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Journal of Vector Borne Diseases

Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Mohmmad Zahangir Alam, Md Mustafizur Rahman, Shirin Akter, Md Hasanuzzaman Talukder, Anita Rani Dey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Patrick L Taggart, Rebecca Traub, Sze Fui, Phil Weinstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
S N Surendran, K Sivabalakrishnan, T T P Jayadas, S Santhirasegaram, A Laheetharan, M Senthilnanthanan, R Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Baharak Akhtardanesh, Reza Kheirandish, Iraj Sharifi, Ali Mohammadi, Ali Mostafavi, Tohid Mahmoodi, Mohadesse Ebrahimi
Background and objectives: : The dogs are considered the main reservoir of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), but lately the disease incidence has been reported in cats also. In this study, the susceptibility of domestic cats to experimental Leishmania infantum infection was assessed by different diagnostic methods. Methods: : A total of 12 healthy adult male cats were captured by double door live trap cages containing baits. Of them eight cats were intraperitoneally inoculated with 107 L...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Juliana Gonzalez, Ignacio Echaide, Adriana Pabón, J Juan Gabriel Piñeros, Silvia Blair, Alberto Tobón-Castaño
Background & objectives: : The presence of Babesia spp in humans, bovine cattle and ticks (the transmitting vector) has not been well characterized in Colombia. Babesia infection in humans can be overlooked due to similarity of the disease symptoms with malaria specially in the regions where malaria is endemic. The aim of the present work was to study the frequency of Babesia infection in humans, bovines and ticks in a malaria endemic region of Colombia, and explore the possible relationship of infection with host and the environmental factors...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Faruk Karakecili, Aytekin Cikman, Merve Aydin, Umut Devrim Binay, Ozan Arif Kesik, Fatih Ozcicek
Background & objectives: : Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), an illness characterized by fever and hemorrhage, is caused by a CCHF virus (CCHFV). It is an important public health problem in Turkey. The objective of this study was to evaluate the demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics and mortality rates of CCHF patients in the northeast region of Turkey. Methods: : A total of 206 patients, diagnosed with CCHF, from northeast region of Turkey were included and evaluated between 2011 and 2017...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Elainne Christine de Souza Gomes, Millena Carla da Silva Mesquitta, Leandro Batista Wanderley, Fábio Lopes de Melo, Ricardo José de Paula Souza E Guimarães, Constança Simões Barbosa
Background & objectives: : Schistosomiasis is a rural endemic disease that has been expanding to urban and coastal areas in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. The aim of this study was to characterize the distribution of breeding sites of the causative vector, Biomphalaria straminea in an endemic municipality for schistosomiasis and to present the predictive models for occurrences and dispersal of this vector snail to new areas. Methods: : A malacological survey was conducted during January to December 2015 in the municipality of São Lourenço da Mata, Pernambuco, Brazil to identify the breeding sites of Biomphalaria...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
P Philip Samuel, V Thenmozhi, M Muniaraj, D Ramesh, S Victor Jerald Leo, T Balaji, K Venkatasubramani, J Nagaraj, R Paramasivan
Background & objectives: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic disease. The JE virus (JEV) does not cause any disease among its natural hosts and transmission continues through mosquitoes belonging to Culex vishnui subgroup. This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of JEV in mosquitoes and humans in the Thanjavur district, a non-endemic region for JE, in Tamil Nadu, by using standard available assays. Methods: : A sero-surveillance study was conducted in Thanjavur district among the normal rural school children in the 5-12 yr age group, during the JE season (October) and post-JE season (February) from 2011 to 2013 for the detection of JEV infection...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Nneka U Igboeli, Maxwell O Adibe, Chinwe V Ukwe, Cletus N Aguwa
Background & objectives: : Three doses of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) has been adopted as the new recommendation for prevention of malaria in pregnancy. This study evaluated the effectiveness of two-dose versus three-dose of SP for IPTp-SP in the prevention of low birth weight (LBW) and malaria parasitaemia. Methods: : An open, randomized, controlled, longitudinal trial was conducted in a secondary level hospital in Nsukka region of Enugu State, Nigeria...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Jayalakshmi Krishnan, L Mathiarasan
Background & objectives: : Increase of vector-borne diseases (VBDs) in India has posed a question on the situation in Lakshadweep Islands, where VBDs are reported from time-to-time. The present investigation was aimed to assess the faunastic situation of the prevailing vectors along with their breeding sites in different islands of the Lakshadweep. Methods: : Extensive surveys were carried out from November 2017 to January 2018 (post-monsoon season) randomly in the nine inhabited islands of Lakshadweep for conducting faunastic studies on mosquitoes and to know the basic binomics like breeding and resting preference of mosquitoes...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Vaishali Verma, O P Agrawal, Poonam Sharma Velamuri, Kamaraju Raghavendra
Background & objectives: : Insecticide applied at optimum dosage and coverage delays the development of resistance in disease vectors. The study was aimed to test the hypothesis whether decrease in exposure to insecticide leads to decrease in selection of insecticide resistance in mosquitoes. The mosquitoes were variably exposed to insecticide in the laboratory by simulating the variations in insecticide sprays applied in the field. Methods: : The study was carried out on DDT resistant adults of Anopheles stephensi...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
M Mohebali, E Moradi-Asl, Y Rassi
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an important parasitic disease which is endemic in different parts of Iran; and domestic and wild canines are principal reservoir hosts of the disease. The objective of this study was to review the spatial distribution of canine VL (CVL) caused by Leishmania infantum in domestic and wild canines in different geographical areas of Iran. An extensive literature search was conducted in different international and national databases, including Cochrane, MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Iran Medex to find articles with the words "visceral leishmaniasis in Iran" in their titles and "canine visceral leishmaniasis in Iran" or "feline visceral leishmaniasis in Iran" or "accidental reservoir hosts of visceral leishmaniasis in Iran" in their subtitles, irrespective of the type and duration of study...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Timothy Jr Gintarong, Amalina Emran, Aza Sherin, Tin Tin Thein, Tin Sabai Aung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Vinita Rawat, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Ashok Kumar, Yatendera Singh, Preeti Chaturvedi, Sandeep Raj Saxena, Umesh Varshney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Subrata Ghosh, Gouri Sankar Das, Rakhi Majumdar, Sabyasachi Sarkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Oswaldo M Torres-Chable, Carlos M Baak-Baak, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, Bradley J Blitvich, Ligia G Brito-Argaez, Yessenia N Alvarado-Kantun, Claudia V Zaragoza-Vera, Guadalupe Arjona-Jimenez, Lluvia G Moreno-Perez, Pablo Medina-Perez, Carlos I Machain-Williams, Julian E Garcia-Rejon
Background & objectives: Dirofilaria immitis is a filarial nematode that causes heartworm disease in domestic as well as wild canines and felines; and cutaneous or pulmonary infections in humans. The purpose of the study was to estimate the prevalence of D. immitis in domestic dogs in Tabasco, Mexico and to assay mosquitoes temporally and spatially associated with dogs for evidence of infection. Methods: Blood was collected from 1050 dogs in 1039 houses during a random household survey performed in 2016 and 2017...
April 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Selvaraj Stephen, Stanley Ambroise, Dhandapany Gunasekaran, Mohammed Hanifah, Balakrishnan Sangeetha, Jothimani Pradeep, Kengamuthu Sarangapani
Background & objectives: Rickettsial diseases are important re-emerging infections that mostly go unnoticed or are misdiagnosed. Though few case reports of Indian tick typhus have been reported in Indian literature in the past 10 yr, prevalence surveys are few and far between. The objective of this research was to study the seroprevalence of spotted fever (SF) group rickettsiosis and its coinfection with scrub typhus (ST) in Puducherry region of south India, as these two diseases may show similar clinical presentations...
April 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
C M M Peters, R Pijnacker, E B Fanoy, L J T Bouwman, L E de Langen, J H T C van den Kerkhof, J Reimerink, E Pilot, M Henry, V Asin Oostburg, M A H Braks
Background & objectives: The first chikungunya (CHIK) epidemic in the Americas was reported in December 2013. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) causes an acute febrile illness and is transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. Although earlier studies have described long-term clinical manifestations of CHIK patients infected with the East/Central/South African (ECSA) genotype, little is known about persistent manifestations in the Caribbean region, for which the Asian genotype is responsible...
April 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Sujeet Raina, Rashmi Kaul Raina, Niraj Agarwala, Sunil Kumar Raina, Rajesh Sharma
Background & objectives: In India, certain geographic regions witness simultaneous outbreaks of two or more diseases like scrub typhus, dengue fever, malaria, leptospirosis and chikungunya during monsoon and post-monsoon period, sharing common indication of acute febrile illness. The objective of the present study was to assess the prevalence of coinfections among patients with acute undifferentiated fevers (AUF) admitted in a tertiary care hospital in the northern hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, India...
April 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
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