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Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772240/medication-related-risk-factors-and-its-association-with-repeated-hospital-admissions-in-frail-elderly-a-case-control-study
#1
V-Lin Cheong, Julie Sowter, Andy Scally, Neil Hamilton, Ali Ali, Jonathan Silcock
BACKGROUND: Repeated hospital admissions are prevalent in older people. The role of medication in repeated hospital admissions has not been widely studied. The hypothesis that medication-related risk factors for initial hospital admissions were also associated with repeated hospital admissions was generated. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between medication-related risk factors and repeated hospital admissions in older people living with frailty. METHOD: A retrospective case-control study was carried out with 200 patients aged ≥75 years with unplanned medical admissions into a large teaching hospital in England between January and December 2015...
February 13, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772239/clusters-of-non-adherence-to-medication-in-neurological-patients
#2
Tino Prell, Julian Grosskreutz, Sarah Mendorf, Gabriele Helga Franke, Otto W Witte, Albrecht Kunze
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to medication is a common and serious problem in health care. To develop more effective interventions to improve adherence, there is a need for a better understanding of the individual types of non-adherence. OBJECTIVE: To determine clusters of non-adherence in neurological patients using a complex adherence questionnaire. METHODS: In this observational, monocentric study 500 neurological patients (consecutive sampling) were recruited in the Department of Neurology at the Jena University Hospital, Germany (outpatient clinic, wards) over a period of 5 months...
February 11, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777646/perspectives-on-privacy-in-the-pharmacy-the-views-of-opioid-substitution-treatment-clients
#3
Phuong-Phi Le, Annette Braunack-Mayer
BACKGROUND: Many pharmacists practise in settings in which protecting privacy can be difficult. To address this, some community pharmacies are rearranging their retail space to provide private areas for clinical consultations. Such facilities are deemed particularly important when dealing with clients who have sensitive medical conditions, such as opioid dependence. OBJECTIVE: To explore Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST) patients' perceptions of privacy in a community pharmacy setting, with a particular focus on the layout of the community pharmacy...
February 7, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777645/impact-of-a-multi-component-immunization-intervention-on-pneumococcal-and-herpes-zoster-vaccinations-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-community-pharmacies-in-2-states
#4
Lindsey A Hohmann, Tessa J Hastings, David R Ha, Kimberly B Garza, Sally A Huston, Li Chen, Salisa C Westrick
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of the We Immunize Program on structures, processes, and outcomes of pneumococcal and herpes zoster pharmacy-based immunization services. METHODS: Pharmacy-technician pairs from 62 Alabama and California community pharmacies participated in a 6-month randomized controlled trial (intervention = 30/control = 32). All received immunization update training; intervention participants also received practical strategies training and monthly telephonic expert feedback...
February 7, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744957/communicating-benefits-and-risks-of-generic-drugs-to-consumers-patient-and-caregiver-opinions-of-two-fda-developed-educational-materials
#5
Natalie S Hohmann, Kimberly B Garza, Daniel Surry, Richard A Hansen, Ilene Harris, Zippora Kiptanui, Oluwamurewa Oguntimein, Mitchell M Frost, Jingjing Qian
BACKGROUND: Increasing prescribing and dispensing of generic drugs, compared to brand drugs, may increase patient access to affordable medications. However, little is known about patients' and caregivers' needs and receptiveness regarding the design of educational materials about generic drugs. METHODS: The research used focus groups of patients and caregivers who were students or employees of one university in the Southeastern U.S. to gather input on the optimal content, format and design, delivery channel, and level of satisfaction for two existing, FDA-developed educational materials about generic drugs (infographic and brochure)...
February 4, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737196/a-survey-to-assess-the-availability-implementation-rate-and-remuneration-of-pharmacist-led-cognitive-services-throughout-europe
#6
Inês Branco Soares, Tamara L Imfeld-Isenegger, Urska Nabergoj Makovec, Nejc Horvat, Mitja Kos, Isabell Arnet, Kurt E Hersberger, Filipa A Costa
BACKGROUND: Pharmacist-led cognitive services (PLCS) are increasingly necessary in primary care as a response to patient-centered care. However, the implementation rate and remuneration models of PLCS are either absent or superficially described in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to review the implementation of PLCS in primary care across Europe and explore the associated third-party paid remuneration models. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using an online survey sent to representatives of 44 European countries...
February 2, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772241/experiences-with-the-daily-use-of-medications-among-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients
#7
Yone de Almeida Nascimento, Luciana Diniz Silva, Djenane Ramalho de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Subjective experiences with medication use are individual experiences that can impact health outcomes by contributing to problems related to such use. OBJETIVES: The aim of the present study was to understand the experiences of chronic hepatitis C patients who were taking chronic medications, based on the phenomenology proposed by Merleau-Ponty and connection among this experience with the essential structures of the experience. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews conducted with ten individuals taking long-term medications at the Viral Hepatitis Outpatient Clinic of the Alfa Gastroenterology Institute of the Hospital das Clínicas, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil...
February 1, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755373/general-practice-pharmacists-in-england-integration-mediation-and-professional-dynamics
#8
Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Simon Fletcher, Atif Shamim, Leanne May, Nabiha Butt, Sunita Chagger, Thuy Mason, Kunal Patel, Finlay Royle, Scott Reeves
BACKGROUND: A number of key publications in recent years have advocated a more integrated vision of UK primary care involving increased multi-professional communication and understanding. This has resulted in a marked change in the roles being undertaken by pharmacists. Community pharmacists have traditionally provided a medicine supply function and treated minor ailments in addition to delivering a suite of locally commissioned services; however these functions have not necessarily been part of a programme of care involving the other clinicians associated with the patient...
February 1, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737195/ophthalmic-drug-abuse-an-observational-study-from-community-pharmacies
#9
Waed Al-Khalaileh, Rana Abu-Farha, Mayyada Wazaify, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: There has been a trend in the past five years in Jordan for ophthalmic anticholinergic preparations to be misused or abused. This is done mainly to experience mental altering effects such as mood changes, euphoria or hallucinations. Such products are mostly obtained from community pharmacies without a prescription. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to observe the requests of ophthalmic preparations in community pharmacies in Amman, Jordan, and evaluating the most popular and frequently requested ophthalmic drops suspected of abuse...
January 30, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709730/letter-to-the-editor-the-prevalence-of-drivers-under-the-influence-of-medical-cannabis-must-be-considered-within-proper-context
#10
LETTER
Joshua D Brown, Amie J Goodin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30683600/mapping-pharmacy-journals-a-lexicographic-analysis
#11
Antonio M Mendes, Fernanda S Tonin, Maiko F Buzzi, Roberto Pontarolo, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy journals constitute a heterogeneous group that can be map to identify Pharmacy scientific subareas. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to objectively map Pharmacy journals by means of a lexicographic analysis of the titles of published articles. METHODS: Active journals between 2006 and 2016 containing any of the terms 'pharmacy', 'pharmacist*', 'pharmaceut*', 'pharmacol*', or 'pharmacotherap*' in their titles were searched in four databases (01/15/2018): Medline, PubMed Central, Science Citation Index expanded/Social Sciences Citation Index expanded (SCIe/SSCIe), and Scopus CiteScore Metrics...
January 19, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665824/error-types-with-use-of-medication-related-technology-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#12
Shweta R Shah, Kimberly A Galt, Kevin T Fuji
BACKGROUND: Health information technology has been integrated throughout the medication use process to enhance safety, quality, and care efficiency. However, technologies have the potential to eliminate or reduce, but also create some new types of errors. OBJECTIVE: Assess specific error types before and after the incorporation of two different health information technologies (HITs), e-prescribing and automated dispensing cabinets (ADCs), into pharmacists' daily work...
January 16, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733137/a-systematic-review-of-pharmacist-led-medicines-review-services-in-new-zealand-is-there-equity-for-m%C3%A4-ori-older-adults
#13
REVIEW
Joanna Hikaka, Carmel Hughes, Rhys Jones, Martin J Connolly, Nataly Martini
BACKGROUND: Pharmacist involvement in medicines reviews for older adults can improve prescribing and reduce adverse drug reactions. Māori experience poorer health outcomes than non-Māori resulting, in part, from inequitable access to and quality of medicine-related care. Despite international data showing benefit, it is unclear whether pharmacist-led medicines review services can improve outcomes for Māori older adults. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to describe pharmacist-led medicines review services for community-dwelling adults in New Zealand, assess effectiveness of these interventions and identify their effect on health equity for Māori and older adults...
January 14, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709731/measurement-of-health-literacy-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Marwa Elbashir, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Daniel Christopher Rainkie
BACKGROUND: While many instruments have been developed, validated, and used to assess health literacy skills, their use and appropriateness among patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are not widely studied. OBJECTIVE: To identify, appraise, and synthesize available health literacy assessment instruments used in patients with CVDs. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for studies that used validated measures to assess health literacy in patients with CVDs...
January 14, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30655180/prescription-opioid-misuse-and-the-need-to-promote-medication-safety-among-adolescents
#15
Olufunmilola Abraham, Tanvee Thakur, Randall Brown
Misuse of prescription opioids and associated negative health outcomes is a leading public health crisis among adolescents in the US. Opioid prescription rates, misuse, and overdose deaths have increased among adolescents in the last twenty years. This commentary highlights trends in prescribing opioids and medication misuse among adolescents in the US and sheds light on reasons and motives for misuse of prescription opioids among adolescents. It discusses recent educational initiatives which promote medication safety, describes current practices, and recommends effective strategies to enhance prescription opioid safety among adolescents...
January 11, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733138/belgian-community-pharmacists-pharmacovigilance-perspective-and-practice
#16
Dieter De Meestere, Jan Saevels
BACKGROUND: Pharmacovigilance legislation was introduced back in 2012 with new concepts such as the inverted black triangles and risk minimisation activities. Healthcare professionals need to familiarize themselves with these new notions in order to comply with their obligations such as risk mitigation and reporting of adverse drug reactions. OBJECTIVE: To measure the magnitude and relevance of these new concepts and the impact on everyday dispensing in Belgian community pharmacies...
January 10, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737194/faculty-perceptions-of-a-tobacco-cessation-train-the-trainer-workshop-and-experiences-with-implementation-a-qualitative-follow-up-study
#17
Nervana Elkhadragy, Robin L Corelli, Alissa L Russ, Margie E Snyder, Mercedes Clabaugh, Karen Suchanek Hudmon
BACKGROUND: Between 2003 and 2005, pharmacy faculty members (n = 191) participated in a national train-the-trainer workshop designed to equip faculty with the necessary knowledge and skills to implement a shared curriculum, Rx for Change: Clinician-Assisted Tobacco Cessation, at pharmacy schools across the United States. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a long-term, qualitative follow-up study of faculty participants to describe (a) perceptions of the train-the-trainer workshop, and (b) subsequent experiences with curricular implementation...
January 9, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30658913/understanding-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-and-their-carers-about-the-modification-of-oral-medicines-a-qualitative-interview-study-to-inform-healthcare-professional-practice
#18
Aoife Mc Gillicuddy, Maria Kelly, Abina M Crean, Laura J Sahm
BACKGROUND: Oral medicines are commonly modified (e.g. tablets split/crushed) to meet the dosing and swallowing requirements of older adults. However, there is limited research investigating the opinions of community-dwelling patients and carers about medicine modification. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the views of community-dwelling older adults and their carers about oral medicine modification. METHODS: Semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with community-dwelling older adults and carers of older adults who experienced difficulty swallowing medicines, or who required medicines to be modified...
January 8, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665825/pharmacist-utilization-of-prescription-opioid-misuse-interventions-acceptability-among-pharmacists-and-patients
#19
Tegan B Riley, Sonia Alemagno
Pharmacists have played an increasingly critical role in combatting the epidemic of prescription opioid misuse and abuse, due in large part to their accessibility and their function as gatekeepers to prescription medication. Throughout the United States, pharmacists have crafted interventions designed to prevent, identify, and manage opioid misuse and abuse. In order to be effective, however, both patients and pharmacists must comply with interventions. To ensure compliance with proposed pharmacy-based interventions, both patients and pharmacists must recognize patient education, screening and counseling for substance misuse and abuse as acceptable components of pharmacy practice...
January 7, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30611648/implementation-of-a-clinical-tool-to-assess-and-address-pain-management-requests-in-the-pharmacy
#20
Penelope Wood, Joseph Tucci, Karen Anderson, George Mnatzaganian
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality associated with inappropriate use of over-the-counter combination analgesics containing codeine (OTC CACC) in Australia resulted in it being upscheduled in 2010 from "Pharmacy Only" (Schedule 2) to "Pharmacist Only" (Schedule 3), and further to "Prescription Only" (Schedule 4) in February 2018. There have been a number of concerns and challenges identified by community pharmacists in the provision of OTC CACC. In practice, sub-optimal management of patients accessing these medications has been demonstrated...
December 30, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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