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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767862/erratum-vol-16-january-17-2019-release
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd16.180322.].
February 14, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767861/diabetes-disparities-in-illinois
#2
Taylor Jansen, Liliana Aguayo, James Whitacre, Julie Bobitt, Laura Payne, Andiara Schwingel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767860/higher-breast-cancer-risk-among-immigrant-asian-american-women-than-among-us-born-asian-american-women
#3
Brittany N Morey, Gilbert C Gee, Ondine S von Ehrenstein, Salma Shariff-Marco, Alison J Canchola, Juan Yang, Laura Allen, Sandra S-J Lee, Roxanna Bautista, Trish La Chica, Winston Tseng, Pancho Chang, Scarlett Lin Gomez
INTRODUCTION: Given rising rates of breast cancer in parts of Asia, immigrant Asian American women in the United States may have higher rates of breast cancer than previously anticipated. This study examined breast cancer risk among Asian American women by nativity and percentage of life lived in the United States, accounting for established breast cancer risk factors. METHODS: We analyzed a breast cancer case-control data set of Asian American women living in the San Francisco Bay Area; this data set included 132 cases of women with breast cancer selected from a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registry and 438 Asian American women without diagnosed breast cancer matched to cases by age and country of origin...
February 14, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767859/trends-in-the-stroke-death-rate-among-mississippi-adults-2000-2016
#4
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Marinelle Payton, Jennifer N Sims, Lei Zhang
INTRODUCTION: On average, more than 1,700 people in Mississippi die from stroke annually, but data on trends by age, sex, and race in Mississippi are limited. We examined trends in the stroke death rate among adults in Mississippi aged 35 or older by age, sex, and race. METHODS: We used Mississippi Vital Statistics data to calculate age-specific death rates for stroke among people in Mississippi aged 35 or older from 2000 to 2016. We identified cases according to underlying cause-of-death codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10)...
February 14, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730831/casino-ownership-and-health-related-community-resources-among-native-american-tribes-in-california
#5
Vanessa M Oddo, Lina Pinero Walkinshaw, Jessica C Jones-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Casinos are significantly associated with improved health among some Native Americans living on tribal lands. An increase in health-related community resources related to tribal ownership of casinos may be one mechanism through which the health of Native Americans is improved. However, no studies have quantitatively assessed whether casinos are associated with having more community resources. METHODS: To investigate the association between casino ownership and health-related community resources among Native Americans, we surveyed 81 of California's 110 federally recognized tribes about casino ownership and health-related community resources during 2015 and 2016...
February 7, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730830/skin-cancer-prevention-behaviors-among-agricultural-and-construction-workers-in-the-united-states-2015
#6
Kathleen R Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Cheryll C Thomas, Eric W Tai, Aaron Sussell, Dawn M Holman
INTRODUCTION: Nearly 5 million people are treated for skin cancer each year in the United States. Agricultural and construction workers (ACWs) may be at increased risk for skin cancer because of high levels of ultraviolet radiation exposure from the sun. This is the first study that uses nationally representative data to assess sun-protection behaviors among ACWs. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey Cancer Control Supplement to examine the prevalence of sun-protection behaviors among ACWs...
February 7, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730829/living-alone-and-homelessness-as-predictors-of-30-day-potentially-preventable-hospital-readmission
#7
Emiline LaWall, Yan Yan Wu, Victoria Y Fan, Melinda Ashton, Tetine Sentell
INTRODUCTION: The effect of social factors on health care outcomes is widely recognized. Health care systems are encouraged to add social and behavioral measures to electronic health records (EHRs), but limited research demonstrates how to leverage this information. We assessed 2 social factors collected from EHRs - social isolation and homelessness - in predicting 30-day potentially preventable readmissions (PPRs) to hospital. METHODS: EHR data were collected from May 2015 through April 2017 from inpatients at 2 urban hospitals on O'ahu, Hawai'i (N = 21,274)...
February 7, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730828/state-specific-patterns-of-cigarette-smoking-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-e-cigarette-use-among-adults-united-states-2016
#8
S Sean Hu, David M Homa, Teresa Wang, Yessica Gomez, Kimp Walton, Hua Lu, Linda Neff
INTRODUCTION: State-level monitoring of changes in tobacco product use can help inform tobacco control policy and practice. This study examined state-specific prevalence of cigarette, smokeless tobacco, and e-cigarette use among US adults. METHODS: Data came from the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a state-based telephone survey of US adults aged 18 years or older (N = 477,665). Prevalence estimates for current (every day or some days) cigarette smoking, smokeless tobacco use, and e-cigarette use were calculated for all 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC) and stratified by sex and race/ethnicity...
February 7, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703000/patterns-of-co-occurrence-of-chronic-disease-among-older-adults-in-tokyo-japan
#9
Seigo Mitsutake, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Chie Teramoto, Sayuri Shimizu, Hideki Ito
INTRODUCTION: Multimorbidity, the co-occurrence of 2 or more disorders in a patient, can complicate treatment planning and affect health outcomes. Improvements in prevention and management strategies for patients with 3 or more or more co-occurring chronic diseases requires an understanding of the epidemiology of common 3-way disease patterns and their interactions. Our study aimed to describe these common 3-way disease patterns and examine the factors associated with the co-occurrence of 3 or more diseases in elderly Japanese patients...
January 31, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702999/estimated-change-in-prevalence-and-trends-of-childhood-blood-pressure-levels-in-the-united-states-after-application-of-the-2017-aap-guideline
#10
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Krystal Swasey, Atia Sharmeen, Brendan Day
INTRODUCTION: Childhood hypertension is associated with higher risks of cardiovascular disease during adulthood. This study estimated the prevalence of hypertension and high blood pressure among children aged 8 to 17 years in the United States per the 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guideline and compared that with the 2004 National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NIH/NHLBI) guideline's prevalence estimate during 2005-2008 and 2013-2016. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
January 31, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702998/housing-and-food-insecurity-and-chronic-disease-among-three-racial-groups-in-hawai-i
#11
David A Stupplebeen
INTRODUCTION: Food and housing insecurity are social determinants of health related to chronic disease, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and asthma. How these insecurities affect chronic disease among the 3 largest racial groups in Hawai'i is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine chronic disease by housing and food insecurity among whites, Asians, and Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islanders (NHOPIs) in Hawai'i. METHODS: We pooled data on 9,907 respondents from the 2009 and 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
January 31, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676936/prevalence-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-infection-in-mongolian-immigrants-in-the-washington-district-of-columbia-metropolitan-area-2016-2017
#12
Emmeline Ha, Frederic Kim, Janice Blanchard, Hee-Soon Juon
INTRODUCTION: Mongolia has the highest liver cancer incidence in the world. Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most prevalent primary liver cancer, and the most common risk factors are hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Although viral hepatitis occurs mostly in the developing world, migration of people from high prevalence countries contributes to the health outcomes of the United States. Data on Mongolian Americans is limited. The objective of this study was to estimate HBV and HCV infection prevalence among Mongolia-born immigrants living in the Washington, District of Columbia, metropolitan area...
January 24, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676935/intervention-to-improve-access-to-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables-among-arkansas-food-pantry-clients
#13
Christopher R Long, Brett Rowland, Pearl A McElfish
Food pantries serve millions of Americans, yet the nutritional quality of foods distributed has been poor. Policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) changes were implemented in 3 food pantries in northwest Arkansas with the aims of improving the nutritional quality of foods distributed and increasing distribution of fresh fruits and vegetables (FFVs). Between pre-intervention and 1 year follow-up, food pantry bag audits showed increases from 20,256.38 to 25,108.46 calories distributed per household (P = .009) and 0...
January 24, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676934/low-tension-glaucoma-an-oxymoron-in-ophthalmology
#14
Ciro Costagliola, Luca Agnifili, Leonardo Mastropasqua, Alfonso di Costanzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30653448/understanding-the-density-and-distribution-of-restaurants-in-los-angeles-county-to-inform-local-public-health-practice
#15
Lauren N Gase, Gabrielle Green, Christine Montes, Tony Kuo
INTRODUCTION: To describe the potential reach of restaurant-based strategies that seek to improve the healthfulness of menu options, it is important to understand the local restaurant environment, including the extent to which restaurants subject to policy mandates are located in communities disproportionately affected by diet-related diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined the restaurant environment in Los Angeles County, a large jurisdiction with diverse geographic and socioeconomic characteristics, specifically 1) the number and characteristics of restaurants; 2) the association between neighborhood sociodemographics and restaurant density; and 3) the association between neighborhood sociodemographics and restaurant characteristics, including chain status (large chain, small chain, independent restaurant)...
January 17, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30653447/community-wide-efforts-to-improve-the-consumer-food-environment-and-physical-activity-resources-in-rural-kentucky
#16
Alison Gustafson, Margaret McGladrey, Tammy Stephenson, Janet Kurzynske, Janet Mullins, Nicole Peritore, Kathryn Cardarelli, Ann Vail
Community interventions to improve access to food and physical activity resources can reduce obesity rates and improve obesity-related health outcomes. We describe a Kentucky community project that consisted of collaborating with grocery store managers to improve the consumer food environment and partnering with community members to improve walking trails, bicycle racks, and other physical activity resources. We surveyed 2 random samples of community residents in 6 participating rural counties, 741 in 2016 (year 1) and 1,807 in 2017 (year 2)...
January 17, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30629485/curiosity-about-and-susceptibility-toward-hookah-smoking-among-middle-and-high-school-students
#17
Andrea S Gentzke, Baoguang Wang, Joelle N Robinson, Elyse Phillips, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: Hookah smoking has increased among young people. Curiosity and susceptibility may be associated with experimentation or established use. Because tobacco use behaviors are established primarily during adolescence, our objective was to examine factors that may increase the risk of future tobacco product use among youth. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey, a nationally representative survey of US students. Analyses were restricted to youth who had never smoked a hookah and stratified by their ever having used other tobacco products...
January 10, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30629484/adolescent-beliefs-about-hookah-and-hookah-tobacco-use-and-implications-for-preventing-use
#18
Molly Fitzpatrick, Andrea C Johnson, Kenneth P Tercyak, Kirsten B Hawkins, Andrea C Villanti, Darren Mays
INTRODUCTION: Hookah tobacco use is popular among youths and there is evidence that perceived risks and normative beliefs are associated with hookah use. The aim of this study was to further examine associations between perceived risks of hookah use, normative beliefs, and lifetime hookah use among youths. METHODS: Participants were adolescents aged 12 to 17 years (n = 257, mean [standard deviation] age, 14.9 [1.6] years, 40% nonwhite, 66% female) attending well-visit checkups at an urban pediatric clinic...
January 10, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30605423/rural-urban-differences-in-baseline-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-levels-of-adolescents
#19
Renee Euler, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Sarah Sanders, Alena Kuhlemeier, M Lee Van Horn, Deborah Cohen, Diana Gonzales-Pacheco, Alberta S Kong
INTRODUCTION: Differences in dietary intake and physical activity may explain the higher prevalence of obesity among adolescents living in rural versus urban settings. The objective of this cross-sectional secondary analysis was to compare baseline dietary intake and physical activity of adolescents by rurality. METHODS: We analyzed data on 940 adolescents who participated in ACTION PAC (Adolescents Committed to Improvement of Nutrition and Physical Activity), an obesity prevention and management intervention trial conducted from 2014 through 2017 in 8 public high schools in the southwestern United States...
January 3, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30605422/factors-affecting-obesity-and-waist-circumference-among-us-adults
#20
Daniel Kim, Wei Hou, Fusheng Wang, Chrisa Arcan
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity, sedentary activity, and food intake affect waist circumference and obesity among adults; however, the relationship is unclear. The objective of our study was to explore how these factors affect waist circumference and obesity prevalence among adults. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014 on 4,118 adults, 49% men and 51% women, aged 20 to 64 (mean age, 42). Weighted logistic regression models were fitted for abdominal obesity or obesity status and adjusted for variables of demographic characteristics, food intake, types of physical and sedentary activity, television and video viewing, and computer use...
January 3, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
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