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European Journal of Ageing

Nanna Notthoff, Johanna Drewelies, Paulina Kazanecka, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Kristina Norman, Sandra Düzel, Martin Daumer, Ulman Lindenberger, Ilja Demuth, Denis Gerstorf
The huge inter-individual differences in how people age have prompted researchers to examine whether people's own perception of how old they are-their subjective age-could be a better predictor of relevant outcomes than their actual chronological age. Indeed, how old people feel does predict mortality hazards, and health-related measures such as walking speed may account for this association. In the present study, we extended this line of work by investigating whether subjective age also predicts walking speed and running speed in daily life or whether the predictive effects of subjective age for behavior manifest only within a controlled performance situation...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Juan C Meléndez, Ana I Agusti, Encarnación Satorres, Alfonso Pitarque
Autobiographical memory consists of a person's personal history and contributes to building a feeling of identity and continuity. Aging affects episodic autobiographical memory negatively, whereas semantic autobiographical memory is preserved or even enhanced in older adults. The study aim was to analyze whether these hypotheses continue to find support, or if there are differences when these memories are analyzed according to the components of life cycle retrieval. The sample was composed of 151 participants: 78 young and 73 older adults...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Sarah Dury
The aim of this study was to contribute to the understanding of why volunteers in a time bank known as "NeighborhoodPension," which involves community-based care, are motivated to start, continue, and quit volunteering. The time bank started in 2013 and is the first time bank in Brussels, Belgium. A planned prospective longitudinal study involving qualitative focus group interviews was used to study a group of volunteers at four time points over 1 year. There were two main themes, the first of which pertains to older adults' motives for volunteering with the time bank...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Qiang Li, Zhen Zhang
With the rapid increase in the population of the oldest old (those aged 80 and over), there is some concern how longer life might be associated with a loss of independence in daily living. Addressing the trajectory of loss of independence for the oldest old is challenging, not only because the oldest old are heterogeneous, but also because the health trajectories at the population level may noticeably differ from those at the individual level. We used the 1998, 2000, 2002, 2005 and 2008 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study to assess the age trajectories of the loss of independence for three cohorts born in 1909-1918, 1899-1908 and 1893-1898, respectively, both at the individual and the population levels...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Rasmus Hoffmann, Hannes Kröger, Eduwin Pakpahan
The widely established health differences between people with greater economic resources and those with fewer resources can be attributed to both social causation (material factors affecting health) and health selection (health affecting material wealth). Each of these pathways may have different intensities at different ages, because the sensitivity of health to a lack of material wealth and the degree to which health can influence economic resources may change. We study the relative importance, in terms of explanatory power, of social causation and health selection, comparing the transitions from childhood to adulthood and from adulthood to old age...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Thijs van den Broek, Emily Grundy
We investigate how daughters' feelings of loneliness are impacted when widowed parents develop health limitations, and when daughters take on personal care tasks in response. Using longitudinal data from daughters of widowed parents drawn from the French Family and Intergenerational Relationships Study (ERFI, 1485 observations nested in 557 daughters), we assess (a) whether health limitations of widowed parents are associated with daughters' feelings of loneliness regardless of whether or not daughters provide personal care and (b) whether there is an effect of care provision on loneliness that cannot be explained by parental health limitations...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Ella Schwartz, Howard Litwin
This study examined changes in the social networks of older Europeans. It utilizes the framework of the socioemotional selectivity theory and the convoy model to explore the social networks' changes over time, as well as the turnover of specific social network members. Furthermore, the study analyzed gender as a predictor of these transformations. The inquiry focused on older adults aged 65+ who participated in the fourth and sixth waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe ( n  = 13,938)...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Kateřina Macháčová, Hana Vaňková, Iva Holmerová, Inna Čábelková, Ladislav Volicer
This study was conducted to examine differences between self- and proxy ratings of activities in daily living (ADL) in nursing home residents and to compare them with actual performance. An impact of cognitive status on these ratings was also determined. Data were obtained from 164 dyads of nursing home residents (self-ratings) and their professional care providers (proxy ratings). Statistical procedures included t tests, intraclass correlations, Pearson's correlations, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and ROC curves...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Mona Diegelmann, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Klaus Hauer
Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent in nursing home (NH) residents. We assume that enjoyability, besides frequency of activities, is an important facet of expanded everyday activities (EEAs; Baltes et al., in: Baltes and Mayer (eds) The Berlin aging study, University of California Press, Berkeley, 2001) and affects residents' depressive symptoms. Furthermore, we assume that associations with depressive symptoms vary for different EEAs, namely contact with co-residents and staff and participation in organized in-home activities...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Olivier Desrichard, Fanny Vallet, Stefan Agrigoroaei, Delphine Fagot, Dario Spini
Frailty is a core concept in understanding vulnerability and adjustment to stress in older adults. Adopting the perspective provided by the transactional model of stress and coping (Lazarus and Folkman in Stress, appraisal, and coping, Springer, New York, 1984), the present study examined three aspects of frailty in older adults: (1) the link between frailty and perceived stress exposure (PSE); (2) the link between frailty and stress-related symptoms (SRS); and (3) the role of frailty in the link between PSE and SRS...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Naoko Sagawa, Zachary A Marcum, Robert M Boudreau, Joseph T Hanlon, Steven M Albert, Celia O'Hare, Suzanne Satterfield, Ann V Schwartz, Aaron I Vinik, Jane A Cauley, Tamara B Harris, Anne B Newman, Elsa S Strotmeyer
Fall injuries cause morbidity and mortality in older adults. We assessed if low blood pressure (BP) is associated with fall injuries, including sensitivity analyses stratified by antihypertensive medications, in community-dwelling adults from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study ( N  = 1819; age 76.6 ± 2.9 years; 53% women; 37% black). Incident fall injuries ( N  = 570 in 3.8 ± 2.4 years) were the first Medicare claims event from clinic visit (7/00-6/01) to 12/31/08 with an ICD-9 fall code and non-fracture injury code, or fracture code with/without a fall code...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Darren L Richardson, Michael J Duncan, Alfonso Jimenez, Victoria M Jones, Paul M Juris, Neil D Clarke
The aim of the present study was to determine if workload matched, high-velocity (HVE) and low-velocity (LVE) resistance exercise protocols, elicit differing acute physiological responses in older adults. Ten older adults completed three sets of eight exercises on six separate occasions (three HVE and three LVE sessions). Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and blood lactate were measured pre- and post-exercise, heart rate was measured before exercise and following each set of each exercise. Finally, a rating of perceived exertion was measured following each set of each exercise...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Dannii Y Yeung
A 1-year longitudinal study was conducted to examine the effects of retirement resources on the physical and psychological well-being of Hong Kong Chinese retirees during the transition to retirement. This study consisted of two assessments: Time 1 was conducted 6 months before retirement, while Time 2 was implemented 6 months after retirement. Personal resources and physical and psychological well-being were measured in the two assessments. The final sample contained 128 retirees who completed both assessments...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Lois M Verbrugge, Shannon Ang
Reciprocity is a powerful motivation in social life. We study what older people give to their family for help received. Data are from the Panel on Health and Aging of Singaporean Elderly, Wave 2 (2011; persons aged 62+; N  = 3103). Giving and receiving help are with family members other than spouse in the same household, in the past year. Types of help given and received are money, food/clothes/other material goods, housework/cooking, babysitting grandchildren, emotional support/advice, help for personal care, and help for going out...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Marco Albertini, Marco Tosi
Previous studies have shown that parental divorce has negative consequences on parent-child relationships and that these effects extend to relations between grandchildren and their grandparents. After parental divorce, grandchildren have less intense and lower quality relations with their grandparents. Some studies suggest that this negative association between union dissolution in the middle generation and grandparent-grandchild relations is explained by the post-divorce residential arrangements and, to a lesser extent, by the gatekeeping role exercised by the resident parent...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Jessica Zamberletti, Giulia Cavrini, Cecilia Tomassini
Research on the choices of childcare arrangements in Italy shows the fundamental role of grandparents in providing informal childcare. Therefore, it is important to understand how grandparents provide different types of childcare, especially in terms of differences in their socio-economic, demographic and physical status, jointly with the characteristics of their grandchildren. Grandparents aged 50 and over with at least one non-co-resident grandchild aged 13 years or less were selected from the 2009 Italian household survey...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Bruno Arpino, Valeria Bordone, Nicoletta Balbo
We study whether grandparenthood is associated with older people's subjective well-being (SWB), considering the association with life satisfaction of having grandchildren per se, their number, and of the provision of grandchild care. Older people's education may not only be an important confounder to control for, but also a moderator in the relation between grandparenthood-related variables and SWB. We investigate these issues by adopting a cross-country comparative perspective and using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe covering 20 countries...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Karen Glaser, Rachel Stuchbury, Debora Price, Giorgio Di Gessa, Eloi Ribe, Anthea Tinker
Research from the United States has shown significant increases in the prevalence of three-generation households and in households consisting solely of grandparents and grandchildren. Such shifts in household composition, which are associated with socio-economic disadvantage, may reflect the activation of grandparents as a latent network of support in response to social and demographic changes such as rising partnership disruption. However, to date, little is known in Europe about trends in grandparent households or whether these households are also likely to be disadvantaged...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Karsten Hank, Giulia Cavrini, Giorgio Di Gessa, Cecilia Tomassini
Against the background of a 'new wave' of empirical studies investigating various aspects of grandparenthood across a broad range of regional contexts, this article aims to take stock of what has been achieved so far and which lessons we can learn from this for the future. Our focus is on the measurement of grandparenthood and grandparenting in quantitative social surveys and the implications this has for the substantive questions we can ask and the answers we can get out of such data. For several broader questions-who is a grandparent and when does this transition happen; what does it mean to be a grandparent; and what are the implications of grandparenthood for families?-we review previous questionnaire items from a variety of surveys as well as studies in which they were used...
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Karen Glaser, Karsten Hank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: European Journal of Ageing
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