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German Medical Science: GMS E-journal

Matiwos Soboka, Kristina Adorjan, Sandra Dehning, Tsedeke Asaminew, Mubarek Abera, Matthias Siebeck, Markos Tesfaye, Andrea Jobst
Introduction: The shortage of trained manpower in the field of mental health remains a significant obstacle to the treatment of people with mental illnesses in low and middle-income countries. In 2010, a new Master of Science in Integrated Clinical and Community Mental Health (MSc ICCMH) program for non-physician clinicians was established at Jimma University to address this shortage in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the competency, satisfaction, and involvement level of graduates of the program. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the graduates of the program...
2018: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Louis Jacob, Dragos Andrei Duse, Karel Kostev
Aim: The goal of this retrospective analysis was to study the prevalence and treatment of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STI) in men followed by urologists in Germany. Methods: This study included a total of 347,090 men followed in 71 urology practices in Germany between 2013 and 2015. The first outcome was the prevalence of individuals diagnosed with STI between 2013 and 2015. The following eight types of STI infections were included in the analysis: chlamydial infection, gonococcal infection, anogenital warts, anogenital herpes infection, trichomoniasis, ulcus molle, phthiriasis, and syphilis...
2018: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Olaf Krause, Tanja Schleef, Maria Raker, Nils Schneider, Jutta Bleidorn
Aims: Hospital emergency departments (ED) face an increasing number of outpatient cases. Therefore, Hannover Medical School employs general practitioners for the treatment of walk-in patients within the ED. Up to now, little has been reported on how these patients behave after treatment in the ED. This study aims to assess these patients' behaviour after attending the ED, to find out how many patients consult a physician subsequently, and to explore patients' utilisation of health care in case of similar health problems...
2018: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Kirsten H Herrmann, Ulf Meier-Kriesche, Aljoscha S Neubauer
Introduction: It is discussed whether real world data can be used in health technology assessment. Following it is of interest whether routinely collected data for quality assurance (QA) in the hospital sector is feasible to address epidemiologic questions in kidney transplantation in the AMNOG process in Germany. Objectives: To investigate the proportion of kidney transplants classified as from so-called standard criteria donors (SCD) and from expanded criteria donors (ECD) in Germany and to study the age distribution...
2018: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Sharma Shruti, Fouzia Siraj
Parathyroid carcinoma is an extremely rare malignant endocrine neoplasm that is very challenging in its diagnosis as well as its treatment. Clinically the disease is detected earlier in patients who present with hyperparathyroidism with signs of profound hypercalcemia. Differentiation between benign and malignant disease of the parathyroid is challenging both for the clinician and for the pathologist. Complete surgical resection at the time of first operation offers the best chance of cure. Even after radical excision which is the standard management, local recurrence and metastases are frequent...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Abdalmalik O Ghandourah, Ashkan Rashad, Max Heiland, Badr M Hamzi, Reinhard E Friedrich
The aim of this study was to assess the frequency, location and width of accessory canals (AC) of canalis sinuosus (CS) using cone beam computed tomography and compare our findings with recent literature. Additionally, intraosseous canals (IOC) in the sinus wall other than the CS were noted. A retrospective analysis of 219 scans from our university department was conducted. The registered parameters were age, sex, location and width of canals. Group A consisted of 201 (85 males and 116 females) adults ranged from 19 to 99 years of age (mean age = 47...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Louis Jacob, Matthias Kalder, Karel Kostev
Aim: The goal of this study was to identify potential risk factors for ectopic pregnancy in women followed in German gynecological practices. Methods: The present study included pregnant women diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy and pregnant women without ectopic pregnancy followed in 262 gynecological practices between January 2012 and December 2016. The effects of demographic and clinical variables on the risk of developing ectopic pregnancy were estimated using a multivariate logistic regression model. Results: This study included 3,003 women with ectopic pregnancy and 97,194 women without ectopic pregnancy...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Marc Kastrup, Benjamin Tittmann, Tanja Sawatzki, Martin Gersch, Charlotte Vogt, Max Rosenthal, Simone Rosseau, Claudia Spies
The current demographic development of our society results in an increasing number of elderly patients with chronic diseases being treated in the intensive care unit. A possible long-term consequence of such a treatment is that patients remain dependent on certain invasive organ support systems, such as long-term ventilator dependency. The main goal of this project is to define the transition process between in-hospital and out of hospital (ambulatory) ventilator support. A further goal is to identify evidence-based quality indicators to help define and describe this process...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Sharma Shruti, Fouzia Siraj
Metaplastic breast carcinomas are ductal carcinomas that undergo metaplasia into non-glandular growth patterns. They are very rare and account for less than 1% of all invasive breast carcinomas. Matrix-producing carcinoma is an extremely rare and aggressive subtype of metaplastic breast carcinoma that is characterized by a ductal carcinomatous component with direct transition to areas with cartilaginous/osseous differentiation without an intervening spindle cell element. It has a better prognosis than metaplastic carcinoma...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Hanaa Mahmoud Mohamed, Magdy Sayed Aly, Tarek Dardeer Hussein
Background: Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is a classical age-related disease of the prostate, present in 20% of men at the age of 40 years with progression to 70% by the age of 60 years. BPH is associated with various lower urinary tract symptoms, which affect their day-to-day life. Materials and methods: Our objective was to evaluate the association between HER-2/neu, c-myc, p53, and clinicopathological variables in 45 patients diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jonas G Noé, Bernd Gansbacher
Both Germany and the United States of America have a long tradition of science and medical excellence reaching back as far as the nineteenth century. The same tribute must be paid to the medical educational system in both countries. Despite significant initial similarities and cross-inspiration, the paths from enrolling in a medical university to graduating as a medical doctor in Germany and the US seem to have become much different. To fill a void in literature, the authors' objective therefore is to delineate both structures of medical education in an up-to-date review and examine their current differences and similarities...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Heidelore Hofmann, Volker Fingerle, Klaus-Peter Hunfeld, Hans-Iko Huppertz, Andreas Krause, Sebastian Rauer, Bernhard Ruf
This guideline of the German Dermatology Society primarily focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous manifestations of Lyme borreliosis. It has received consensus from 22 German medical societies and 2 German patient organisations. It is the first part of an AWMF (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e.V.) interdisciplinary guideline: "Lyme Borreliosis - Diagnosis and Treatment, development stage S3". The guideline is directed at physicians in private practices and clinics who treat Lyme borreliosis...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Susanne Moebus, Wolfgang Boedeker
Objectives: To analyze the occurrence, trends, and patterns of hospital treated pesticide poisonings in Germany Methods: Data from the German diagnoses statistics of hospital discharges are analyzed for the years 2000-2014. ICD code specific numbers of cases as well as rates per one million and case-fatality ratios are calculated. The number of fatal pesticides poisonings is compared to the official German causes-of-death statistics. Results: During 2000 and 2014 overall 2,871 pesticides poisonings were treated in hospitals with 191 cases per year on average...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Varsha Dalal, Fouzia Siraj, Manveen Kaur, K B Shankar, Avninder Singh
Rhabdoid meningioma is an infrequent variant of meningioma, introduced for the first time in the 2000 World Health Organization's classification of tumors of the nervous system. Owing to its aggressive clinical course and high proliferative index, it has been classified as a grade III neoplasm. We describe a fifty-year-old male with headache, weakness of limbs, and altered sensorium. CT showed hetero-dense enhancing mass lesions in both right and left parietal areas raising suspicion of high grade glioma. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical examination revealed a tumor with features of rhabdoid meningioma...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Gerd Hoffmann
Case description: A patient with a Barrett oesophageal carcinoma and a resection of the oesophagus with gastric pull-up developed swallowing disorders 6 years and 2 months after the operation. Within 1 year and 7 months two recurrences of the tumor at the anastomosis were found and treated with combined chemoradiotherapy or chemotherapy respectively. 7 years and 9 months after the operation local tumor masses and destruction were present with no ability to orally drink or eat (full feeding by jejunal PEG tube): quality of life was poor, as saliva and mucus were very viscous (pulling filaments) and could not be swallowed and had to be spat out throughout the day and night resulting in short periods of sleep (awaking from the necessity to spit out)...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Oliver Kumpf, Jan-Peter Braun, Alexander Brinkmann, Hanswerner Bause, Martin Bellgardt, Frank Bloos, Rolf Dubb, Clemens Greim, Arnold Kaltwasser, Gernot Marx, Reimer Riessen, Claudia Spies, Jörg Weimann, Gabriele Wöbker, Elke Muhl, Christian Waydhas
Quality improvement in medicine is depending on measurement of relevant quality indicators. The quality indicators for intensive care medicine of the German Interdisciplinary Society of Intensive Care Medicine (DIVI) from the year 2013 underwent a scheduled evaluation after three years. There were major changes in several indicators but also some indicators were changed only minimally. The focus on treatment processes like ward rounds , management of analgesia and sedation , mechanical ventilation and weaning , as well as the number of 10 indicators were not changed...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Antje Groth, Thomas Wilke, Simon Borghs, Patrick Gille, Lars Joeres
Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment of adults suffering from focal epilepsies (FE) in Germany. Of special interest was the number and percentage of the patients 16 years and older receiving no treatment with an AED, treatment with one AED (monotherapy), treatment with more than one AED, and treatment with a novel AED. The definition for "novel" was newly approved at the time of market entry since 2006 (last 10 years): eslicarbazepine (ESL), lacosamide (LCM), perampanel (PER), and retigabine (RTG)...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Louis Jacob, Karel Kostev
Background: Only few authors have analyzed the impact of workplace conflicts and the resulting stress on the risk of developing cardiovascular disorders. The goal of this study was to analyze the association between workplace conflicts and cardiovascular disorders in patients treated by German general practitioners. Methods: Patients with an initial documentation of a workplace conflict experience between 2005 and 2014 were identified in 699 general practitioner practices (index date). We included only those who were between the ages of 18 and 65 years, had a follow-up time of at least 180 days after the index date, and had not been diagnosed with angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, coronary heart diseases, or stroke prior to the documentation of the workplace mobbing...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Roland Brian Büchter, Melanie Messer
Background: Self-stigma occurs when people with mental illnesses internalize negative stereotypes and prejudices about their condition. It can reduce help-seeking behaviour and treatment adherence. The effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing self-stigma in people with mental illness is systematically reviewed. Results are discussed in the context of a logic model of the broader social context of mental illness stigma. Methods: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL were searched for randomized controlled trials in November 2013...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Christian G Blumentrath, Boris Dohrmann, Nils Ewald
The cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) and the cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults (CVS) are both characterized by recurrent episodes of heavy nausea, vomiting and frequently abdominal pain. Both syndromes are barely known among physicians. Literature is inconsistent concerning clinical features which enable differentiation between CVS and CHS. We performed a literature review using the LIVIVO search portal for life sciences to develop a pragmatic approach towards these two syndromes. Our findings indicate that complete and persistent resolution of all symptoms of the disease following cannabis cessation is the only reliable criterion applicable to distinguish CHS from CVS...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
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