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Prague Medical Report

Povilas Ignatavicius, Paulius Lizdenis, Darius Pranys, Antanas Gulbinas, Juozas Pundzius, Giedrius Barauskas
Ampulla of Vater metastases from renal cell carcinoma are rare. The time between detection of the primary tumour and its metastasis may extend to years. Management should be aggressive, since the prognosis of renal cell carcinoma is unpredictable and curative surgery of metastases may extend patient survival and even lead to definite cure. Herein we report a case of long-term survival after successful surgical treatment of a renal cell carcinoma metastasis to the ampulla of Vater. A 62-year-old man with a history of renal cell carcinoma in the left kidney underwent a successful left nephrectomy...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Jitka Jirečková, Martin Magner, Lukáš Lambert, Alice Baxová, Alena Leiská, Lenka Kopečková, Lenka Fajkusová, Jiří Zeman
Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) is a rare multi-system disease with autosomal dominant inheritance and skeletal involvement, resulting mostly in craniofacial dysmorphy with mid-face hypoplasia, dental anomalies, short stature, scoliosis, shortening of the digits and nail beds, acro-osteolysis and osteoporosis. We report the progression of clinical and radiographic findings in five patients with Hajdu-Cheney syndrome from two families. A custom capture array designed to capture exons and adjacent intron sequences of 230 selected genes were used for molecular analyses, and the pathogenic variants identified were confirmed by PCR and Sanger sequencing...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Abdulcabbar Kartal, Hüseyin Onur Aydın, Mehmet Oduncu, Murat Ferhat Ferhatoğlu, Taner Kıvılcım, Ali İlker Filiz
Our study aims to compare the surgical outcome of Limberg transposition flap, Karydakis flap, and primary closure after excision to treat sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease. A total of 634 patients with pilonidal sinus who underwent surgery were evaluated retrospectively from January 2014 to January 2016. The patients were divided into three groups. Limberg transposition flap (LTF) was performed in 131 patients (group 1), Karydakis flap (KF) was performed in 232 patients (group 2) and primary closure (PC) after excision was performed in 271 patients (group 3)...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Ivo Němec, Václav Smrčka, Jaroslav Pokorný
The effect of the nervous system on bone remodelling has been described by many studies. Sensory and autonomic nerves are present in the bone. Immunohistochemical analysis of the bone have indicated the presence of neuropeptides and neurotransmitters that act on bone cells through receptors. Besides carrying sensory information, sensory neurons produce various neuropeptides playing an important role in maintaining bone and tooth pulp homeostasis, and dentin formation. Bone tissue and teeth contain organic and inorganic components...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Eshagh Bahrami, Morteza Taheri, Feyzollah Ebrahimniya
Ganglioglioma is a benign slow-growing neoplasm that most frequently occurs at the supratentorial region. Nevertheless, there are occasional reports of ganglioglioma occurring in the brainstem and spinal cord. Here we report a rare case of the craniocervical ganglioglioma. A 3.5-year-old male, presented with severe progressive quadriparesis, gait disturbance, and sphincter deficit. Physical examination demonstrated the quadriparesis, associated with positive Hoffman, Babinski, and clonus signs, and increased respond of deep tendon reflexes...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Hasan Tahsin Gozdas, Oguz Karabay, Aziz Ogutlu, Ertugrul Guclu, Yusuf Yurumez, Mehmet Koroglu, Unal Erkorkmaz
The number of studies in the literature investigating the effect of tetanus vaccination on rabies prophylaxis is rather limited. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of concurrent tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccination on the antibody response to rabies vaccine. The data of consecutive 80 patients who presented to Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Department of Emergency due to rabies suspected exposure between 15 October 2012 and 12 June 2013 were enrolled to this study. Postexposure rabies prophylaxis had been given to all cases, however concurrent tetanus vaccination had been administered to some of them according to their need...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Mahmud Saedon, Andrew Chin, Maryam Alfa-Wali, Chun Kheng Khoo, Aarti Varma
The aim of this study was to compare the filling of the pilonidal sinus tract with fibrin sealant (FS) against tract excision and primary closure (PC) as the primary procedure. Details of all patients who underwent treatment for a symptomatic first episode of pilonidal sinus disease between January 2011 and December 2015 were prospectively recorded in a custom database. Patients underwent PC (n=17) or FS (n=17) according to patient preference. Prior surgical treatment and ongoing infection precluded entry. Patients were treated with antibiotics if presenting with infection...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Ibrahim Atak
Malignant melanomas are rare aggressive tumours originating from the pigment-producing melanocytes. In our study, a review of the literature and a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing surgery at our clinic due to anorectal malignant melanoma were performed. The information of 6 patients undergoing surgery in our clinic due to anorectal malignant melanoma between January 2010 and January 2018 was retrieved retrospectively. The patients were assessed regarding demographic data, physical examination and imaging findings, the surgical method performed, postoperative complication, histopathological findings, oncological treatment and follow-up results...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Irene Dall'Antonia, Karel Šonka, Petr Dušek
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder with the pathological accumulation of alpha synuclein in the brain and peripheral nerve tissue. Early stages of synucleinopathies, often present clinically with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep disorder (RBD). Clinical markers that indicate early progression from RBD to manifest synucleinopathies include abnormal dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging, motor and non-motor symptoms. Despite the high diagnostic strength of DAT imaging and motor abnormalities, they are not the earliest biomarkers...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Miroslav Průcha, Alena Šnajdrová, Pavel Zdráhal
Isolated arteritis of the lower limb vessels is an extremely rare condition. The use of modern vascular imaging techniques substantially facilitates and accelerates the diagnostics. In the isolated lower limb arteritis, it is always necessary to exclude Takayasu's and giant-cell arteritis. We present the case of a female patient with an isolated lower extremity arteritis without any other symptoms of systemic vascular damage or systemic autoimmune disease. Immunosuppressive therapy is obligatory in this case...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Shima Mahmoudi, Maryam Banar, Babak Pourakbari, Hediyeh Sadat Alavi, Hamid Eshaghi, Alireza Aziz Ahari, Setareh Mamishi
The aim of this study was to recognize the identity and frequency of etiologic agents of the pertussis-like syndrome in children < 2 years of age. A cross-sectional hospital-based study conducted from August 2014 to August 2015. All children < 2 years of age (n=100) who were suspected as pertussis infected were enrolled in this study and tested for Bordetella pertussis, adenovirus (Adv), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus (hMPV), and influenza virus A (INF-A) by real-time PCR technique...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Albert Tito, Sonny G R Saragih, Diana Natalia
Head injury is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity at all ages and may develop into intracranial haemorrhage and increasing intracranial pressure. Pre-assessment must be conducted to head injury patients to decide the treatment plan. The aim of this study was to compare Revised Trauma Score (RTS) based on intracranial haemorrhage volume among head injury patients. This study was an analytic study with cross-sectional design where 31 patients were studied. The admission RTS and patients' status data were obtained from medical records at Dr...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Jakub Papež, Taťjana Dostálová, Karel Chleborád, Pavel Kříž, Jakub Strnad
The objectives of this study were to evaluate osseointegration of dental implant in the jaw bone in the young and elderly population and comparing the results to assess indicators and risk factors as age for the success or failure of dental implants. A retrospective study of 107 implants (Impladent, LASAK, Czech Republic) was prepared. The patients at implants surgery were divided in three groups. The patients were followed-up for a 7-year period. We evaluated osseointegration from long term point of view as a change of marginal bone levels close to dental implant...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Lenka Sedláčková, Miroslav Průcha, Ingrid Poláková, Blanka Míková
The current diagnostic algorithm for beta-lactam allergy is based on skin and provocation tests, both of which carry a certain risk of inducing hypersensitivity reactions. Thus, non-invasive in vitro tests reliable enough to replace skin and provocation tests at least in a portion of patients are desirable. We aimed to verify the utility of IFN-γ ELISPOT as a first-line test in patients with suspected non-immediate hypersensitivity reaction to amoxicillin (AMX) and penicillin (PNC). The prospective observational study included 24 patients with recent, suspected non-immediate hypersensitivity reaction to AMX or PNC and 6 recently-exposed healthy subjects...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Miroslav Průcha, Roman Zazula, Stefan Russwurm
Sepsis is a multifactorial clinical syndrome with an extremely dynamic clinical course and with high diverse clinical phenotype. Early diagnosis is crucial for the final clinical outcome. Previous studies have not identified a biomarker for the diagnosis of sepsis which would have sufficient sensitivity and specificity. Identification of the infectious agents or the use of molecular biology, next gene sequencing, has not brought significant benefit for the patient in terms of early diagnosis. Therefore, we are currently searching for biomarkers, through "omics" technologies with sufficient diagnostic specificity and sensitivity, able to predict the clinical course of the disease and the patient response to therapy...
2018: Prague Medical Report
Karel Šonka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Prague Medical Report
Jan Philipp Novotný, Birgit Köhler, Regina Max, Gerlinde Egerer
Acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenic purpura (AATP) is a rare hematological disorder characterized by severe thrombocytopenia and a complete or near-to complete absence of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow, while granulopoiesis, as well as erythropoiesis are usually preserved. Although autoimmune mechanisms are believed to be causative, the exact underlying pathogenesis is not known. To date, only few cases have been reported and management of this disease remains controversial with immunosuppression being the treatment modality of choice in the majority of patients...
2017: Prague Medical Report
Michal Pořízka, Petr Kopecký, Vladimír Mikulenka, Jan Kunstýř, Michal Lipš, Martin Balík
A massive left ventricular thrombosis represents a rare however, catastrophic complication of a central veno-arterial extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation. We report a case of such complication in a patient with severe left ventricular dysfunction after cardiac surgery. Its management and preventive measures are described and discussed.
2017: Prague Medical Report
Jan Hartinger, Pavel Veselý, Martin Šíma, Irena Netíková, Eva Matoušková, Luboš Petruželka
5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and capecitabine therapy is often accompanied by palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE) which is manifestation of 5-FU toxicity in keratinocytes. The main mechanisms of 5-FU action are thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition which can be abrogated by thymidine and strengthened by calciumfolinate (CF) and incorporation of fluorouridinetriphosphate into RNA which can be abrogated by uridine. For proper PPE treatment 5-FU mechanism of action in keratinocytes needs to be elucidated. We used the 5-FU toxicity modulators uridine, thymidine and CF to discover the mechanism of 5-FU action in human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT...
2017: Prague Medical Report
Selahattin Çalışkan, Orhan Koca, Mehmet Akyüz, Metin İshak Öztürk, Muhammet Ihsan Karaman
Renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) account 80-85% of all primary renal neoplasms and originate from the renal cortex. The patients who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy for renal tumour in our unit between January 2005 and 2015 were evaluated retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups; group 1 includes patients who were treated between January 2005 and December 2009, group 2 those from January 2010 to 2015. There were 103 patients in group 1. The patients were between 21 and 89 years with mean age of 61...
2017: Prague Medical Report
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