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International Journal of Surgery

Julie A DiSano, Jonathan Wischhusen, Eric W Schaefer, Sophie Dessureault, Joyce Wong, David I Soybel, Colette R Pameijer
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia following elective or emergency surgery is generally associated with an increased risk of complications. The impact of hyperglycemia following surgery for peritoneal surface malignancy remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of patients undergoing cytoreduction and HIPEC for peritoneal surface malignancy were reviewed at two institutions. Postoperative hyperglycemia was defined as serum glucose >140 mg/dl at the first measurement after surgery...
February 14, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Leonardo Bustamante-Lopez, Caio S Nahas, Sergio C Nahas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Catherine H Davis, Tanmay Gaglani, Linda W Moore, Xianglin L Du, Hyunsoo Hwang, Jose-Miguel Yamal, H Randolph Bailey, Marianne V Cusick
BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding the use of laparoscopy for rectal cancer, especially after the ACOSOG Z6051 Randomized Clinical Trial determined that laparoscopy failed to meet non-inferiority compared with open surgery. With these new recommendations, the current practices for the treatment of rectal cancer across the country are unknown. METHODS: Using the ACS-NSQIP database from 2005-2016, resections for rectal cancer were studied. The proportion of laparoscopic versus open surgeries performed was determined by year, and 16 30-day outcomes were studied in each group...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Harry Mai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Kjetil Soreide
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Atuhani Burnett, Brian Faley, Themba Nyirenda, Zubin M Bamboat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Bart Doyen, Peter Vlerick, Heidi Maertens, Frank Vermassen, Isabelle Van Herzeele
BACKGROUND: This monocentric study aimed to explore whether key non-technical attributes can be reliably measured in a mixed population of candidates applying for surgical training, surgical trainees and staff and to identify any differences between these groups. MATERIALS & METHODS: Candidates applying for surgical training, surgical trainees and staff from four surgical specialties (general surgery, orthopedics, plastic surgery or urology) at a tertiary academic teaching hospital were all sent an online self-report questionnaire...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Sørensen Amira Khattar, Bang-Nielsen Anders, Levic-Souzani Katarina, Pommergaard Hans Christian, Jørgensen Anders Beck, Tolstrup Mai-Britt, Rud Bo, Kovacevic Bojan, Bulut Ohran
BACKGROUND: In cases with clinically suspected appendicitis, there is controversy regarding the decision to remove a macroscopically normal appearing appendix during laparoscopy when no other intra-abdominal pathology is found. The aim of this study was to examine the rate of appendicitis, along with readmission and reoperation rates following diagnostic laparoscopy of clinically suspected appendicitis in patients where the appendix was not removed. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of patients who underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy due to clinical suspicion of appendicitis where no other pathology was found and the appendix was not removed...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Kassiani Theodoraki, Panagiota Papacharalampous, Athanasia Tsaroucha, Antonios Vezakis, Eriphilli Argyra
BACKGROUND: This prospective double-blind randomized study aimed at evaluating the short- and long-term postoperative analgesic efficacy of the ultrasound-guided tranversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in inguinal hernia repair under general anesthesia. METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair were allocated to TAP block with either ropivacaine 0.75% 20 mL or placebo 20 mL. Postoperatively, they had access to a patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) device administering 1 mg doses of morphine as rescue analgesia...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Arfon G M T Powell, Thomas Ellul, Nicholas Bullock, Wyn G Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Shuang Tang, Jin Miao, Yong Long
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether to plan for a subtotal or gross total resection (GTR) of lesions in patients with gliomas. Several studies have demonstrated that GTR may be superior to subtotal resection (STR) with regard to improving the survival rates of patients with glioma. Thus, the present meta-analysis was designed to compare and evaluate the efficacy of GTR for improving clinical outcomes of patients with glioma. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for the interval between March 1972 to November 2018 to identify relevant original studies that compared the efficacy of GTR and STR in patients with gliomas...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
S Lopez Gordo, J Encinas Mendez, J Blanch Falp, E Lopez-Gordo, E Just Roig, J Seco Calvo
BACKGROUND: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)-associated invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is present in a large number of patients with breast cancer. However, the association between these two entities has not been studied in detail. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical and histopathological factors associated to recurrence of IDC with those of DCIS-associated IDC (IDC + DCIS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational longitudinal study of 464 patients was performed between 2010 and 2015...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Huanguang Xie, Linzhen Xie, Jinwu Wang, Chunhui Chen, Chuanxu Zhang, Wenhao Zheng
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis was performed to investigate the outcomes of intramedullary fixation versus extramedullary fixation in the treatment of subtrochanteric fracture from the current literature. METHODS: The electronic literature database of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, CNKI and Wanfang were searched in December 2018. The data operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of incision, length of stay, union time, rate of infection, rate of fixation failure, rate of refracture, rate of reoperation, rate of nonunion and rate of excellent and good results were extracted...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
M Aldiwani, T Tharakan, A Al-Hassani, N Gibbons, J Pavlu, D Hrouda
BACKGROUND: BK virus is a major cause of late onset haemorrhagic cystitis in patients undergoing Haematopoietic Cell Transplantation (HCT). The evidence for the management of BK Virus Associated Haemorrhagic Cystitis (BKV-HC) is limited. Much of the published data consists of non-randomised case series and case reports. To our knowledge this is the first systematic review for the management of BKV-HC in both paediatric and adult populations. Our primary outcome was to examine the evidence for strategies of 1) prevention and 2) cessation of haematuria associated with BKV...
January 31, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Ana Alicia Tejera Hernández, Víctor Manuel Vega Benítez, Juan Carlos Rocca Cardenas, Neith Ortega Perez, Nieves Rodriguez Ibarria, María Isabel Gutiérrez Giner, Pedro Pérez Correa, Juan Carlos Díaz Chico, Juan Ramón Hernández Hernández
BACKGROUND: Post-mastectomy radiotherapy reduces the risk of local-regional relapse and distant disease, and increases global survival in women with axillary involvement.With the new reconstruction techniques and increasing use of directed external radiotherapy, immediate reconstruction can be performed with good cosmetic results and low complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational study with consecutive sampling conducted in patients undergoing reconstructive surgery for breast cancer, between 2010 and 2016, with a 12-months minimum follow-up period...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Xiaobing Feng, Guoquan Zhao, Quan Yan
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of modified Robert Jones bandage in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is controversial. On the basis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), this systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the modified Robert Jones bandage in TKA. METHODS: The electronic databases of EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were searched from the inception to November 2018 for all relevant English studies. The outcome measurements consisted of total blood loss, hemoglobin decline, transfusion rates, pain score, range of motion, length of hospitalization, knee circumference difference, and adverse effects...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
K Patel, S Ward, K Gash, H Ferguson, M Mason, S C McKay, B Kumar, A Sudlow, P A Sutton, G Humm, H M Mohan
INTRODUCTION: Surgical trainees are reporting barriers to training in gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. This snapshot survey aimed to gather data on variation in access to quality GI endoscopy training for Colorectal and Upper Gastrointestinal(GI) surgical trainees across the UK and Ireland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online 20-point survey was designed and distributed nationally to surgical trainee members of the Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT), Dukes and The Roux Group (formerly Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland Trainees)...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Hasan Ediz Sikar, Kenan Çetin, Kemal Eyvaz, Mehmet Gökçeimam, Levent Kaptanoglu, Hasan Fehmi Küçük
BACKGROUND: The contradictory results of fixation methods concerning the pubic region are an obstacle to define a standardized procedure for laparoscopic repair of suprapubic hernia (LRSPH). This study aims to evaluate the effects of different tacks on LRSPH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients (70 females, three males) with suprapubic hernia were admitted and had LRSPH. Absorbable tacks were used in 31 (42.5%) patients (AG group), whereas nonabsorbable tacks were used in 42 (57...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Marco Moscarelli, Fiorella Devito, Khalil Fattouch, Patrizio Lancellotti, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Paola Rizzo, Mario Gaudino, Alfredo Marchese, Gianni Angelini, Giuseppe Speziale
BACKGROUND: The effects of surgical aortic valve replacement versus transcatheter aortic valve replacement on endothelial function are unknown. We investigated the effects of surgical and transcatheter aortic valve replacement on early and 90-day endothelial function measured by brachial flow mediated dilation and apoptotic rate in the human umbilical vein endothelial cells in patients with significant aortic stenosis, intermediate risk of surgery, and no coronary artery disease. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational case control single-blind study at a single tertiary center...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
Liyang Cai, Yutang Song, Zhan Wang, Wei She, Xiangli Luo, Yuxin Song
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) on pain control and morphine consumption in patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: We searched databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library) for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published prior to September 12, 2018. We only included THA patients who received FICB versus placebo for pain control. Risk ratios (RRs), standard mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were determined...
January 24, 2019: International Journal of Surgery
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