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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

Navin Kumar Devaraj
The diagnosis of rheumatologic problem can be difficult, especially if not all the diagnostic criteria or typical clinical features are seen. This includes conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis which needs early diagnosis to start disease modifying drugs (DMARDs) which can improve the prognosis and prevent further joint erosion and organ damage. This case report focused on a similar scenario in an elderly woman initially thought to have osteoarthritis but was diagnosed later with rheumatoid arthritis which brought much relief to her current predicament...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Meysam Behzadifar, Sanaz Heydarvand, Masoud Behzadifar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Background: Infection with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) increases the hepatotoxicity of anti-tuberculosis drugs. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the prevalence of HCV infection in patients with tuberculosis (TB). Methods: PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI/Web of Sciences, CINAHL, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Scopus were searched from January 2000 to March 2018. The overall prevalence of HCV in patients with TB was calculated using the random-effect model with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Eshetu E Chaka, Ahmed A Abdurahman, S Nedjat, R Majdzadeh
Background: Postnatal care use is vital in saving mother and newborn lives which is a continuum of care for maternal, neonatal and child health. This review aimed to determine the utilization and determinants of postnatal care use in Ethiopia. Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Embase databases were searched on June 25, 2017. The study screening, data extraction and quality assessment were done independently by two reviewers. Effect sizes were pooled using a random-effects model...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tegginmani Veeresh, Ahmed Mujahid, Patil Deepu, Reddy Sivaprakash
Background: Dermatoglyphic patterns that are often utilized in judicial and legal investigations are valuable in diagnosis of many diseases related to genetic disorders. Caries, being infectious in origin, might be related to genetics as well. Hence, these patterns are of significance in predicting caries development. Materials and Methods: DMFT (decayed, missing, filled teeth) score of 300 female subjects within the age group 0f 18-25 years were recorded and accordingly divided into 3 groups of 100 each; group 1 (DMFT score=0), group 2 (DMFT score < 5) and group 3 (DMFT score ≥ 5)...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Megbaru Alemu, Abay Anley, Kiros Tedla
Background: Intestinal parasitoses are among the most commonly encountered infections among school children in poor regions of the world. Up to 600 million school children are living in areas where there is high transmission of parasitic worms. Intestinal parasitic infection has been found to have a great effect on nutritional and cognitive status, school absenteeism and dropouts among school age children. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of intestinal parasites infections and associated factors among children in a rural primary school, Northwest Ethiopia...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Hadiya Hassen Tikuye, Samson Gebremedhin, Addisalem Mesfin, Susan Whiting
Background: In developing countries, women are generally vulnerable to undernutrition especially during lactation because of inadequate nutrient intake. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of underweight, associated factors and mean dietary intake of selected nutrients among lactating women in Arba Minch Zuriya districts, Gamo Gofa, Ethiopia. Methods: Multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select 478 exclusively breastfeeding women...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Andargachew Kassa, Sarie Human, Hirut Gemeda
Background: Healthcare providers (HCPs) are at the forefront of screening and identifying preconception risk factors leading to adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs). In Ethiopia, there is no published study that assessed the status of the implementation of PCC. This is a study conducted with the aim of determining the level of HCP's PCC practice and factors associated with non-implementation of PCC. Methods: This institution based cross-sectional study conducted among HCPs working in public health institutions (PHI) of Hawassa...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Naa Naamuah Tagoe, Vera Adobea Essuman, Patrick Bankah, Thomas Dakurah, Vincent Kwaku Hewlett, Josephine Akpalu, Thomas Akuetteh Ndanu
Background: Craniotomy and transphenoidal microsurgery are surgical options for treatment of pituitary adenoma at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital(KBTH). Despite major advances and reported success rates of transphenoidal resection globally, paucity of local data regarding visual outcome of either procedure exists. We evaluated the visual outcome of patient with pituitary adenoma following surgery in a tertiary hospital in Ghana. Methods: This is a prospective study of 18 of 45 consecutive new patients with pituitary adenoma seen from November 2010 to July 2013 at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital(KBTH), Accra, Ghana...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Hailu Abera Mulatu
Background: Thyro-cardiac disease describes the existence of a combination of thyroid toxicity and significant heart disease in an individual patient. The frequent manifestations of thyro-cardiac disease are hypertension, atrial flutter or fibrillation, pulmonary hypertension and dilated cardiomyopathy. The aim of the study was to determine the pattern and presentation of cardiovascular diseases in patients with hyperthyroidism on follow-up at St. Paul's Hospital endocrine clinic. Methods: It was a hospital based cross sectional study that evaluated hyperthyroid patients' on follow-up at St...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Molla Abebe, Tiruneh Adane, Kassa Kefyalew, Tesfahun Munduno, Alebachew Fasil, Belete Biadgo, Sintayehu Ambachew, Saira Shahnawaz
Background: Diabetic kidney disease is a common and severe microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). There are limited data regarding alteration of urine parameters other than proteinuria among DM patients. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from February to May 2017 to assess alteration of urine parameters among DM patients at the University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. A Systematic random sampling technique was used to recruit adult (≥18 years) diabetic participants...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Bereket Tigabu, Majid Davari, Abbas Kebriaeezadeh, Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh, Kourosh Sadeghi, Zahra Jahangard-Rafsanjani
Background: Fluid and antimicrobial therapy are the essential parts of sepsis management. The type of fluid to resuscitate with is an unsettled issue in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of albumin-based resuscitation over crystalloids. Methods: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted by extracting data from a database of Sina Hospital, Islamic Republic of Iran. A decision tree was constructed by using Tree Age Pro 2011...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Amare Deribew, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Kebede Deribe, Tariku Dejene, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihune Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Tolessa Bekele, Semaw F Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Andargachew Kumsa, Yibeltal Assefa, Scott D Glenn, Tahvi Frank, Austin Carter, Awoke Misganaw, Haidong Wang
Background: The burden of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia has not been comprehensively assessed over the last two decades. In this study, we used the 2016 Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk factors (GBD) data to analyze the incidence, prevalence, mortality and Disability-adjusted Life Years Lost (DALY) rates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in Ethiopia over the last 26 years. Methods: The GBD 2016 used a wide range of data source for Ethiopia such as verbal autopsy (VA), surveys, reports of the Federal Ministry of Health and the United Nations (UN) and published scientific articles...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Najmeh Rabanipour, Hamidreza Roohafza, Awat Feizi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
Background: Employees are one of the key elements of an organization and measure the quality of life (QoL) provides reliable assessment of health and wellbeing in this population. This study aimed at investigating the QoL in a large sample of Iranian industrial manufacturing employees and its determinants. Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted was in 2015, 3063 people were selected among 16000 Esfahan Seal Company's employees using multistage cluster sampling...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Charles I Ezema, Petronella C Akusoba, Martins C Nweke, Chigozie U Uchewoke, Joshua Agono, Godspower Usoro
Background: Little attention has been paid to screening of depression among stroke survivors in outpatient physiotherapy clinics. Post-stroke depression is reported to have a negative impact on functional recovery. However, the exact influence on the outcome of rehabilitation such as level of functional independence remains controversial. This study aims at ascertaining the influence of post-stroke depression on functional independence in activities of daily living. Methods: The study is a cross sectional survey of stroke survivors attending outpatient physiotherapy clinics of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Enugu, and the Enugu State University Teaching Hospital (ESUTH)...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tesfaye Abera Gudeta, Tilahun Mekonnen Regassa
Background: Disorders of pregnancy induced hypertensive are a major health problem in the obstetric population as they are one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The World Health Organization estimates that at least one woman dies every seven minutes from complications of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The objective of this study is to assess pregnancy induced hypertension and its associated factors among women attending delivery service at Mizan-Tepi University Teaching Hospital, Gebretsadikshawo Hospital and Tepi General Hospital...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
James Osei-Yeboah, William Owiredu, Gameli Norgbe, Christian Obirikorang, Sylvester Lokpo, Evans Ashigbi, Beatrice Johnson, Francis Ussher, John Deku, Emmanuel Asiamah, Roseline Avorkliyah, Edward Boakye, Tibemponi Ntoni, Prince Nyamadi
Background: Physical activity (PA) offers considerable health benefits for diabetic patients. However, extensive high levels of inactivity has been reported among diabetic patients. This study sought to assess the patterns of physical activity and its relationship with two management-relevant outcomes (glycaemic and blood pressure control)among people living with diabetes in the Ho Municipality, Ghana. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out from January 2017 to April 2017 among 150 purposively recruited diabetic patients who were receiving care at the diabetes clinics of the Volta Regional Hospital and the Ho Municipal Hospital...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Bezaye Nigussie, Henok Tadele
Background: HeartFailure (HF) is a progressive clinical and pathophysiological syndrome caused by cardiovascular and noncardiovascular abnormalities. Childhood HF has not been well studied in Sub-Sharan Africa, particularly in Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed at describing the pattern and outcome of pediatrics HF at a referral-teaching hospital. Methods: Medical records of 216 HF children aged 2 months to 14 years, and admitted between January 2014 and January 2016 were reviewed...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Abraham Haileamlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 403 in vol. 28.].
November 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Gumi Balako, Girma Sisay, Mohamed Hussein, Deresa Asefa
Background: Rabies still poses a significant health problem in most of African countries, where the majority of the cases result from dog bites. The situations in the marginalized pastoral areas were not well documented. Case: In September 2015, rabid wild fox entered the pastoralist village and bit a domestic dog. The victim dog had turned rabid after four months and bit livestock, and rabies outbreak occurred in the family livestock. Consequently, one bull, one lactating cow, one calf, two donkeys and one heifer died of outbreak...
November 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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