Aulo Gelli, Anissa Collishaw, Josue Awonon, Elodie Becquey, Elodie Diatta, Loty Diop, Rasmane Ganaba, Derek Headey, Alain Hien, Francis Ngure, Abdoulaye Pedehombga, Marco Santacroce, Laeticia C Toe, Hans Verhoef, Harold Alderman, Marie T Ruel
Nutrition-sensitive agriculture programmes have the potential to improve child nutrition outcomes, but livestock intensification may pose risks related to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions. We assessed the impact of SELEVER, a nutrition- and gender-sensitive poultry intervention, with and without added WASH focus, on hygiene practices, morbidity and anthropometric indices of nutrition in children aged 2-4 years in Burkina Faso. A 3-year cluster randomised controlled trial was implemented in 120 villages in 60 communes (districts) supported by the SELEVER project...
May 27, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Md Ahshanul Haque, Barbie Zaman Wahid, Fahmida D Farzana, S M Tanvir Ahmed, Mohammad Ali, Farina Naz, Sheikh S Rahman, Towfida J Siddiqua, A S G Faruque, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) provides significant health benefits to children. However, mothers may find it difficult to continue EBF for 6 months. The present analysis aimed to examine the influence of the Suchana intervention-a large-scale programme implemented with the aim of improving the health and nutritional status of mothers and children from poor households in the Sylhet region of Bangladesh-on EBF and stunting among children under 6 months. Baseline and endline data were obtained from the Suchana evaluation...
May 27, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Melissa A Morns, Elaine Burns, Erica McIntyre, Amie E Steel
Some women who breastfeed will experience complex ongoing difficulties, such as breastfeeding aversion response (BAR). This recently named breastfeeding challenge is defined as feelings of aversion while breastfeeding for the entire time that the child is latched. This study provides the first prevalence data for the experience of BAR in Australian breastfeeding women. A national online survey investigated the breastfeeding experience of Australian women including data on (1) participant demographics, (2) breastfeeding experience with up to four children, (3) breastfeeding challenges and prevalence of BAR, and (4) the value of available breastfeeding support...
May 25, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Lidia Sarahi Peña-Ruiz, Mishel Unar-Munguía, Mónica Arantxa Colchero, Fernando Alarid-Escudero, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Breastfeeding has been consistently associated with higher intelligence since childhood. However, this relation could be confounded due to maternal selection bias. We estimated the association between predominant breastfeeding and intelligence in school-age children considering potential selection bias and we simulated the intelligence gap reduction between low versus higher socioeconomic status children by increasing breastfeeding. We analysed predominant breastfeeding practices (breastmilk and water-based liquids) of children 0-3 years included in the Mexican Family Life Survey (MxFLS-1)...
May 23, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Scott B Ickes, Hellen Lemein, Kelly Arensen, Joyceline Kinyua, Donna M Denno, Hannah K Sanders, Judd L Walson, Stephanie L Martin, Ruth Nduati, Aunchalee E L Palmquist
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on breastfeeding (BF) practices in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is not well understood. Modifications in BF guidelines and delivery platforms for breastfeeding education during the COVID-19 pandemic are hypothesised to have affected BF practices. We aimed to understand the experiences with perinatal care, BF education and practice among Kenyan mothers who delivered infants during the COVID-19 pandemic. We conducted in-depth key informant interviews with 45 mothers who delivered infants between March 2020 and December 2021, and 26 health care workers (HCW) from four health facilities in Naivasha, Kenya...
May 19, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Rupal Dalal, Manish K Fancy, Shalu Chaudhary, Marian Abraham, Sheila C Vir, Sarthak Gaurav
A quasiexperimental field study was undertaken in 576 exclusively breastfed (EBF) infants from 0 to 14 weeks in Gujarat, India to assess the effect of the use of appropriate breastfeeding techniques on daily weight gain rate and on reducing the underweight rate in early infancy. The interventions were delivered through the existing health system and focused primarily on counselling pregnant women during antenatal and post-natal sessions for ensuring 'effective breastfeeding' by adoption of the technique of 'cross cradle hold', appropriate breast attachment, emptying of one breast before shifting to the other along with conducting regular monitoring of infant's weight...
May 15, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Courtney H Schnefke, Valerie L Flax, Fred Ubanmhen, Silvia Alayon, Sujata Bose, Obinna Daniel, Kathryn E L Grimes, Diana Allotey, Emily R Seiger, Olujide Arije
Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) interventions in low-resource countries mainly target pregnant women and mothers of young children; however, fathers and grandmothers also influence IYCF practices. We conducted focus group discussions with mothers, fathers and grandmothers of young children across three time points in areas where an IYCF social and behaviour change intervention was implemented in Nigeria to explore differences by participant type and shifts over time in attitudes, beliefs and social norms related to breastfeeding and dietary diversity (DD)...
May 12, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Abreham Iyassu, Arnaud Laillou, Kassahun Tilahun, Fitsum Workneh, Sinksar Mogues, Stanley Chitekwe, Kaleab Baye
Adolescence is a critical period of physical, cognitive, and social development that needs to be supported with healthy diets. Dietary behaviours of adolescents can be shaped by their nutrition-literacy and their interaction with parents and peers as well as their school food environment. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess factors that influence dietary behaviours of adolescents in urban Ethiopia. Sex-disaggregated, focused group discussions (n = 70) were conducted in 36 private and government schools (n = 12/city) among adolescents (n = 432) 15-19 years of age in Addis Ababa, Bahir Dar, and Dire Dawa...
May 7, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Masresha Tessema, Shimelis Hussien, Girmaye Ayana, Beza Teshome, Alemayehu Hussen, Tadesse Kebebe, Tseday Mogese, Alem Petros, Getinet Fikresilassie, Berhanu Wodajo, Tadesse Mokenen, Getachew Tollera, Susan J Whiting
Poor diet quality related to inadequate complementary feeding is a major public health problem in low and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. Low dietary diversity has been linked to negative health outcomes in children. To provide a package of interventions to close nutritional gaps through agriculture, the Sustainable Undernutrition Reduction in Ethiopia (SURE) programme was set up as a multi-sectoral initiative and the results of combined effects of community-based and enhanced nutrition services, compared to community-based alone, on diet diversity and diet quality of complementary feeding of young children are presented...
May 4, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Tormod Bjørkkjaer, Päivi Palojoki, Cecilie Beinert
Essential life skills related to food and meals have a potential triple dividend for children and adolescents, that is, short-term, medium-term and possible generational effects with regard to public health, sustainability and well-being of future citizens in local communities. While parents and childhood environments are a basis for learning about food and meals, systematic food education in the setting of primary and lower secondary schools may have a significant role that should be utilized more strongly, reaching and benefitting all pupils from a life course perspective...
April 28, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Emily Rousham, Martyn Clark, Michelle Latham, Swan Pyae Oo, Sonja Read, Paula Griffiths, Jessica Blankenship, Sophie Goudet
Rapid urbanisation in the Asia-Pacific region is associated with complex changes to urban food environments. The impact of changing food environments on food purchasing and consumption and the diets and nutritional status of vulnerable groups, especially women and young children, is not well researched in low- and middle-income country cities. This paper aimed to examine: the risks and opportunities for healthy diets for low income populations offered by modernising urban centres; the concept of food deserts in relation to urban food environments in the Asia-Pacific region and how these could be mitigated; and measures to strengthen the resilience of food environments in the region using a case study of the impact of COVID-19 on informal food vendors...
April 25, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Aaron K Christian, D Yaw Atiglo, Michael A Okyere, Akua Obeng-Dwamena, Grace S Marquis, Andrew D Jones
We aimed to examine the association between women's empowerment and childhood nutritional status while accounting for the mediating role of household headship structure. Cross-country, cross-sectional quantitative data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (2015-2018) were used. Women's empowerment was measured as a composite index of participation in household decision-making, attitude towards domestic violence, and asset ownership. Childhood nutrition status was measure as anaemia (haemoglobin concentration < 110g/L), stunting (height-for-age z-scorescore <-2) and the co-occurrence of anaemia and stunting...
April 24, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Teresa R Schwendler, Dhammica Rowel, Safina Abdulloeva, Hiranya Jayawickrama, Chithramalee de Silva, Olivia Romano, Upul Senarath, Stephen R Kodish
To describe the extent to which Sri Lankan caregivers follow current national responsive feeding recommendations and the factors limiting and enabling those behaviours. Study design. This ethnographic substudy was conducted using a four-phase, mixed methods formative research design across rural, estate and urban sectors of Sri Lanka. Data collection methods. Data were collected using direct meal observations and semistructured interviews. Participants including infants and young children aged 6-23 months (n = 72), community leaders (n = 10), caregivers (n = 58) and community members (n = 37) were purposefully sampled to participate in this study...
April 18, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Katherine P Adams, Michael Jarvis, Stephen A Vosti, Mari S Manger, Ann Tarini, Jérome W Somé, Hervé Somda, Christine M McDonald
Zinc is an essential micronutrient that promotes normal growth, development and immune function. In the context of persistent dietary zinc inadequacies, large-scale food fortification can help fill the gap between intake and requirements. Burkina Faso mandates wheat flour fortification with iron and folic acid. We used activity-based cost modelling to estimate the cost of adding zinc to the country's wheat flour fortification standard assuming (1) no change in compliance with the national standard, and (2) a substantial improvement in compliance...
April 6, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Charles D Arnold, Anna Lartey, Harriet Okronipa, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, Kathryn G Dewey
Little is known about the impact of small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNSs) on maternal morbidity. This secondary outcome analysis aimed to compare morbidity symptoms among women in two trials evaluating the efficacy of SQ-LNSs. From enrolment (≤20-week gestation) to 6 months postpartum, Ghanaian (n = 1320) and Malawian (n = 1391) women were assigned to consume daily: 60 mg iron and 400 µg folic acid until childbirth and placebo thereafter (iron and folic acid [IFA] group); or multiple micronutrients (MMN); or 20 g/day SQ-LNSs...
April 6, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Jocelyne M Labonté, Hou Kroeun, Sreang Sambo, Ngik Rem, Bohdan L Luhovyy, Crystal D Karakochuk, Tim J Green, Frank T Wieringa, Prak Sophonneary, Jeffrey R Measelle, Dare Baldwin, Kyly C Whitfield
Food taboos encompass food restrictions practiced by a group that go beyond individual preferences. During pregnancy and lactation, food taboos may contribute to inadequate nutrition and poor maternal and infant health. Restriction of specific fish, meat, fruits and vegetables is common among peripartum women in many Southeast Asian countries, but data from Cambodia are lacking. In this mixed-methods study, 335 Cambodian mothers were asked open-ended questions regarding dietary behaviours during pregnancy and up to 24 weeks postpartum...
April 5, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Elaine Burns, Emma Elcombe, Heather Pierce, Sky Hugman, Susanne Gannon
Breastfeeding initiation rates in Australia are high but duration rates fall well below the World Health Organization targets. Return to work is a known factor impacting 6 months exclusive breastfeeding and continuation into the infants second year of life. Work related factors can influence a woman's confidence in maintaining breastmilk supply after return to employment and determine whether she meets her personal breastfeeding goals. This cross-sectional online survey is the first Australian study to explore women's experience of maintaining breastfeeding after return to work, in all work sectors...
April 4, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Isabel Madzorera, Sabri Bromage, Mary Mwanyika-Sando, Alain Vandormael, Huda Sherfi, Amare Worku, Sachin Shinde, Ramadhani Abdallah Noor, Till Baernighausen, Deepika Sharma, Wafaie W Fawzi
Adolescents face the risk of the triple burden of malnutrition-the co-existence of micronutrient deficiencies, underweight and overweight and obesity and related noncommunicable diseases. Poor-quality diets are a modifiable risk factor for all forms of malnutrition in adolescents. However, there is limited knowledge about diet quality for African adolescents. We analyzed data from 4609 school-going adolescents aged 10-15 years in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Sudan and Tanzania. Dietary intake was assessed using food frequency questionnaires, and diet quality computed using the Global Diet Quality Score (GDQS)...
April 4, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Sachin Shinde, Nandita Perumal, Alain Vandormael, Amare W Tadesse, Mary Mwanyika-Sando, Till Baernighausen, Deepika Sharma, Wafaie W Fawzi
Mental health in adolescence is important for health and well-being throughout the life course, but evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa is sparse. This study aimed to assess the correlates of internalizing, externalizing and cumulative problems among early adolescents. This study used cross-sectional survey data from 3516 school-going adolescents in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. We used a 25-item Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire to measure internalizing, externalizing and cumulative problems...
April 4, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Dongqing Wang, Sachin Shinde, Roisin Drysdale, Alain Vandormael, Amare W Tadesse, Huda Sherfi, Amani Tinkasimile, Mary Mwanyika-Sando, Mosa Moshabela, Till Bärnighausen, Deepika Sharma, Wafaie W Fawzi
Digital technologies provide unprecedented opportunities for health and nutrition interventions among adolescents. The use of digital media and devices among young adolescents across diverse settings in sub-Saharan Africa is unclear. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the use of digital media and devices and the socioeconomic determinants of use among young adolescents in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, South Africa, Sudan and Tanzania. The study included 4981 adolescents aged 10-15 from public schools selected by multistage sampling...
April 4, 2023: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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