journal
Journals Kathmandu University Medical J...

Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628023/intraglandular-foreign-body-unusual-aetiology-of-submandibular-gland-sialadenitis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A K Kc, B L Shrestha, A Bhattarai
Obstructive sialadenitis of submandibular gland is commonly due to sialoliths and strictures in the Wharton's duct. Other endogenous pathologies include mucous plugs and polyps. Foreign bodies of Wharton's duct and submandibular gland are rare. Retrograde migration of foreign bodies via ductal orifice, traversing the ductal system to its final intraglandular location is an even rare entity. These often present with painful swelling of the gland and at times with a purulent sialitis. Diagnostic modalities include plain radiography, ultrasonography, sialography, as well as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628022/retroperitoneal-cyst-of-mullerian-type
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D Basnet, R Makaju, N Gautam, B Shretsha
Retroperitoneal mullerian cysts are rare, benign neoplastic cyst of urogenital subtype. They are usually asymptomatic and may present with symptoms if they grow considerably in size with pressure over the adjacent organ or follow infection, hemorrhage or rupture. Histologically, these cyst are lined with benign ciliated columnar epithelium. We present the case of a 30-year-old female with history of abdominal distension and epigastric pain. The mass excised was in retroperitoneal space and microscopic examination revealed benign cyst of mullerian origin...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628021/mysterious-case-of-drooling-infant-hidden-foreign-body-over-hard-palate
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
B C Gan
Foreign body over the hard palate is a rare clinical entity that happen almost exclusively in young pediatric age group with only about 40 odd cases ever reported. Most cases in the literature are described as incidental findings of hard palate mass causing heightened anxiety to parents and clinicians alike during routine oral cavity examination. Owing to its rarity and lackluster presenting symptoms, this simple condition are often overlooked but has high propensity to develop into life threatening condition if dislodged into the airway...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628020/a-recurrent-case-of-ameloblastic-fibroma-in-37-year-old-male
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
N Maharjan, D Bajracharya, B Ojha, P Bhandari, S Koju
Ameloblastic fibroma (AF) is a benign mixed epithelial and mesenchymal odontogenic tumor. This was previously grouped in odontogenic tumor showing odontogenic epithelium with odontogenic ectomesenchyme, with or without hard tissue formation. This report describes a case of ameloblastic fibroma in a 37-yearold male who came with the complain of swelling in the left side of lower jaw since one year. Enucleation of the mass followed by reconstruction was done six years back. However, after two years of initial treatment; radiographic findings suggested recurrence...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628019/solyx-minisling-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-dhulikhel-hospital-initiative
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Shrestha, T Hagemeier
Solyx mini-sling surgery is a single-incision procedure that is used to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. SUI is a common medical condition characterized by the involuntary leakage of urine with activity such as laughing, coughing, and sneezing. It affects 35% of adult women worldwide. The Solyx sling is a minimally invasive procedure that can be performed through a single vaginal incision. It is a safe and effective treatment for SUI, with a high success rate. The mini-sling is inserted through a small, single incision in the vagina...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628018/online-teaching-during-pre-and-para-clinical-phase-in-response-to-covid-19-pandemic-and-its-impact-on-clinical-training-perception-of-indian-medical-students
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
V Satya Prasad, S Manjunatha
Background COVID-19 pandemic has thrown a lot of challenges at medical education system and has necessitated a swift change from conventional classroom/laboratoryoriented/bed-side teaching to technology based online teaching. Academicians have worked hard to overcome robust challenges to facilitate students' continued learning. Objective In the wake of this drastic shift in teaching methodology, the present study aimed to investigate and understand the perceptions of medical students about online teaching and its impact on clinical training...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628017/comparison-of-surgical-outcome-of-bipolar-scissors-with-conventional-cold-dissection-tonsillectomy
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
B L Shrestha, L Khadka, A K Kc, A Dhakal, K S Shrestha, M Pokharel
Background The tonsillectomy is the most common Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) surgical procedure. Different methods have been used to improve the outcome of the surgery. One such method is tonsillectomy performed with bipolar scissors. In our scenario, the comparison of bipolar scissors tonsillectomy with conventional cold dissection has not been done. Objective To compare the surgical outcomes of bipolar scissors tonsillectomy and conventional cold dissection tonsillectomy. Method A prospective randomized study was conducted in 40 patients who underwent tonsillectomy on one side using bipolar scissors and on the other side using conventional cold dissection...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628016/mental-health-problems-and-social-media-exposure-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-among-adult-population-of-nepal
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
R Dhakal, M Thapa, A Karki, D Shrestha, P Karki, H P Kaphle, N Neupane, C Sharma
Background The COVID-19 pandemic is a significant global health crisis that poses a threat to a person's psychological well-being. A very large number of people got exposed to social network sites during this period which can be hazardous and cause psychological difficulties. There is no prior research or limited studies in this area during emergencies in Nepal. Objective To assess the mental health issues and examine their relationship with social media exposure in adults. Method A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted by using a validated scale of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress (DAAS-21) and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) among 18 years above adult population...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628015/better-social-emotional-behavior-in-young-nepali-children-is-associated-with-household-wealth-child-age-and-family-participation-in-a-community-development-intervention
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L C Miller, S Neupane, M Shrestha, N Joshi, M Lohani, A Thorne-Lyman
Background Mental health and behavior problems are under-recognized in low- and middleincome countries, especially in young children. Early identification of these problems could encourage governments to address the shortages of child mental health professionals and promote early intervention programs to help children achieve their full developmental potential. Objective Describe the social-emotional development of young rural Nepali children; explore risk factors for poor development. Method The study was embedded in a longitudinal intervention trial comparing control households with those who received training in family nutrition+livestock management (Partial Package) or family nutrition+livestock management+community mobilization (Full Package)...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628014/clinical-profile-and-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-patients-presenting-with-headache
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M R Ghimire, M Thapa, A M Shrestha, S Bhattrai, S Ghimire, N Sharma, B Soti, A Dutta, S Shrestha, M Pokhare, R Poudel, L J Thapa
Background Headache disorders are among the most prevalent and disabling conditions worldwide. People, however, do not seek early advice in developing countries. Objective To study clinical profile of patients with headache and their existing knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding primary headaches. Method Descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 196 patients. Patients were selected using purposive sampling technique fulfilling inclusion criteria. Patients were interviewed based on semi-structural headache questionnaire and data was collected from 4th October to 21st December 2021...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628013/effect-of-weekly-text-messaging-reminders-on-medication-adherence-in-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-eastern-nepal
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D P Sarraf, G P Rauniar, P P Gupta, R Maskey, V Kattel
Background The short-message service (SMS) reminder techniques are found to be important in increasing medication adherence in non-communicable diseases. Objective To assess the effect of SMS on medication adherence in hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Method An observational study was conducted in the outpatient department using a semistructured questionnaire. Patients having hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus and taking at least one medication and having low to medium adherence were enrolled and short-message service was sent to them twice a week for up to two months reminding them to take medications as prescribed...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628012/maternal-health-services-utilisation-in-panchkhal-municipality-kavrepalanchok-nepal
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L Paudel, L Shrestha, L Budhathoki, S B Zoowa, G Bhandari, K K Shrestha
Background Maternal Health is a priority program of Nepal. The low utilization of maternal health services is one of the major contributing factors for high maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries like Nepal. Objective To explore various maternal health services utilized by women and identify various factors affecting the utilization of maternal health services in Panchkhal Municipality. Method A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 355 reproductive-age women who have given birth in the last 2 years in Panchkhal Municipality...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628011/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-children-admitted-with-multisystem-inflammatory-syndrome-mis-c-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S K Singh, V K Sah, A Pyakurel
Background Most children infected with SARS-CoV-2 infection, are asymptomatic or develops mild to moderate symptoms. Few weeks later, few children develops delayed hyper inflammatory syndrome known as Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Objective To describe various demographic features of children with Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. To analyze common clinical presentation, clinical and laboratory markers of severity and outcome of children with Multisystem inflammatory syndrome...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628010/carotid-plaque-burden-in-patient-who-underwent-coronary-angiogram-at-dhulikhel-hospital
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Humagain, S R Pathak, R P Koju
Background Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death worldwide and is primarily caused by atherosclerosis. Carotid plaque and coronary artery disease share a common pathogenesis and risk factor. Carotid arteries are accessible through noninvasive imaging method. By characterizing the carotid arteries, it becomes possible to estimate the total burden of atherosclerosis, including that of coronary artery disease. According European Society of Cardiology (ESC) ultrasound of the carotid arteries should be considered, and be performed to detect plaque in patients with suspected chronic coronary syndrome...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628009/covid-19-vaccine-breakthrough-infection-among-health-care-workers
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D Tamrakar, N Katuwal, P Adhikari, M Banjara, N Shrestha, P Poudel, R Shrestha
Background Mass vaccination is considered the primary strategy for reducing the impact of COVID-19, and it has been implemented globally. Objective To study the extent of SARS-CoV-2 infection and breakthrough infection among the HCWs who were fully vaccinated for at least 14 days and investigated the relation between neutralizing antibody response and breakthrough infection. Method This study was a retrospective cohort study among health care workers at Dhulikhel Hospital Kathmandu University Hospital from December 2021 to October 2022...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628008/impact-of-adolescent-s-obesity-in-cardiac-function-an-association-of-cardiac-structural-and-metabolic-risk-factors-with-physical-fitness
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L R Yadav, L K Yadav, N B Mahotra, D Sharma
Background Elderly obese results metabolic, cardiac structural and functional derangements. However, such alterations including physical fitness in early age obesity are still controversial. Objective To evaluate physical fitness, cardiac structural, functional and metabolic remodeling and their association with obesity markers in adolescents. Method This cross-sectional comparative study included 90 adolescents with median age -14(2) years were grouped into Normal weight (NW) and Overweight/Obese (OW/OB) based on the BMI percentile for age and sex...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628007/mental-health-status-during-covid-19-pandemic-and-its-relationship-with-economic-hardship-and-financial-threat-among-rural-population-in-sarawak-malaysia
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
N Amirah, R Rahman
Background During the COVID-19 pandemic, job and income loss, social isolation may aggravate mental health, particularly among the most vulnerable groups. Objective To assess the current mental health situation among the rural population in Samarahan district and determine the relationship between economic hardships, financial threats, and mental health status. Method This study was a cross-sectional study conducted among the 530 households in the Samarahan district. A multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select the participants in this study...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628006/discrepancies-between-glycated-hemoglobin-and-fasting-plasma-glucose-in-new-onset-diabetes-mellitus
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
R Tamrakar, D Tamrakar, P Katwal
Background Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) are commonly used for diagnosing diabetes mellitus in Nepal. Though HbA1c criteria are convenient for diagnosis there is a discrepancy between the fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c for diagnosis. Objective To assess the comparability between fasting plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin levels in the new-onset diabetes mellitus. Method This is a hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study including 128 newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus conducted at Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628005/the-comparative-accuracy-of-bisap-and-panc3-scoring-system-for-the-disease-severity-and-outcome-in-acute-pancreatitis-in-tertiary-care-hospital-from-north-india
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Gupta, H S Dhillon, N Gupta
Background Acute pancreatitis has local and systemic manifestations, so it's important to assess the severity by various scoring system. Among them bed side index for severity of acute pancreatitis and pancreatitis three score have been considered to be more predictive and easier. Objective To determine the comparative prognostic value of bed side index for severity of acute pancreatitis and pancreatitis 3 score and its correlation with the outcome. Method A prospective observational study was conducted on 50 cases of acute pancreatitis...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628004/analgesic-efficacy-of-fascia-iliaca-compartment-block-for-positioning-during-spinal-anesthesia-in-patients-with-femur-fractures
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Jha, S Khatiwada, K Pokharel, A Ghimire, S N Singh, J N Prasad
Background Positioning patients with femur fractures for spinal anesthesia is associated with excruciating pain. Fascia iliaca compartment block has the potential to block all nerves supplying the femur and therefore may provide effective analgesia during positioning these patients for spinal anesthesia. Objective To assess the analgesic efficacy of Fascia iliaca compartment block, during positioning patients with femur fracture for spinal anesthesia. We also assessed the duration of analgesia and the requirement for rescue analgesics in the postoperative period...
2023: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
journal
journal
40698
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.