tahmine Tavakoli, Mahsa Khodadoostan, Seyed Mehdi Hejazi, Alireza Saadatmand
Background: The present study aimed to determine the frequency of the IL28B polymorphism rs8099917 in patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection treated with pegylated-interferon-α2b (PEG-IFN-α2b) and ribavirin (RBV) and its treatment outcome. Materials and Methods: The IL28B rs8099917 genotypes were determined among 100 HCV-infected patients and the viral load was also estimated. PEG-IFN-α2b and RBV combination were administrated to the patients for 48 weeks and the treatment outcome was defined...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988679/nonchylous-bilateral-pleural-effusion-in-a-newborn-a-rare-case
#18
Parvaneh Sadeghi-Moghadam, Mohsen Pourazizi, Shamim Shafieyoon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30988678/the-expression-level-of-hsa-mir-146a-5p-in-plasma-derived-exosomes-of-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#19
Nasrin Zare, Nahid Eskandari, Valiollah Mehrzad, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard
Background: The standard treatment for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) had been rituximab-based immunochemotherapy. However, the biological and clinical heterogeneity within DLBCL seems to affect treatment outcome. Therefore, the evaluation of miRNA levels might be useful in predicting treatment response and relapse risk. miR-146a is a modulator of innate and acquired immunity and may play an important role in predicting treatment response. The aim of the present study was to compare the expression level of miR-146a in plasma-derived exosomes of responsive DLBCL patients (response to R-CHOP (Rituximab, and Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin, Oncovine and Prednisone)), refractory DLBCL patients (resistant to R-CHOP), patients receiving R-CHOP, and healthy donors...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30815022/impaired-fasting-glucose-in-breast-cancer-survivors-of-a-general-hospital-at-mexico-city-a-case-series-study
#20
Carlos Manuel Ortiz-Mendoza
Background: According to an Anglo-Saxon study, in breast cancer survivors, there is a high prevalence of impaired fasting glucose. Our aim was to assess the impaired fasting glucose occurring in Mexican woman survivors of breast cancer. Materials and Methods: At a general hospital in Mexico City, women with breast cancer with a surviving ≥2 years, without type 2 diabetes mellitus, were studied. The analysis included demographic and anthropometric features, time of surviving, and blood levels of lipids and glucose...
2019: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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