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Journals Ethiopian Journal of Health Sc...

Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957344/radical-cure-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-how-can-we-improve-8-aminoquinoline-implementation
#1
EDITORIAL
Daniel Yilma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957343/anemia-prevalence-and-socioeconomic-status-among-adolescent-girls-in-rural-western-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manisha Nitin Gore, Madeline Elizabeth Drozd, Reshma Sudhir Patil
BACKGROUND: Anemia poses a significant challenge among Indian adolescent girls due to their heightened vulnerability, resulting from increased micronutrient requirements, rapid physical growth, menstrual blood loss, inadequate nutrition, and socioeconomic disparities. This study sought to evaluate the prevalence of anemia, along with socioeconomic and nutritional statuses among adolescent girls attending rural public schools in Pune, India. METHODS: A sample of 400 girls was selected from 22 villages through Symbiosis International University...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957342/evaluation-of-parents-perceptions-of-the-dental-and-oral-health-in-children-with-disability-in-the-bandung-city
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Irsalina Nur Amalia, Eriska Riyanti, Prima Andisetyanto, Rasmi Rikmasari, Sri Tjahajawati, Yunia Dwi Rakhmatia
BACKGROUND: Children with disability have a risk of poor dental health because of their mental and physical limitations. They depend on caregivers in their daily life Parents have an important role in maintaining children's dental health. Parents attitudes can be influenced by parents' perceptions of children's dental health. This study explored parental perceptions regarding the dental and oral health of children with special needs in Bandung City. METHODS: This study utilized a descriptive observational research using a cross-sectional survey...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957341/patient-safety-domains-in-primary-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Hadi Kalantari, Pouran Raeissi, Aydin Aryankhesal, Seyyed Masoud Hashemi, Nahid Reisi
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems should ensure the provision of quality services to patients without harming them. However, the provision of services is occasionally accompanied by harm or complications, most of which are preventable. Most studies have focused on secondary healthcare rather than primary healthcare (PHC). Thus, this study aimed to identify various dimensions and components of patient safety in PHC worldwide. METHODS: This systematic review study was conducted in November 2022 based on PRISMA reporting guidelines...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957340/analyzing-children-s-weight-growth-variations-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-india-peru-and-vietnam-using-fractional-polynomial-mixed-effects-model
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alemayehu Siffir Argawu, B Muniswamy, B Punyavathi
BACKGROUND: Children's growth is increasingly considered a key mediator of later life outcomes. When examining weight growth, the correlation between repeated observations on the same subject must be regarded as well-modelled. This study aimed to analyze children's weight growth variations and associated factors in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam using a fractional polynomial mixed-effects model. METHODS: This study used longitudinal data from the Young Lives Cohort Study conducted from 2002 to 2016 in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957339/social-media-in-pregnancy-care-exploring-adoption-factors-and-digital-healthcare-information-utilization-among-expectant-mothers-in-ghana
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Philomina Pomaah Ofori
BACKGROUND: The Antenatal Care (ANC) Center is a conventional facility that caters for the prenatal healthcare needs of expectant mothers and ensures proper management by healthcare professionals; however, expectant mothers seek healthcare support from other sources. This study aimed to examine the utilization of social media for healthcare information among expectant mothers in the capital city of Ghana and explore the factors that influence its adoption. METHOD: This study employed a non-experimental survey design...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957338/visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid-positivity-in-screening-and-early-detection-of-cervical-dysplasia-in-africa-2023-a-meta-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yohannes Fikadu Geda, Yirgalem Yosef Lamiso, Tamirat Melis Berhe, Seid Jemal Mohammed, Samuel Ejeta Chibsa, Daniel Adane Endalew, Kenzudin Assfa Mossa, Seblework Abeje, Mustefa Adem Hussen, Molalign Mesele Gesesse
BACKGROUND: Visual Inspection with Acetic acid (VIA) is the best feasible method of screening and early detecting for cervical dysplasia for resource limited settings like Africa. There is no study that can represent Africa on VIA positivity. Therefore, this metaanalysis was planned to verify the best available articles to pool the visual inspection with acetic acid positivity in screening and early detection of cervical dysplasia in Africa. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, free Google database search engines, Google Scholar, and Science Direct databases were used to conduct a true search of this research article...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957337/the-ethiopian-national-immunization-technical-advisory-group-e-nitag-establishment-achievements-and-the-future
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yemane Berhane, Telahun Teka, Meseret Zelalem, Yohannes Lakew, Amha Mekasha, Bogale Worku, Genet G/Medhin, Liya Wassie, Liya Wondwossen, Mulat Nigus, Samuel Teshome, Shiferaw Mitiku, Solomon Tessema Memirie, Teferi Fenta, Workeabeba Abebe, Yirgu Gebrehiwot
The National Immunization Program (NIP) was introduced in Ethiopia in 1980. The NIP has expanded the number of vaccines from six to more than 14 in 2023. However, decisions on new vaccine introduction and other vaccine-related matters were not systematically deliberated nationally. Thus, the need to establish a national body to deliberate on vaccine and vaccination matters, in addition to the global immunization advisory groups, has been emphasized in the last decade. This article presents the establishment and achievements of the Ethiopian NITAG...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957336/schizodontic-molarization-of-mandibular-premolars-a-case-report-of-gemination
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Harshata Tirtalli Sathish, Sharad Kamat, Mamata Kamat, Rudrayya S Puranik
BACKGROUND: Tooth gemination is a single enlarged or joined tooth with a normal tooth count when the anomalous tooth is counted as one. Mandibular second premolars show an elevated variability of crown morphology. Only nine cases of isolated second premolar macrodontia have been reported in the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case report presents the clinical and radiographic findings and conservative treatment of an atypical and rare case of localized bilateral molarization of mandibular second premolars...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957335/malaria-diagnosis-at-the-pediatric-emergency-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-makurdi-north-central-nigeria
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Michael, N B Samba, M G Adikwu, M O Ochoga, J U Akpan, E E Eseigbe
BACKGROUND: Globally, there were 241 million cases of malaria in 2020, with an estimated 627,000 deaths with Nigeria accounting for 27% of the global malaria cases. In sub-Saharan Africa, testing is low with only 28% of children with a fever receiving medical advice or a rapid diagnostic test in 2021. In Nigeria, there are documented reports of over-diagnosis and over-treatment of malaria in children. Therefore, this study examined the diagnosis of malaria at the Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957334/the-potential-mechanisms-behind-adverse-effect-of-coronavirus-disease-19-on-heart-and-liver-damage-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Tolessa Muleta Daba, Mulatu Mokonon, Elsa Niguse, Meron Getahun
BACKGROUND: Coronaviruses (CoVs) belong to the RNA viruses family. The viruses in this family are known to cause mild respiratory disease in humans. The origin of the novel SARS-COV2 virus that caused the coronavirus-19 disease (COVID-19) is the Wuhan city in China from where it disseminated to cause a global pandemic. Although lungs are the predominant target organ for Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19), since its outbreak, the disease is known to affect heart, blood vessels, kidney, intestine, liver and brain...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38370567/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-women-of-reproductive-age-on-human-papillomavirus-infection-cervical-cancer-and-vaccination-in-otukpo-nigeria
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olajide Akinnibosun, Onyukwo Grace Abakpa, Adole John Ujoh, Dominic Agbo Oche, Suleiman Zakari, Doowuese Yandev, Peter Adikwu, Onyemowo Okewu David, Oludare Agboola, Simon Paul, Onyemocho Audu, Emmanuel Odu, Innocent Achanya O Ujah, Joseph Anejo-Okopi
BACKGROUND: Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of human papilloma virus (HPV) is a necessary measure in curtailing delayed diagnosis and poor control practices. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices vis-à-vis HPV infection, cervical cancer and vaccination among women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at 15 selected health-care facilities in Otukpo metropolis and it involved 168 pregnant women...
January 2024: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784497/dilated-cardiomyopathy-as-a-rare-presentation-of-multisystem-inflammatory-syndrome-in-children-mis-c-a-case-report
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vipulkumar V Gandhi, Komal Chopra
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a rare post-infectious complication associated with COVID-19. This case report presents a detailed account of a paediatric patient diagnosed with MIS-C who developed dilated cardiomyopathy as a significant complication. This report aims to enhance our understanding of the rare potential cardiovascular implications of MIS-C and highlights the importance of prompt recognition and management.
November 2023: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784496/pattern-of-radiographic-and-sonographic-findings-of-adult-patients-presented-with-shoulder-pain-at-tikur-anbessa-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bemnet Taye Gebregiorgis, Moges Zenebe Wegayehu
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is one of the most common presentations in the orthopedic clinic. Multiple factors have been found to cause shoulder pain. Radiographs and ultrasound are widely available, relatively cheap modalities in assessing shoulder pain. The aim of this study is to assess the radiographic and sonographic imaging patterns of shoulder pain. METHODS: A descriptive prospective cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted at the Department of Radiology of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital among patients with shoulder pain that came for imaging from August 2021-January 2022...
November 2023: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784495/development-of-a-hospital-stakeholder-collaboration-tool-using-mixed-methods-to-assess-stakeholder-perspectives-for-hospital-service-improvement
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Purwaningsih Purwaningsih, Nasronudin Nasronudin, Nyoman Anita Damayanti, Mahmudah Mahmudah, Sri Andarini, Bagus Qomarudin, Djazuly Chalidyanto, Slamet Riyadi Yuwono, Aby Nugrah Septanto, Hakim Zulkarnain
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop the Hospital-Stakeholder Collaboration (HSC) Tool and Hospital Performance Factor (HPF) Tool to explore stakeholder perception and value for hospital service improvement. METHODS: This exploratory mixed-method study involved three steps: initial tool development (Step 1), validity testing (Step 2), and module development (Step 3). In Step 1, qualitative data collection through literature reviews, focus group discussions, and interviews with hospital management experts led to the creation of the preliminary tools...
November 2023: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784494/demographic-pattern-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis-in-a-tertiary-centre-of-a-developing-country-a-review-of-280-cases
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
T A Bamikefa, P K Uduagbamen, M A Adelaja, O Ala
BACKGROUND: Globally, renal replacement therapy especially haemodialysis remains pivotal in the effective care of patients with kidney diseases since its acceptance as a treatment modality. Despite being widely embraced as a therapeutic option, several factors still hamper its utilization. A clinical audit of this modality option will allow elucidation of haemodialysis practises and peculiarities. METHODS: The charts and records of 280 patients with renal impairments dialyzed between March 1st 2019 and February 28th 2023 were evaluated in retrospect...
November 2023: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784493/magnitude-and-associated-factors-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-high-school-adolescents-of-jimma-town-ethiopia
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hayat Mohamed Aliy, Habtamu Abebe Getahun, Lelisa Sena Dadi
BACKGROUND: Studies show that suicidal ideation and attempt are major predictors of suicide. Flourishing technologies such cyber bullying, increased local and global events, like pandemics, wars, and effects of climate change exacerbate vulnerability of adolescents to mental health problems. Thus, timely epidemiological information is important for evidence-based practices. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude and associated factors of suicidal ideation and suicidal attempt among school adolescents...
November 2023: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784492/safe-drinking-water-sanitation-and-mother-s-hygiene-practice-as-stunting-risk-factors-a-case-control-study-in-a-rural-area-of-ciawi-sub-district-tasikmalaya-district-west-java-indonesia
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Siti Novianti, Emy Huriyati, Retna Siwi Padmawati
BACKGROUND: Stunting is associated with disorders of the small intestines caused by environmental factors and poor hygiene practices. Prevention of stunting should be conducted in the first 1,000 days of life; namely, from conception until the child is two years old. This research aimed to analyze the relationship between environmental risk factors and maternal personal hygiene with the incidence of stunting in children aged 6-23 months. METHODS: This study was conducted using a case-control design, with a total sample of 212 (106 cases and 106 controls) enrolled purposively...
November 2023: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784491/the-association-between-intrahousehold-food-allocation-social-norms-and-thinness-among-young-adolescent-girls-a-community-based-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hanna Gulema, Meaza Demissie, Alemayehu Worku, Tesfaye Assebe Yadeta, Nebiyou Fasil, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in food allocation related to social norms among household members significantly affect the nutritional status and well-being of the vulnerable members of the household, such as adolescent girls. This study assesses the association between social norms related to intrahousehold food allocation and young adolescent girls' thinness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 1,083 pairs of mothers/caregivers and young adolescent girls. Data were collected using a structured and pretested questionnaire...
November 2023: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784490/fatal-road-traffic-accidents-and-associated-factors-in-north-shewa-zone-central-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tilahun Deresse, Akine Eshete, Minyahil Hailu, Megbar Dessalegn
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are among the top three global causes of death among people aged 15 to 44 years. More importantly, it is the main cause of death and permanent disability among young people aged 15 to 29 years. This study aimed to assess the magnitude of fatal traffic accidents and the factors associated with them in the North Shewa Zone, Central Ethiopia, from 2013 to 2018. METHOD: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted in all registered RTAs from July 2013 to June 2018 that had full documentation...
November 2023: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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