Journals Journal of Oral and Maxillofac...

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology : JOMFP
Manas Bajpai, Pradkhshana Vijay, Nilesh Pardhe
Paragangliomas are neuroendocrine tumors similar to pheochromocytomas but arising from extra adrenal site. It is a very rare tumor in an intraoral site, we found a single case of intraoral paraganglioma in a literature, and hence as per our best knowledge this is only the second case of paraganglioma presented in an intraoral location. We present here a case report of paraganglioma on the ventral surface of the tongue. A 37 years old lady presented with a large asymptomatic swelling on the ventral surface of the tongue from one year...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Saikat Mitra, Satnam S Jolly, Anindita Sinha, Debajyoti Chatterjee
Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma is a rare and indolent tumour of soft tissue. This tumour is relatively common in the head and neck region followed by extremities. Primary low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma of the mandible is very rarely reported and the occurrence of this tumour in a child is very unusual. A 7-year-old male child presented with a swelling in right angle of mandible. X-ray and computed tomography scan showed a lytic lesion. The lesion was excised and the tissue was sent for histopathological evaluation, which revealed a cellular spindle cell neoplasm arranged in fascicles...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Soumeen N Gadkari, Shirin Harnekar, Aarti M Mahajan, Nilima Prakash
A 65-year-old female patient with a history of wearing a denture for 15 years reported with a complaint of pain in the floor of the mouth. On examination, a swelling measuring about 2.2 X1.2 cms was noted in the floor of the mouth on the left side. The lesion was excised under local anesthesia. Histopathology revealed a cystic lesion with basaloid cells arranged in tubules, nests and cribriform pattern. A diagnosis of basal cell adenoma was made and confirmed by immunohistochemistry. We report a rare case of Basal Cell Adenoma of the floor of the mouth which mimicked a ranula...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Francisco Nunes Júnior, Everton J da Silva, Ana L L M Paz, Luiz E R Volpato
Lymphangiomas are benign hamartomatous tumours similar to lymphatic vessel neoplasms, originating from lymphatic tissue sequestration and may or may not communicate with the rest of the system. There are several treatment options for lymphangioma, such as surgery, sclerotherapy, cryotherapy, lasers, steroids and bleomycin. Although surgery is the most indicated treatment, it can result in severe sequelae and loss of function in patients. The present case shows a 5-year-old patient diagnosed with extensive tongue lymphangioma and, due to the mutilation that would be caused by its complete excision, the option was for more conservative treatments such as laser therapy and cryotherapy...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
T Manigandan, T V Rajalakshmi Rakshanaa, Pavani Dornadula
Stafne first described the term "Stafne bone defects" (SBDs) in 1942. These are unilateral, asymptomatic, well-defined radiolucent lingual bony defects located at the posterior region of the mandible below the inferior alveolar canal. It is most commonly seen in the posterior region, whereas it is relatively rare in the anterior region. This anterior variant of SBD is often misdiagnosed as any other odontogenic cyst, and hence advanced imaging techniques should be followed to identify it at the earliest. Due to the lower prevalence of this entity, only a handful of cases have been documented for the anterior variant of SBD...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Gargi Jadaun, Himanshu Gupta, Sayeeda Kharodia, Viral Gadhiya
Chondromyxoid fibroma is an unusual, benign bone tumour that is usually sited in the metaphyseal region of the long bones. It accounts for less than 1% of all bone tumours. It manifests predominantly in males in their second and third decades of life. Rarely, it occurs in the bones of the craniofacial skeleton. For small, lesions enucleation and curettage and for larger lesions, resection followed by are the treatment modalities available. Here, we present a case of chondromyxoid fibroma with respect to the right side of the mandible which was managed by surgical resection followed by reconstruction under general anaesthesia...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Thara Aravind, Vindhya Savithri, Rakesh Suresh, Pramod Subash
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a wide range of developmental abnormalities and a predisposition to neoplasms. In majority of the cases, the presence of multiple and recurrent jaw cysts especially during the first two decades of life is one of the first symptoms of this syndrome. We present here a case of 14-year-old female patient who reported with a chief complaint of facial swelling for 3 weeks. The radiographs revealed multiple cysts in maxilla and mandible...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Mahaboob Shahnaz, Nair Shalini, Abdul Qayyum Shereefa, Kuruvilla Vikas
'Hibernoma' is a neoplasm that arises from vestiges of fetal brown fat, and its occurrence in oral cavity is extremely rare. Its most common locations include thighs, the inter-scapular region, and the cervical region. In the present case, a 37-year-old male patient reported to our department with a localized swelling on his lower left labial mucosa along with multiple cutaneous well-defined swellings on his right arm and abdominal region. Incisional biopsy was carried out. Histopathological examination revealed sheets of multi-vacuolated eosinophilic cells with the granular cytoplasm interspersed with fat cells suggestive of oral hibernoma...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Sai Lalita, Thamizhchelvan Harikrishnan, Emmanuel Ds Azariah, Deepak Chandrasekaran
Nowadays, new biopsy techniques such as fine and wide needles are now employed instead of invasive biopsy techniques. Compared to open biopsy, true-cut needle biopsy has a number of advantages. It's quick and simple to do, can be done in an outpatient department, avoids incisions into previously irradiated skin, and has few risks. In order to examine malignant and benign tumours, there had been a debate in the past century on the utilisation and efficiency of tru-cut biopsy over Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and surgical biopsy in solid tumours...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Abdullah Nasir, Abhisheik Khare, Iqbal Ali, Mohammad I Khan
Ameloblastic fibroma is a rare mixed odontogenic benign tumor that can occur in either mandible or maxilla but mostly it is found in posterior region of mandible. It can present either peripherally or centrally with a majority of the cases predominantly occurring in first two decades of life and mostly affects male patients. It is characterized by epithelial islands and cords submerged in ectomesenchyme that bear resemblance to the dental papilla and enamel organ but without actual hard tissue formation. Ameloblastic fibroma is a rare odontogenic tumor consisting of neoplastic epithelial and mesenchymal tissues...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Himanshu Srivastava, Chintu K Singh, Sameera M R Qureshi, Chaitra S Mastud
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a genetic disorder which involves a complex group of inherited conditions. This condition is characterised by the failed development of two or more ectodermal derived anatomic structure; for example, the skin, hair, nails, teeth, and sweat glands. It is a phenotypically heterogenous group of illnesses including anodontia with conical teeth, generalised spacing, reduced ability to sweat, very less hair growth, etc. The pattern of inheritance of HED varies from person to person depending on the type of ectodermal dysplasia (ED)...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
İrem Güvendir, Murat H Karabulut, Itır Ebru Zemheri
Although actinomycosis is frequently seen in the cervicofacial region, it is very rare in the parotid gland. Furthermore, it can be confused with salivary gland malignancies in imaging. The most important underlying causes are cervicofacial trauma, tooth extraction history and poor oral hygiene. A 43-year-old male patient was admitted to otorhinolaryngology department with a complaint of progressive swelling on his cheek. The histopathological examination of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy showed acute suppurative polymorphous leukocytes and actinomycese hyphae balls within histiocytes...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Anjali Sharma, Praveena Vyas, Deshant Agarwal
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) previously called as malignant fibrous histiocytoma comprises a group of high-grade pleomorphic sarcomas that cannot be otherwise classified and considered as a diagnosis of exclusion. In the head neck region, UPS is extremely rare and accounts for 3% of all the undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas. Some of the reported sites include maxilla, mandible, buccal mucosa, temperomandibular fossa, tongue, gingiva, paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, and retro-orbital soft tissue...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Rashmi Metgud, Anukriti, Smitha Naik, Aniruddh Tak
Orthokeratinised odontogenic cyst (OOC) is a distinct and an uncommon odontogenic cyst of jaw. It was previously considered as orthokeratinized variant of Odontogenic Keratocyst, owing to its same site, age and occurrence and origin. In 2017 WHO classified OOC under odontogenic cysts as a distinct entity, clearly separating it from Odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC). In cases of malignant transformation, the cyst shows unclear boundaries. The cases that reported to the department during the period 2019-2021 were retrieved and then reviewed by the authors...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Ranjini Kudva, Sadaf Khan
This case report highlights the occurrence of B- cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL) as a solitary cutaneous lesion without an existing systemic involvement and should be kept in the differentials while dealing with cases presenting with a similar clinical picture. We report the case of a 13-year-old girl who presented with a painful, progressively enlarging swelling in right zygomatico-temporal region, clinically simulated a deep fungal infection/granulomatous lesion and turned out to be a case of B-LBL without any systemic involvement on further work up...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Mala Sagar, Shalini Rawat, Anurag Singh, Anuragini
Cysticercosis is a disease that occurs when humans are infected with Taenia solium larvae. The parasitic illness cysticercosis, which is common in impoverished nations, hardly ever affects the mouth. Oral cysticercosis is rare that might be challenging to diagnose clinically. This rare case report documents an oral cysticercosis case in a 38-year-old male patient who had an asymptomatic lesion in the buccal mucosa of his lower lip. A T. solium larva was identified on histopathological examination in a cystic cavity after an excisional biopsy...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Jaya Singh, Akhilesh Chandra, Tumpuri Srilatha, Trupti Jain, Dinesh Raja, Rahul Agrawal
Oncocytomas are one of the infrequent neoplasms seen in the oral cavity accounting for less than 2% of all neoplasms in the oral cavity with less than 1% chance of malignant transformation. They affect the major salivary glands and have a female predilection. The cognisance of the unique clinical and histopathological features is very important to conclude a confirmatory diagnosis. This paper reviews a case of oncocytoma presented in our department and also elucidates the diagnostic criteria for the same.
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Deepak Pandiar, Pratibha Ramani, Murugesan Krishnan, Reshma P Krishnan
Intraductal carcinoma (IDC) of salivary gland is an extremely rare malignancy affecting mainly the parotid glands. Intraoral occurrence is seen mainly on the palate where the tumour arises from the minor salivary glands. No previous case has been described in parapharyngeal space. We report a case of low-grade IDC of the anterior compartment of the right parapharyngeal space that clinically resembled a lesion of vascular origin. Due to the extreme rarity of intraductal carcinoma, it may not be considered by dentists and dental specialists in clinical differential diagnoses, leading to delay in treatment...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Maria Luiza De Santa Mocelin, Liliane Roskamp, Natanael Henrique Ribeiro Mattos, Cintia Mussi Milani
Peripheral facial palsy (PFP) is an inflammation of the facial nerve, which paralyses the face unilaterally or bilaterally, causing pain and discomfort to the patient. PFP affects the lives of compromised individuals not only due to the loss of essential facial functions (smiling, blinking, talking) but also their emotional state. When the face is paralysed, the lost ability to animate the face can be devastating and is often associated with depression, social isolation, and reduced quality of life. Bilateral involvement is extremely rare and as it occurs in unilateral cases, a thorough clinical and laboratory evaluation must be carried out to determine the etiology of the disease, which can be idiopathic, infectious, neoplastic, traumatic, or iatrogenic...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
C J Sanjay, Karthikeya Patil, Usha Hegde, Romali Panda
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), earlier recognised as histiocytosis X, is a rare haematological illness involving infants and young children. LCH is caused by unrestrained stimulation and proliferation of usual antigen presenting cells, Langerhans cells (LCs) and the disease demonstrates extensive clinical and radiographic features involving multiple sites. Since the incidence is relatively low limited data is available regarding the epidemiology of LCH, with approximation of 2-5 cases per million populations per year...
February 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
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