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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Cinthia A Martins, Dov C Goldenberg, Rita Narikawa, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
INTRODUCTION: Trismus has been considered a late complication of cancer treatment. It can occur prior to treatment, mainly caused by tumor invasion or muscle spasms induced by the presence of the tumor. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the incidence of trismus and its effect on oral health in patients with malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity before performing the cancer treatment. METHODS: This review was carried out via interviews, visual clinical inspection and objective measurement of maximal mouth opening in 35 consecutive patients...
March 18, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Thaís Alvares de Abreu E Silva Grigol, Karen de Carvalho Lopes, Fernando Freitas Ganança
INTRODUCTION: Ménière's disease is among the most frequent causes of vestibular disorders. Although it is a clinical diagnosis, a better understanding of the pathophysiology and clinical course of the disease through tests would allow improvement in the prognosis and more effective treatments. OBJECTIVES: To describe the results of the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic and video-head impulse test in patients with a defined diagnosis of Ménière's disease and to correlate them with disease duration...
March 16, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Isabela de Cássia Marins Quinsan, Gustavo Carvalho Costa, Antonio Vitor Martins Priante, Cesar Augusto Cardoso, Caio Lúcio Soubhia Nunes
INTRODUCTION: Cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx exhibits an aggressive behavior and its diagnosis is, in most cases, attained at advanced stages. Total glossectomy is a therapeutic option in locally advanced cancer, and the only choice in the presence of recurrent or residual disease after chemoradiotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical-epidemiological profile, postoperative complications, survival rates and functional aspects of patients with oral cavity and oropharynx cancer after total glossectomy...
March 16, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Serap Doğan, Alperen Vural, Güven Kahriman, Hakan İmamoğlu, Ümmühan Abdülrezzak, Mustafa Öztürk
INTRODUCTION: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common laryngeal neoplasm and accounts for approximately 95% of all malignant neoplams of the larynx. However, various benign and malignant tumors and inflammatory diseases may affect the larynx. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the clinical and imaging findings of non-squamous cell neoplasms and inflammatory diseases of the larynx. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in 18 patients who were diagnosed with non-squamous cell carcinoma lesions of larynx at our institution between 2007 and 2017...
March 16, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Adnan Ekinci, Kaan Kamasak
INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the head or in the head in the absence of external sounds. The cause of tinnitus is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the serum levels of total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, serum prolidase enzyme activity and the oxidative stress index in patients with tinnitus to those of normal subjects. METHODS: Twenty five patients with tinnitus (mean age 34.3) and 25 healthy controls (mean age 37...
March 15, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Daviany Oliveira Lima, Aline Menezes Guedes Dias de Araújo, Fátima Cristina Alves Branco-Barreiro, Cláudia da Silva Carneiro, Larissa Nadjara Alves Almeida, Marine Raquel Diniz da Rosa
INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is characterized by the presence of a sound in the absence of external sound stimulus. In individuals with normal audiometry, it may be associated with auditory attention difficulty, especially in those who report high tinnitus annoyance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate auditory attention ability in individuals with tinnitus complaint. METHODS: Cross-sectional analytical observational study. We evaluated 30 volunteers with normal hearing (up to 25dBHL): 15 with tinnitus (test group) and 15 with no complaints (control group), aged between 18 and 40 years...
March 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Cengiz Arli, Ihsan Gulmez, Elif Tuğba Saraç, Şemsettin Okuyucu
INTRODUCTION: Otosclerosis is an idiopathic disease characterized by new bone formation in foci of the human otic capsule. It is more common in Caucasian populations; affecting females twice as often as males. Its etiopathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between otosclerosis and white blood cell and thrombocyte counts, mean platelet volume, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio, and the platelet lymphocyte ratio...
March 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Deise Renata Oliveira da Silva, Pedro de Lemos Menezes, Grazielle de Farias Almeida, Thais Nobre Uchoa Souza, Ranilde Cristiane Cavalcante Costa, Ana Claudia Figueiredo Frizzo, Aline Tenório Lins Carnaúba
INTRODUCTION: The patient's evolution in the audiology and speech-language clinic acts as a motivator of the therapeutic process, contributing to patient adherence to the treatment and allowing the therapist to review and/or maintain their clinical therapeutic conducts. Electrophysiological measures, such as the P300 evoked potential, help in the evaluation, understanding and monitoring of human communication disorders, thus facilitating the prognosis definition in each case. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the audiology and speech-language therapy influences the variation of P300 latency and amplitude in patients with speech disorders undergoing speech therapy...
March 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ahmed Elsobki, Michel Burihan Cahali, Mohamed Kahwagi
INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus on a single classification system for the obstructive findings in drug-induced sleep endoscopy. Previous classification systems have neglected to address the upper retropalatal obstruction, the segmental division of the lateral pharyngeal wall and the primary or secondary nature of laryngeal collapse. OBJECTIVE: To propose, illustrate and evaluate a more comprehensive and yet simple classification for drug-induced sleep endoscopy findings...
March 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Andrea Campagnolo, Michael S Benninger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mert Cemal Gokgoz, Hamdi Tasli, Bekir Helvacioglu
INTRODUCTION: Tympanoplasty is performed to close the tympanic membrane perforation and recover the hearing level of patients with non-suppurative chronic otitis media. Endoscopic tympanoplasty has recently been increasingly preferred by ear nose and throat surgeons to treat tympanic membrane perforations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to discuss the outcomes of patients undergoing endoscopic tympanoplasty performed by a young surgeon in a secondary hospital in the context of the literature...
February 28, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Michelle Danielle Porto Matias, Alessandro Oliveira de Jesus, Renata Gonçalves Resende, Patrícia Carlos Caldeira, Maria Cássia Ferreira de Aguiar
INTRODUCTION: A resurgence of syphilis in Brazil has been reported in recent years. OBJECTIVE: With this in mind, the present study sought to investigate the frequency, demographics, and clinical characteristics of patients with acquired syphilis with oral involvement who received medical care at an Oral Medicine Reference Center in a Brazilian Public Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective study, spanning a period of 12 years, was performed to identify changing trends in syphilis over time...
February 23, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Xin Li, Zhengping Zhu, Wei Li, Li Wei, Baocheng Zhao, Zheng Hao
INSTRUCTION: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading occupational disease caused by gene-environment interaction. The Grainy Like 2, GRHL2, is a candidate gene. In this regard, many studies have evaluated the association between GRHL2 and noise-induced hearing loss, although the results are ambiguous and conflicting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify a precise estimation of the association between rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene and susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss...
February 23, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ana Carla Leite Romero, Ana Claudia Figueiredo Frizzo, Eduardo Federighi Baisi Chagas, Myriam de Lima Isaac
INTRODUCTION: Cortical auditory evoked potentials have been increasingly used in research and audiological routines. However, there is a lack of studies with a large number of children who are stratified by age group. These would help clarify the variations in latency and amplitude of cortical auditory evoked potentials, and thus help establish reference values in children of different ages. OBJECTIVE: To identify the variation in latency and amplitude of the cortical auditory evoked potentials and to establish reference values for the pediatric population...
February 22, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Joice de Moura Silva, Midori Otake Yamada, Elida Garbo Guedes, Adriane Lima Mortari Moret
INTRODUCTION: The multidimensional impact of hearing loss on the various demands of life in children using cochlear implants is represented by variables that can influence the hearing, language and quality of life outcomes of this population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors influencing the quality of life of children with cochlear implantation considering age, hearing age, age at evaluation, hearing skills, spoken language, family degree of receptiveness, schooling and socioeconomic status of the parents...
February 22, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Hülya Eyigör, Mete Eyigör, Bekir Erol, Ömer Tarık Selçuk, Levent Renda, Mustafa Deniz Yılmaz, Üstün Osma, Cansu Demirkıran, Meral Gültekin, Nuray Erin
INTRODUCTION: Mucosal contact headache is a referred pain that arises from contact between the nasal septum and the lateral nasal wall. Evidence supports the role of substance P in a contact headache such that release of substance P from sensory nerve endings causes inflammation and allergy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine possible differences in substance P levels in inferior turbinate hypertrophy creating a contact headache. METHODS: 28 patients who had contact headaches (Study Group) and 16 volunteers with no complaints were included in the study...
February 22, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Loreni C S Kovalhuk, Ederaldo Queiroz Telles, Monica Nunes Lima, Nelson A Rosario Filho
INTRODUCTION: The extent of epithelial lesion in allergic and non-allergic rhinitis and its association with inflammatory changes in nasal lavage has not been clarified. OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between the inflammatory cells in the nasal lavage, epithelial lesion extent and basement membrane thickness, in the nasal mucosa of patients with rhinitis; to determine the cutoff point of the percentage of eosinophils in the nasal lavage associated with the atopic patients...
February 22, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gil Coutinho, Joana Marques, Manuel Leal, Jorge Spratley, Margarida Sá Fernandes, Margarida Santos
INTRODUCTION: Inverted papillomas represent one of the most common benign neoplasic lesions located in the sinonasal tract. Owing to the local erosive behavior, tendency to recur and the potential for malignant transformation, surgical management of inverted papillomas is often challenging. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the surgical outcomes of patients with inverted papillomas, according to the Krouse staging and the different surgical approaches. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients diagnosed with sinonasal inverted papillomas who underwent surgical treatment between 2000 and 2016 at a tertiary referral hospital...
February 21, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Maria Sobol, Ewelina M Sielska-Badurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz
INTRODUCTION: There are no official diagnostic protocols for singing voice assessment. In this publication, on the basis of a literature review, standards for the singing voice handicap index exclusively dedicated to voice disorders in singing have been given. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to determine the normative values for the singing voice handicap index. METHODS: The study is a systematic review and a meta-analysis. A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed to access relevant databases and to locate outcome studies...
February 20, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Kartik Parelkar, Vandana Thorawade, Hetal Marfatia, Devika Shere
INTRODUCTION: Cartilage is the grafting material of choice in certain disorders of the middle ear. The indications for its routine use remain controversial due to the possible detrimental effect on post-operative hearing. OBJECTIVE: The present study was done to report personal experience with "tragal cartilage shield" tympanoplasty. To compare the results, in terms of graft uptake and hearing improvement, of endoscopic cartilage shield technique of tympanoplasty using either partial thickness or full thickness tragal cartilage for type 1 tympanoplasty and to highlight the tips for single-handed endoscopic ear surgery...
February 20, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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