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International Journal of Electronic Healthcare

Vijay V Raghavan, Ravi Chinta, Nikita Zhirkin
While adoption rates for electronic health records (EHRs) have improved, the reasons for significant geographical differences in EHR adoption within the USA have remained unclear. To understand the reasons for these variations across states, we have compiled from secondary sources a profile of different states within the USA, based on macroeconomic and macro health-environment factors. Regression analyses were performed using these indicator factors on EHR adoption. The results showed that internet usage and literacy are significantly associated with certain measures of EHR adoption...
2015: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Qurban A Memon, Asma Fayes Mustafa
Health information is very vulnerable. Certain individuals or corporate organisations will continue to steal it similar to bank account data once data is on wireless channels. Once health information is part of a social network, corresponding privacy issues also surface. Insufficiently trained employees at hospitals that pay less attention to creating a privacy-aware culture will suffer loss when mobile devices containing health information are lost, stolen or sniffed. In this work, a social network system is explored as a m-health system from a privacy perspective...
2015: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Shalini Bhartiya, Deepti Mehrotra
With enhanced interoperability in healthcare environment the exchange of electronic health records (EHRs), both intra and inter organisations, has increased manifold. Sharing of the EHR creates room for illegal disclosures and confidentiality breaches. Interoperable healthcare is a complex system with many independent components. To design a secured framework for such a system, one need to understand the most important security attributes and predict various dependencies among them. The security attributes selected for statistical analysis are taken from the real-time study of patient-doctor relationship existing in any hospital or clinic...
2015: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Basant Tiwari, Abhay Kumar
Electronic health records (EHR) provides convenient method to exchange medical information of patients between different healthcare providers. Access control mechanism in healthcare services characterises authorising users to access EHR records. Role Based Access Control helps to restrict EHRs to users in a certain role. Significant works have been carried out for access control since last one decade but little emphasis has been given to on-demand role based access control. Presented work achieved access control through physical data isolation which is more robust and secure...
2015: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Clare F Taylor, Daniel H Williams
Current government policy aims to deliver high quality healthcare by recording accurate data at the point of giving care, storing it efficiently and displaying it in a format, which is easily interpreted by healthcare professionals and patients. Few published reports describe the benefits of collecting and reporting such data from the point of view of the patient. We report the case of a 62-year-old lorry driver who used a web-based system to track patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) following an acute knee injury to full recovery over a 24-month period...
2015: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Deborah Sater Carstens, Walter Rodriguez, Michael B Wood
Task and error analysis research was performed to identify: a) the process for healthcare organisations in managing healthcare for patients with mental illness or substance abuse; b) how the process can be enhanced and; c) if electronic medical records (EMRs) have a role in this process from a business and safety perspective. The research question is if EMRs have a role in enhancing the healthcare for patients with mental illness or substance abuse. A discussion on the business of EMRs is addressed to understand the balancing act between the safety and business aspects of an EMR...
2014: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Ramesh Kumar Sunkaria, Vinod Kumar, Suresh Chandra Saxena, Achala M Singhal
A multi-layer artificial neural network (ANN)-based heart rate variability (HRV) classifier has been proposed, which gives the cardiac health status as the output based on HRV of the patients independently of the cardiologists' view. The electrocardiogram (ECG) data of 46 patients were recorded in the out-patient department (OPD) of a hospital and HRV was evaluated using self-designed autoregressive-model-based technique. These patients suspected to be suffering from cardiac abnormalities were thoroughly examined by experienced cardiologists...
2014: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
G Pangalos, V Sfyroeras, I Pagkalos
E-prescription systems can help improve patient service, safety and quality of care. They can also help achieve better compliance for the patients and better alignment with the guidelines for the practitioners. The recently implemented national e-prescription system in Greece already covers approximately 85% of all prescriptions prescribed in Greece today (approximately 5.5 million per month). The system has not only contributed already in significant changes towards improving services and better monitoring and planning of public health, but also substantially helped to contain unnecessary expenditure related to medication use and improve transparency and administrative control...
2014: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Fatimah Alsweed, Anwar Alshaikh, Anwar Ahmed, Faisel Yunus, Mowafa Househ
There is a paucity of research on the impact of computerised provider order entry (CPOE) system on the front line staff. We assessed nurses perspectives of the impact of CPOE system implementation on their workflow, patient safety and medication errors in a Saudi Arabian hospital. We conducted a cross-sectional survey involving 112 nurses between April and May 2012. The workflow was easy to manage for nurses who rated CPOE training as of good quality (p = 0.001) and they found that CPOE helped in reducing medication errors (p = 0...
2014: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Madhusmita Sahu, Ashoo Grover, Ashish Joshi
The objective of this systematic review was to explore the role of mobile phone technologies in delivering health education programs in Asian and African countries. The search engine used was Pubmed during 2008-2011. Randomised controlled trials or controlled studies that improved health outcomes through delivery of health educational interventions using cell phone or text messaging were included in the review. Results showed studies from six Asian and African countries including Philippines, China, Kenya, South Korea, Taiwan and India...
2014: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
John S Jeansson
At the very heart of Swedish healthcare digitalisation are large investments in electronic health records (EHRs). These integrated information systems (ISs) carry promises of great benefits and value for organisations. However, realising IS benefits and value has, in general, proven to be a challenging task, and as organisations strive to formalise their realisation efforts a misconception of rationality threatens to emerge. This misconception manifests itself when the formality of analysis threatens to underrate the impact of social processes in deciding which potential benefits to pursue...
2013: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Wei-Min Huang
Existing health information systems largely only support the daily operations of a medical centre, and are unable to generate the information required by executives for decision-making. Building on past research concerning information retrieval behaviour and learning through mental models, this study examines the use of information systems by hospital executives in medical centres. It uses a structural equation model to help find ways hospital executives might use information systems more effectively. The results show that computer self-efficacy directly affects the maintenance of mental models, and that system characteristics directly impact learning styles and information retrieval behaviour...
2013: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Anjali Nanda, Ashoo Grover, Ashish Joshi
The objective of our study is to evaluate information about the national health programmes in India, available over the internet and to study the challenges faced while acquiring this information. To achieve our objective, we used the key words national health programmes OR public health programmes OR health programs AND India in Google from January 1-January 10 2012, to find information about the existing health programmes. We chose first 20 web links across all the three search terms to yield 60 websites, which were then reviewed for their relevance...
2013: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Kandarp Talati, Vandana Upadhyay, Puneet Gupta, Ashish Joshi
Diabetes is a growing public health concern in Indian subcontinent. More and more people are searching internet for health information, however, the quality of internet-based medical information is extremely variable. This study aims to evaluate quality of health information about type-II diabetes mellitus in an Indian context. We used key words 'diabetes', 'diabetes management', 'diabetes prevention' and 'diabetes monitoring' and searched over Google, Yahoo and Bing during August 2011. Two independent reviewers used DISCERN tool to assess quality of health information of the final 84 websites...
2013: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Juha Puustjärvi, Leena Puustjärvi
In industrialised countries, telemedicine has proven to be a valuable tool for enabling access to knowledge and allowing information exchange, and showing that it is possible to provide good quality of healthcare to isolated communities. However, there are many barriers to the widespread implementation of telemedicine in rural areas of developing countries. These include deficient internet connectivity and sophisticated peripheral medical devices. Furthermore, developing countries have very high patients-per-doctor ratios...
2013: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Divya Agarwal, Poonam Garg
In a competitive healthcare sector, hospitals have to focus on their processes in order to deliver high-quality care while at the same time reducing costs. Many hospitals have decided to adopt one or another Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system to improve their businesses, but implementing an ERP system can be a demanding endeavour. The systems are so difficult to implement that some are successful; many have failed, causing multimillion dollar losses. The challenge of ERP solutions lie in implementation because they are complex, time consuming and expensive too...
2012: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
John Babalola Oladosu, Michael Adeyemi Olamoyegun
A good number of applications and hardware devices for healthcare services have been produced through research efforts. A key limitation of the existing systems that are implemented for mobile devices, however, is that they have not adequately addressed language barrier, deplorable access to medical practitioners, cost constraints among other challenges peculiar to rural communities in developing and underdeveloped countries. This paper presents one of the solutions developed in our research efforts at addressing some of the aforementioned limitations of the existing systems...
2012: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Stacy Mitchell, Ulku Yaylacicegi
Hospitals invest in information technology to lower costs and to improve quality of care. With presidential leaders backing an in place policy that requires Electronic Health Records (EHRs) to be implemented in all hospitals by 2014 and the unveiling of a $1.2 billion grant for these systems, it is essential to understand the operational impacts of EHRs. This study explores EHRs in a hospital environment and investigates their relationship to quality of care and patient safety. EHRs are categorised into four functional groups: patient information data, results management, order entry, and decision support...
2012: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Ioannis Apostolakis, George Koulierakis, Alexander Berler, Anargyros Chryssanthou, Iraklis Varlamis
The continuously and rapidly changing landscape in the fields of communications, Internet and social media make it imperative for professionals to better understand the role of Information and Communication Technologies and their impact on everyday activities. Several frameworks have been proposed in order to capture various dimensions of social media and measure their impact on people's social, professional and other activities. The effect of social media and Web 2.0 applications on the healthcare sector is also significant...
2012: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
Thai Le, Katarzyna Wilamowska, George Demiris, Hilaire Thompson
Informatics tools can help support the health and independence of older adults. In this paper, we present an approach towards integrating health-monitoring data and describe several techniques for the assessment and visualisation of integrated health and well-being of older adults. We present three different visualisation techniques to provide distinct alternatives towards display of the same information, focusing on reducing the cognitive load of data interpretation. We demonstrate the feasibility of integrating health-monitoring information into a comprehensive measure of wellness, while also highlighting the challenges of designing visual displays targeted at multiple user groups...
2012: International Journal of Electronic Healthcare
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