Read by QxMD icon Read

Maternal & Child Nutrition

Cybele Sodré Araújo, Priscila Ribas de Farias Costa, Valterinda Alves de Oliveira Queiroz, Monica Leila Portela Santos, Emile Pereira Miranda, Jacqueline Costa Dias Pitangueira, Ana Marlucia de Oliveira Assis
Recent studies on early infant feeding suggest that the type of diet and age of starting complementary foods may have a positive correlation with overweight in adolescence and adulthood. This study aimed to systematically review the evidence on the relationship between the age of introduction of complementary feeding and excess weight in adolescence and adulthood. PROSPERO: CRD42017067764. The PRISMA standards were used as a reference. Articles were researched on Medline via PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Lilacs, Ovid and Scopus, between June and December 2017...
February 15, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Brooke Gertz, Emily DeFranco
This study compared predictors of breastfeeding non-initiation between infants who were and were not admitted to the NICU so that interventions can target high-risk mothers whose infants desperately need breastmilk. This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of singleton Ohio live births using birth certificates, 2006-2015. In babies who were and were not admitted to the NICU, a multivariable logistic regression model assessed the association between breastfeeding non-initiation and predictors relating to the mother, neonate, and labor and delivery events while adjusting for covariables...
February 14, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Indira Bose, Giulia Baldi, Lynnda Kiess, Saskia de Pee
Improved nutrition situation analysis can increase the understanding of the likely magnitude and main causes of the nutrient gap among a particular target group, e.g. children under two or pregnant and lactating women, in a particular context. WFP, with input from University of California Davis, IFPRI, Epicentre, Harvard University, Mahidol University, Save the Children and UNICEF, has developed a framework for strengthened nutrition situation analysis and decision-making, called "Fill the Nutrient Gap" (FNG), which aims to support identification of strategies to increase availability, access and choice of nutritious foods, to ultimately improve nutrient intake...
January 30, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Victor O Owino, Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Marko Kerac, Paluku Bahwere, Henrik Friis, James A Berkley, Alan A Jackson
Severe and moderate acute malnutrition are among the leading causes of mortality among children in low- and middle-income countries. There is strong evidence that growth assessed anthropometrically from conception to 2 years of age marks later risk of ill-health. This is central to the concept of the developmental origins of adult disease and is presumed to be related to modification of developmental processes during critical "window(s)" of vulnerability. Interventions to treat acute malnutrition have resulted in dramatic increase in the number of affected children surviving...
January 28, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Bindi Borg, Seema Mihrshahi, Mark Griffin, Daream Sok, Chamnan Chhoun, Arnaud Laillou, Frank T Wieringa
In Cambodia, existing food products for treating or preventing undernutrition have met with limited success. Therefore, in 2014, alternative ready-to-use foods (RUFs) were developed. This trial aimed to assess the acceptability of the novel ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) as a snack or mixed with borbor (white rice porridge), compared to Corn-Soy Blend Plus Plus (CSB++) and borbor fortified with micronutrient powder (MNP). The non-blinded, randomised 4 x 4 crossover trial recruited 95 children aged 9-23 months from communities in peri-urban Phnom Penh...
January 28, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Kathryn J Fiorella, Erika R Gavenus, Erin M Milner, Megan Moore, Folasade Wilson-Anumudu, Florida Adhiambo, Brian Mattah, Elizabeth Bukusi, Lia C H Fernald
Food insecurity and poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices contribute to undernutrition. The Kanyakla Nutrition Program was developed in rural Kenya to provide knowledge alongside social support for recommended IYCF practices. Utilizing a social network approach, the Kanyakla Nutrition Program trained Community Health Workers to engage mothers, fathers, and grandparents in nutrition education and discussions about strategies to provide instrumental, emotional, and information support within their community...
January 24, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Ashenafi Geletu, Azeb Lelisa, Kaleab Baye
Inappropriate complementary feeding contributes to growth faltering, anaemia, and cognitive impairments. Limited programmatic evidence exists on the effectiveness of low-iron micronutrient powders (MNPs) on anaemia and motor development when provided every other day in the first year of life. This study used an existing demonstration project to evaluate associations between exposure of low-iron MNPs, anaemia, and motor development of infants in Southern Ethiopia. Using a retrospective cohort design, 200 infants aged 9 to 12 months (98 MNP exposed; 102 unexposed) were recruited and data on socio-economic characteristics, anthropometric measures, dietary diversity scores (DDS), hemoglobin concentrations, and motor development acquisition was collected and MNP exposed and unexposed groups were compared...
January 24, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Tolulope Florence Olufunlayo, Alero Ann Roberts, Christine MacArthur, Neil Thomas, Kofoworola Abimbola Odeyemi, Malcolm Price, Kate Jolly
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates until six months in most low and middle income counties (LMICs) are well below the 90% WHO benchmark. This systematic review sought to provide evidence on effectiveness of various interventions on exclusive breastfeeding until six months in LMICs, compared with standard care. Experimental and observational studies with concurrent comparator promoting EBF, conducted in LMICs with high country rates of breastfeeding initiation, were included. Studies were identified from a systematic review and PUBMED, Cochrane and CABI databases...
January 21, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Grace Carroll, Afua Atuobi-Yeboah, Amber Hromi-Fiedler, Richmond Aryeetey, Cara Safon, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Becoming Breastfeeding Friendly (BBF) is an initiative designed to help countries assess their readiness to scale-up breastfeeding programs and develop key recommendations to strengthen their breastfeeding environment. In 2016, Ghana was one of two countries to first pilot BBF. In applying BBF, a committee of 15 Ghanaian nutrition, health, and breastfeeding experts implemented the BBF toolbox over eight months. Following implementation, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 committee members (CMs) to: a) identify facilitators and barriers to implement BBF, and b) determine factors needed to strengthen the breastfeeding environment in Ghana...
January 21, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Lindsey M Locks, Simeon Nanama, Yaw Addo, Bope Albert, Fanny Sandalinas, Ambroise Nanema, Ralph D Whitehead, Aashima Garg, Roland Kupka, Maria Elena Jefferds, Katie Tripp
Integrating small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) into infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programs can increase consumption of essential nutrients among children in vulnerable populations; however, few studies have assessed the impact of integrated IYCF-SQ-LNS programs on IYCF practices. A two-year, enhanced IYCF intervention targeting pregnant women and infants (0-12 months) was implemented in a health zone in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The enhanced IYCF intervention included community- and facility-based counselling for mothers on handwashing, SQ-LNS and IYCF practices, plus monthly SQ-LNS distributions for children 6-12 months; a control zone received the national IYCF program (facility-based IYCF counselling with no SQ-LNS distributions)...
January 18, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Laura R Kair, Nathan C Nickel, Krista Jones, Katelin Kornfeind, Heather L Sipsma
Overweight and obese mothers in the United States (U.S.) have disproportionately lower rates of exclusive breastfeeding than mothers of normal weight. The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding (Ten Steps), a series of evidence-based practices designed to support breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity, demonstrate effectiveness at the population level. It is unknown, however, whether they are consistently provided to women across all maternal body mass index (BMI) categories. We sought to determine whether pre-pregnancy BMI is associated with the implementation and effectiveness of the Ten Steps...
January 18, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Victoria Fallon, Joanne Alison Harrold, Anna Chisholm
Global evidence demonstrates that adherence to the Baby Friendly Initiative (BFI) has a positive impact on multiple child health outcomes, including breastfeeding initiation and duration up to one year postpartum. However, it is currently unclear whether these findings extend to specific countries with resource rich environments. This mixed methods systematic review aims to a) examine the impact of BFI implementation (hospital and community) on maternal and infant health outcomes in the UK, and b) explore the experiences and views of women receiving BFI-compliant care in the UK...
January 8, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
M S Fewtrell, K Kennedy, O Lukoyanova, Z Wei, D Potak, T Borovik, L Namazova-Baranova, R Schanler
The provision of breast pumps is a potential strategy to increase breastfeeding duration. This trial compared the effectiveness and acceptability of two breast pumps in mothers exclusively breastfeeding (EBF) their healthy term infant. It also tested whether provision of pumps versus vouchers of equivalent value influenced breastfeeding or attainment of mothers' goals at 3 and 6 months. Mothers were randomised at 3-4w post-partum (Beijing (n=30), Moscow (n=34), London (n=45), New York (n=3)) to group A (Philips single-electric pump, Natural bottle), B (Medela Swing single-electric pump, Calma bottle) or C (Control; vouchers)...
January 8, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Naomi J Saronga, Tracy Burrows, Clare E Collins, Amy M Ashman, Megan E Rollo
Dietary intake during pregnancy plays a vital role in determining the health of both mother and baby. Maternal undernutrition affects a large proportion of women in low and lower-middle income countries (LLMIC) likely influencing high maternal, infant and child mortality in these countries. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been proposed as effective solutions to improve maternal and neonatal health. This paper reviews the literature to evaluate the effectiveness of mHealth interventions on improving dietary/nutrients intake of pregnant women in LLMIC...
January 4, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
C E Lane, E A Bobrow, D Ndatimana, G F Ndayisaba, L S Adair
HIV-exposed and -uninfected (HEU) infants may be at increased risk of poor health and growth outcomes. We characterized infant growth trajectories in a cohort of HEU infants to identify factors associated with healthy growth. HIV-positive women participating in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs in Kigali, Rwanda were followed until their infants were two years old. Infant anthropometrics were regularly collected. Latent class analysis was used to categorize infant growth trajectories. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of infants belonging to each growth trajectory class...
January 4, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Ana Gabriella Costa Lemos da Silva, Amanda de Sousa Rebouças, Beatriz Maria Alves Mendonça, Danna Calina Nogueira E Silva, Roberto Dimenstein, Karla Danielly da Silva Ribeiro
This study evaluated the nutritional status of lactating women with regard to vitamins A and E and the relationship between dietary intake and concentrations in serum and milk. A longitudinal study was conducted with 43 women at a hospital in northeastern Brazil. Blood and milk samples, and food intake recalls were obtained at three moments during the breastfeeding period. Retinol and alpha-tocopherol were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Dietary inadequacy was analyzed according to the Estimated Average Requirement, with intrapersonal variation adjusted by the Multiple Source Method...
December 22, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Hannah M Brown, Tamara Bucher, Clare E Collins, Megan E Rollo
Smartphone apps for use in pregnancy are common and could influence lifestyle behaviours, but they have not been evaluated. This review aimed to assess the quality of iPhone pregnancy apps and whether they included behaviour change techniques (BCTs) and/or pregnancy-specific nutrition information. A keyword search of the Australian iTunes app store was conducted. For inclusion, apps had to be available at no cost, in English, intended for use by pregnant women and contain nutrition information. App quality was assessed using the Mobile Application Rating Scale (MARS)...
December 19, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Samantha L Rogers, Jackie Blissett
Despite guidance from the World Health Organization and the UK Department of Health, many mothers introduce solid food before their infant is 6 months old. The current study aimed to investigate relationships between maternal feeding behaviours (pre- and post- introduction to solids), infant temperament and the timing of introduction to solid food. Eighty-one women were recruited on low risk maternity units and were contacted at 1 week, 3 and 6 months postpartum. Mothers of infants (45 males, 36 females, mean birth weight 3...
December 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Zaina Mchome, Ajay Bailey, Shrinivas Darak, Hinke Haisma
Stunting affects large numbers of under-fives in Tanzania. But do caretakers of under-fives recognize height as a marker of child growth? What meanings do they attach to linear growth? An ethnographic study using cultural schemas theory was conducted in a rural community in Southeastern Tanzania to investigate caregivers' conceptualizations of child height in relation to growth and the meanings attached to short stature. Data for the study was collected through 19 focus group discussions, 30 in-depth interviews, and five key informant interviews with caregivers of under-fives, including mothers, fathers, elderly women, and community health workers...
December 16, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Kingsley E Agho, Christine Mukabutera, Monica Mukazi, Michael Ntambara, Irene Mbugua, Margy Dowling, Joseph K Kamara
Household food insecurity (HFI) plays an important role in child malnutrition in many low-income countries. We determine the association between HFI and stunting and severe stunting among Rwandan children from the Gicumbi district, aged 6-59 months using a cross-sectional study of 2222 children. HFI factor was calculated by summing all seven HFI (access) frequency questions and were categorised into food security, mildly food insecurity, moderately food insecurity and severe food insecurity. The association between stunting, severe stunting and HFI was determined using multiple logistic regression analyses that adjust for clustering and sampling weights...
December 13, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"