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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP

Fakir Mohan Debta, Priyanka Debta, Ruchi Bhuyan, Santosh Kumar Swain, Mahesh Chandra Sahu, Saswati Siddhartha
Background: Twins are similar in many ways owing to the genetical and environmental factors. However, still, there are certain things that are not similar among them, and this is the challenge for personal identification among the twins. Objectives: Our present study aimed to know and assess the similarities and differences present between the monozygotic (identical) and dizygotic (fraternal) twins in relation to lip prints, palm prints, fingerprints and blood group and to evaluate their heritability among parents and their offspring...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Pramod Ingaleshwar, Vina Vaswani, Satish Subrao Bhosale, V Deepak, Pramod Redder, T Smitha
Introduction: Teeth are an excellent material in living and nonliving populations for anthropological, genetic, odontologic and forensic investigations. Among the various calcified structures in the human body, teeth have gained lot of popularity in estimating the sex of an individual as they are highly resistant to destruction and decomposition. The present study aims to assess the importance of canines in sexual dimorphism in both primary and permanent dentition as well as to describe the dimensional characteristics of canines among the population of Bagalkot district of Karnataka, India...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Aadithya B Urs, Punyo Yaming, Rewa Malhotra
Background: Cellular cannibalism is defined as a large cell engulfing a smaller one within its cytoplasm. It is predominantly a feature of aggressive malignancies but has recently been demonstrated in giant cell (GC) lesions such as GC tumor of tendon sheath, central GC granuloma (CGCG) and peripheral GC granuloma (PGCG). Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the cannibalistic GCs in CGCG and PGCG and correlate with aggressiveness of the lesion. Settings and Design: Archival data of histopathologically confirmed cases of CGCG ( n = 40) and PGCG ( n = 25) were studied in the Department of Oral Pathology, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
M Vanishree, Vardendra Manvikar, Amrutha Rudraraju, K M Parveen Reddy, N H Praveen Kumar, Syed Jaffar M Quadri
Aims and Objectives: The present study was designed to evaluate the frequency of micronuclei (MN) in the buccal exfoliated cells of mobile phone users. In addition, comparison of MN frequency between high and low mobile phone users was also done. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 male and 30 female participants between the age group of 20-28 years were selected from the Outpatient Department of Navodaya Dental College and Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka. The participants were divided into two groups: Group A - low mobile phone users and Group B - high mobile phone users...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Syeda Neelam Afroze, Surekha Ramulu, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Sravya Taneeru, Rithika Bashamalla, Purnima Vadla
Introduction: Histological stains are dyes that bind to a variety of tissues. Modified Gallego's (MG) stain is a modification of Lille's stain that can be used as a differential stain for identification of hard tissues in oral pathological lesions. Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the presence of hard tissues such as enamel, dentin and cementum in normal extracted teeth and odontogenic tumors using MG stain and to compare the efficacy of MG stain with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Kshipra Chandrakant Deshpande, Mina Milind Kulkarni, Dinesh V Rajput
Aims and Objectives: The lowered antioxidant capacity and the oxidant-antioxidant imbalance have been considered to play a role in multistage carcinogenesis. The deleterious effects produced by reactive oxygen species depend on the imbalance between oxidant and antioxidant status in the body, so this study is aimed to evaluate the levels of antioxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), in the blood and tumor tissues of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients in comparison with healthy controls...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
K Indirapriyadarsini, Vandana Raghunath, B Venu Naidu, Botu Badari Ramakrishna, Archana Tangudu, K V Lokesh
Background: Ameloblastoma (AM) is a benign odontogenic neoplasm characterized by local invasiveness and recurrence. We have evaluated the immunohistochemical expressions of osteonectin (ON), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and Ki-67 in AM to understand the biologic behavior of this neoplasm. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression of ON, MMP-9 and Ki-67 in AM. Materials and Methods: The study sample included archival tissues embedded in paraffin blocks histopathologically diagnosed as AM (20 cases)...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Deepak Venkatesh, R S Puranik, S S Vanaki, Surekha R Puranik
Aims: Arecoline, a predominant alkaloid present in arecanut, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several oral diseases because of its mutagenic and carcinogenic potential. The response of cultured cells to arecoline is highly dependent on its concentration; arecoline stimulates cultured cells above 0.1 μg/ml and is cytotoxic above 10 μg/ ml. Although this alkaloid seems important for areca nut induced oral diseases and carcinogenesis, little is known of the levels achieved before, during and after chewing...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Amit De, Rekha Puttannavar, Faizia Rahman, Anwesha Adak, Rahul Sahoo, B S Ravi Prakash
Introduction: Chronic periodontitis is a multifactorial disease resulting in the inflammation and destruction of the supporting structures around the teeth, leading to tooth mobility and subsequent loss of tooth. Metabolic disorders, such as diabetes mellitus, play a crucial role in the progression of periodontal inflammatory conditions. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme plays a key role in gingival inflammation and bone resorption. Hence, the aim of the present study is to compare the serum and salivary alkaline phosphatase levels in chronic periodontitis patients with or without type-2 diabetes mellitus...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Érian Bezerra Belo de Codes, Milena Oliveira Freitas, Joyce Ohana de Lima Martins, Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes Alves, Fabrício Bitu Sousa
Background: The oral wound healing is dependent of immune participation and the absence or augment of one specific immune profile can delayed wound healing. Objectives: So, the objective of this study was t evaluate the wound healing of oral traumatic ulcer (OTU) in cheek mucosa of swiss, balb/c and c57bl6J mice. Materials and Methods: A total of 144 mice (25-30g) were distributed in three groups: swiss ( n = 48), balb/c ( n = 48) and c57bl/6j ( n = 48)...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Shyamala Karnam, H C Girish, Sanjay Murgod, Vaidhehi Narayan Nayak, V K Varsha, Sarita Yanduri
Introduction: Tissue processing involves transition of the biopsy tissue in graded concentration of various chemicals to make the tissue amiable for sectioning. The entire process takes 2-3 working days before a microscopic slide is ready for diagnosis. In order to shorten the turnaround time, rapid tissue processing method using methyl salicylate was developed. Aim: The aim of this study is to develop a rapid tissue processing technique using methyl salicylate as a clearing agent and to compare it with routine tissue processing technique...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Ajit V Koshy, Judy Annie Koshy, T L Yogesh, Bindumadhav Khire
Introduction: Dental diseases are universal in nature. Their presence and severity may vary from one individual to another and is also affected by multiple factors such as gender, knowledge, attitude and the affordability of dental/oral care. Gay, bisexual and transgender community is one among the socially disadvantaged community in our country. The present study was carried out in the city of Pune, India, to evaluate the prevalence of dentition status and the treatment needs among the men who have sex with men (MSMs) and transgenders (TGs) and its correlation with the oral health-related quality of life...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Abhilasha Shukla, Narendra Nath Singh, Sangeeta Adsul, Sulabh Kumar, Deepika Shukla, Anubhuti Sood
Context: Early detection of oral cancer is of paramount importance in determining the prognosis of oral cancer. Literature suggests that several diagnostic modalities have been proposed to aid a clinician in early detection of oral cancer without much conclusive evidence. Aims: The present study aims to compare toluidine blue and chemiluminescence screening methods in early detection of carcinoma in North Indian population and also to evaluate these methods with histopathological diagnosis...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Aiman A Ali, Badr A Al-Jandan, C S Suresh
Background: Oral cancer is usually diagnosed at advanced stages. The pattern of keratin expression in normal epithelia and the change in their expression in premalignant lesions and carcinomas have suggested the possibilities of improving diagnosis. The aim of this study is to determine the use of acidic cytokeratins (CKs) as biomarkers of histopathological progression in oral carcinogenesis. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 paraffin blocks of histological specimens diagnosed as hyperplastic epithelium, dysplastic epithelium, well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and poorly-differentiated SCC (10 specimens each) were included in this study, in addition to 10 normal oral mucosal samples...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
T Smitha, B Sivapathasundaram, Raghu Radhakrishnan, Rooban Thavarajah, Aravinda Babu, P Jayanthi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
A M Shailaja, I R Umme Romana, Goutham Narayanappa, T Smitha, Nishitha C Gowda, H K Vedavathi
Background: Palatal rugae are nonidentical mucosal elevations seen on anterior third of palate. They are arranged in transverse direction on either side of the mid-palatine raphe. Although they are the most stable anatomical structures in the oral cavity, certain conditions such as expansion in orthodontic treatment contribute to some amount of variations in their pattern qualitatively. The aim of this study was to compare the shape of rugae and its positional changes before and after rapid maxillary expansion...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Wakambam Monalisa, Ganganna Kokila, Hidangmayum Denish Sharma, Pillai Arun Gopinathan, Okram Manoranjan Singh, Shubha Kumaraswamy
Introduction: Sex determination plays an important role in forensics; several studies done using radiographs, model cast and animal teeth have shown that males possess larger tooth crown and more dentin than that of the females. As physical sectioning of tooth provides more accurate measurement of enamel thickness when compared with other methods, the present study was done to evaluate and compare enamel area (EA), coronal dentin area (CDA), bi-cervical diameter (BCD), average enamel thickness (AET) and dentinoenamel junction scallop area (DEJ-SA) in longitudinal ground sections of first premolars between males and females...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
T Smitha, Deepak Venkatesh, M Veeresh, K N Hema, H S Sheethal, M A Vidya
Aims: Detailed description and study of teeth traits could provide valuable information regarding phylogeny of man and distinctions between races and subraces. But morphological variations of the human dentition have not been utilized to their full potential by anthropologists concerned with patterns of human biological variation in Indian population. The aim of the present study is to detect the frequency and degree of expression of Carabelli's trait in Bengaluru population, this helps to develop a probabilistic model to distinguish individuals from specific human populations, particularly for forensic purposes...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Arpan K Shah, Amrish N Shah, Sandeep B Patil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
T T Sivakumar, Nisha Sam, Anna P Joseph
Oral cancer burden poses a major challenge in India. Oral cancer in the majority of instances arises from preexisting oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs). Early detection of OPMD and elimination of primary risk factors such as smokeless and smoking tobacco help in reduction of oral cancer. A study was conducted to find the prevalence and associated risk factors of OPMDs and oral malignant lesions (OMLs) in Punalur township of South Kerala. A total of 2368 patients were screened, out of which 156 were identified with OPMD and 5 with OML...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
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