journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863283/hospital-and-intensive-care-unit-stay-associated-with-body-mass-index-affect-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-patients-with-covid-19
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eulogio Pleguezuelos, Amin Del Carmen, Mateu Serra, Eva Moreno, Marc Miravitlles, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño
BACKGROUND: The effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the cardiorespiratory fitness of hospitalized and obese patients are of utmost relevance. This study aimed to analyze how hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stay together with body mass index affect cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: 251 participants (males, n = 118; females, n = 133) were assigned to four groups: non-hospitalized COVID-19 patients ( n = 65, age: 45...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787595/understanding-the-lived-experience-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-how-this-shapes-views-on-home-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-delhi-india
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Humaira Hanif, Obaidullah Ahmed, James Manifield, Rubia Ishrat, Ilaria Pina, Zahira Ahmed, Mohd Shibli, Dominic Malcolm, Deepak Talwar, Sally J Singh, Mark W Orme
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR) is a high-impact intervention for individuals with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) but access is limited in India. PR barriers include distance to travel, lack of service provision and lack of healthcare professionals to deliver PR, thus it is disproportionate to the immense burden of IPF in India. We explored the lived experiences of people living with IPF, family caregivers (CGs) and healthcare workers (HCWs) as well as their views towards home-based PR (HBPR) in Delhi, India...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38752418/effects-of-a-respiratory-and-neurological-rehabilitation-treatment-plan-in-post-covid-19-affected-university-students-randomized-clinical-study
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zacarías Sánchez Milá, David Rodríguez Sanz, Ana Martín Nieto, Ana Jiménez Lobo, Manuel Ramos Hernández, Angélica Campón Chekroun, Raúl Frutos Llanes, José Manuel Barragán Casas, Jorge Velázquez Saornil
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 demonstrated the possibility of neurological complications such as loss of sense of smell and taste, together with respiratory problems. Respiratory training and rehabilitation of neurological sequelae are essential to improve respiratory function and thus quality of life, and the aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a pulmonary and neurological rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVES: To apply a treatment to reduce dyspnea, increase exertional capacity, increase vital capacity and respiratory muscle strength, together with an increase in olfactory and gustatory sensitivity in post-SARS-CoV-2 patients...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38717428/asthma-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-unveiling-correlations-and-treatable-traits-for-comprehensive-care
#4
REVIEW
Verónica Pardo-Manrique, Ciro D Ibarra-Enríquez, Carlos D Serrano, Fernando Sanabria, Liliana Fernandez-Trujillo
Asthma and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are common respiratory disorders. They share characteristics such as airway obstruction, poor sleep quality, and low quality of life. They are often present as comorbidities, along with obesity, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and allergic rhinitis (AR), which impacts the disease's control. In recent years, there has been discussion about the association between these conditions and their pathophysiological and clinical consequences, resulting in worse health outcomes, increased healthcare resource consumption, prolonged hospital stays, and increased morbidity and mortality...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38652928/risk-factors-of-in-hospital-mortality-and-discriminating-capacity-of-nivo-score-in-exacerbations-of-copd-requiring-noninvasive-ventilation
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jiarui Zhang, Qun Yi, Chen Zhou, Yuanming Luo, Hailong Wei, Huiqing Ge, Huiguo Liu, Jianchu Zhang, Xianhua Li, Xiufang Xie, Pinhua Pan, Mengqiu Yi, Lina Cheng, Hui Zhou, Liang Liu, Adila Aili, Yu Liu, Lige Peng, Jiaqi Pu, Haixia Zhou
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is recommended as the initial mode of ventilation to treat acute respiratory failure in patients with AECOPD. The Noninvasive Ventilation Outcomes (NIVO) score has been proposed to evaluate the prognosis in patients with AECOPD requiring assisted NIV. However, it is not validated in Chinese patients. METHODS: We used data from the MAGNET AECOPD Registry study, which is a prospective, noninterventional, multicenter, real-world study conducted between September 2017 and July 2021 in China...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38607315/independent-effect-of-the-triglyceride-glucose-index-on-all-cause-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wen-Qiang Zhou, Xin Song, Wei-Hua Dong, Zhi Chen
BACKGROUND: The triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index serves as a reliable proxy for insulin resistance (IR). IR has been linked to heightened incidence, prevalence, or severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Prior research indicates that critically ill patients are prone to developing IR. Nevertheless, few studies have delved into the correlation between IR and all-cause mortality in critically ill patients with COPD and asthma. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the association between the TyG index and all-cause mortality in patients with COPD and asthma, with the goal of assessing the impact of IR on the prognosis of this patient population...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38590151/respiratory-and-locomotor-muscle-blood-flow-measurements-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-indocyanine-green-dye-in-health-and-disease
#7
REVIEW
Dimitrios Megaritis, Carlos Echevarria, Ioannis Vogiatzis
Measuring respiratory and locomotor muscle blood flow during exercise is pivotal for understanding the factors limiting exercise tolerance in health and disease. Traditional methods to measure muscle blood flow present limitations for exercise testing. This article reviews a method utilising near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in combination with the light-absorbing tracer indocyanine green dye (ICG) to simultaneously assess respiratory and locomotor muscle blood flow during exercise in health and disease. NIRS provides high spatiotemporal resolution and can detect chromophore concentrations...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38553857/the-acceptability-practicality-implementation-and-efficacy-of-a-physical-and-social-activity-intervention-breathehappy-for-people-with-long-term-respiratory-conditions-a-feasibility-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Lewis, L A Turner, S Fryer, R Smith, H Dillarstone, Y W Patrick, E Bevan-Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a group-based pilot programme of low-to-moderate physical activity training, education and social activities, by investigating acceptability, practicality, implementation and efficacy testing. We offer suggestions on programme adaptions for future study. METHODS: People with a range of chronic respiratory diseases were invited to participate in a pilot 12 week group activity programme. Activities included outdoor walking, tai-chi, education and a range of social activities...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38545901/the-impact-on-thirty-day-readmissions-for-patients-hospitalized-for-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-admitted-to-an-observation-unit-versus-an-inpatient-medical-unit-a-retrospective-observational-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jacob Bell, Steven Lim, Takahisa Mikami, Jeeyune Bahk, Stephen Argiro, David Steiger
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the utility of an Observation Unit (OU) in management of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and to identify the clinical characteristics of patients readmitted within 30-days for AECOPD following index admission to the OU or inpatient floor from the OU. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of patients admitted from January to December 2017 for AECOPD to an OU in an urban-based tertiary care hospital...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38515270/clinical-implications-of-frailty-assessed-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-interstitial-lung-disease
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marine Van Hollebeke, Karan Chohan, Colin J Adams, Jolene H Fisher, Shane Shapera, Lee Fidler, Ewan C Goligher, Tereza Martinu, Lisa Wickerson, Sunita Mathur, Lianne G Singer, W Darlene Reid, Dmitry Rozenberg
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) experience frailty, which remains unexplored in acute exacerbations of ILD (AE-ILD). A better understanding may help with prognostication and resource planning. We evaluated the association of frailty with clinical characteristics, physical function, hospital outcomes, and post-AE-ILD recovery. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of AE-ILD patients (01/2015-10/2019) with frailty (proportion ≥0...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38512223/a-history-of-home-mechanical-ventilation-the-past-present-and-future
#11
REVIEW
Rebecca F D'Cruz, Nicholas Hart
This state-of-the-art review provides an overview of the history of home mechanical ventilation (HMV), including early descriptions of mechanical ventilation from ancient and Renaissance perspectives and the mass development of ventilators designed for long-term use during the poliomyelitis epidemic. Seminal data from key clinical trials supports the application of HMV in certain patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, neuromuscular disease and obesity-related respiratory failure. Innovative engineering coupled with refined physiological understanding now permits widespread delivery of home mechanical ventilation to a global population, using portable devices with advanced ventilatory modes and telemonitoring capabilities...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38511242/physical-activity-coaching-in-patients-with-interstitial-lung-diseases-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sofie Breuls, Tamara Zlamalova, Katerina Raisova, Astrid Blondeel, Marieke Wuyts, Martin Dvoracek, Monika Zurkova, Jonas Yserbyt, Wim Janssens, Wim Wuyts, Thierry Troosters, Heleen Demeyer
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is reduced in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and physical inactivity is related to poor health outcomes. We investigated the effect of a telecoaching intervention to improve physical activity in patients with ILD. METHODS: Eighty patients with ILD were randomized into the intervention or control group. Patients in the intervention group received a 12-week telecoaching program including a step counter, a patient-tailored smartphone application, and coaching calls...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38491785/reviewer-thank-you
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476003/the-fagerstr%C3%A3-m-test-for-nicotine-dependence-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-current-smokers-with-and-without-copd-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northern-greece
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Efthymia Papadopoulou, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Alexander Mathioudakis, Drosos Tsavlis, Konstantina Papadopoulou, Rena Oikonomidou, Panagiotis Bogiatzidis, Stavros Tryfon
BACKGROUND: Smoking poses the most common risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and aggravates disease progression. Tobacco dependence inhibits smoking cessation and may affect smoking patterns that increase tobacco exposure and predispose to lung function decline. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess tobacco dependence in current smokers with and without COPD and evaluate its role in disease development. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Greek rural areas...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38420967/validity-and-reliability-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-s3-niv-questionnaire-to-evaluate-long-term-noninvasive-ventilation
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Charlotte Gw Seijger, Bettine Ah Vosse, Leandre la Fontaine, Tim Raveling, Nicolle Am Cobben, Peter J Wijkstra
OBJECTIVES: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is an effective treatment for chronic respiratory failure (CRF). Patient-centered outcomes need to be evaluated regularly and the S3 -NIV questionnaire seems an applicable tool. We translated this short, self-administered questionnaire into a Dutch version and tested its construct validity and reliability. METHODS: An observational study was conducted, including 127 stable long-term NIV users with CRF or complex sleep related breathing disorders due to different underlying diseases: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (25%), slowly progressive neuromuscular disorders (35%), rapidly progressive neuromuscular disorders (12%) and 'other disorders' (28%) including complex sleep apnea and obesity hypoventilation syndrome...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38411460/evaluation-of-nocturnal-apnea-and-airflow-limitation-as-indicators-for-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-overlap-syndrome
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zheng Zhu, Yaohua Wu, Ling Qu, Ying Zou, Guozhong Nie, Shuguang Xu, Qixing Zhou, Yunfeng Zhang, Rui Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate how much intermittent hypoxemia and airflow limitation contribute to cognitive impairment in overlap syndrome (OS), which is the coexistence of two common diseases, obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients with OSAHS, COPD or OS, compared with normal controls, to determine the association between sleep apnea/pulmonary function-related indicators and cognitive dysfunction in individuals with OSAHS, COPD or OS...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38385436/out-of-pocket-costs-associated-with-chronic-respiratory-diseases-in-korean-adults
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jun Su Park, Bomgyeol Kim, Yejin Kim, Sang Gyu Lee, Tae Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) are a burden on both individuals and society. While previous literature has highlighted the clinical burden and total costs of care, it has not addressed patients' direct payments. This study aimed to estimate the incremental healthcare costs associated with patients with CRDs, specifically out-of-pocket (OOP) costs. METHODS: We used survey data from the 2019 Korea Health Panel Survey to estimate the total OOP costs of CRDs by comparing the annual hospitalizations, outpatient visits, emergency room visits, and medications of patients with and without CRDs...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38378166/impact-of-family-socioeconomic-position-on-childhood-asthma-outcomes-severity-and-specialist-referral-a-danish-nationwide-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Martino Renzi-Lomholt, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik, Deepa Rastogi, Jens Ulrik Stæhr Jensen, Kjell Erik Julius Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children, carrying a major burden. Socioeconomic position (SEP) affects adult asthma outcomes, but its impact on childhood asthma, particularly in primary versus specialist care, has not been studied thoroughly. METHODS: In a Danish cohort consisting of all children aged 2-17 years redeeming inhaled corticosteroids in 2015, parental SEP impact on asthma outcomes was investigated. Workforce attachment, income, education, and metropolitan residence were chosen as covariates in logistic regression...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38334083/respiratory-impairments-in-patients-suffering-from-fabry-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Huma Ahmed, Vibeke Backer, Grigoris Effraimidis, Åse Krogh Rasmussen, Caroline Michaela Kistorp, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: The inherited X-linked disorder, Fabry disease, is caused by deficient lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A, with progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide in multiple organs including the upper and lower airways. OBJECTIVES: To assess pulmonary function at the time of the first pulmonary function test (PFT) performed among the National Danish Fabry cohort and define the prevalence of affected lung function variables. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional retrospective cohort study of 86 adult patients enrolled in one or both international patient registry databases for Fabry disease, Fabry Registry or FollowME with at least one PFT...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38333995/two-year-diffusion-capacity-trajectory-in-covid-19-pneumonia-survivors
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marlise P de Roos, Rick M Heijnen, Nynke G Dijkstra, Kees Brinkman, Nini H Jonkman, Paul Bresser
Reduced diffusion capacity (DLCO) after COVID 19 pneumonia was reported in hospitalised patients after discharge. Here, we studied the restoration of DLCO over a 24 months period in COVID-19 pneumonia survivors ( n = 317), who were categorised into "moderate" cases (no oxygen supply; no need for hospitalisation), "severe" cases (respiratory frequency > 30/min and/or peripheral oxygen SpO2 < 93%), and "critical" cases (respiratory failure and admission into the intensive care unit). COVID-19 pneumonia survivors with a decreased DLCO (<80%) at 3 months ( n = 133) were invited for 6- and 24-months follow-up...
2024: Chronic Respiratory Disease
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