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Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30864245/prevalence-of-elder-abuse-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-turkey-and-its-associated-factors
#1
Hülya Kulakçı Altıntas, Gülbahar Korkmaz Aslan
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine the prevalence of elder abuse among community-dwelling older adults and its associated risk factors. METHODS: The sample in this cross-sectional study consisted of 691 older adults. Data were collected with an elder abuse and neglect assessment form, which had been prepared by the researchers in accordance with the literature. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors related to subtypes of elder abuse...
March 13, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30864201/the-relationship-between-perceived-social-support-and-depressive-symptoms-in-informal-caregivers-of-community-dwelling-older-persons-in-chile
#2
Felipe Sandoval, Nanako Tamiya, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Haruko Noguchi
AIM: Depression among caregivers of older persons is a serious concern, but it is often overlooked and neglected in developing countries. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived social support and depression in informal caregivers of community-dwelling older persons in Chile. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional secondary data on 377 dyads of community-dwelling older persons and their informal caregivers from a nationwide survey in Chile...
March 12, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30854776/virtual-reality-based-cognitive-rehabilitation-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#3
Maria G Maggio, Giuseppa Maresca, Ileana Scarcella, Desiree Latella, Carmela De Domenico, Massimo Destro, Rosaria De Luca, Rocco S Calabro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30854774/influence-of-caregiver-burden-on-well-being-of-family-member-caregivers-of-older-adults
#4
Recep Or, Asiye Kartal
BACKGROUND: Caregiving to older adults is one of the most important social issues associated with aging. While caregiving provides a suitable care and supportive environment for older adults, changes in the lives of caregiving family members also affect their health. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of care burden on the well-being of family members providing care for older adults. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design. The study sample included 363 family caregivers of older adults...
March 10, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30838742/depressive-symptoms-mediate-the-association-between-insomnia-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-and-synergistically-interact-with-insomnia-symptoms-in-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#5
Xia Zhao, Dan Zhang, Menglian Wu, Yang Yang, Hui Xie, Jihui Jia, Yuqin Li, Yonggang Su
AIMS: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether depressive symptoms mediate the association between insomnia symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and to explore whether insomnia symptoms and depressive symptoms synergistically interact to affect HRQOL among older adults in nursing homes. METHODS: Older adults living in nursing homes (n = 323) completed Athens Insomnia Scale, the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale, and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey...
March 5, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30838723/screaming-behaviour-in-response-to-electroconvulsive-treatment-psychogeriatric-note-on-a-patient-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Nurrul Johari, Paul Glue, Yoram Barak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30809892/clinical-characteristics-of-elderly-depressive-patients-with-low-metaiodobenzylguanidine-uptake
#7
Shintaro Takenoshita, Seishi Terada, Etsuko Oshima, Megumi Yamaguchi, Satoshi Hayashi, Kenji Hinotsu, Satoru Esumi, Takayoshi Shinya, Norihito Yamada
BACKGROUND: Recently, depression with Lewy body pathology before the appearance of parkinsonism and cognitive dysfunction has been drawing attention. Low cardiac metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake is helpful for early differentiation of Lewy body disease (LBD) from late-onset psychiatric disorders even before parkinsonism or dementia appears. In this study, we used MIBG uptake as a tool in suspected LBD, and evaluated the relationship of MIBG results to clinical characteristics and depressive symptoms...
February 27, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30809875/hyperphagia-in-alzheimer-s-disease-its-transient-nature-and-potentially-reversible-causes
#8
William Chun-Yin Leung, Yat Fung Shea, Shui-Ching Lee, Leung-Wing Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30809893/what-influences-self-perceived-competence-and-confidence-in-dementia-care-home-staff-a-systematic-review
#9
Emma Rivett, Laura Hammond, Juniper West
BACKGROUND: Dementia care staff working in long-term care settings are often exposed to a variety of complex situations that can be emotionally challenging, and a lack of adequate support and limited training opportunities may contribute to high levels of staff turnover in this area. Good-quality training may be beneficial for improving the quality of care provided, and in improving staff confidence and morale. This systematic review aimed to establish how dementia care home staff perceived their own competence and confidence in relation to the care they deliver, whether there are any specific interventions that improve these feelings, and whether feeling more competent and confident impacts on care delivery...
February 26, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30790387/peripheral-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Cen Su, Kangren Zhao, Haiping Xia, Yaoming Xu
BACKGROUND: In the past few decades, it has been demonstrated with animal models and clinical studies that a chronic inflammatory process significantly contributes to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. METHODS: We systematically searched on PubMed and Web of Science for studies associated with peripheral inflammatory biomarkers in AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) before July 2018. Meta-analysis was conducted to summarise results of studies relative to peripheral cytokines and chemokines in AD and MCI...
February 20, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786326/the-self-perceptions-of-aging-were-an-important-factor-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-in-chinese-elderly-with-hypertension
#11
Rong Gu, Dandan Zhang, Xiaohong Jin, Wenya Wu, Yunying Hou, Qing Wu, Xiaohua Wang
BACKGROUND: In China, quality of life (QOL) of the elderly with hypertension was lower than that of normal elderly and lower self-perceptions of aging (SPA) in the elderly with chronic diseases have been shown. Previous studies showed that SPA played a key role in QOL of the elderly. We hypothesised that SPA were associated with QOL in Chinese elderly with hypertension, with more negative SPA predicting lower QOL. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in one comprehensive hospital, 15 urban community clinics and 22 rural village clinics in Suzhou...
February 20, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785221/japanese-old-stories-cognitive-scale-a-screening-test-to-detect-cognitive-disease-and-prompt-visiting-a-memory-clinic
#12
Yasuyuki Honjo, Hajime Takechi
BACKGROUND: Early detection and diagnosis is critical in enhancing treatment outcomes for those with cognitive disease. However, most Japanese patients are averse to visiting mental health clinics or taking cognitive screening examinations. A new simple screening test is needed that is acceptable to patients and encourages them to visit a memory clinic if indicated. METHODS: We developed a brief screening examination, consisting of four common Japanese old stories, for detection of cognitive disease...
February 20, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784157/long-term-effects-of-rice-farming-care-on-cognitive-function-and-mental-health-of-elderly-people-with-cognitive-impairment-a-follow-up-study
#13
Sachiko Yamazaki, Chiaki Ura, Tsuyoshi Okamura, Masaya Shimmei, Taichi Ishiguro, Keisuke Torishima, Yu Kawamuro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784155/testing-psychometric-properties-of-a-new-instrument-promoting-active-ageing-in-older-people-with-mental-disorders-scale-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Kedsaraporn Kenbubpha, Isabel Higgins, Amanda Wilson, Sally W-C Chan
BACKGROUND: There is no instrument that measures the promotion of active ageing or the factors that influence the promotion of active ageing in older people with mental disorders living in the community. This study aimed to examine psychometric properties of a new survey instrument. METHODS: A mixed methods exploratory sequential design was used incorporating a cross-sectional survey. The Promoting Active Ageing in Older People with Mental Disorders Scale (PAA-MD) was sent to 579 primary care providers in Yasothon province, Thailand...
February 19, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784148/fact-finding-survey-on-diagnostic-procedures-and-therapeutic-interventions-for-parkinsonism-accompanying-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#15
Yuta Manabe, Toshinari Odawara, Osamu Konishi
BACKGROUND: We performed a questionnaire survey of medical doctors engaged in the management of dementia to identify the actual status of treatment for dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) in Japan. METHODS: Among participating medical doctors, we selected neurologists (Group N) and psychiatrists (Group P) because these physicians are usually involved in the management of DLB patients. The two groups were compared based on their diagnosis and treatment of DLB and in particular, parkinsonism...
February 19, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784147/antipsychotic-drug-use-and-favourable-natures-of-emotional-functions-in-patients-with-dementia
#16
Masahiko Fujii, James P Butler, Hidetada Sasaki
AIM: To characterise the effects of antipsychotics on brain functions of patients with behavioural psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). METHODS: Studies were performed during 6 weeks of intervention with either a nonantipsychotic drug (group A, n = 38) or an antipsychotic drug (group B, n = 10). RESULTS: Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores were significantly decreased in both groups. Scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination did not change with intervention...
February 19, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784146/falls-and-fear-of-falling-in-a-sample-of-centenarians-the-role-of-multimorbidity-pain-and-anxiety
#17
Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Natália Duarte, Oscar Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: To explore the recent history of falls and the existence of fear of falling in a sample of centenarians, and to identify factors associated with both conditions. METHODS: The sample included 109 centenarians from two Portuguese studies. The two main outcomes of this study are fear of falling and history of fall(s). RESULTS: Results revealed that more than a half (51.4%) of the participants had fallen in the last 5 years and that the percentage of fear of falling was 78...
February 19, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30780199/emergence-of-artistic-talent-in-progressive-nonfluent-aphasia-a-case-report
#18
Akiko Hamauchi, Yosuke Hidaka, Izumi Kitamura, Yusuke Yatabe, Mamoru Hashimoto, Toshiro Yoneda, Ryuji Fukuhara, Manabu Ikeda
Some patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration have developed artistic skills after the onset mainly in painting and music. Most of these cases have semantic dementia (SD), one of the frontotemporal lobar degeneration subtypes. In previously reported cases, the paintings made by patients with SD were usually hyper realistic, without a significant symbolic or abstract component. Here, we report on a patient with progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA), another frontotemporal lobar degeneration subtype, who started making creative bamboo crafts after PNFA onset...
February 19, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30780196/efficacy-of-vortioxetine-combined-cognitive-behaviour-intervention-therapy-on-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-level-on-depressive-patients
#19
Guanyun Yan, Meng Zhang, Yafang Liu, Mei Yin
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of vortioxetine combined with cognitive behaviour intervention on the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the serum of patients with depression and its therapeutic effect. METHODS: A total of 82 depressive patients treated at the School of Basic Medicine, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine from January 2017 to June 2017 were randomised into a control group (n = 41) and intervention group (n = 41) according to a random number table...
February 19, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30780192/sleep-as-a-potential-confounding-factor-in-cytokine-levels-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
LETTER
Guilherme L Fernandes, Paula Araujo, Sergio Tufik, Monica L Andersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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